Help Wikitravel grow by contributing to an article! Learn how.

Difference between revisions of "Tibetan phrasebook"

From Wikitravel
Jump to: navigation, search
(Eating)
(22 intermediate revisions by 17 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
[[Image:Sign OmManiPadmeHum.JPG|thumb|240px|The ''Om mani padme hum'' mantra in Tibetan]]
 
[[Image:Sign OmManiPadmeHum.JPG|thumb|240px|The ''Om mani padme hum'' mantra in Tibetan]]
  
'''Tibetan''' is the main language of [[Tibet]] and among Tibetan communities around the world.
+
'''Tibetan''' is the main language of [[Tibet]], and its accompanying regions and among overseas Tibetan communities around the world. Tibetan is spoken by several million people in the Tibetan Autonomous Region (TAR) of the Chinese People’s Republic, the Chinese provinces of Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan and Yunnan, as well as the neighboring countries Bhutan (around 4,000 speakers), India (over 124,000 speakers), and Nepal (around 60,000 speakers). Written Tibetan is used as the religious language in the countries where Tibetan Lamaistic Buddhism is practiced (e.g. in Mongolia and parts of China proper). Tibetan communities also exist in Taiwan, Norway, Switzerland and the United States of America.
 +
 
  
 
==Pronunciation guide==
 
==Pronunciation guide==
Line 7: Line 8:
  
 
===Vowels===
 
===Vowels===
 +
 +
; ཨ : Like "a" in "alone"; like "a" in "cat" (a).
 +
; ཷ : Like "aw" in "paw" (å).
 +
; ེ : Like "e" in "bet" (e).
 +
; ི : Like "i" in "in" (i).
 +
; ཱི : Like "ee" in "seen" (í).
 +
; ོ : Like "o" in "so" (ó).
 +
; ྲྀ : Like "e" in "father" (ö).
 +
; ཱུ : Like "ue" in "glue" (ú).
 +
; ུ : Like "oo" in "soon" (ū).
 +
; ུ : Like "ee" in "seen" but with rounded lips (ü).
 +
; ེ : Like "ay" in "day" (ą).
  
 
===Consonants===
 
===Consonants===
 +
 +
; ཀ : Like "k" in "skill" (k).
 +
; ག : Like "g" in "garden" (g).
 +
; ང : Like "ng" in "sing" (ng).
 +
; ཅ : Like "ch" in "charge" (ç).
 +
; ཇ : Like "j" in "jar" (j).
 +
; ཉ : Like "ny" in "canyon" (ñ).
 +
; ཏ : Like "t" in "stop" (t).
 +
; པ : Like "p" in "spot" (p).
 +
; ཙ : Like "ts" in "weights" (ţ).
 +
; ཛ : Like "ds" in "adds" (ds).
 +
; ཟ : Like "z" in "zoo" (z).
 +
; ཞ : Like "s" in "treasure" (ž).
 +
; ར : Must be trilled - just like Italian "r" (r).
 +
; ས : Like "s" in "suck" (s).
 +
; ཤ : Like "sh" in "shut" (š).
  
 
===Common diphthongs===
 
===Common diphthongs===
 +
 +
; ཁ : Like "k" in "kill" (kh).
 +
; ཆ : Like "ch h" in "punch hard" (çh).
 +
; ཐ : Like "t" in "time" (th).
 +
; ཕ : Like "p" in "pit" (ph).
 +
; ཚ : Like "ts h" in "fights hard" (ţh).
  
 
==Phrase list==
 
==Phrase list==
 +
{{phrase}}
  
 
===Basics===
 
===Basics===
; Hello. : ta-shi de-lek
+
{{infobox|Common signs|
; Hello. (''informal'') : . ('' '')
+
; OPEN : Kha chad
; How are you? : ? ('' ?'')
+
; CLOSED : Kha gyabpa
; Fine, thank you. : . ('' '')
+
; ENTRANCE :Go xhugsa
; What is your name? : kay-râng-gi tsen-lâ kâ-ray-ray?
+
; EXIT : Go Dhonsa
; My name is ______ . :   ngay-ming-la ______ ray.
+
; PUSH : Bigyar gyab
; Nice to meet you. : . ('' '')
+
; PULL : Than
; Please. : . ('' '')
+
; TOILET :Sangchod
; Thank you. : tu-jay-chay
+
; MEN : Pho mi
; You're welcome. : . ('' '')
+
; WOMEN : Mo mo
; Yes. : . ('' '')
+
; FORBIDDEN : }}Jyed machogpa
; No. : . ('' '')
+
 
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') :  . ('' '')
+
; Hello. : Tashi deleg (བཀྲ་ཤིས་བདེ་ལེགས)
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') :  . ('' '')
+
; Hello. (''informal'') : Demu (བདེ་མོ།)
; I'm sorry. : . ('' '')
+
; How are you? : Khye-rang ku-zug de-po yin-pe ()
; Goodbye : . ('' '')
+
; Fine, thank you. : De-po yin. Thug je che.
; Goodbye (''informal'') : . ('' '')
+
; What is your name? : Khye-rang gi tshen-la ga-re zhu-gi yod? ()Or Khedrand ming Gangyin.
; I can't speak Tibetian [well]. : [ ]. ('' [ ]'')
+
; My name is ______ . : Ngai ming ___ yin.
; Do you speak English? : ? ('' ?'')
+
; Nice to meet you. : Khye-rang jel-ney ga-po joong ()
;  Is there someone here who speaks English? : ? ('' ?'')
+
; Please. : Thuk-je zig ()
; Help! : ! ('' !'')
+
; Thank you. : Thuk-je-che (ཐུགས་རྗེ་ཆེ།)
; Look out! : ! ('' !'')
+
; You're welcome. : ()Yin dang yin
; Good morning. : nga-to de-lek
+
; Yes. : Red (རེད།)
; Good evening. : gong-to de-lek
+
; No. : Ma-red
; Good night. : sim-ja nâng-go
+
; Excuse me.  
; Good night (''to sleep'') :  . ('' '')
+
gong-pa-ma-tsom / gong-ta
; I don't understand. : . ('' '')
+
; I'm sorry. : Gong dag
; Where is the toilet? : ? ('' ?'')
+
; Goodbye : Chagpo nang, as in take care
 +
Shug dan ja (when other person is staying):
 +
kha-lay-pheb (when other person is going)
 +
; I can't speak ''name of language'' [well]. :
 +
nga pö-kay yak-po kyab gi mey
 +
; Do you speak English? :  
 +
khye-rang yin-ji-kay rgyab thub gi yin pe?
 +
;  Is there someone here who speaks English? : Dhir Engi shenyan yod Pai.
 +
; Help! : Rog pa jed
 +
; Look out! : Phar toe
 +
; Good morning. :ngado deleg
 +
; Good evening. : gondo deleg
 +
; Good night. : Sim shag nang
 +
; Good night  
 +
; I don't understand. : Nai she gyi med
 +
ha kho gi mey
 +
; Where is the toilet? :
 +
Sang chod gawa yod red.
  
 
===Problems===
 
===Problems===
  
 
===Numbers===
 
===Numbers===
 +
'''One'''
 +
  Chig
  
===Time===
+
'''Two'''
 +
  Nyi
  
====Clock time====
+
'''Three'''
 +
  Sum
  
====Duration====
+
'''Four'''
 +
  Zhi
  
====Days====
+
'''Five'''
 +
  Nga
  
====Months====
+
'''Six'''
 +
  Dug
 +
 
 +
'''Seven'''
 +
  Dun
 +
 
 +
'''Eight'''
 +
  Gyed
 +
 
 +
'''Nine'''
 +
  Gu
 +
 
 +
'''Ten'''
 +
  Chu
 +
 
 +
'''Twenty'''
 +
  Nyi-shu
 +
 
 +
'''Thirty'''
 +
  Sum-chu
 +
 
 +
'''Forty'''
 +
  Zhi-chu
 +
 
 +
'''Fifty'''
 +
  Nga-chu
 +
 
 +
'''One Hundred'''
 +
  Gya tham-pa
 +
 
 +
===Time===Due tsod
 +
 
 +
====Clock time====chutsod duetsod
 +
 
 +
====Duration====ring, kab
 +
 
 +
====Days====nyin ma
 +
 
 +
====Months====dawa
  
 
====Writing time and date====
 
====Writing time and date====
 +
yige dipai due dang tse
  
 
===Colors===
 
===Colors===
 +
    tseun dok ཚོན་མདོག
 +
Blue  སྔོན་པོ་
 +
    ngeun po
 +
Yellow སེར་པོ་
 +
    ser po
 +
Green  ལྗང་ཁུ་
 +
    jang koo
 +
Red  དམར་པོ་
 +
    mar po
 +
Brown
 +
    gyar mook
 +
Black  ནག་པོ་
 +
    nak po
 +
Orange ལི་ཝང་
 +
    li wang
 +
White  དཀར་པོ་
 +
    kar po
  
 
===Transportation===
 
===Transportation===
Line 75: Line 190:
  
 
===Eating===
 
===Eating===
 +
Bon appetit! ཞལ་ལག་མཉེས་པོ་ནང་གོ
 +
  shelak nye po nang ko
 +
delicious ཞིམ་པོ་ སྤྼོ་པོ་(H)
 +
  shimpo  t(r)opo (H)
 +
meal  གསོལ་ཚིགས
 +
  sol tsi'
 +
meal, food  ཁ་ལག  ཞལ་ལག
 +
  kalak, shelak
  
 
===Bars===
 
===Bars===
Line 84: Line 207:
 
===Authority===
 
===Authority===
  
==Learning more==
 
  
{{outline}}
+
{{outlinephrasebook}}
 +
{{phrasebookguide}}
 +
 
 +
== Learning more ==
 +
* [http://www.wiki-babel.org/en/Lesson:Bod:1:Numbers_-_1_to_10 Listen to tibetan numbers on WikiBabel]

Revision as of 14:21, 15 January 2012

The Om mani padme hum mantra in Tibetan

Tibetan is the main language of Tibet, and its accompanying regions and among overseas Tibetan communities around the world. Tibetan is spoken by several million people in the Tibetan Autonomous Region (TAR) of the Chinese People’s Republic, the Chinese provinces of Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan and Yunnan, as well as the neighboring countries Bhutan (around 4,000 speakers), India (over 124,000 speakers), and Nepal (around 60,000 speakers). Written Tibetan is used as the religious language in the countries where Tibetan Lamaistic Buddhism is practiced (e.g. in Mongolia and parts of China proper). Tibetan communities also exist in Taiwan, Norway, Switzerland and the United States of America.


Contents

Pronunciation guide

Tibetan spelling and pronunciation diverged around the 11th century, and there is no widely agreed standard on how to spell phonetic Tibetan with the Latin alphabet.

Vowels

ཨ 
Like "a" in "alone"; like "a" in "cat" (a).
ཷ 
Like "aw" in "paw" (å).
ེ 
Like "e" in "bet" (e).
ི 
Like "i" in "in" (i).
ཱི 
Like "ee" in "seen" (í).
ོ 
Like "o" in "so" (ó).
ྲྀ 
Like "e" in "father" (ö).
ཱུ 
Like "ue" in "glue" (ú).
ུ 
Like "oo" in "soon" (ū).
ུ 
Like "ee" in "seen" but with rounded lips (ü).
ེ 
Like "ay" in "day" (ą).

Consonants

ཀ 
Like "k" in "skill" (k).
ག 
Like "g" in "garden" (g).
ང 
Like "ng" in "sing" (ng).
ཅ 
Like "ch" in "charge" (ç).
ཇ 
Like "j" in "jar" (j).
ཉ 
Like "ny" in "canyon" (ñ).
ཏ 
Like "t" in "stop" (t).
པ 
Like "p" in "spot" (p).
ཙ 
Like "ts" in "weights" (ţ).
ཛ 
Like "ds" in "adds" (ds).
ཟ 
Like "z" in "zoo" (z).
ཞ 
Like "s" in "treasure" (ž).
ར 
Must be trilled - just like Italian "r" (r).
ས 
Like "s" in "suck" (s).
ཤ 
Like "sh" in "shut" (š).

Common diphthongs

ཁ 
Like "k" in "kill" (kh).
ཆ 
Like "ch h" in "punch hard" (çh).
ཐ 
Like "t" in "time" (th).
ཕ 
Like "p" in "pit" (ph).
ཚ 
Like "ts h" in "fights hard" (ţh).

Phrase list

Some phrases in this phrasebook still need to be translated. If you know anything about this language, you can help by plunging forward and translating a phrase.


Basics

Common signs

OPEN 
Kha chad
CLOSED 
Kha gyabpa
ENTRANCE 
Go xhugsa
EXIT 
Go Dhonsa
PUSH 
Bigyar gyab
PULL 
Than
TOILET 
Sangchod
MEN 
Pho mi
WOMEN 
Mo mo
FORBIDDEN 

Jyed machogpa

Hello. 
Tashi deleg (བཀྲ་ཤིས་བདེ་ལེགས)
Hello. (informal
Demu (བདེ་མོ།)
How are you? 
Khye-rang ku-zug de-po yin-pe ()
Fine, thank you. 
De-po yin. Thug je che.
What is your name? 
Khye-rang gi tshen-la ga-re zhu-gi yod? ()Or Khedrand ming Gangyin.
My name is ______ . 
Ngai ming ___ yin.
Nice to meet you. 
Khye-rang jel-ney ga-po joong ()
Please. 
Thuk-je zig ()
Thank you. 
Thuk-je-che (ཐུགས་རྗེ་ཆེ།)
You're welcome. 
()Yin dang yin
Yes. 
Red (རེད།)
No. 
Ma-red
Excuse me.

gong-pa-ma-tsom / gong-ta

I'm sorry. 
Gong dag
Goodbye 
Chagpo nang, as in take care

Shug dan ja (when other person is staying): kha-lay-pheb (when other person is going)

I can't speak name of language [well]. 

nga pö-kay yak-po kyab gi mey

Do you speak English? 

khye-rang yin-ji-kay rgyab thub gi yin pe?

Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Dhir Engi shenyan yod Pai.
Help! 
Rog pa jed
Look out! 
Phar toe
Good morning. 
ngado deleg
Good evening. 
gondo deleg
Good night. 
Sim shag nang
Good night
I don't understand. 
Nai she gyi med

ha kho gi mey

Where is the toilet? 

Sang chod gawa yod red.

Problems

Numbers

One

  Chig

Two

  Nyi

Three

  Sum

Four

  Zhi

Five

  Nga

Six

  Dug

Seven

  Dun

Eight

  Gyed
 

Nine

  Gu

Ten

  Chu

Twenty

  Nyi-shu

Thirty

  Sum-chu

Forty

  Zhi-chu

Fifty

  Nga-chu

One Hundred

  Gya tham-pa

===Time===Due tsod

====Clock time====chutsod duetsod

====Duration====ring, kab

====Days====nyin ma

====Months====dawa

Writing time and date

yige dipai due dang tse

Colors

   tseun dok ཚོན་མདོག 

Blue སྔོན་པོ་

   ngeun po

Yellow སེར་པོ་

   ser po

Green ལྗང་ཁུ་

   jang koo

Red དམར་པོ་

   mar po

Brown

   gyar mook

Black ནག་པོ་

   nak po

Orange ལི་ཝང་

   li wang

White དཀར་པོ་

   kar po

Transportation

Bus and train

Directions

Taxi

Lodging

Money

Eating

Bon appetit! ཞལ་ལག་མཉེས་པོ་ནང་གོ

 shelak nye po nang ko

delicious ཞིམ་པོ་ སྤྼོ་པོ་(H)

 shimpo   t(r)opo (H)

meal གསོལ་ཚིགས

 sol tsi'

meal, food ཁ་ལག ཞལ་ལག

 kalak, shelak

Bars

Shopping

Driving

Authority

This phrasebook is an outline and needs more content. It has an introduction and a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!


Learning more

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages