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(Do: this festival sounds pretty freaking cool)
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Ladoga's second period of prominence came under the rule of the wealthy '''Novgorod Republic''' in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, when, in addition to being an important trading outpost, it became a major fortress town. Its huge stone '''kremlin''' was built in 1114 under the oversight of ''Posadnik'' (Governor) Pavel, and would become the first line of defense against northern assaults on the Republic, withstanding a major Swedish assault in 1164. In honor of the victory, the Republic funded the construction of the magnificent '''Church of St George the Conqueror'''. As the town continued to grow around the kremlin, more magnificent twelfth century churches were constructed: the '''Church of the Assumption''' in the north of the town, the '''Church of St Nicholas the Miracle Worker''', and the '''Church of St Clement'''—the city's main cathedral. While the Church of St Clement now lies in ruins, the churches of St George and the Assumption still stand tall and their interiors still bear exquisite, though faded, twelfth century '''frescoes''', including several by the handiwork of the early Russian master, '''Andrei Rublev'''.
 
Ladoga's second period of prominence came under the rule of the wealthy '''Novgorod Republic''' in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, when, in addition to being an important trading outpost, it became a major fortress town. Its huge stone '''kremlin''' was built in 1114 under the oversight of ''Posadnik'' (Governor) Pavel, and would become the first line of defense against northern assaults on the Republic, withstanding a major Swedish assault in 1164. In honor of the victory, the Republic funded the construction of the magnificent '''Church of St George the Conqueror'''. As the town continued to grow around the kremlin, more magnificent twelfth century churches were constructed: the '''Church of the Assumption''' in the north of the town, the '''Church of St Nicholas the Miracle Worker''', and the '''Church of St Clement'''—the city's main cathedral. While the Church of St Clement now lies in ruins, the churches of St George and the Assumption still stand tall and their interiors still bear exquisite, though faded, twelfth century '''frescoes''', including several by the handiwork of the early Russian master, '''Andrei Rublev'''.
 +
 +
The town fell into a slow decline with the construction of new ''kremlins'' further west. The fortress was rebuilt in the mid-fifteenth century to accommodate the advent of firearms, and saw further battles in the Russo-Swedish Wars. In 1703, however, Tsar Peter the Great founded the town of [[Novaya Ladoga]] (''New Ladoga'') at the mouth of the Volkhov River on [[Lake Ladoga]] and stripped the original town of city status, giving it its name Staraya Ladoga (''Old Ladoga'').
  
 
[[Image:VolkhovRiverMounds.jpg|thumb|290px|''Kurgans'' on the Volkhov]]
 
[[Image:VolkhovRiverMounds.jpg|thumb|290px|''Kurgans'' on the Volkhov]]
 
The town fell into a slow decline with the construction of new ''kremlins'' further west. The fortress was rebuilt in the mid-fifteenth century to accommodate the advent of firearms, and saw further battles in the Russo-Swedish Wars. In 1703, however, Tsar Peter the Great founded the town of [[Novaya Ladoga]] (''New Ladoga'') at the mouth of the Volkhov River on [[Lake Ladoga]] and stripped the original town of city status, giving it its name Staraya Ladoga (''Old Ladoga'').
 
  
 
Today Staraya Ladoga remains a sleepy backwater far off the beaten tourist path. But as part of resurgent nationalist pride in the wake of the fall of the Soviet Union, the village is seeing major restoration of its important historical sights, especially of the ''kremlin'', the reconstruction of which is expected to finish sometime in 2010. The village is a natural stop for cruise lines along the Volkhov between [[Kizhi]] and [[Novgorod]], and as such looks set to enjoy a new period of revival as a major Russian travel destination.
 
Today Staraya Ladoga remains a sleepy backwater far off the beaten tourist path. But as part of resurgent nationalist pride in the wake of the fall of the Soviet Union, the village is seeing major restoration of its important historical sights, especially of the ''kremlin'', the reconstruction of which is expected to finish sometime in 2010. The village is a natural stop for cruise lines along the Volkhov between [[Kizhi]] and [[Novgorod]], and as such looks set to enjoy a new period of revival as a major Russian travel destination.
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
[[Image:Staraya Ladoga kremlin in winter.jpg|thumb|200px|The kremlin]]
 
 
===By train===
 
===By train===
  
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===By bus===
 
===By bus===
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[[Image:Staraya Ladoga kremlin in winter.jpg|thumb|200px|The kremlin]]
  
 
From the Volkhovstroy-I station in [[Volkhov]], catch the bus #23, which will get you there in about 50 minutes, costing about 25 rubles (2009). The bus tends to be well synced with the arrival times of the ''elektrichka'' from Saint Petersburg. It's not terribly easy to tell when you have arrived in Staraya Ladoga if you haven't been there before, so it's best to ask a local to tell you when you have arrived: не скажите мне, пожалуйста, когда мы дойдём до Старой Ладоги (nyeh skah-ZHEE-tyeh mnyeh, puh-ZHAHL-uh-stuh, kahg-DAH myh digh-DYOHM dah STAH-ruy LAH-duh-gee).
 
From the Volkhovstroy-I station in [[Volkhov]], catch the bus #23, which will get you there in about 50 minutes, costing about 25 rubles (2009). The bus tends to be well synced with the arrival times of the ''elektrichka'' from Saint Petersburg. It's not terribly easy to tell when you have arrived in Staraya Ladoga if you haven't been there before, so it's best to ask a local to tell you when you have arrived: не скажите мне, пожалуйста, когда мы дойдём до Старой Ладоги (nyeh skah-ZHEE-tyeh mnyeh, puh-ZHAHL-uh-stuh, kahg-DAH myh digh-DYOHM dah STAH-ruy LAH-duh-gee).
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Staraya Ladoga is a small village and is easily covered on foot via leisurely stroll. Locals often opt for bicycles, but there are no rentals available.
 
Staraya Ladoga is a small village and is easily covered on foot via leisurely stroll. Locals often opt for bicycles, but there are no rentals available.
  
[[Image:Georgeladoga.jpg|thumb|200px|Fresco of St George in his eponymous church]]
 
 
==See==
 
==See==
  
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:* <see name="Church of St George" alt="Церковь Святого Георгия" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></see>
 
:* <see name="Church of St George" alt="Церковь Святого Георгия" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></see>
 
:* <see name="Church of Dmitry Solunsky" alt="Церковь Дмитрия Солунского" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></see>
 
:* <see name="Church of Dmitry Solunsky" alt="Церковь Дмитрия Солунского" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></see>
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 +
[[Image:Georgeladoga.jpg|thumb|200px|Fresco of St George in his eponymous church]]
  
 
* <see name="Convent of the Assumption" alt="Успенский женский монастырь" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></see>
 
* <see name="Convent of the Assumption" alt="Успенский женский монастырь" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></see>
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==Drink==
 
==Drink==
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[[Image:The Church of the Nativity of St John the Baptist.jpg|thumb|200px|Church of the Nativity]]
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 +
The above mentioned '''Prince Rurik Cafe''' is a good bet for booze.
  
 
==Sleep==
 
==Sleep==
[[Image:The Church of the Nativity of St John the Baptist.jpg|thumb|200px|Church of the Nativity]]
 
  
 
While it is certainly possible to day trip from [[Saint Petersburg]], there are a couple options for lodging in Rurik's capital. [[Volkhov]] to the south also has a good number of hotels.
 
While it is certainly possible to day trip from [[Saint Petersburg]], there are a couple options for lodging in Rurik's capital. [[Volkhov]] to the south also has a good number of hotels.
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{{IsPartOf|Leningrad Oblast}}
 
{{IsPartOf|Leningrad Oblast}}
{{outline}}
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{{usablecity}}
 
{{cityguide}}
 
{{cityguide}}
  

Revision as of 17:42, 19 May 2010

Church of St George

Staraya Ladoga (Russian: Ста́рая Ла́дога), Finnish: Vanha Laatokka), or the Aldeigjuborg of Norse sagas, is a village (selo) in Leningrad Oblast, located on the mighty Volkhov River eight km north of the town of Volkhov. Annexed by the Viking Rurik, from whom the Tsars traced their bloodline, Staraya Ladoga was the first capital of Russia.

Contents

Understand

It is believed that Staraya Ladoga dates back to 753, as a young port on the Volkhov River, but its rise to prominence began with the arrival of the Viking Rurik in 862, who would make it his capital. While he moved his residence to Novgorod in 864, the town quickly became one of the most important trading ports of Eastern Europe, along the Baltic–Ladoga–NovgorodConstantinople trade route. While the capital of Rus was moved to Kiev shortly thereafter, Ladoga remained the prominent northern trading post on the Varangian–Greek trading route until the mid-tenth century. The Rurikids' legacy today stands out in the huge kurgans, burial mounds on the town's outskirts, one of which is believed to be the burial place of Rurik himself.

Ladoga's second period of prominence came under the rule of the wealthy Novgorod Republic in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, when, in addition to being an important trading outpost, it became a major fortress town. Its huge stone kremlin was built in 1114 under the oversight of Posadnik (Governor) Pavel, and would become the first line of defense against northern assaults on the Republic, withstanding a major Swedish assault in 1164. In honor of the victory, the Republic funded the construction of the magnificent Church of St George the Conqueror. As the town continued to grow around the kremlin, more magnificent twelfth century churches were constructed: the Church of the Assumption in the north of the town, the Church of St Nicholas the Miracle Worker, and the Church of St Clement—the city's main cathedral. While the Church of St Clement now lies in ruins, the churches of St George and the Assumption still stand tall and their interiors still bear exquisite, though faded, twelfth century frescoes, including several by the handiwork of the early Russian master, Andrei Rublev.

The town fell into a slow decline with the construction of new kremlins further west. The fortress was rebuilt in the mid-fifteenth century to accommodate the advent of firearms, and saw further battles in the Russo-Swedish Wars. In 1703, however, Tsar Peter the Great founded the town of Novaya Ladoga (New Ladoga) at the mouth of the Volkhov River on Lake Ladoga and stripped the original town of city status, giving it its name Staraya Ladoga (Old Ladoga).

Kurgans on the Volkhov

Today Staraya Ladoga remains a sleepy backwater far off the beaten tourist path. But as part of resurgent nationalist pride in the wake of the fall of the Soviet Union, the village is seeing major restoration of its important historical sights, especially of the kremlin, the reconstruction of which is expected to finish sometime in 2010. The village is a natural stop for cruise lines along the Volkhov between Kizhi and Novgorod, and as such looks set to enjoy a new period of revival as a major Russian travel destination.

Get in

By train

The closest station is in Volkhov (Volkhovstroy-I). From Saint Petersburg, you can get there via elektrichka (suburban train) from Moskovsky Station. The trip will take about three hours.

By bus

The kremlin

From the Volkhovstroy-I station in Volkhov, catch the bus #23, which will get you there in about 50 minutes, costing about 25 rubles (2009). The bus tends to be well synced with the arrival times of the elektrichka from Saint Petersburg. It's not terribly easy to tell when you have arrived in Staraya Ladoga if you haven't been there before, so it's best to ask a local to tell you when you have arrived: не скажите мне, пожалуйста, когда мы дойдём до Старой Ладоги (nyeh skah-ZHEE-tyeh mnyeh, puh-ZHAHL-uh-stuh, kahg-DAH myh digh-DYOHM dah STAH-ruy LAH-duh-gee).

By car

Staraya Ladoga is on the A-115 between Volkhov and Novaya Ladoga, which intersects with the M-18 from Saint Petersburg (120 km), 7 km north of the village. Coming from Novgorod/Moscow, take the M-10 until turning right on the A-115. From Vologda, take the A-114 to the M-18 towards Saint Petersburg, eventually making a left on A-115.

Get around

Staraya Ladoga is a small village and is easily covered on foot via leisurely stroll. Locals often opt for bicycles, but there are no rentals available.

See

  • Staraya Ladoga Museum-reserve (Музей-заповедник «Старая Ладога»), Волховский пр., 19., +7 (81363) 49070 (, fax: +7 (81363) 13524), [1]. 10:00—17:00.
  • Kremlin (Староладожская крепость). 10.00-18.00 (tickets offered until 17.00).
  • Church of St George (Церковь Святого Георгия).
  • Church of Dmitry Solunsky (Церковь Дмитрия Солунского).
Fresco of St George in his eponymous church
  • Convent of the Assumption (Успенский женский монастырь).
  • Church of the Assumption (Церковь Успения Богородицы).
  • Nikolsky Monastery (Никольский мужской монастырь).
  • Uspenskoye Estate (Усадьба «Успенское»).
  • Church of the Nativity of John the Baptist (Церковь Рождества Иоанна Предтечи).

Do

  • Neva Travel Company («Нева Тревел Компании»), ул. Луначарского, 2, +7 (81363) 31450, +7 (906) 228-10-60 (), [2]. Offers motorboat trips between Staraya Ladoga and Novaya Ladoga.
  • Staraya Ladoga Military History Festival (Военно-исторический фестиваль «Старая Ладога»), at the kremlin, [3]. 26-27 June 2010. The fifth annual military history festival will see reenactments of battles from the early Middle Ages.

Buy

Eat

  • Lad'ya Cafe (Кафе «Ладья»), ул. Советская, 6.
  • Prince Rurik Cafe (Кафе «Князь Рюрик»), Волховский пр., +7 (81363) 49023. Su-Th 10:00—23:00, F-Sa 10:00-01:00. A large cafe with a good selection of food. Geared to tourists, it suffers from lackluster service and high prices (by rural Russian standards). 200-300 rubles.

Drink

Church of the Nativity

The above mentioned Prince Rurik Cafe is a good bet for booze.

Sleep

While it is certainly possible to day trip from Saint Petersburg, there are a couple options for lodging in Rurik's capital. Volkhov to the south also has a good number of hotels.

  • Lad'ya Hotel (Гостиница «Ладья»), ул. Советская, 6, +7 (81363) 49555.
  • Staraya Ladoga Hotel (Старая Ладога), ул. Советская, 3, +7 (81363) 49529. Private rooms, shared bathrooms.

Contact

Get out


This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!





This article is significantly based on work which can be found at The Russian Wikitravel. A list of authors can be found here.


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