Night view of the ANZAC memorial
The City Centre  is where Governor Philip first raised the British Flag on Australian soil in January 1788, and is the earliest site of European settlement in Australia. Two hundred and twenty years later, it is now a Manhattan-like skyline of skyscrapers on the harbour. It is the commercial centre of Sydney seeing hundreds of thousands of Sydneysiders commute daily, to work, shop, and socialise.
The city centre meets and embraces its harbour. The entire foreshore is walkway, and much of it is parkland. The office towers compete with each other for the best view of the harbour, with those in the back row grateful for any glimpse.
It is the site of Sydney's grandest structures, from the modern Opera House and Sydney Tower, to the art-deco, the granite facades of the early 20th century, and the colonial sandstone of a convict era. The oldest buildings may be in The Rocks, but those warehouses and residences lack the proportion, scale, and inspiration of the construction in the city centre.
Into the evening, there is a stark contrast as many of the crowded footpaths grow quiet, and many of the city eateries and cafes wind down. There are still people around though: the after-work crowd is still around in the city pubs, the opera aficionados and diners are out down at East Circular Quay, and the groups meeting up near Town Hall for a movie, a drink, or a night out.
The City Centre lies at the hub of Sydney's transport network. Most major roads, and public transport radiate from the city. Catch a train from anywhere and it will stop here.
Transport Infoline, ☎ 13 15 00, . 24 hours. Information on fares and route planning for all public transport in Sydney. Available online and by telephone
The City Circle is a two way train loop of five stations.
- Town Hall. Centrally located. Best for shopping, Pitt St Mall, Queen Victoria Building, Sydney Tower.
- Circular Quay. Opera House, Ferries, Harbour Foreshore, Botanic Gardens
- St James. Hyde Park, St Mary's Cathedral, State Library, Art Gallery
- Museum. Hyde Park War Memorial
There is also a station at Martin Place
Avoid getting off at Central, in the City South for the City Centre, it is really only Central as far as the train network is concerned.
When buying a ticket, you can just press the City button on the ticket machines, or ask for a ticket to the City at any ticket window. You can get off at any city stations above. If you are travelling from the North Shore to Wynyard, get a ticket to Wynyard which will often be cheaper.
Direct buses to the city centre are available from many inner suburbs, and some outer regions.
Sydney provides a free bus shuttle (route 555) around the CBD from 9:30AM to 3:30PM weekdays (or to 9PM Thursdays and 9:30AM-6PM on weekends  connecting Central Station in the City South and the City Centre.
If you are travelling from the CBD by bus on a weekday from 7AM until 7PM, you have to purchase a ticket before you get on the bus. Tickets can be purchased though from hundreds of shops around the city.
The most pleasant way to arrive in Sydney city or to get out and see the harbour or north shore, is by ferry .
Most Sydney Ferry routes (from 41 wharves around the harbour suburbs) start or finish at Circular Quay, at the northern end of the CBD.
Take a ferry to Manly, Watsons Bay in the East, or Parramatta in the west, all for far cheaper than taking a tour.
There is a train station and major bus terminus for connections to other parts of the city.
A one way monorail loop links the City Centre with the City South and Darling Harbour. Stations are at the World Square, City Centre and Galleries Victoria retail complexes, from where you can link to Town Hall. One ride will cost $5.00 per person with no discount for children, only for pensioners. It is often cheaper to buy a day-pass ($9.80 an adult or $24 for family) if you're travelling within the City Centre and Darling Harbour. . It is more of a tourist ride than a common form of transport around the city. There are all day tickets available. If you want to secure one, you should really buy your ticket from the men dressed in green on the monorail.
The city is accessible to private vehicles. It is well signposted from most surrounding areas. Firstly as Sydney, then as City, and finally, as City North or City Centre. Don't confuse City North, with North Sydney, or you will end up on the other side of the harbour.
Traffic in the city can be congested. Peak hours, Friday lunchtime, and Friday afternoon are worst. Weekends are usually fine, although some congestion can occur at any time. Traversing the few city blocks can take up to 30 minutes during these periods.
Garage Parking can vary from around $18 to over $70 for a day on a weekday. Doing a little research and arriving and leaving at the right times can save you over $50 on a weekday. Don't be misled by parking stations advertising parking for $5, as this usually apply for the first 30 minutes, after which charges rise steeply. Early-bird rates (for arriving and leaving during set times) can save up to 75% on hourly rates during the day.
Parking stations usually charge less for evening parking and all-day weekend parking. A flat rate is often available for $15 or less, but not all places have special deals, so check before you park. It is a safe bet to drive around the CBD and check the flat rates advertised outside the parking stations on weekends.
- Opera House Car Park, at the end of Macquarie St, $14 on weekdays entering before 10AM, and exit after 3PM and before 7:30PM. ($42 otherwise for day parking, or $32 if you enter after 5PM). $15 on weekends, provided you exit before 5PM.
- Queen Victoria Building Car Park, $27 enter before 9:30AM, exit after 4PM and before 7:30PM. $50 all day otherwise. $15 Sunday parking.
Street Parking is scarce and although street parking for short periods is possible it is often difficult to find, particularly during the day on weekdays. Free on-street parking or street parking available for extended periods is particularly elusive. Early on weekend mornings, some on-street parking is usually available in Clarence, Kent, or Sussex Streets. On street parking is also available on Art-Gallery road. Expect to pay. Some free on-street weekend parking is available where no parking zones apply on weekdays. All public parking zones are enforced by city parking police and occasionally state police, infringement penalties are expensive.
One of quietest approach to the city is from the west at Darling Harbour and Pyrmont. The Pyrmont Bridge allows cyclists, and a cycle path takes you along to King St as far as Clarence St. There is bike parking there. From the North take the cycleway over the Harbour Bridge, next to the station at Milsons Point.
Maps and other information for cyclists around the inner city are provided by the local government. .
Looking for the Bridge? Don't follow Bridge St
Bridge St is one of the major east-west roads in the city centre, running just behind Circular Quay. It goes nowhere near the Harbour Bridge. The road is one of the earliest in the colony of New South Wales, and the site of the first government house, very near the first settlement. It was also the site of the first bridge built in Sydney, over the Tank Stream, which was Sydney's first water supply. The Tank Stream has long since been buried and become an underground drain. The name Bridge St remains.
The city has a very rough grid system, with George St being the major city street running all the way from Central Station in the south to Circular Quay and The Rocks in the north, with Pitt and Castlereagh St running parallel through the city centre. City blocks are small.
There are maps and directional signs to nearly attractions located every few blocks.
Most of the attractions below are within a 1.5 km radius, and are easy to walk around.
There are few cycleways around the city, and you can be fined for using the footpaths and pedestrian malls. Travelling North-South along Kent St in the west or College St to the east is easy enough, but going east-west through the city requires capability and determination. It may be best to leave your bike on the city centre fringe, and walk while downtown.
There are bike parking spots all over the city, and you can park your bike pretty much on any street. If you leave your bike unattended then ensure you park it in an area with high visibility - like outside Clarence St Cyclery - and secure it well.
- Sydney By Bike, . Delivery to city hotels
CBD free shuttle
A free air-conditioned green-and-white-coloured bus service, numbered 555, run a continuous loop in both directions around the central city area. The route travels north and south along Elizabeth and George St, crossing east-west between the them at Bridge St in the north, and Eddy Avenue at Central Station in the south, making just a small diversion to travel via Circular Quay. There are bus stops every hundred metres or so along the route - look for the green 555 indicator on the bus stop.
The westbound Eddy Avenue/Central Railway Station bus stop is on the traffic island at the traffic light crossing outside the Eddy Avenue Central Station exit. The eastbound station is at the bus terminal on the other side of the St (Stand C).
The free shuttle runs from 9:30AM to 3:30PM on Mon, Tues, Weds and Fri; from 9:30AM to 9PM on Thurs (for extended shopping hours) and from 9:30AM to 6PM on weekends. There is no bus timetable for the 555. Its frequency varies from one every 10 min during peak usage period (Thursday evening extended shopping hours, weekends) to every 20 min during other times.
The buses, although advertised to run every 10 minutes, are often delayed due to traffic congestion. It is not uncommon to have to wait for 20 minutes to see two buses pull up almost simultaneously. The buses are often overcrowded, and at times they are so busy it is physically impossible to board, so don't use the bus if you are travelling on a deadline. This rarely happens on the Elizabeth Street section though, it is very common on the George Street section, particularly on buses heading to Circular Quay.
All are numbered on their indicator boards at the front and on the left side of the bus, and show the final bus destination.
The major bus interchanges in the City are at Circular Quay, Wynyard, Town Hall and the Queen Victoria Building. Buses from Wynyard run straight over the Harbour Bridge. From Circular Quay, as a general rule of thumb: Any bus number starting with "3" run the eastern route (i.e. to/from Circular Quay via Elizabeth Street and to/from the Eastern Suburbs), while the ones starting with a "4" run the western route (ie. to/from Circular Quay via George Street and to/from the Inner West). The ones starting with a "5" run along George St between Circular Quay and Town Hall before heading over the Anzac Bridge. As the buses run along George St between Circular Quay and Town Hall they only stop at each alternate stop. Check the bus stop signage, and walk to the next stop if your bus doesn't stop there.
Buses running along Clarence St and York St between Wynyard and Town Hall generally don't stop between those two points. Join southbound buses at Wynyard interchange, or northbound at the QVB. The southbound buses along Clarence St don't operate via the Wynyard interchange, but have stops scattered along Clarence St. Each bus that passes along Clarence St stop at least once at one of the stops between King St and Margaret St. Check the signage at the stops.
At the interchanges (Circular Quay, Wynyard, Town Hall and the QVB) have multiple stops, each assigned a letter. See the guide at the stops.
City Sightseeing Sydney Explorer bus tours. Costs more and takes longer than normal public transport, but can take the hassle out planning your routes.
Trains run both ways around the city circle stations Central, Town Hall, Wynyard, Circular Quay, St James and Museum. Each of these stations has services every five minutes. Most of the city is no more than ten or fifteen minutes walk from a train station.
Another city station, Martin Place, is mid-town on the Eastern Suburbs and Illawarra line and has services every 10 min to Town Hall and Central.
Town Hall, Wynyard, Martin Place and St James stations are located within 1km of each other, so unless you are feeling particularly energetic, catching the train or bus between them will take longer than the walk.
It is unusual to drive between city centre attractions, and it can be problematic if you are unfamiliar with the area. Attractions in the city are not signposted from the city roads. The only directional signs you will see will point you out of the city, across the harbour bridge or to the west or east. There is a one way system and few right hand turns are permitted. Some right hand turns are legally possible, but are difficult to find breaks in traffic. The quickest route from where you are to your city destination will not always be apparent from a map, and even the best GPS will struggle in the canyons of the city.
If you are driving into the city, best to navigate straight to a parking lot nearby. If you are going between multiple desinations in the city, walking is usually the quickest way.
If you are driving around then out of the city best to rent a car from one of the car rental operators located downtown.
Sydney Opera House and Harbour Bridge at night
- Sydney Opera House, Bennelong Point, Circular Quay (At the northern end of Macquarie St), ☎ +61 2 9250 7111 (information) or ☎+61 2 9250 7777 (ticket bookings), . The Sydney Opera House in the north east of the city is one of Sydney's most beautiful and unusual buildings; its sail shaped structure, designed by Jørn Utzon, is world famous. The Opera House is also host to most of Sydney's major classical music and opera events. You can walk all around the building, and some of the foyer areas free of change. Guided tours of the inside are available for $28 and leave every 30 min and take about one hour. There are some tours run in Chinese, Japanese, and Korean. Depending on ongoing rehearsal or performances not all parts may be visited. (-33.85722,151.21526)
- Circular Quay. Is the hub of the Sydney Harbour and is a vibrant, bustling place home to many buskers, the ferry terminal, overseas passenger terminal, and the Museum of Contemporary Art. It is pronounced Circular Key, not Circular Kway (-33.85146,151.21110)
- Sydney Tower (Centrepoint Tower), (Entry from Westfield Centrepoint, on Pitt St Mall), . Towering above the city of Sydney since 1981, when it became the tallest structure in the city, the Sydney Tower reaches a total height of 305 m - great views are available from the 250 m high viewing level. The tower is Australia's tallest free-standing structure and the second highest observation tower in the Southern Hemisphere after the Sky Tower in Auckland) (-33.87053,151.20904)
- St. Mary's Cathedral, 2 St Mary's Road, Sydney (across the road from Hyde Park's eastern edge), ☎ +61 2 9220 0400, . The Catholic Sydney diocese's cathedral, built in 1868. (-33.871188,151.21318)
- St. Andrew's Cathedral, Cnr of George Street & Bathurst Street, ☎ +61 2 9265 1661, . Australia's oldest cathedral, construction started in 1837.
- Queen Victoria Building (the QVB), 455 George Street, sydney (north of Town Hall and Town Hall station), . The site of a market place since 1810, its current Romanesque facade was completed in 1896 and was extensively restored in the late 1980s as a prestigious shopping center. The Christmas tree around Christmas time reaches through all the floors to the full height of the building. admission free. (-33.871820,151.20671)
- The Strand Arcade, . A fine example of Victorian Architecture, and is one of the few remaining Victorian shopping arcades in the world. For the past 20 yrs or so it has been a major shopping destination, well known for the large number of Australian designers it showcases. Many well recognized Australian labels in fashion and jewellery are based here, such as Alannah Hill, Zimmerman, and Victoria Buckley Jewellery.
Museums and Galleries
- The Art Gallery of New South Wales, Art Gallery Road, The Domain, Sydney (Walk from Martin Place 400m directly east across The Domain. Bus 411 goes QVB to Art Gallery, Sydney Explorer bus route, stop 6, nearest train stations are St James and Martin Place. Both are 10 min walk), ☎ Information desk: +61 2 92251744, 1800-NSW-ART (firstname.lastname@example.org, fax: +61 2 92251701), . Daily 10AM -5PM, Wednesday until 9PM. The Art Gallery of New South Wales is the leading museum of art in New South Wales and Sydney, and one of Australia's foremost cultural institutions. It holds significant collections of Australian art, and presents nearly forty exhibitions annually. British Victorian art, along with smaller holdings of Dutch, French and Italian painters of the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, and a collection of modern British masters, European modernists and European classical art. The collection includes work by Reubens, Piccasso, Van Gogh and many others. There is also an impressive collection of Asian, South East Asian, Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander art. The gallery also has an extensive collection of contemporary art. Not all of the collection holdings are on exhibition at any one time and the gallery occasionally rotates significant works on exhibition. The building itself is a much photogaphed sandstone structure with a large formal entrance. There is a popular cafe inside the gallery, with views over Wooloomooloo : lat=-33.8688241323, lon=151.21707602 Free admission with charges to some 'feature' exhibitions.
- Museum of Contemporary Art (MCA), 140 George St., Circular Quay, ☎ +61 2 9252 4033, . Housed in a fabulous 1930s art deco building, former location of the Maritime Services Board and facing onto the western side of Circular Quay and Sydney Cove, the MCA has been dedicated - since its opening in 1991 - to showcasing great works of modern and contemporary art in all media. There is a cafe inside the museum.
- Museum of Sydney, (corner of Phillip and Bridge Streets), ☎ +61 2 9251 5988, . Daily 9:30AM-5PM (closed Christmas Day and Good Friday). Built on the site of the first Government House, erected in 1788 by Governor Arthur Phillip and demolished in 1846. The remains of the building were excavated after rediscovery in 1983 and the original foundations can now be viewed through glass floor panels in the museum. Fascinating changing exhibitions of art and photography, films and state-of-the-art technology spin stories of colonial life, Aboriginal culture, environment, trade, authority / law and everyday dramas and dreams in early Sydney. The Museum of Sydney Cafe, by the museum entrance is not really part of the museum, and is much more a restaurant than a cheap and casual cafe. admission adult $10, child / concessions $5, family $20, members free (run by the Historic Houses Trust).
- Hyde Park Barracks, Macquarie Street (north eastern corner of Hyde Park), . Built 1818-1819. Constructed by convicts and housed by them, the Hyde Park Barracks provided housing for convicts working in government employment around Sydny from 1819 until its closure in 1848. Interior is restored with exhibits depicting the furnishings and life of the time. Adult $10, child/concession $5, family $20. Consider the pass if visiting other historical houses trust properties..
- State Library of New South Wales, Macquarie Street, . Includes a large exhibition space with changing artistic, historical and cultural exhibits. The Mitchell Reading Room is a historical large open book-lined room, and worth a look inside. The reference library is a modern addition, and really only of interest for research. The library collection includes a copy of every volume published in New South Wales, and many rare texts. There is a cafe on the ground floor near the entrance to the reference library and the bookshop. free.
- Government House. Open to the public, with the entrance to the house and gardens through the Botanic Gardens free.
- Museum of Australian Currency Notes, Ground Floor, 65 Martin Place, . Open M-F 10AM-5PM (except bank holidays). Hosted by the Reserve Bank of Australia in its city headquarters, this museum displays Australian bank notes and currency from the earliest issues to the present day. Interesting but basic. Drop in for 15 min or so if you are passing by Martin Place. free admission.
- Justice and Police Museum, Corner Albert and Phillip Streets (Close to Circular Quay), . Originally serving as a police station to Court between 1856 and 1886, the museum has now been restored to its 1890s facade displaying its theme of crime and punishment. Adult $8, child/concession $4, family $17.
- Australian Museum, 6 College Street, East Sydney (Opposite Hyde Park on the corner of William St and College St), ☎ 9320 6000, . 9.30AM-5PM daily (except Christmas day). Natural history collections, exhibitions, natural science and indigenous cultures. Please see the City East article for more comprehensive details on The Australian Museum.
- Customs House, 31 Alfred St (Adjacent and south of Circular Quay). A historic building, and imposing building. You can imagine it looking out over the port of Sydney (if you can equally imagine the absence of the Cahill Expressway). A large diorama of the Sydney area which you can walk over is on display in the foyer. Sydney City Library occupies the building, and sometimes has exhibitions. Free.
- Government House, Royal Botanic Gardens, Macquarie St, ☎ +61 2 9931-5222, . House open Fr-Su and public holidays 10:30-15:00 (By guided tour only), Grounds open daily 10:00-16:00. Check the website before visiting as the house and grounds are frequently closed for events. The Official Residence of the Governor of New South Wales. Beautiful house designed by Edward Blore, who helped design Buckingham Palace in London. Free.
- Parliament House, 6 Macquarie St (North of Hyde Park), ☎ +61 2 9230 2111, . 9AM to 5PM on weekdays, except public holidays. Beautiful Georgian building, and the oldest public building in Sydney. Still used as parliament house.
Parks and gardens
Sydney Botanic Gardens
- Royal Botanic Gardens (Please walk on the grass, smell the roses, hug the trees, talk to the birds and picnic on the lawns), Mrs Macquaries Road, Sydney (Bus: the 441 (Balmain via QVB Building) leaves York Street, Town Hall on weekdays, stopping outside the Art Gallery of NSW. The Sydney Sightseeing Bus also includes the Royal Botanic Gardens on its route, the nearest train stations are St James and Martin Place. Both are 10 minutes walk. There are gates all around the gardens, including at the Opera House, at the corner of Bridge and Macquarie Streets near the Conservatorium of Music, opposite the Mitchell Library on Macquarie Street (Marshead Fountain Gate), or near the Art Gallery.), ☎ +61 2 92318111, Ranger assistance ☎+61 419 270279, . The gardens are open from sunrise to sunset. It is fully fenced, so take care not to get locked in at closing time. One of Sydney's greatest assets, from in front of the State Art Gallery, out to Mrs Macquaries chair, across to Farm Cove and onto the Sydney Opera House. The Gardens back onto the historic Sydney Hospital and Parliament House. This is the oldest scientific institution in the country and home to an outstanding collection of plants from Australia and overseas. The Domain surrounds the Royal Botanic Gardens. The walk along the harbour's edge from the Opera House (Queen Elizabeth II gate) to Mrs Macquarie's Chair and the Yurong Gate is for many is the epitome of a Sydney experience. The Gardens have an example of the Wollemi Pine, raised from a seed collected from a handful of trees discovered in the wilderness and unchanged since the dinosaurs. A tropical pyramid holds examples of tropical vegetation in a controlled humidity atmosphere. The Gardens have a visitors centre, a restaurant  ☎+61 2 92412419, a cafe and a souvenir shop. See the rose garden, herb garden and succulent section. The collection has many varieties of Australian plants and grasses. During the summer months there are often open air night time film screenings inside the Botanic Gardens, entry charges normally apply to those screenings. There are no access charges to enter the Botanic Gardens (except for the tropical pyramid).
Other City Parks
- The Domain, (Adjacent and south of the Botanical Gardens). In colonial times this land was the Governor’s buffer of privacy between his residence and the penal colony. Roads and paths were constructed through the Domain by 1831 to allow public access. Since that time it has remained a place for the people to breath and relax. The Domain surrounds the Royal Botanic Gardens. In times past has been a site of often quite colorful public oratory and site of public rallies and demonstrations. Home to the popular Opera in the Domain, Jazz in the Domain, and Symphony in the Domain events in summer, as well as the Tropfest short film festival. If attending any of these events, arrive in the early afternoon to secure a picnic spot as upwards of 100,000 people attend. There are no entrance fees to the Domain, however at times the Domain is used for events and the event organisers may charge admission fees or impose other access controls to the specific areas annexed for those events. (-33.86904,151.21500)
- Hyde Park, (East of Elizabeth St, West of College St, next to St James Station). An extensive city centre park of a formal design tradition dissected by Park St, elongated in layout and containing a large fountain (Archibald Fountain) towards the northern end and the Anzac War Memorial at the south - a favorite with city workers at lunchtime, joggers and sunbakers. The park occasionally hosts public and private events and functions. Free.
- Macquarie Place Park, (Bridge Street/Loftus Street). One of Australia's oldest park, created as a town square in 1810. It features the anchor and a canon of the HMS Sirius (flagship of the First Fleet), a statue of Thomas Mort and an obelisk from 1818.
- Sydney City is home to a large number of outstanding examples of Art Deco architecture, built during the 1920s and 1930s, when Sydney entered a new phase of confidence and investment in urban infrastructure.
Harbour Cruises depart from Darling Harbour and at Circular Quay in the city.
- Captain Cook Cruises, Circular Quay (Warf 1), . have regular cruises from Wharf 1 at the Quay.
- Sydney Ferries Cruises. Sydney Ferries run regular cruises. Just look on the main timetable boards at the Quay, and buy your tickets from any Sydney Ferries ticket office.
You can create your own harbour cruise, as the normal Sydney Ferries services go everywhere a cruise goes and more. Get a daytripper ticket for $20, and take as many ferries as you like, get on and off where you like, and enjoy a picnic in any of the many harbourside parks next to the ferry wharves. Timetables are available at the Quay, and its hard to catch a ferry somewhere that isn't worthwhile. The Manly ferries even have a cafe on board, where you can grab a pie, and sit out in the sun, taking in the view for a fraction of the cost of a luncheon cruise! Consider dropping in at one of the harbour islands
- Sydney Opera House  ☎+61 2 9250 7111 . The Sydney Opera House is one of the most iconic 20th century buildings in the world. Inaugurated in 1973, the Sydney Opera House also has dedicated theatres for drama including the Drama Theatre, the Playhouse, and The Studio. Student rush tickets are often available for the current day's performances, only at the box office at the Opera House (usually these are single tickets, spread around the theatre).
- Theatre Royal, . Home to many international productions during their stay in Australia.
- State Theatre, 49 Market Street between Pitt St and George St., ☎+61 2 9373 6852 (fax +61 2 9373 6537). Hosts a range of events and performances, particularly international comedy acts and musicians. The building itself is heritage-listed, and has a lavish interior dating back to 1929.
Other theatres are at Lyric Theate at Star City in Pyrmont, the Capitol Theatre in the south of the city, and the Wharf Theatres at Walsh Bay in Sydney/The Rocks.
- The Basement, 29 Reiby Place, Sydney, . Famous place for small gigs in Sydney. Attracts some leading acts.
- George Street Cinemas, 505 George St (near Town Hall), . The three big cinema franchises (Hoyts, Greater Union and Village) merged their neighboring cinemas here into one big complex.
- Dendy Cinema, (Between Circular Quay and the Opera House), . Multi-screen cinema specializing in fringe and arthouse films.
- The Art Gallery of New South Wales, (South of the Royal Botanic Gardens), . Free cinema on Wednesdays & Sundays, but usually old films.
If you are interested in fringe or arthouse films, you may also like the Chauvel, Verona and Academy Twin cinemas in nearby Oxford Street.
The CBD of Sydney is also the retail centre of the city, having the largest range of shops and outlets in a variety of settings.
Sydney's shopping is frequently concentrated within large city malls and arcades (heavily interconnected mid-town through a number of underground walkways). There are also a number of recognised shopping strips. There are both premium and budget areas.
If you are shopping for supplies, the convenience stores, and even the city fruit stores can have up to three times mark-up over supermarkets. If you need to stock up on the basics, try Woolworths opposite Town Hall on George St or underground north of Wynyard Station, or Coles above Wynyard Station, or on the corner of King and George.
George St is the closest thing to Sydney's main street. It has a shopping strip between the Town Hall (Park St) and Wynyard (Hunter St), about 10 minutes brisk walk. Along this section of road there are numerous fashion, technology and gift stores and malls including:
- George Street. Along this section of road, you will find here the Queen Victoria Building, Galleries Victoria, Myer, Westfield, The Strand Arcade, The Apple Store, and many other speciality stores, selling fashion, electronics, gifts.
- Queen Victoria Building (the QVB), George Street (corner of York and Market, just north of Town Hall. Underground link to Town Hall Station), . The building is an attraction in itself. The site of a market place since 1810, its current Romanesque facade was completed in 1896 and was extensively restored in the late 1980s as a prestigious shopping center. 5 Floors of shopping. Don't miss the Christmas tree to Christmas, going through all the levels. Fashion, books, cafes, and a range of specialty and gift shops.
- Galleries Victoria, 500 George Street (opposite the QVB. Underground link to Town Hall Station or alight at Galeries Victoria monorail station). The modern answer to the historic QVB opposite. Some fashion and food, but also electronics, computer games, and gifts.</buy>
- Strand Arcade, . The last of the Victorian arcades to be completed in Sydney, home to a number of shopping levels featuring design, fashion, antiques and jewellery (the arcade links George Street with the Pitt Street Mall).
Pitt Street Mall
- Westfield City Centre, Pitt St Mall (corner of Market St). 7 stories of Myer department store and a food court on the western side of the mall, and hundreds of specialty and fashion stores on the eastern side. Connects underground to the Queen Victoria Building.
- Mid-City Centre, Pitt St Mall.
- David Jones, 86-108 Castlereagh Street, ☎+61 2 9266 5544, (fax +61 2 9267 7326). The city stores of this illustrious department store are on Elizabeth Street (main store, women's fashion) and Market Street (men's fashion, homewares). In operation since 1838, David Jones is not only Australia's oldest department store, but also the oldest department store anywhere in the world still trading under its original name.
Castlereagh Street and Martin Place
Castlereagh Street North from Market St and Martin Place between Castlereagh and George Sts. Home to a large concentration of fashion houses and big names including DKNY, Louis Vuitton, Cartier, Ferragamo, Gucci, Bvlgari, Stefano Canturi and Chanel.
- MLC Centre, Martin Place, Sydney (between Castlereagh and Pitt Sts). A shopping arcade, primarily focused on luxury clothes and accessories, and a food court downstairs. Belinda in the MLC Centre stocks European designers that don't have standalone stores in Australia. Has some reasonable cafes in the courtyard facing Martin Place.
There is much competition, many specials, and choices for breakfast and lunchtime eating. Even the classiest restaurants tend to have lunchtime specials, and the competition for breakfast, coffee and lunch at the budget end of the market is fierce. At dinner time many of the cafes and take-aways have closed in the CBD, and the remaining restaurants can be expensive. Doing your food exploration at lunchtime will save you money in the city centre.
Neighbouring Chinatown in the south of the city has large number of restaurants offering cheap and tasty Asian cuisine, and the food courts in Market City stay open into the evening, when the CBD ones have usually shut.
- Food Courts. All through the Sydney CBD there are food halls where the city workers flock to get lunch. A sit down lunch at these food courts will cost between $5 and $15, and there is competition for business. There are many, but to whet your appetite, try one of the following:
- Westfield in Pitt St Mall, also open weekends and Thursday nights.
- Under the Gateway Building or the AMP building at Circular Quay (Alfred St, corner of Loftus)
- Australia Square (the tall but round building) at Wynyard (George St, at the corner of Bond)
- Under the Westpac Building in Wynyard (between Kent St and Sussex St, by Margaret), courtyard with a nice aspect.
- In the Metcentre at Wynyard (George St, near the corner of Margaret).
- Hunter Arcade specialises in SE Asian food. Delicious Thai for $6. (Hunter St, or go down the steps at Wynyard Station and continue on). Opens Mon-Fri 11am-3pm only. Prices reduces to around $5 after 2pm.
- MLC Centre in Martin Place, corner of Castlereagh. Prices reduce after lunch.
If you fancy an early dinner (or late lunch) many of the food halls sell off remaining lunch items at discounted prices around 4PM in the afternoon, sometimes for as little as $4-$5 a meal, but commonly for $6.
The CBD is flooded with cafes and pubs doing lunch with mains in the $10-$15 range. Avoid the ones in or immediately next to major tourist attractions to avoid inflated prices. Clarence St, York St, and even Pitt St have many to choose from.
Outside of the cafe scene, mid-range restaurants in Sydney's CBD proper tend to be a little thin on the ground, but you will find plenty clustered around the George St cinemas and World Square, and on Liverpool St.
- Fix St James, 111 Elizabeth St, Sydney CBD (between King and Market Sts), . A restaurant/wine bar open for breakfast, lunch and dinner. The food is Italian-influenced but definitely 'Modern Australian'. Has a very interesting wine list with many available by the glass.
- Azuma Kushiyaki, Ground Floor Regent Place Shopping, 501 George Street (Tucked away in a little arcade on George St, next to Gloria Jean's), ☎ +61 2 9267 7775, . Japanese food in an elegant but unpretentious restaurant, using the freshest ingredients. The menu revolves around kushiyaki, grilled food on skewers, and they also serve sushi and sashimi, wagyu beef etc. You can order a-la-carte, or choose one of two set menus for a taste of everything.
- Sydney Madang, 371A Pitt St, Sydney (This restaurant is literally in a back alley off Pitt St. The closest cross-street is Liverpool St.), ☎ +61 2 9264 7010. Tasty Korean barbeque, and inexpensive.
- BBQ City. If you can't find Madang, and you're in the mood for Korean, there's always the Sydney institution, BBQ city, a big brightly-lit upstairs restaurant, with Korean pop stars dancing incessantly on tv screens around the room. It's quick, cheap, delicious, and open late.
- Peace Harmony, 44 Erskine Street, ☎ +61 2 9262 2247, . A quaint and friendly Thai restaurant offering a wide menu to suit many tastes. All ingredients are free from animal products yet will entice the most discerning meat eater.
- Ash St Cellar, 1 Ash St, Sydney (Behind the Ivy Complex on George St), ☎ +61 2 9240 3000, . M-F 12-late. Ash St Cellar is a recently-opened Melbourne-style laneway bar just behind the Ivy complex. The food is (Sydney style) tapas influenced share plates, the wine and beer list is good and the atmosphere is great. No bookings and not open on weekends. Share plates $20-30.
- Young Alfred, Customs House, Ground Floor, 31 Alfred St, ☎ +61 2 9251 5192, . Mo-Sa lunch + dinner. Famous Sydney pizza and pasta joint very conveniently located just next to Circular Quay. The owners used to own a very famous pizza restaurant on Oxford St in Paddington but have relocated here. Pizzas are not traditional Italian but very good nonetheless. Main courses $20-32, pizzas $24-32.
- Nazimi, Level 1, 141 York St (Opposite the QVB, and down some stairs, but well sign-posted.), ☎ "+61 (email@example.com). Authentic Japanese food, with different options on the menu to a lot of places. Customers are packed in, but the service is very friendly.
- Bodhi, College St, Sydney CBD (Cook and Phillip Park), ☎ +61 2 9360 2523, . This is an outdoor vegetarian yum cha restaurant located just down the stairs from St Mary’s Cathedral over looking Cook and Phillip Park. It is a vegan restaurant and has a wide range of enticing and tasteful healthy yum cha options (all vegan). Fantastic on a sunny day. Open on weekends too. Kids can run around safely in the park while you linger over coffee. (-33.872114,151.21343)
- Makoto Sushi Bar, 199 Liverpool St (Cnr Pitt & Liverpool St), ☎ +61 2 9283 6767. Decent sushi bar, higher quality than your standard sushi train. Makoto offers sushi, sashimi, along with a range of small cooked dishes. Open 7 days, with dinner starting from 6PM.
Sydney's top-end dining scene is world class, with prices to match. Some of the best restaurants in Australia are listed below, and many of them feature on the San Pellegrino list of the Top 100 restaurants in the world.
- Cafe Sydney, 31 Alfred St, ☎ +61 2 9251 8683. Tucked away atop the Customs House right next to Circular Quay, Cafe Sydney sneaks under the radar of most casual visitors, but the outdoor seating here has some of the best Sydney Harbour views around and draws plenty of locals as well. The pricy but well-crafted food is Mod Oz, try the Bay Bug salad or the tarragon gnocchi and expect to pay around $100/head for a full meal. There's also a bar area with complicated cocktails but no views. Reserve several weeks in advance, especially on weekends.
- Est, Establishment, 252 George St, ☎ +61 2 9240 3000, . M-F lunch and dinner, Sa dinner only. The chef at Est, Peter Doyle, has had a 30-year stint as one of the top chefs in Australia. French-influenced modern Australian cuisine with an emphasis on using the best seasonal produce. Prix fixe menus $140-155.
- Rockpool Bar and Grill, 66 Hunter St, ☎ +61 2 8078 1900, . Part of the Neil Perry empire (which also includes Rockpool at the Rocks, Spice Temple underneath the Bar and Grill and a bar and grill in Melbourne), this restaurant serves superb modern Australian cuisine in a spectacular art deco setting (that reputedly cost $30 million+ to fit out). As you might expect, the steaks are the highlight but the wine list is also one of the best in Australia. For a more budget option, you can eat at the bar (no reservations) where the $22 wagyu beef burger is about as close to a bargain as you will get for food of this quality. $400+ for two with wine.
- Summit Restaurant, Level 47, Australia Square, 264 George St., ☎+61 2 9247 9777, (fax +61 2 9251 2539). This revolving restaurant has excellent views of the city from the harbor to south Sydney and completes a rotation every two hours. If you want to take a look at the view, but don't feel like paying for a meal, you can just go to the bar for a drink, and come back down again. Drinks are pricey too, though.
- Tetsuya's, 529 Kent Street, ☎ +61 2 9267 2900 (fax: +61 2 9262 7099), . Tetsuya's, which serves fusion Japanese and French style food, is one of Sydney's most famous and highly regarded restaurants, generally named in the top three year after year. You should be able to get a weeknight booking (excluding Fridays) three or four weeks in advance, for weekends you may need to book a month or more in advance. Set menu for $190, wine list from $90 upwards.
- Bridge Bar, Level 10, Opera Quays 2 East Circular Quay, ☎+61 2 9252 6800. Awarded the title of Australia's Cocktail Bar of the Year, by bartender magazine, the Bridge Bar is a tranquil and elegant venue suspended between the tenth floors of two of Sydney's most desirable apartment blocks at East Circular Quay. Fantastic views over Sydney Cove and Circular Quay to the Opera House and the Bridge - a real treat at sunset. Fantastic cocktail list (189 varieties), friendly staff, vibey lounge music and good bar food.
- Orbit Bar, Level 47, Australia Square, 264 George Street. 5PM-Midnight. Spectaular views over Sydney from this revolving bar at the top of the 1970s iconic Australia Square office tower, a stylish makeover of the old Summit Restaurant. Designer cocktails while the entire level revolves slowly over 90 minutes. Floor to ceiling windows means that you can gaze from your Kubrick-2001-inspired seating and decor to the city below. Consistently highly reviewed. Cocktails average $15 a glass.
- Albion Place Hotel, 531 George St. A stylish, centrally located cocktail bar with excellent food. A good place to relax and escape the bustle of George Street. It is well worth a visit during the very reasonable "happy hour" which runs 4-6PM every night
Sydney has recently relaxed its licencing legislation, leading to a few experimental style small bars. Time will tell if they succeed against the Sydney beer halls.
Try the Shirt Bar in Sussex Lane (off Kent St just south of Erskine) to have nice wine, beer, coffee and cake amongst antique sewing machines, or in Wynyard Lane, just outside the entrance to Wynyard station, where you can have a Lord Nelson Brew or a Margaret River Sav Blanc on a recycled milk crate next to the garbage bins in the back lane.
- Red Oak, Clarence St. The only pub with onsite brewery in the City Centre, and the brewing is well refined here, with a wide choice. Modern decor, popular with the office crowd on Friday lunchtime and Friday night. A variety of ways to taste the beers, with combined food and beer tasting plates available
- 3 Wise Monkeys Pub, 555 George Street, ☎+61 2 9283 5855 . The 3 Wise Monkeys is a very popular pub with a younger crowd, only a block south of Town Hall station in the cinema district. It has live music seven nights a week.
- Soup Plus, 1 Margaret Street, ☎+61 2 9299 7728 . Soup Plus is Australia's longest running jazz venue. Entry is $5 M-Th nights, $8 M-Th nights for big bands and special presentations, and $30 Fri and Saturday nights. The weekend charge includes a two course meal.
- The Basement, 29 Reiby Place (Laneway by the Quay, behind Gateway), ☎ +61 2 9251-2797, . The Basement is a music club specialising in jazz, a restaurant and a pub. Open 12PM - 3PM for lunch and 7:30PM until late on weekdays; and 7PM until late on Saturday and Sunday nights. General admissions tickets (standing only) range between $20 and $40 depending on the night and the performer.
- Metro Theatre, 624 George Street, ☎+61 2 9550 3666 (box office). The metro, in the cinema district near Town Hall, is a live music venue for Australian and overseas acts. Usually standing room only, and active mosh pit at the front, with a active vibe.
- The Drum Media  is a free, weekly music publication. You can find a copy at most music stores around the city and the inner suburbs.
- Metro is the Sydney Morning Herald's entertainment lift-out, published every Friday.
There is little budget accommodation in this district. There are some backpacker hostels but generally cheaper accommodation is found in the surrounding areas around Central Station in the City South.
- Menzies Sydney Hotel 14 Carrington Street, ☎+61 2 9299 1000 (fax +61 2 9290 3819) . Good value inner city hotel overlooking Wynyard Park. An easy stroll to Sydney Opera House, Circular Quay ferries and The Rocks tourist precinct. Rooms cost approx $175-$300 a night.
- Park Regis City Centre 27 Park Street, ☎1800 221 138. . Park Regis City Centre is perfectly located in the very heart of the Sydney CBD, adjacent to Darling Harbour and Hyde Park, the hotel is literally surrounded by Sydney’s best shopping, entertainment and sightseeing. Views from the 45th floor rooftop pool and observation deck are guaranteed to leave a lasting impression. Rooms from $132.
- Four Seasons Sydney, 199 George Street, ☎+61 2 9238 0000 . Located at the west edge of Circular Quay, the Four Seasons is an older but immaculately maintained five-star hotel with superlative service. Regular rooms are small, but have direct views of the Opera House, and it doesn't get much better than this locationwise. From $300 up, keep an eye out for promotional package deals.
- Intercontinental Sydney 117 Macquarie Street, ☎+61 2 9253 9000 (fax +61 2 9240 1240, email mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org) . Close to Circular Quay and the Royal Botanic Gardens.
- Jamison Sydney, 11 Jamison Street ☎1300 857 922 . Jamison Sydney is in the north of the CBD, close to The Rocks, Circular Quay, the Opera House and the Sydney Harbour Bridge. Rooms from $200-$250.
- Marriott Hotel, 36 College Street, ☎+61 2 9361 8400 . Sydney Marriott is a luxurious hotel, filled with everything that can be expected from a hotel of its kind. The hotel includes renowned cuisine, various bars, 2 pools among many other features. The hotel also enjoys one of the best locations in Sydney. Approx $265-$405 per night.
- Radisson Plaza Hotel Sydney (Radisson), 17 O'Connell Street, Sydney, ☎ +61 2 8214 0000 (fax: +61 2 8214 1000), . A very Scandinavian style refurbishment of an historic stone faced building. Good sized rooms, powerful showers and wide range of amenities. Concierges helpful. Breakfast OK but not sparkling. Hallways have stuffy air. around $300 a night, internet extra.
- Sheraton on the Park 161 Elizabeth Street, ☎+ 61 2 9286 6000 (fax +61 2 9286 6686, email mailto:email@example.com) . The Sheraton on the Park is one of the nicest 5 star hotels in Sydney. It is located opposite the Hyde Park (ask for a Park view room to take full advantage of the location, but note these are usually more expensive than the City view rooms) and the staff are really friendly. Rooms with one king sized bed: approximately $260 - $300 per night.
- The Westin, No.1 Martin Place, ☎+61 2 8223 1111 . Approx $325-$435. Superb rooms, particularly the Heritage rooms.
In the daytime Sydney City is a busy location with high pedestrian activity. The biggest threat to your safety during the day is traffic, so take care when crossing roads with high traffic volumes and one-way flows.
If you're out late, stick to popular areas and main streets. The main business area of skyscrapers and office building area north of Park and south of Bridge St becomes very quiet at night as the office workers return to the suburbs. Late at night anti-social behaviour and even some alcohol-related violence is possible around the George St Cinema strip (between Bathurst and Liverpool) and the northern (harbour) end of George St towards the rocks (north of Bridge St). The harbour end of George St is very busy on Friday and Saturday nights, with large numbers of people arriving in the city to go to the nightclubs, many of them already having started drinking hours ago. On other nights the area around the Quay down to the Opera House is very pleasant. It has a variety of restaurants and bars, a great view, and is safe.
On the CityRail network at night stay close to the guard's compartment which has an exterior blue light, in the 4th carriage of the train. There is an emergency assistance button on every platform and by the entrance to the train carriages on more modern trains.
You won't have any problem finding an Internet terminal in the City Centre, although they are perhaps not as common or cheap here as they are in the city south. Many convenience stores have a terminal or two. Expect to pay around $2.50 per 10 min.
Customs house library at Circular Quay has cheaper access, but restricts access to email.
Paid Wi-Fi is available at many coffee shops, or adjacent to public phones. Try Clarence St for a nice, alfresco selection of cafes. For free Wi-Fi go to McDonalds, the State Library (free password at the circulation desk), Customs House Library or Circular Quay Station.
3G Internet is available everywhere.
- Public Phones are common - you can also use them to send text messages, domestically or internationally.
Take a walk to the surrounding city areas, go to the aquarium, maritime museum, or just walk along the boardwalks at Darling Harbour. Visit the historic district of The Rocks. Walk up to Chinatown in the city south for Yum Cha.
Take a ferry trip from Circular Quay to the Harbour Islands, Manly or Parramatta.
Walk, or catch the train, over the harbour bridge to the Lower North Shore.
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