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Difference between revisions of "Tasmania"

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'''Tasmania''' [http://www.discovertasmania.com/] is Australia's smallest and only island state with a population of roughly 500,000 people.  It enjoys a unique lifestyle and beautiful landscapes.  It is separated by a body of water called the Bass Strait that has isolated it from the rest of Australia for thousands of years.
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{{pagebanner|Tasmania Banner.jpg}}
  
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[http://www.discovertasmania.com/ '''Tasmania'''] is [[Australia]]'s only island state. It has the smallest land area of any state and the smallest population, with roughly 500,000 inhabitants. It is separated from the Australian mainland by a body of water called the Bass Strait that has isolated it for thousands of years.
==Regions==
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===[[Southern Tasmania]]===
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==Understand==
Contains the state capital Hobart, the Huon and Derwent valleys, spectacular Tasman National Park, historic Port Arthur convict site, the D'Entrecasteaux Channel and the large Southwest National Park.
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* [[Hobart]] - the state capital
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===Geography===
* [[Port Arthur]] - Where you can find ruins of the historic convict site dating back more than 200 years
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Tasmania is the smallest of Australia's six states, with an area of 68,401km² (26,410 square miles). It is comparable in size to [[Ireland]] or the US state of [[West Virginia]]. Tasmania is separated from mainland Australia by the Bass Strait, from [[New Zealand]] by the Tasman Sea, and otherwise surrounded by the Southern Ocean. It is located right in the pathway of the notorious "Roaring Forties" winds that encircle the globe.
* [[Richmond]] - Another of Tasmania's historic towns, home to the oldest bridge in Australia as well as many other old buildings from the 19th century.
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* [[Southeast Tasmania]]
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Most of Tasmania's population is concentrated around the south east and north coasts. The Midlands (the area between Hobart and Launcestion) is primarily used for agriculture. The Huon Valley and the area between Launceston and Burnie is used for both agriculture and horticulture. The Central Highlands, the West Coast and the South West are all mountainous forested areas, a majority of which are protected inside national parks.
* [[Huon Trail | Huon Valley & D'Entrecasteaux Channel]]
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* Derwent Valley and Central Highlands
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Tasmania is the most mountainous state of Australia, its tallest mountain is Mount Ossa at 1,617m (5,305 ft). Much of Tasmania is still densely forested, with the [[Southwest National Park]] and neighbouring areas holding some of the last temperate rain forests in the Southern Hemisphere.
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 +
===Climate===
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Tasmania has a cool temperate climate with four distinct seasons.
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* '''Summer''' December - February. Average maximum temperature is 21°C, average low 12°C.
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* '''Autumn''' March - May. Very changeable weather.
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* '''Winter''' June - August. Average maximum temperature is 12°C, average low 5°C. Most high lying areas receiving considerable snowfall.
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* '''Spring''' September - November. Snowfall is common through to October.
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 +
The West Coast and the South West recieve a significantly higher amount of rainfall than anywhere else in the state. The number of rainy days per year in Tasmania is much greater than anywhere else in Australian. The saying "four seasons in a day" is very true here.
 +
 
 +
'''Daylight'''
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* Summer: approximately 15 hours of daylight. (05:30-20:50)
 +
* Winter: approximately 9 hours of daylight. (07:40-16:40)
 +
 
 +
===History===
 +
The first reported sighting of Tasmania by a European was on 24 November 1642 by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman. Captain James Cook landed at Adventure Bay in 1777. Matthew Flinders and George Bass first proved Tasmania to be an island in 1798–99.
 +
 
 +
The first European settling of Tasmania was by the British at Risdon Cove on the eastern bank of the Derwent estuary in 1804. Penal settlements were established at Sullivans Cove (Hobart), Maria Island, Sarah Island, and [[Port Arthur]]. The colony changed its name from "Van Diemen's Land" to "Tasmania" in 1856. The Colony of Tasmania existed from 1856 until 1901, when it federated together with the five other Australian colonies to form the Commonwealth of Australia.
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 +
===Economy===
 +
Tasmania's main industries are mining (including copper, zinc, tin, and iron), forestry, agriculture, fresh produce (fruit, vegetables, dairy, seafood, beer and wine), and tourism.
 +
 
 +
===Holidays===
 +
'''National Public Holidays'''
 +
* 1 January: New Years' Day
 +
* 26 January: Australia Day, marking the anniversary of the First Fleet's landing in Sydney Cove in 1788.
 +
* Easter weekend ("Good Friday", "Easter Saturday", "Easter Sunday" and "Easter Monday"): a four day long weekend in March or April set according to the Western Christian dates.
 +
* 25 April: ANZAC Day (Australia and New Zealand Army Corps), honouring military veterans
 +
* Second Monday in June: Queen's birthday holiday.
 +
* 25 December: Christmas Day
 +
* 26 December: Boxing Day
 +
 
 +
'''Regional Public Holidays'''
 +
* Wednesday not earlier than fifth and not later than eleventh day of January: Devonport Cup
 +
* Last Wednesday of February: Launceston Cup
 +
* Second Monday of February: Royal Regatta Day (Southern Tasmania only)
 +
* First Tuesday of March: King Island Show
 +
* Second Monday of March: 8 Hour Day (Labour Day elsewhere in Australia)
 +
* The Friday nearest the last day of November: AGFEST (Circular Head only)
 +
* The Friday before the first Saturday of October: Burnie Show
 +
* Thursday before the second Saturday of October: Royal Launceston Show
 +
* The Friday before the third Saturday of October: Flinders Island Show
 +
* The Friday before the third Saturday of October: Royal Hobart Show
 +
* First Monday of November: Recreation Day (Northern Tasmania only)
 +
* The Friday nearest the last day of November: Devonport Show
 +
 
 +
When a public holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday, the following Monday (and Tuesday if necessary) are usually declared holidays in lieu, although both the celebrations and the retail closures will occur on the day itself. Most tourist attractions are closed Christmas Day and Good Friday. Supermarkets and other stores may open for limited hours on some public holidays and on holidays in lieu, but are almost always closed on Christmas Day (25 Dec), Good Friday, Easter Sunday and ANZAC Day morning.
 +
 
 +
===Time Zone===
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'''Tasmania''' is 10 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time and 18 hours ahead of Pacific Standard Time (PST). Daylight Saving is observed from the first Sunday of October to the first Sunday of April the following year.
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 +
AEST - '''Australian Eastern Standard Time''' UTC+10
 +
 
 +
AEDT - '''Australian Eastern Daylight Saving Time''' UTC+11
 +
 
 +
===Tasmanian Devil===
 +
The Tasmanian devil is a carnivorous marsupial found only in Tasmania. The size of a small dog, it is the largest carnivorous marsupial in the world. It is characterised by its stocky and muscular build, black fur, extremely loud and disturbing screech, and ferocity when feeding. Despite its appearance, the devil is capable of surprising speed and endurance, and can climb trees and swim across rivers.
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Since 1996 devil facial tumour disease (DFTD) has drastically reduced the devil population and now threatens the survival of the species, which in 2008 was declared to be endangered. The disease is a transmissible cancer, which means that it is contagious and passed from one animal to another. Individual devils die within months of infection. Programs are currently being undertaken by the Tasmanian Government to reduce the impact of the disease, including an initiative to build up a colonies of healthy devils in captivity, isolated from the disease. As of 2008 there is an estimated 10,000–15,000 remaining in the wild.
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 +
==Regions==
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{{Regionlist
 +
| regionmap=Tasmania regions map.png
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| regionmaptext=Tasmania regions
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| regionmapsize=upright=1.7
  
===Launceston, Tamar Valley and the North===
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| region1name=[[Southern Tasmania]] ([[Hobart]], [[Bruny Island]], [[Cygnet]], Dover, [[Huonville]], [[Kingston (Tasmania)|Kingston]], New Norfolk, [[Port Arthur]], [[Richmond_(Tasmania)|Richmond]])
Home to the second largest city in the state, the Tamar Valley, Northeast Tasmania and the midlands.
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| region1color=#c5995c
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| region1items=
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| region1description=The most populous region of Tasmania. Hobart is Tasmania's capital and largest city. Hobart is also the second oldest city in Australia.
  
* [[Launceston]] and the Tamar Valley
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| region2name=[[Northern Tasmania]] ([[Launceston]], [[Ben Lomond National Park|Ben Lomond]], [[Bridport (Tasmania)|Bridport]], [[George Town (Tasmania)|George Town]])
* Midlands
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| region2color=#b69eb3
* [[Northeast Tasmania]]  
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| region2items=
 +
| region2description=This area encompasses the city of Launceston and the Tamar Valley, the mountainous region of Ben Lomond, the Midlands, and the North East.
  
===[[North West Coast]] ===
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| region3name=[[North West Coast]] (Smithton, [[Stanley]], [[Wynyard]], [[Somerset (Tasmania)|Somerset]], [[Burnie]], Penguin, Ulverstone, [[Devonport]], Waratah, [[Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park|Cradle Mountain]], Mole Creek, Sheffield, [[Latrobe]])
Where many people who go on the Spirit of Tasmania come first with the city of Devonport, the World Heritage listed Cradle Mountain-Lake Saint Clair National Park, coastal towns such as Ulverstone, Penguin and Port Sorell and the city of Burnie
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| region3color=#6aa5cb
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| region3items=
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| region3description=Small coastal townships and cities following the coast. And some very scenic inland areas.
  
* [[Devonport]] & Cradle Valley
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| region4name=[[East Coast (Tasmania)|East Coast]] ([[St Helens]], [[Bicheno]], [[Scamander]], [[Swansea]], [[Freycinet Peninsula]], [[Maria Island]])
* The [[North West Coast]]
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| region4color=#cfcf94
* [[Bass Strait Islands]]
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| region4items=
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| region4description=Stunning beaches including the Bay Of Fires and Wine Glass Bay, voted some of the most beautiful beaches in the world.
  
===The West Coast And Wilderness===
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| region5name=[[West Coast (Tasmania)|West Coast]] ([[Queenstown (Tasmania)|Queenstown]], [[Strahan]], Zeehan, Rosebery, Tullah)
Home to the coastal town of Strahan, historic mining towns of Queenstown, Rosebery and Zeehan, the Pieman river and many wilderness experiences.
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| region5color=#acc2a6
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| region5items=
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| region5description=The West Coast has long been the center of mining in Tasmania. This region has the smallest population of any region in Tasmania.
  
===[[East Coast Tasmania]]===
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| region6name=South West (Maydena, Strathgordan, Melaleuca)
Known for beach towns such as Swansea, Bicheno, St Helens and Scamander, national parks such as Freycinet and Maria Island and secluded beaches such as Bay Of Fires.
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| region6color=#acc2a6
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| region6items=
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| region6description=This whole region is protected inside the Southwest National Park.
  
===[[Bass Strait Islands]]===
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| region7name=Bass Strait Islands ([[King Island]], [[Flinders Island]])
The Bass Strait has many islands for you to visit, with the big ones being King Island and Flinders Island
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| region7color=#bcb491
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| region7items=
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| region7description=The two secluded but very scenic islands in the Bass Strait between Tasmania and mainland Australia.}}
  
==Cities, Towns and Villages==
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==Cities & Townships==
* [[Bicheno]] - beach town on Tasmania's east coast
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* [[Bicheno]] - beach town on the east coast
*[[Burnie]] - the fourth largest city
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*[[Burnie]] - the fourth largest city in Tasmania
*[[Devonport]] - home to the Spirit of Tasmania ferry
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*[[Devonport]] - home to the Spirit of Tasmania ferry, third largest city
 
*[[Hobart]] -  the state capital
 
*[[Hobart]] -  the state capital
*[[Launceston]] - the state's second largest city
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*[[Launceston]] - the second largest city
* [[Queenstown (Tasmania)|Queenstown]] - historic mining town in the west coast
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* [[Queenstown (Tasmania)|Queenstown]] - historic mining town on the west coast
* [[Richmond (Tasmania)|Richmond]] - home to many old buildings dating back to the 19th century as well as the oldest bridge in Australia
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* [[Richmond (Tasmania)|Richmond]] - home to many old buildings dating back to the 19th century as well as the oldest bridge in use in Australia
 
* [[Ross (Tasmania)|Ross]] - another of Tasmania's historic towns with many of the oldest buildings in Tasmania as well as one of the oldest bridges.
 
* [[Ross (Tasmania)|Ross]] - another of Tasmania's historic towns with many of the oldest buildings in Tasmania as well as one of the oldest bridges.
 
* [[Scottsdale (Tasmania)|Scottsdale]]
 
* [[Scottsdale (Tasmania)|Scottsdale]]
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==Other destinations==
 
==Other destinations==
 
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[[Image:Penitentiary ruins at Port Arthur.jpg|thumb|upright=1.3|Ruins of a convict prison at [[Port Arthur]]]]
[[Image:Penitentiary ruins at Port Arthur.jpg|thumb|200px|Ruins of a convict prison at [[Port Arthur]]]]
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*[[Port Arthur]] and the [[Tasman Peninsula]]
 
*[[Port Arthur]] and the [[Tasman Peninsula]]
*[[Franklin-Gordon Wild Rivers National Park]]
 
*[[Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park|Cradle Mountain-Lake St. Clair National Park]]
 
*[[Freycinet National Park]]
 
 
*The [[Huon Valley]]
 
*The [[Huon Valley]]
*[[Maria Island]]
 
*[[Mt Field National Park]]
 
*[[Ben Lomond National Park]]
 
 
* [[Bruny Island]]
 
* [[Bruny Island]]
 
* The Nut at [[Stanley]]
 
* The Nut at [[Stanley]]
  
===Itineraries===
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==National Parks==
 +
Tasmania has some of the most beautiful and diverse scenery not just in Australia but also the world. Over 45 percent of Tasmania is protected in national parks so you can't make a visit here without checking at least a couple of national parks out. There's a park for every season and for every person. Discover spectacular landscapes from highlands carved by glaciers, to quiet solitary beaches, from cool and silent rainforests, to colourful alpine wilderness wildflowers. Tasmania's 19 national parks encompass a diversity of unspoiled habitats and ecosystems which offer refuge to unique, and often ancient, plants and animals found nowhere else on Earth.
 +
[[Image:CradleMountain.JPG|thumb|upright=1.3|Cradle Mountain in Tasmania, a World Heritage site]]
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* [[Ben Lomond National Park]]
 +
* [[Cradle Mountain-Lake St Clair National Park]]
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* Douglas-Apsley National Park
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* [[Franklin-Gordon Wild Rivers National Park]]
 +
* [[Freycinet National Park]]
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* Hartz Mountains National Park
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* Kent Group National Park
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* Maria Island National Park
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* [[Mole Creek Karst National Park]]
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* [[Mt Field National Park]]
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* Mt William National Park
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* Narawntapu National Park
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* Rocky Cape National Park
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* Savage River National Park
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* South Bruny National Park
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* South West National Park
 +
* Strzelecki  National Park
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* Tasman National Park
 +
* Walls of Jerusalem National Park
  
* [[One week in Eastern Tasmania]]
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==Get in==
 
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==Understand==
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Tasmania was settled by the British as a penal colony and convicts were first transported to what was then called Van Diemen's Land, in 1804. Penal settlements were established at Sullivans Cove (Hobart), Maria Island, Sarah Island, and [[Port Arthur]]. The ruins of the convict jails can still be seen in these places, particularly at Port Arthur, which has been carefully preserved and has many convict related activities for tourists. For its size, Tasmania has plenty attractions and you could spend a month there and still not see everything.
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Tasmania promotes itself internationally as ''Australia's Natural State'' and within Australia as the ''Island of Inspiration''.  About 40% of the island is protected as national parks, World Heritage Areas, and forest and marine reserves. It is also a state dominated by logging, with vast tracts of old growth forest being destroyed. The catch cry is "see Tasmania before it is gone".
 
 
Tasmania is famous for its merino wool which is used by Japanese companies to manufacture high quality men's suits. It is also known world-wide for the Tasmanian tiger, a now extinct striped marsupial dog-like animal, and the nocturnal Tasmanian devil, a small black and white marsupial whose sharp teeth and frightening screams belie the fact that it is shy of humans. '''Tasmanian devils''' [http://www.parks.tas.gov.au/wildlife/mammals/devil.html] are currently under threat of extinction due to a widespread facial tumour.  The state government is endeavouring to detect the cause of the tumours and preserve disease-free colonies.
 
 
On the whole, expect a good mix of nice natural scenery, fresh food and wines, and heritage.
 
 
 
===Time Zone===
 
'''Tasmania''' is 10 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time and 18 hours ahead of Pacific Standard Time (PST). Daylight Saving is observed from the first Sunday of October to the first Sunday of April the following year.
 
 
AEST - '''Australian Eastern Standard Time''' UTC+10
 
 
AEDT - '''Australian Eastern Daylight Saving Time''' UTC+11
 
 
[[Image:CradleMountain.JPG|thumb|400px|Cradle Mountain in Tasmania, a World Heritage site]]
 
 
==Get in==
 
 
===By plane===
 
===By plane===
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* Flights to [[Hobart]] from [[Melbourne]], [[Sydney]], [[Canberra]], [[Brisbane]], and the [[Gold Coast]].
  
Tasmania is served by several national and regional airlines, primarily flying into [[Hobart]] and [[Launceston]].  Some flights are also available to [[Burnie]], [[Devonport]], [[King Island]] and [[Flinders Island]] from [[Melbourne]].
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* Flights to [[Launceston]] from Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane.
  
 +
* Flights to [[Burnie]] and [[Devonport]] from Melbourne.
 +
 +
* Flights to [[King Island]] and [[Flinders Island]] from Melbourne.
  
 
===By ferry===
 
===By ferry===
 
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[[File:Tasman Sea.jpg|thumb|upright=1.3|Crossing the Tasman Sea by cruise ship]]
Tasmania is served by two '''Spirit of Tasmania Ferries''' [http://www.spiritoftasmania.com.au/] from mainland Australia. They depart daily from Station Pier in Port Melbourne (a bayside suburb of [[Melbourne]]) and arrive at [[Devonport]] taking the full night (or the full day during peak summer periods) for the crossing.
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Tasmania is served by two [http://www.spiritoftasmania.com.au/ '''Spirit of Tasmania Ferries'''] from mainland Australia. They depart daily from Station Pier in Port Melbourne (a bayside suburb of Melbourne) and arrive at Devonport taking the full night (or the full day during peak summer periods) for the crossing.
  
 
The crossing can be a little rocky at times, but provides beautiful views.  You have the option of booking one of a range of a cabins or a reclining chair for the journey.  The large ferries take vehicles, bikes, foot passengers and pets.
 
The crossing can be a little rocky at times, but provides beautiful views.  You have the option of booking one of a range of a cabins or a reclining chair for the journey.  The large ferries take vehicles, bikes, foot passengers and pets.
  
 
See the [[Devonport#Get in|Devonport]] article for the details of the ferry.
 
See the [[Devonport#Get in|Devonport]] article for the details of the ferry.
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 +
Crossings are also part of Cruise ship itineraries.
  
 
Rental car companies usually have restrictions on taking vehicles into or out of Tasmania on the ferry. If you have hired a car on the mainland and need a car to hire in Tasmania, it's best to drop the car off in Melbourne CBD (there is no hire car dropoff at Station Pier), then take the 109 tram out to Station Pier (the terminus is across the road from the ferry terminal); car hire is available at the Devonport terminal.
 
Rental car companies usually have restrictions on taking vehicles into or out of Tasmania on the ferry. If you have hired a car on the mainland and need a car to hire in Tasmania, it's best to drop the car off in Melbourne CBD (there is no hire car dropoff at Station Pier), then take the 109 tram out to Station Pier (the terminus is across the road from the ferry terminal); car hire is available at the Devonport terminal.
  
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
 +
 
===By car===
 
===By car===
Getting around Tasmania by car is by far the most convenient way to see what the state has to offer. Cars can be brought into Tasmania from the mainland on the Spirit of Tasmania ferry (see above), or hired upon arrival.
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Getting around Tasmania by car is by far the most convenient way to see what the state has to offer. Cars can be brought into Tasmania from the mainland on the Spirit of Tasmania ferry (see above), or hired upon arrival by the major operators such as [http://www.redspot.com.au Redspot], [http://www.hertz.com.au Hertz] and [http://www.avis.com.au Avis].
  
With the exception of Highway 1 between [[Devonport]], [[Launceston]] and [[Hobart]], travel times by car will be much longer than you think. The state limit is 110 km/h, though achieving that speed on some of the coastal or inland highways is not often possible, and the speed limit of some of those roads may only be up to 90 km/h anyway. Many major roads wind their way through mountain passes and along coastlines, with few overtaking lanes, and some major sections of more remote road may be in need of minor repair. Seek local advice if timing is critical, or just allow more time. What appears the most direct road can add hours to your journey time. Again, seek local advice on the quickest route if timing is critical. Also be aware that on some of the winding roads, or on B roads, some locals (who are used to driving those roads) may try to overtake on inappropriate stretches of road or start to tailgate you if you aren't travelling at the speed limit. If you are concerned or feel uncomfortable, it is usually best to pull over where safe and allow them to pass.
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With the exception of Highway 1 between [[Devonport]], [[Launceston]] and [[Hobart]], travel times by car will be much longer than you think. The state limit is 110km/h, though achieving that speed on some of the coastal or inland highways is not often possible, and the speed limit of some of those roads may only be up to 90km/h anyway. Many major roads wind their way through mountain passes and along coastlines, with few overtaking lanes, and some major sections of more remote road may be in need of minor repair. Seek local advice if timing is critical, or just allow more time. What appears the most direct road can add hours to your journey time. Again, seek local advice on the quickest route if timing is critical. Also be aware that on some of the winding roads, or on B roads, some locals (who are used to driving those roads) may try to overtake on inappropriate stretches of road or start to tailgate you if you aren't travelling at the speed limit. If you are concerned or feel uncomfortable, it is usually best to pull over where safe and allow them to pass.
  
Tasmania uses an alphanumeric system for road references, and all roads are generally well marked with references and destinations. Attractions are generally well signposted from the nearest main road. As a result, it is quite possible to navigate most of Tasmania using only a rudimentary map.   Exploring the forests can often lead to a maze of forest roads. A GPS can come in handy for finding your way out, but beware GPS maps are not always up to date and following them blindly can add unnecessary time to travel.
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Tasmania uses an alphanumeric system for road references, and all roads are generally well marked with references and destinations. Attractions are generally well signposted from the nearest main road. As a result, it is quite possible to navigate most of Tasmania using only a rudimentary map. Exploring the forests can often lead to a maze of forest roads. A GPS can come in handy for finding your way out, but beware GPS maps are not always up to date and following them blindly can add unnecessary time to travel.
 +
 
 +
Some indicative travel times, not including any rest periods:
 +
* Hobart to Launceston: 2h20m (199km)
 +
* Hobart to Devonport: 3h30m (279km)
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* Hobart to Cockle Creek: 2h10m (117km)
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* Hobart to Stanley: 4h30m (402km)
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* Hobart to Queenstown: 3h40m (259km)
  
 
===By bus===
 
===By bus===
 
If you have plenty of time in Tasmania, buses can be an option, but you would be advised to study timetable carefully and to do an extra bit of planning, as services can be infrequent.
 
If you have plenty of time in Tasmania, buses can be an option, but you would be advised to study timetable carefully and to do an extra bit of planning, as services can be infrequent.
  
Two major companies which service most of Tasmania:
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Two major companies which provide services around the state are:
* Tassielink [http://www.tigerline.com.au]
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*[http://www.tasredline.com.au '''Redline Tasmania''']
* Redline Tasmania [http://www.tasredline.com.au]
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*[http://www.tigerline.com.au '''Tassielink''']
  
Metro Tasmania [http://www.metrotas.com.au/] provides intra-city bus services for [[Burnie]], [[Hobart]] and [[Launceston]].
+
The main population centres are serviced by local bus networks provided by:
 
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*[http://www.metrotas.com.au/ '''Metro Tasmania'''] provides intra-city bus services for Burnie, Hobart and Launceston.
Merseylink [http://www.merseylink.com.au] provides services to [[Devonport]] and [[Latrobe]]
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*[http://www.merseylink.com.au '''Merseylink'''] provides services to Devonport and Latrobe.
  
 
===By train===
 
===By train===
 +
There are no public passenger trains in Tasmania, the rail network is solely for for freight and industry.
  
The only passenger train in Tasmania is a tourist train, the last regular passenger services having ended in 1975. The '''West Coast Wilderness Railway''' runs between Strahan and Queenstown on the west coast of Tasmania. The trip takes about 3 hours with lunch included.
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The '''West Coast Wilderness Railway''' [http://www.puretasmania.com.au/?pID=46] is a tourist train which runs between Strahan and Queenstown on the West Coast. The trip takes about 3 hours with lunch included.
  
 
===By plane===
 
===By plane===
 +
*[http://www.paravion.com.au '''Par Avion'''] offer scenic flights across the state and services into Melaleuca in the Southwest National Park.
 +
*[http://www.airtasmania.com.au '''Airlines of Tasmania'''] offer flights between Launceston and [[Cape Barren Island]].
  
 
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*[http://www.sharpairlines.com '''Sharp Airlines'''] offer flights to [[Flinders Island]] from Launceston and flights to [[King Island]] from Launceston and Burnie.
Bookings can be made on their website.
+
 
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'''Airlines of Tasmania''' [http://www.airtasmania.com.au] offers flights from [[Launceston]] to [[Cape Barren Island]] and general charter services, as well as tourist flights to South West Tasmania through its subsidary '''Par Avion''' [http://www.paravion.com.au].
+
 
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'''Sharp Airlines''' [http://www.sharpairlines.com] offers flights from [[Launceston]] to [[Flinders Island]]
+
  
 
===By bicycle===
 
===By bicycle===
 
 
Bicycle touring is a popular way to see Tasmania.
 
Bicycle touring is a popular way to see Tasmania.
  
 
==See==
 
==See==
*'''Bay of Fires'''. One of Tasmania's most popular tourist destinations, located between Eddystone Point and Binalong Bay.  Bay of Fires has beautiful blue water, red rocks, and sandy white beaches.  The entrance is through the Binalong Bay, which is only 10 minutes from St Helens.  This area offers a wide range of activities including camping, boating, bird watching, fishing, swimming, surfing, and walking along the coastline.
+
 
*'''Port Arthur''', [http://www.portarthurtasmania.com/]. Port Arthur Historic Site is the best preserved convict site in Australia. Many years ago, this site was a key role in the colonial system of convict discipline.  During your experience, you will have the chance to take guided tours of the Commandant's House, Parsonage, Trentham Cottage, Junior Medical Officer's quarters, historic buildings and ruins of the Penitentiary, Barracks, Guard Tower and military precinct, Hospital, Paupers' Depot and Asylum. Port Arthur is surrounded by beautiful bushland and trails available to explore the land around you.
+
===Wildlife===
*'''Cataract Gorge Reserve''', [http://www.launcestoncataractgorge.com.au/gorgecliffgrounds.html]. A unique, natural formation within a two minute drive from central Launceston known to locals as The Gorge.  After walking 15 minutes from central Launceston along Tamar River into Gorge, you then follow the pathway along the cliff face looking down onto South Esk River. On the southern side, called the First Basin, there is a cafe, swimming pool, and Launceston's beach. The northern side, known as the Cliff Grounds, there is a kiosk, restaurants, swimming pool, and a chairlift across the river. The Cataract Gorge Reserve is one of Australia's most fascinating urban parks.
+
If you spend any time in the bush you are very likely to see:
 +
* '''Kangaroos, Wallabies, and Pademelons''' are everywhere throughoutTasmania.
 +
* '''Wombats''' can be found in many national parks. Be quiet while walking to increase your chances.
 +
* '''Ringtail and Bushtail Possums''' only come out at night. If you stay the night in a national park you will be sure to encounter one.
 +
 
 +
Less common wildlife include:
 +
* '''Echidnas''' are rarely seen in the bush. They're more easily spotted when crossing roads.
 +
* '''Bandicoots and Potoroos''' are at the small end of the jumping marsupial scale.
 +
* '''Platypus''' are very elusive. If you are persistent and very quiet and still you may find one rummaging the bottom of a creek.
 +
* '''Eastern and Spotted-tail Quolls''' very rarely seen.
 +
* '''Tasmanian Devils''' are rarely seen in the wild. They can sometimes be spotted along roadsides eating roadkill at night.
 +
 
 +
===Landmarks===
 +
*'''Bay of Fires''' is one of Tasmania's most popular tourist destinations, located between Eddystone Point and Binalong Bay.  Bay of Fires has beautiful blue water, red rocks, and sandy blinding white beaches.  The entrance is through the Binalong Bay, which is only 10 minutes from St Helens.  This area offers a wide range of activities including camping, boating, bird watching, fishing, swimming, surfing, and walking along the coastline. Still an overlooked wonder of the world.
 +
*'''Cataract Gorge''' [http://www.launcestoncataractgorge.com.au/gorgecliffgrounds.html] is a unique, natural formation within a two minute drive from central Launceston known to locals as The Gorge. After walking 15 minutes from central Launceston along Tamar River into Gorge, you then follow the pathway along the cliff face looking down onto South Esk River.  On the southern side, called the First Basin, there is a cafe, swimming pool, and Launceston's beach. The northern side, known as the Cliff Grounds, there is a kiosk, restaurants, swimming pool, and a chairlift across the river. The Cataract Gorge Reserve is one of Australia's most fascinating urban parks.
 +
*'''Cradle Mountain'''
 +
*'''Freycinet Peninsula and Wineglass Bay'''
 +
*'''Gordon River'''
 +
*'''Hastings Caves''' include Newdegate Cave, the largest tourism cave in Australia. Tour magical chambers of flowstones and shawls, then relax in a thermal pool. Formations in the cave are spectacular and include flowstone, stalactites, columns, shawls, straws, stalagmites and the unusual helictites - tendrils of calcite that grow in all directions in tiny filaments.
 +
*'''Mole Creek Karst'''
 +
Australia's only national park featuring caves. Among many features are the King Solomon and Marakoopa Caves, both of which can be viewed with Tasmania Park Service guides leading you.
 +
Both caves are distinctly different and a separate entry ticket is required for each. Tour times are staggered throughout the day.
 +
*'''Port Arthur''' [http://www.portarthurtasmania.com/] is the best preserved convict site in Australia. Many years ago, this site was a key role in the colonial system of convict discipline.  During your experience, you will have the chance to take guided tours of the Commandant's House, Parsonage, Trentham Cottage, Junior Medical Officer's quarters, historic buildings and ruins of the Penitentiary, Barracks, Guard Tower and military precinct, Hospital, Paupers' Depot and Asylum. Port Arthur is surrounded by beautiful bushland and trails available to explore the land around you.
 +
*'''Salamanca Place''' in Sullivans Cove, is Hobart's favourite hang out. Salamanca is lined with a long row of sandstone buildings built in the 1830s. You can wander under the heavy stone arches to find craft and design shops, jewellers, coffee shops, restaurants, bookshops, fashion boutiques, and the Salamanca Arts Centre and artists’ galleries. Every Saturday there’s the Salamanca Market, where you can buy anything from a handmade wooden toy or a hand-spun, hand-knitted sweater to fresh fruit and vegetables or a 50-year-old china plate.
 +
*'''The Nut''' is located at the historic village of Stanley, in far north-west Tasmania. The Nut, a sheer-sided bluff is all that remains of an ancient volcanic plug. A walking track climbs to the summit of The Nut, or you can take the chairlift, with spectacular views across Bass Strait beaches and over the town. There is accommodation and an excellent campground in Stanley, and the town is a good base for exploring the forests and coastlines further west.
 +
*'''Tahune Forest Airwalk'''
 +
*'''Mt Wellington'''
  
 
==Do==
 
==Do==
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*'''The Overland Track''', [http://www.overlandtrack.com.au]. The iconic bushwalk from Cradle Mountain to Lake St Clair - bookings essential during the main walking season (November to April).
 
*'''The Overland Track''', [http://www.overlandtrack.com.au]. The iconic bushwalk from Cradle Mountain to Lake St Clair - bookings essential during the main walking season (November to April).
 
*'''The South Coast Track'''. [http://www.southcoasttrack.com.au]. The bushwalk along the south coast of Tasmania, from Melaleuca, to Cockle Creet - fly in by aircraft and take a 6 day walk back home  
 
*'''The South Coast Track'''. [http://www.southcoasttrack.com.au]. The bushwalk along the south coast of Tasmania, from Melaleuca, to Cockle Creet - fly in by aircraft and take a 6 day walk back home  
*The '''Great Tasmanian Bike Ride''', [http://www.bv.com.au/Content/NavigationMenu/Events/Great_Tasmanian_Bike_Ride/Default402.htm] -  held in early February.
 
 
*'''Bicycle Touring and Mountain Biking''', There are some Great places to ride your bicycle in Tasmania.  Australia By Bike [http://www.australiabybike.com.au] offer fully supported tours of Tasmania include all accommodation and meals throughout the year.
 
*'''Bicycle Touring and Mountain Biking''', There are some Great places to ride your bicycle in Tasmania.  Australia By Bike [http://www.australiabybike.com.au] offer fully supported tours of Tasmania include all accommodation and meals throughout the year.
 
*'''Scuba Diving''' Tasmania is home to some of the best temperate diving in the world. Along with its giant kelp forests and numerous shipwrecks, the waters reefs also offer an array of unique marine plants and animals. There are many dive sites situated along the coast, the most popular sites are at [[Bicheno]], [[Bay of Fires]], [[Flinders Island]], [[Fortescue Bay]], [[Tasman Peninsula]] and [[Maria Island]].
 
*'''Scuba Diving''' Tasmania is home to some of the best temperate diving in the world. Along with its giant kelp forests and numerous shipwrecks, the waters reefs also offer an array of unique marine plants and animals. There are many dive sites situated along the coast, the most popular sites are at [[Bicheno]], [[Bay of Fires]], [[Flinders Island]], [[Fortescue Bay]], [[Tasman Peninsula]] and [[Maria Island]].
Line 158: Line 263:
 
*'''Hang Gliding and the Flying Fox''', [http://treetopsadventure.com.au/]. Hollybank Treetops Adventure takes visitors across treetops and gives them the experience of seeing Tasmania's forests in a whole new way - bird's-eye view! These canopy tours last for 3 hours and are led by highly-trained professionals.  Not only do guests take part in this unique adventure by soaring across about a kilometer of cable but they also learn about the forests below them.
 
*'''Hang Gliding and the Flying Fox''', [http://treetopsadventure.com.au/]. Hollybank Treetops Adventure takes visitors across treetops and gives them the experience of seeing Tasmania's forests in a whole new way - bird's-eye view! These canopy tours last for 3 hours and are led by highly-trained professionals.  Not only do guests take part in this unique adventure by soaring across about a kilometer of cable but they also learn about the forests below them.
 
*'''Kayaking'''. After landing in Hobart's Airport, you are a mere 20 minute drive away from beginning your kayaking experience. Visitors can explore Tasmania's beautiful coastlines and search out secret coves by kayaking.  There are professional kayak guides based in Hobart, Kettering, Port Arthur, Coles Bay, Lanceston, and Strahan.  Kayak travel through Tasmania's beautiful landscape offers relaxation and exhilaration that tourists will not want to miss out on.
 
*'''Kayaking'''. After landing in Hobart's Airport, you are a mere 20 minute drive away from beginning your kayaking experience. Visitors can explore Tasmania's beautiful coastlines and search out secret coves by kayaking.  There are professional kayak guides based in Hobart, Kettering, Port Arthur, Coles Bay, Lanceston, and Strahan.  Kayak travel through Tasmania's beautiful landscape offers relaxation and exhilaration that tourists will not want to miss out on.
 +
 +
===Adventure Activities===
 +
* Abseiling
 +
* All Terrain Vehicles
 +
* Bicyle Touring
 +
* Caves and Caving
 +
* Diving
 +
* Jet Boats
 +
* Kayaking
 +
* Mountain Biking
 +
* Rock Climbing
 +
* Skiing
 +
* Sky Diving
 +
* Swimming
 +
* Surfing
 +
* Whitewater Rafting
 +
 +
===Outdoor Activities===
 +
* Bushwalking/trekking
 +
* Camping
 +
* Coastal and River Cruising
 +
* Fishing
 +
* Golf
 +
* Horse Riding
 +
* Scenic Flights
 +
* Sailing and Yachting
 +
* Wildlife Watching
 +
 +
Adventure Tasmania [http://adventuretasmania.com.au/things-to-do] has a growing list of tour operators for Adventure and Outdoor activities.
  
 
==Eat==
 
==Eat==
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http://www.happycow.net/australia/tasmania/
 
http://www.happycow.net/australia/tasmania/
 +
 +
===World Class Food===
 +
Be sure to try some of Tamania's world class food.
 +
* '''Seafood:''' salmon, abalone, scallops, oysters, mussels and crayfish.
 +
* '''Meats:''' beef, venison, quail and wallaby.
 +
* '''Dairy:''' cheeses, milk and yogurt.
 +
* '''Fruit and Vegetables'''
 +
* '''Leatherwood Honey'''
 +
* '''Chocolate and Fudge'''
  
 
==Drink==
 
==Drink==
Tasmania has superb wine regions including along the Tamar River and Down in the Huon Valley.
+
Tasmania has many exceptional world class beers, whiskies & wines.
  
In addition, Tasmania has the Cascade and Boags breweries in Hobart and Launceston respectively, which offer tours. A number of boutique beer makers and distillers also exist.
+
There are two major breweries in Tasmania; Cascade Brewery in Hobart and J. Boag & Sons Brewery in Launceston, which each offer tours. A number of boutique beer makers and distillers are spread around the state.
  
There is also a large spring water industry in Tasmania, which means that some bars and restaurants do not to offer free tap water (they are not legally obliged to do so).
+
You can tour the Tasmanian Wine Routes easily by car or on guided tours. The island's Wine Routes include the Tamar Valley, north of Launceston along both sides of the Tamar River and east to Pipers River; the Derwent, Coal River and Huon Valleys (together comprising the Southern Wine Route), an easy drive from Hobart; and the growing wine regions of the North West and the East Coast.
  
 
==Sleep==
 
==Sleep==
There is a variety of accommodation available across the state, from camping through to 5-star luxury. Individual cities and regions pages have more information. Tasmania is particularly renowned for its hosted bed and breakfast accommodation, where you can experience a different way of life in a whole range of different properties, including heritage listed and more modern properties in stunning locations.
+
There is a variety of accommodation options available across the state, from camping through to 5-star luxury. Tasmania is particularly renowned for its hosted bed and breakfast accommodation where you can experience a different way of life in a whole range of different properties, including heritage listed and more modern properties in stunning locations.
  
==Stay safe==
+
==Respect==
 +
Tasmanians are generally more laid back and friendly than their mainland counterparts. They are usually very willing to help you out or give advice when asked.
  
When driving observe the speed limits. The rules are simple. 50km/h on all Tasmanian streets, and 100km/h on highways and freeways unless otherwise signposted.  
+
Jokes are occasionally made at the expense of Tasmanians by mainlanders about being inbred or have two heads. This is highly offensive. While this joke may slide in other parts of Australia it will not go down well here.
  
Be aware that there are many '''wild animals''' in Tasmania, and be prepared to see a lot of roadkill. Be especially careful at dusk and dawn. Although wallabies and wombats are not large, they can make a mess of your vehicle and drivers swerving to avoid them have caused many accidents.
+
==Stay safe==
  
When driving on highways and freeways, do be careful of large trucks. Speeding large trucks are common and dangerous.  If one is heading your way slow down and move towards the side of the road, letting it pass.
+
===While driving===
 +
When driving observe the speed limits. The rules are simple. 50km/h on all Tasmanian streets, and 100km/h on highways and country roads unless otherwise signposted. Many of Tasmania's country roads are narrow and windy, use common sense and drive to the conditions - not the speed limit.
  
 
Always slow down at school zones and crossings when in operation or you may be surprised by a waiting police car and receive a fine.
 
Always slow down at school zones and crossings when in operation or you may be surprised by a waiting police car and receive a fine.
  
Bushwalking can be a truly breathtaking experience in Tasmania, but be sure to obtain the right gear and local advice and maps. Always sign the book at the beginning and end of each walk. Be aware that mobile coverage is very limited (although reception can often be had on Mt Ossa, Tasmania's highest mountain). The main dangers are getting lost and/or suffering hypothermia. Tasmania's weather is notoriously fickle, but if you include thermals, a good raincoat, a good sleeping bag and a map and compass in your shopping list, these scenarios are unlikely.
+
Be especially careful driving between dusk and dawn as this is when the wildlife is most active. Be prepared to see a lot of roadkill. Wallabies and wombats can make a mess of your vehicle if hit. Drivers swerving to avoid wildlife have caused many accidents.
 +
 
 +
===In the Bush===
 +
Bushwalking can be a truly breathtaking experience in Tasmania, but be sure to obtain the right gear, local advice and maps. Always sign the logbook at the beginning and end of each walk. Be aware that mobile coverage is limited in wilderness areas. The main dangers of bushwalking are getting lost and/or suffering from hypothermia. Tasmania's weather is notoriously changeable. Be sure to take a good raincoat and warm clothes with you even on a sunny day because an hour or two later it could be pouring with rain. If undertaking more serious bushwalking a map and compass is a must, as is a good sleeping bag and tent for multi-day walks.
 +
 
 +
There are three species of snake in Tasmania: copperhead, white-lipped, and tiger. The tiger snake is one of the most venomous snakes in the world, but don't let that deter you. No one has died in Tasmania by snake bite since 1977, almost 40 years ago! All three use the same anti-venom so identification of the snake if bitten is not important. Most snakes will slither away as soon as they hear you coming.
 +
 
 +
While in wilderness areas the water may be good to drink, but it is still highly recommended that you boil before consumption. If in touristy areas, such as The Overland Track, always boil your water.
 +
 
 +
Mosquitoes are present all year round. There are mosquitoes-born viruses. Numerous cases of Ross River Virus are on record with the State Health Department .A good repellent is advisable if going into the bush.
  
 
==Get out==
 
==Get out==
  
 +
===By plane===
 +
* Flights from [[Hobart]] to [[Melbourne]], [[Sydney]], [[Canberra]], [[Brisbane]], and the [[Gold Coast]].
  
{{outline}}
+
* Flights from [[Launceston]] to Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane.
{{isPartOf|Australia}}
+
  
 +
* Flights from [[Burnie]] and [[Devonport]] to Melbourne.
  
 +
===By ferry===
 +
The Spirit Of Tasmania ferry service between Devonport and Melbourne departs 1-2 times a day. Night sailings depart 6pm and arrive 6am.
 +
 +
==Itineraries==
 +
* [[One week in Eastern Tasmania]]
 +
 +
{{isPartOf|Australia}}
  
 
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[[de:Tasmanien]]
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[[WikiPedia:Tasmania]]
 
[[WikiPedia:Tasmania]]
 
[[Dmoz:Oceania/Australia/Tasmania/]]
 
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[[World66:australiaandpacific/australia/tasmania]]
 

Latest revision as of 01:34, 18 January 2016

Tasmania

Tasmania Banner.jpg

Tasmania is Australia's only island state. It has the smallest land area of any state and the smallest population, with roughly 500,000 inhabitants. It is separated from the Australian mainland by a body of water called the Bass Strait that has isolated it for thousands of years.

Understand[edit]

Geography[edit]

Tasmania is the smallest of Australia's six states, with an area of 68,401km² (26,410 square miles). It is comparable in size to Ireland or the US state of West Virginia. Tasmania is separated from mainland Australia by the Bass Strait, from New Zealand by the Tasman Sea, and otherwise surrounded by the Southern Ocean. It is located right in the pathway of the notorious "Roaring Forties" winds that encircle the globe.

Most of Tasmania's population is concentrated around the south east and north coasts. The Midlands (the area between Hobart and Launcestion) is primarily used for agriculture. The Huon Valley and the area between Launceston and Burnie is used for both agriculture and horticulture. The Central Highlands, the West Coast and the South West are all mountainous forested areas, a majority of which are protected inside national parks.

Tasmania is the most mountainous state of Australia, its tallest mountain is Mount Ossa at 1,617m (5,305 ft). Much of Tasmania is still densely forested, with the Southwest National Park and neighbouring areas holding some of the last temperate rain forests in the Southern Hemisphere.

Climate[edit]

Tasmania has a cool temperate climate with four distinct seasons.

  • Summer December - February. Average maximum temperature is 21°C, average low 12°C.
  • Autumn March - May. Very changeable weather.
  • Winter June - August. Average maximum temperature is 12°C, average low 5°C. Most high lying areas receiving considerable snowfall.
  • Spring September - November. Snowfall is common through to October.

The West Coast and the South West recieve a significantly higher amount of rainfall than anywhere else in the state. The number of rainy days per year in Tasmania is much greater than anywhere else in Australian. The saying "four seasons in a day" is very true here.

Daylight

  • Summer: approximately 15 hours of daylight. (05:30-20:50)
  • Winter: approximately 9 hours of daylight. (07:40-16:40)

History[edit]

The first reported sighting of Tasmania by a European was on 24 November 1642 by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman. Captain James Cook landed at Adventure Bay in 1777. Matthew Flinders and George Bass first proved Tasmania to be an island in 1798–99.

The first European settling of Tasmania was by the British at Risdon Cove on the eastern bank of the Derwent estuary in 1804. Penal settlements were established at Sullivans Cove (Hobart), Maria Island, Sarah Island, and Port Arthur. The colony changed its name from "Van Diemen's Land" to "Tasmania" in 1856. The Colony of Tasmania existed from 1856 until 1901, when it federated together with the five other Australian colonies to form the Commonwealth of Australia.

Economy[edit]

Tasmania's main industries are mining (including copper, zinc, tin, and iron), forestry, agriculture, fresh produce (fruit, vegetables, dairy, seafood, beer and wine), and tourism.

Holidays[edit]

National Public Holidays

  • 1 January: New Years' Day
  • 26 January: Australia Day, marking the anniversary of the First Fleet's landing in Sydney Cove in 1788.
  • Easter weekend ("Good Friday", "Easter Saturday", "Easter Sunday" and "Easter Monday"): a four day long weekend in March or April set according to the Western Christian dates.
  • 25 April: ANZAC Day (Australia and New Zealand Army Corps), honouring military veterans
  • Second Monday in June: Queen's birthday holiday.
  • 25 December: Christmas Day
  • 26 December: Boxing Day

Regional Public Holidays

  • Wednesday not earlier than fifth and not later than eleventh day of January: Devonport Cup
  • Last Wednesday of February: Launceston Cup
  • Second Monday of February: Royal Regatta Day (Southern Tasmania only)
  • First Tuesday of March: King Island Show
  • Second Monday of March: 8 Hour Day (Labour Day elsewhere in Australia)
  • The Friday nearest the last day of November: AGFEST (Circular Head only)
  • The Friday before the first Saturday of October: Burnie Show
  • Thursday before the second Saturday of October: Royal Launceston Show
  • The Friday before the third Saturday of October: Flinders Island Show
  • The Friday before the third Saturday of October: Royal Hobart Show
  • First Monday of November: Recreation Day (Northern Tasmania only)
  • The Friday nearest the last day of November: Devonport Show

When a public holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday, the following Monday (and Tuesday if necessary) are usually declared holidays in lieu, although both the celebrations and the retail closures will occur on the day itself. Most tourist attractions are closed Christmas Day and Good Friday. Supermarkets and other stores may open for limited hours on some public holidays and on holidays in lieu, but are almost always closed on Christmas Day (25 Dec), Good Friday, Easter Sunday and ANZAC Day morning.

Time Zone[edit]

Tasmania is 10 hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time and 18 hours ahead of Pacific Standard Time (PST). Daylight Saving is observed from the first Sunday of October to the first Sunday of April the following year.

AEST - Australian Eastern Standard Time UTC+10

AEDT - Australian Eastern Daylight Saving Time UTC+11

Tasmanian Devil[edit]

The Tasmanian devil is a carnivorous marsupial found only in Tasmania. The size of a small dog, it is the largest carnivorous marsupial in the world. It is characterised by its stocky and muscular build, black fur, extremely loud and disturbing screech, and ferocity when feeding. Despite its appearance, the devil is capable of surprising speed and endurance, and can climb trees and swim across rivers.

Since 1996 devil facial tumour disease (DFTD) has drastically reduced the devil population and now threatens the survival of the species, which in 2008 was declared to be endangered. The disease is a transmissible cancer, which means that it is contagious and passed from one animal to another. Individual devils die within months of infection. Programs are currently being undertaken by the Tasmanian Government to reduce the impact of the disease, including an initiative to build up a colonies of healthy devils in captivity, isolated from the disease. As of 2008 there is an estimated 10,000–15,000 remaining in the wild.

Regions[edit]

Southern Tasmania (Hobart, Bruny Island, Cygnet, Dover, Huonville, Kingston, New Norfolk, Port Arthur, Richmond)
The most populous region of Tasmania. Hobart is Tasmania's capital and largest city. Hobart is also the second oldest city in Australia.
Northern Tasmania (Launceston, Ben Lomond, Bridport, George Town)
This area encompasses the city of Launceston and the Tamar Valley, the mountainous region of Ben Lomond, the Midlands, and the North East.
North West Coast (Smithton, Stanley, Wynyard, Somerset, Burnie, Penguin, Ulverstone, Devonport, Waratah, Cradle Mountain, Mole Creek, Sheffield, Latrobe)
Small coastal townships and cities following the coast. And some very scenic inland areas.
East Coast (St Helens, Bicheno, Scamander, Swansea, Freycinet Peninsula, Maria Island)
Stunning beaches including the Bay Of Fires and Wine Glass Bay, voted some of the most beautiful beaches in the world.
West Coast (Queenstown, Strahan, Zeehan, Rosebery, Tullah)
The West Coast has long been the center of mining in Tasmania. This region has the smallest population of any region in Tasmania.
South West (Maydena, Strathgordan, Melaleuca)
This whole region is protected inside the Southwest National Park.
Bass Strait Islands (King Island, Flinders Island)
The two secluded but very scenic islands in the Bass Strait between Tasmania and mainland Australia.

Cities & Townships[edit]

  • Bicheno - beach town on the east coast
  • Burnie - the fourth largest city in Tasmania
  • Devonport - home to the Spirit of Tasmania ferry, third largest city
  • Hobart - the state capital
  • Launceston - the second largest city
  • Queenstown - historic mining town on the west coast
  • Richmond - home to many old buildings dating back to the 19th century as well as the oldest bridge in use in Australia
  • Ross - another of Tasmania's historic towns with many of the oldest buildings in Tasmania as well as one of the oldest bridges.
  • Scottsdale
  • Strahan
  • St Helens
  • Swansea
  • Wynyard

Other destinations[edit]

Ruins of a convict prison at Port Arthur

National Parks[edit]

Tasmania has some of the most beautiful and diverse scenery not just in Australia but also the world. Over 45 percent of Tasmania is protected in national parks so you can't make a visit here without checking at least a couple of national parks out. There's a park for every season and for every person. Discover spectacular landscapes from highlands carved by glaciers, to quiet solitary beaches, from cool and silent rainforests, to colourful alpine wilderness wildflowers. Tasmania's 19 national parks encompass a diversity of unspoiled habitats and ecosystems which offer refuge to unique, and often ancient, plants and animals found nowhere else on Earth.

Cradle Mountain in Tasmania, a World Heritage site

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

  • Flights to Launceston from Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane.

By ferry[edit]

Crossing the Tasman Sea by cruise ship

Tasmania is served by two Spirit of Tasmania Ferries from mainland Australia. They depart daily from Station Pier in Port Melbourne (a bayside suburb of Melbourne) and arrive at Devonport taking the full night (or the full day during peak summer periods) for the crossing.

The crossing can be a little rocky at times, but provides beautiful views. You have the option of booking one of a range of a cabins or a reclining chair for the journey. The large ferries take vehicles, bikes, foot passengers and pets.

See the Devonport article for the details of the ferry.

Crossings are also part of Cruise ship itineraries.

Rental car companies usually have restrictions on taking vehicles into or out of Tasmania on the ferry. If you have hired a car on the mainland and need a car to hire in Tasmania, it's best to drop the car off in Melbourne CBD (there is no hire car dropoff at Station Pier), then take the 109 tram out to Station Pier (the terminus is across the road from the ferry terminal); car hire is available at the Devonport terminal.

Get around[edit]

By car[edit]

Getting around Tasmania by car is by far the most convenient way to see what the state has to offer. Cars can be brought into Tasmania from the mainland on the Spirit of Tasmania ferry (see above), or hired upon arrival by the major operators such as Redspot, Hertz and Avis.

With the exception of Highway 1 between Devonport, Launceston and Hobart, travel times by car will be much longer than you think. The state limit is 110km/h, though achieving that speed on some of the coastal or inland highways is not often possible, and the speed limit of some of those roads may only be up to 90km/h anyway. Many major roads wind their way through mountain passes and along coastlines, with few overtaking lanes, and some major sections of more remote road may be in need of minor repair. Seek local advice if timing is critical, or just allow more time. What appears the most direct road can add hours to your journey time. Again, seek local advice on the quickest route if timing is critical. Also be aware that on some of the winding roads, or on B roads, some locals (who are used to driving those roads) may try to overtake on inappropriate stretches of road or start to tailgate you if you aren't travelling at the speed limit. If you are concerned or feel uncomfortable, it is usually best to pull over where safe and allow them to pass.

Tasmania uses an alphanumeric system for road references, and all roads are generally well marked with references and destinations. Attractions are generally well signposted from the nearest main road. As a result, it is quite possible to navigate most of Tasmania using only a rudimentary map. Exploring the forests can often lead to a maze of forest roads. A GPS can come in handy for finding your way out, but beware GPS maps are not always up to date and following them blindly can add unnecessary time to travel.

Some indicative travel times, not including any rest periods:

  • Hobart to Launceston: 2h20m (199km)
  • Hobart to Devonport: 3h30m (279km)
  • Hobart to Cockle Creek: 2h10m (117km)
  • Hobart to Stanley: 4h30m (402km)
  • Hobart to Queenstown: 3h40m (259km)

By bus[edit]

If you have plenty of time in Tasmania, buses can be an option, but you would be advised to study timetable carefully and to do an extra bit of planning, as services can be infrequent.

Two major companies which provide services around the state are:

The main population centres are serviced by local bus networks provided by:

  • Metro Tasmania provides intra-city bus services for Burnie, Hobart and Launceston.
  • Merseylink provides services to Devonport and Latrobe.

By train[edit]

There are no public passenger trains in Tasmania, the rail network is solely for for freight and industry.

The West Coast Wilderness Railway [1] is a tourist train which runs between Strahan and Queenstown on the West Coast. The trip takes about 3 hours with lunch included.

By plane[edit]

By bicycle[edit]

Bicycle touring is a popular way to see Tasmania.

See[edit]

Wildlife[edit]

If you spend any time in the bush you are very likely to see:

  • Kangaroos, Wallabies, and Pademelons are everywhere throughoutTasmania.
  • Wombats can be found in many national parks. Be quiet while walking to increase your chances.
  • Ringtail and Bushtail Possums only come out at night. If you stay the night in a national park you will be sure to encounter one.

Less common wildlife include:

  • Echidnas are rarely seen in the bush. They're more easily spotted when crossing roads.
  • Bandicoots and Potoroos are at the small end of the jumping marsupial scale.
  • Platypus are very elusive. If you are persistent and very quiet and still you may find one rummaging the bottom of a creek.
  • Eastern and Spotted-tail Quolls very rarely seen.
  • Tasmanian Devils are rarely seen in the wild. They can sometimes be spotted along roadsides eating roadkill at night.

Landmarks[edit]

  • Bay of Fires is one of Tasmania's most popular tourist destinations, located between Eddystone Point and Binalong Bay. Bay of Fires has beautiful blue water, red rocks, and sandy blinding white beaches. The entrance is through the Binalong Bay, which is only 10 minutes from St Helens. This area offers a wide range of activities including camping, boating, bird watching, fishing, swimming, surfing, and walking along the coastline. Still an overlooked wonder of the world.
  • Cataract Gorge [2] is a unique, natural formation within a two minute drive from central Launceston known to locals as The Gorge. After walking 15 minutes from central Launceston along Tamar River into Gorge, you then follow the pathway along the cliff face looking down onto South Esk River. On the southern side, called the First Basin, there is a cafe, swimming pool, and Launceston's beach. The northern side, known as the Cliff Grounds, there is a kiosk, restaurants, swimming pool, and a chairlift across the river. The Cataract Gorge Reserve is one of Australia's most fascinating urban parks.
  • Cradle Mountain
  • Freycinet Peninsula and Wineglass Bay
  • Gordon River
  • Hastings Caves include Newdegate Cave, the largest tourism cave in Australia. Tour magical chambers of flowstones and shawls, then relax in a thermal pool. Formations in the cave are spectacular and include flowstone, stalactites, columns, shawls, straws, stalagmites and the unusual helictites - tendrils of calcite that grow in all directions in tiny filaments.
  • Mole Creek Karst

Australia's only national park featuring caves. Among many features are the King Solomon and Marakoopa Caves, both of which can be viewed with Tasmania Park Service guides leading you. Both caves are distinctly different and a separate entry ticket is required for each. Tour times are staggered throughout the day.

  • Port Arthur [3] is the best preserved convict site in Australia. Many years ago, this site was a key role in the colonial system of convict discipline. During your experience, you will have the chance to take guided tours of the Commandant's House, Parsonage, Trentham Cottage, Junior Medical Officer's quarters, historic buildings and ruins of the Penitentiary, Barracks, Guard Tower and military precinct, Hospital, Paupers' Depot and Asylum. Port Arthur is surrounded by beautiful bushland and trails available to explore the land around you.
  • Salamanca Place in Sullivans Cove, is Hobart's favourite hang out. Salamanca is lined with a long row of sandstone buildings built in the 1830s. You can wander under the heavy stone arches to find craft and design shops, jewellers, coffee shops, restaurants, bookshops, fashion boutiques, and the Salamanca Arts Centre and artists’ galleries. Every Saturday there’s the Salamanca Market, where you can buy anything from a handmade wooden toy or a hand-spun, hand-knitted sweater to fresh fruit and vegetables or a 50-year-old china plate.
  • The Nut is located at the historic village of Stanley, in far north-west Tasmania. The Nut, a sheer-sided bluff is all that remains of an ancient volcanic plug. A walking track climbs to the summit of The Nut, or you can take the chairlift, with spectacular views across Bass Strait beaches and over the town. There is accommodation and an excellent campground in Stanley, and the town is a good base for exploring the forests and coastlines further west.
  • Tahune Forest Airwalk
  • Mt Wellington

Do[edit]

  • Trout Fishing. Trout Guides and Lodges Tasmania Incorporated (TGALT) is the industry body, that was voluntarily formed in 1981, initially called the, Tasmanian Professional Trout Fishing Guides Association. Its primary purpose was to provide anglers with a source of guides that they could be assured, would provide a safe, appropriate and professional service. During 1995 the Association was expanded to specifically include trout fishing lodges as full members.
  • The Overland Track, [4]. The iconic bushwalk from Cradle Mountain to Lake St Clair - bookings essential during the main walking season (November to April).
  • The South Coast Track. [5]. The bushwalk along the south coast of Tasmania, from Melaleuca, to Cockle Creet - fly in by aircraft and take a 6 day walk back home
  • Bicycle Touring and Mountain Biking, There are some Great places to ride your bicycle in Tasmania. Australia By Bike [6] offer fully supported tours of Tasmania include all accommodation and meals throughout the year.
  • Scuba Diving Tasmania is home to some of the best temperate diving in the world. Along with its giant kelp forests and numerous shipwrecks, the waters reefs also offer an array of unique marine plants and animals. There are many dive sites situated along the coast, the most popular sites are at Bicheno, Bay of Fires, Flinders Island, Fortescue Bay, Tasman Peninsula and Maria Island.
  • Off Road Touring. Because Tasmania is a very rugged and heavily forested region, tourists happen to miss out on some incredible places if they do not have a vehicle with four-wheel-drive. Visitors can explore these trails with an experienced operator or either form or tag along with a group. Before exploring, make sure you have a current map of the area. In 2003, Tasmania changed the co-ordinate system used for all maps from AGD 66 to GDA 94. Also, ask local land manager for the latest information on the condition of the area you plan to use and permits.
  • Wild Life Watching. Because of it's separation from mainland Australia, Tasmania is the home to many of the animals or plants that are rare or even extinct in other areas around the world. If visitors are watchful, they are very likely to witness these species on trails or near streams. Tourists can also be accompanied by a tour guide to point out these animals so you won't miss them! Some of these rare mammals include the Tasmanian Devil, Platypus, Echidna, Sugar Glider, Eastern Quoll, and Forester Kangaroo.
  • Hang Gliding and the Flying Fox, [7]. Hollybank Treetops Adventure takes visitors across treetops and gives them the experience of seeing Tasmania's forests in a whole new way - bird's-eye view! These canopy tours last for 3 hours and are led by highly-trained professionals. Not only do guests take part in this unique adventure by soaring across about a kilometer of cable but they also learn about the forests below them.
  • Kayaking. After landing in Hobart's Airport, you are a mere 20 minute drive away from beginning your kayaking experience. Visitors can explore Tasmania's beautiful coastlines and search out secret coves by kayaking. There are professional kayak guides based in Hobart, Kettering, Port Arthur, Coles Bay, Lanceston, and Strahan. Kayak travel through Tasmania's beautiful landscape offers relaxation and exhilaration that tourists will not want to miss out on.

Adventure Activities[edit]

  • Abseiling
  • All Terrain Vehicles
  • Bicyle Touring
  • Caves and Caving
  • Diving
  • Jet Boats
  • Kayaking
  • Mountain Biking
  • Rock Climbing
  • Skiing
  • Sky Diving
  • Swimming
  • Surfing
  • Whitewater Rafting

Outdoor Activities[edit]

  • Bushwalking/trekking
  • Camping
  • Coastal and River Cruising
  • Fishing
  • Golf
  • Horse Riding
  • Scenic Flights
  • Sailing and Yachting
  • Wildlife Watching

Adventure Tasmania [8] has a growing list of tour operators for Adventure and Outdoor activities.

Eat[edit]

There are a wide variety of culinary offerings in Tasmania, from the best chips and gravy at the local milk bar, to world renowned chefs in amazing upper class restaurants.

For a list of vegetarian and vegetarian friendly eateries in Tasmania, go to this link:

http://www.happycow.net/australia/tasmania/

World Class Food[edit]

Be sure to try some of Tamania's world class food.

  • Seafood: salmon, abalone, scallops, oysters, mussels and crayfish.
  • Meats: beef, venison, quail and wallaby.
  • Dairy: cheeses, milk and yogurt.
  • Fruit and Vegetables
  • Leatherwood Honey
  • Chocolate and Fudge

Drink[edit]

Tasmania has many exceptional world class beers, whiskies & wines.

There are two major breweries in Tasmania; Cascade Brewery in Hobart and J. Boag & Sons Brewery in Launceston, which each offer tours. A number of boutique beer makers and distillers are spread around the state.

You can tour the Tasmanian Wine Routes easily by car or on guided tours. The island's Wine Routes include the Tamar Valley, north of Launceston along both sides of the Tamar River and east to Pipers River; the Derwent, Coal River and Huon Valleys (together comprising the Southern Wine Route), an easy drive from Hobart; and the growing wine regions of the North West and the East Coast.

Sleep[edit]

There is a variety of accommodation options available across the state, from camping through to 5-star luxury. Tasmania is particularly renowned for its hosted bed and breakfast accommodation where you can experience a different way of life in a whole range of different properties, including heritage listed and more modern properties in stunning locations.

Respect[edit]

Tasmanians are generally more laid back and friendly than their mainland counterparts. They are usually very willing to help you out or give advice when asked.

Jokes are occasionally made at the expense of Tasmanians by mainlanders about being inbred or have two heads. This is highly offensive. While this joke may slide in other parts of Australia it will not go down well here.

Stay safe[edit]

While driving[edit]

When driving observe the speed limits. The rules are simple. 50km/h on all Tasmanian streets, and 100km/h on highways and country roads unless otherwise signposted. Many of Tasmania's country roads are narrow and windy, use common sense and drive to the conditions - not the speed limit.

Always slow down at school zones and crossings when in operation or you may be surprised by a waiting police car and receive a fine.

Be especially careful driving between dusk and dawn as this is when the wildlife is most active. Be prepared to see a lot of roadkill. Wallabies and wombats can make a mess of your vehicle if hit. Drivers swerving to avoid wildlife have caused many accidents.

In the Bush[edit]

Bushwalking can be a truly breathtaking experience in Tasmania, but be sure to obtain the right gear, local advice and maps. Always sign the logbook at the beginning and end of each walk. Be aware that mobile coverage is limited in wilderness areas. The main dangers of bushwalking are getting lost and/or suffering from hypothermia. Tasmania's weather is notoriously changeable. Be sure to take a good raincoat and warm clothes with you even on a sunny day because an hour or two later it could be pouring with rain. If undertaking more serious bushwalking a map and compass is a must, as is a good sleeping bag and tent for multi-day walks.

There are three species of snake in Tasmania: copperhead, white-lipped, and tiger. The tiger snake is one of the most venomous snakes in the world, but don't let that deter you. No one has died in Tasmania by snake bite since 1977, almost 40 years ago! All three use the same anti-venom so identification of the snake if bitten is not important. Most snakes will slither away as soon as they hear you coming.

While in wilderness areas the water may be good to drink, but it is still highly recommended that you boil before consumption. If in touristy areas, such as The Overland Track, always boil your water.

Mosquitoes are present all year round. There are mosquitoes-born viruses. Numerous cases of Ross River Virus are on record with the State Health Department .A good repellent is advisable if going into the bush.

Get out[edit]

By plane[edit]

  • Flights from Launceston to Melbourne, Sydney and Brisbane.

By ferry[edit]

The Spirit Of Tasmania ferry service between Devonport and Melbourne departs 1-2 times a day. Night sailings depart 6pm and arrive 6am.

Itineraries[edit]


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