Help Wikitravel grow by contributing to an article! Learn how.

Difference between revisions of "South Asia"

From Wikitravel
Jump to: navigation, search
m (breadcrumb fix)
(Get around)
Line 113: Line 113:
 
== Get around ==
 
== Get around ==
 
* [[Rail travel in India]]
 
* [[Rail travel in India]]
 +
* [[[[Lahore]][en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lahore], Pakistan]]
  
 
==See==
 
==See==

Revision as of 18:03, 13 November 2012

South Asia comprises those countries lying between the Himalaya range of mountains and the Indian Ocean (north to south) and between the Ganga and Indus river valleys (east to west). The Indian Ocean shoreline is divided between the Arabian Sea (in the west) and the Bay of Bengal (in the east). The extensive, triangular-shaped landmass of South Asia is sometimes referred to as "the Indian Subcontinent", or simply "the Subcontinent"

Contents

Countries

Map of South Asia's countries
Bangladesh
home of beautiful mangroves and the world's longest beach.
Bhutan
the last Shangri-la.
India
ancient and rich culture, dozens of languages and over a billion people.
Maldives
paradise found.
Nepal
home to Mount Everest, adventure tourism, and smiling people.
Pakistan
rich in culture and history, varying climates and terrains from hot deserts to mountains.
Sri Lanka
pearl of the Orient.

Iran is occasionally considered a part of the region, but is predominantly in the Middle East.

Afghanistan is not considered part of the region, but often involves itself in South Asian regional organisations.

Myanmar (formerly Burma) may be considered a part of South Asia for long-standing historical and political ties to India, but is usually categorised as being in Southeast Asia.

Cities

  • Colombo - The city that never dark's & the leading tourist attraction city in this region. The theme of Colombo is clean & green.
  • Delhi - The administrative capital of India & a clean city.
  • Dhaka
  • Islamabad
  • Karachi
  • Kathmandu
  • Male - The island city of beauty.
  • Mumbai — most eclectic and cosmopolitan city of India, well-known for the Bollywood film industry.
  • Thimphu

Other destinations

  • Bandarban — hill district in Bangladesh with trekking through unspoilt forests
  • Hunza Valley — one of the more stunning and popular parts of Pakistan's high mountain areas
  • Mount Everest — the world's tallest mountain straddling the border of China and Nepal
  • Sundarbans National Park — one of the best places in India to see tigers
  • Taj Mahal — the incomparable marble tomb in Agra

See Islands of the Indian Ocean.

Understand

Some commonalities exist to this area, mainly climate and culture.

Climate: Apart from the Himalaya, the climate is tropical, with monsoon in summer and dry winter. However, you have the extremes of this climate, i.e. in Western Pakistan monsoon is quite non-existent and in Southern India, it lasts for six months. Sri Lanka even has two monsoons, one in May, one in October/November.

Culture: The influence of historical Indian culture can be seen everywhere. Two of the main "world religions" have their origins within South Asia: Hinduism and Buddhism. A third, Islam, was introduced by Muslim invaders starting around the 7th century and rose to prominence during the Mughal Empire.

An additional layer of South Asian cultural unification derives from the influence of British culture, and especially the frequent and growing use of the English language, as a result of India having formed the "Jewel in the Crown" of the British Empire before Independence in 1947.

Population density: South Asia is one of the world's most densely populated regions - approximately 1.6 billion people (or roughly a quarter of humanity) make their home there. The average population density of 305 people per square km is 7 times the world average.

Talk

The region does not have a lingua franca. However, as much of South Asia was under British rule, English is widely spoken by educated people. Hindi and Urdu are spoken over much of India and Pakistan. As the two languages are mutually intelligible, if you have to learn one before visiting, pick one of these. Hindi will also help you in Nepal, as the Nepali language is quite similar. Bengali is another major language spoken in Bangladesh, West Bengal and understood in some other eastern states of India.

Other than these, South Asia has a fascinating diversity of languages. India, in particular, is home to hundreds of them, and Pakistan too has quite a few. In the major cities and tourist destinations, you will be able to get by with English with varying degrees of difficulty.

Get in

By plane

International airports include:

Many flights from the west coast of North America arrive via Singapore and Bangkok, while flights originating on the east coast usually have a stopover somewhere in Europe depending on the airline.

Flights from Europe arrive via Dubai, Doha and several other major airline hubs.

The number of direct flights between India and U.S/U.K is increasing.

Get around

See

Itineraries

Buy

For most countries in the region, haggling is essential while shopping--see How to haggle.

Do

Eat

Drink

Stay safe



This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!



Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages

other sites