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'''Sichuan''' (四川; ''Sìchuān''; also known as ''Szechwan''), is a province in the west of the [[Southern Central Region (China)|Southern Central Region]] of [[China]].
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'''Sichuan''' (四川; ''Sìchuān''; previously known as ''Szechwan''), is a province in the west of the [[Southern Central Region (China)|Southern Central Region]] of [[China]].
  
 
==Regions==
 
==Regions==
* [[Aba (prefecture)|Aba (Ngawa) Tibetan & Qiang Autonomous Prefecture]]
+
{{Regionlist
* [[Ganzi (prefecture)|Ganzi (Garze) Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture]]
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| regionmap=Sichuan.png
* [[Muli|Muli Tibetan Autonomous County]]
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| regionmaptext=Regions of Sichuan
 +
| regionmapsize=350px
  
==Cities==
+
| region1name=[[Aba (prefecture)|Aba Prefecture]]
* [[Chengdu]] - the '''capital''' of Sichuan has 2,000 years of history, the southeastern part is encircled by small mountains and to the north east is Chengdu Campagna.
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| region1color=#c9bd79
* [[Dege]] - home to an amazing Tibetan library.
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| region1items=
* [[Ganzi]] - rough Tibetan town and launching point for exploring local monasteries.
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| region1description=In the central north area of Sichuan, it is a Tibetan and Qiang autonomous prefecture
* [[Kangding]] - gateway to western Sichuan's Tibetan region.
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* [[Langmusi]] - beautiful Tibetan border town sitting in both [[Gansu]] & [[Sichuan]], with two monasteries, horse trekking opportunities and a sky burial site.
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* [[Leshan]] - home of the largest stone carved Buddha in the world.
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* [[Songpan]] - base camp for exploring [[Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve]] and the Amdo Tibetan culture.
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* [[Xiangcheng]]- On the high-road to Yunnan
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* [[Xinlong]]
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* [[Langzhong]] - ancient town in north-east Sichuan
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 +
| region2name=[[Ganzi (prefecture)|Ganzi Prefecture]]
 +
| region2color=#cfcf94
 +
| region2items=
 +
| region2description=In the west of Sichuan, it is a Tibetan autonomous prefecture
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 +
| region3name=[[South Sichuan]]
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| region3color=#bcb491
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| region3items=
 +
| region3description=Comprises Liangshan Prefecture, which is an Yi autonomous prefecture, and Panzhihua Prefecture
 +
 +
| region4name=[[East Sichuan]]
 +
| region4color=#acc2a6
 +
| region4items=
 +
| region4description=Comprises the capital Chengdu and other major cities of Sichuan
 +
 +
}}
 +
 +
==Cities==
 +
* [[Chengdu]] — the capital of Sichuan with 2,000 years of history, the southeastern part is encircled by small mountains and to the north east is Chengdu Campagna
 +
* [[Dege]] — home to an amazing Tibetan library
 +
* [[Ganzi]] — rough Tibetan town and launching point for exploring local monasteries
 +
* [[Kangding]] — gateway to western Sichuan's Tibetan region
 +
* [[Langmusi]] — beautiful Tibetan border town sitting in both [[Gansu]] and Sichuan, with two monasteries, horse trekking opportunities and a sky burial site
 +
* [[Leshan]] — home of the largest stone carved Buddha in the world
 +
* [[Songpan]] — base camp for exploring [[Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve]] and the Amdo Tibetan culture
 +
* [[Xiangcheng]] — on the high-road to Yunnan
 +
* [[Xichang]]
  
 
[[Chongqing]] Municipality is administratively separate, but culturally and historically still Sichuanese. See [[List of Chinese provinces and regions]].
 
[[Chongqing]] Municipality is administratively separate, but culturally and historically still Sichuanese. See [[List of Chinese provinces and regions]].
  
 
==Other destinations==
 
==Other destinations==
* [[Bailonghu National Park]]
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* [[Beichuan]] memorial city destroyed by earthquake and landslide in 2008, parts of it are open to tourists for viewing the damage and paying respect  
* [[Beichuan]] - Beichuan is a memorial city. It was destroyed by earthquake and landslide in 2008. Parts of it are open to tourists for viewing the damage and paying respect.
+
 
* [[Emeishan National Park]]  
 
* [[Emeishan National Park]]  
* [[Guangwushan-Nuoshuihe National Park]]  
+
* [[Hailougou Glacier Park]]
 
* [[Huanglongsi National Park|Huanglongsi]][[Jiuzhaigou National Park|-Jiuzhaigou National Park]]  
 
* [[Huanglongsi National Park|Huanglongsi]][[Jiuzhaigou National Park|-Jiuzhaigou National Park]]  
* [[Jianmen Shudao National Park]] - Jianmen Pass and Ancient Plankway of Shudao
+
* [[Jianmen Shudao National Park]] Jianmen Pass and Ancient Plankway of Shudao
 
* [[Kanggar Mountains National Park]]  
 
* [[Kanggar Mountains National Park]]  
* [[Longmenshan National Park]]
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* [[Qingchengshan-Dujiangyan National Park]] one of the ancient cradles of Daoism
* [[Qingchengshan-Dujiangyan National Park]] - one of the ancient cradles of Daoism
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* [[Shunan Zhuhai National Park]] (lit. ''Bamboo Sea'')
* [[Qionghai-Luojishan National Park]]
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* [[Siguniangshan National Parks]]
* [[Shihai Dongxiang National Park]] - Stone Sea and Cave Countryside
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* [[Shunan Zhuhai National Park]] - Bamboo Sea of Southern Sichuan
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* [[Siguniangshan National Parks]] 
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* [[Tiantaishan National Park, Qionglai]]
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* [[Xiling Xueshan National Park]] - Xueshan: Snow Mountains
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* [[Hailougou Glacier Park]]
+
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==
'''Climate''' - See the climate table on [[Chengdu]] page
+
'''Climate''' See the climate table on [[Chengdu]] page
 
+
 
==Talk==
 
==Talk==
The language of Sichuan is a variant of Mandarin, which differs from standard Mandarin significantly in pronunciation, and uses slang words which are unique to the area. Nevertheless, native speakers of Mandarin will be able to understand the local dialect albeit with some difficulty. Tibetan is still the mother tongue in most of the highland west. Many young people in the western regions are bi-lingual in both Tibetan and Mandarin. Qiangic, native to the Qiang minority group also native to Sichaun is also to be found in west Sichuan. The vast majority of signage is always in Chinese throughout the province.
+
The native language of most of Sichuan is a variant of Mandarin (Southwest), which differs from standard Mandarin of the north-east significantly in pronunciation, and use of slang which are unique to the area. Nevertheless, native speakers of Mandarin will be able to understand the local dialect albeit with some difficulty. Tibetan is still the mother tongue in most of the highland west, but the region becoming more and more Sinofied. There is a moderate amount of bi-lingual signage in the area. Therefore, many young people in the western regions are bi-lingual in both Tibetan and Mandarin or just speak Mandarin. Qiangic, native to the Qiang minority group, also native to Sichuan, can also be found in isolated parts of western Sichuan. The vast majority of signage is always in Mandarin Chinese characters throughout the province regardless of the ethnic majority in the given area albeit you will see some signage in Tibetan indic script. Many young people in Sichuan's larger cities speak some English.
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
 +
Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan has a fairly large modern airport with domestic connections to many cities all over China and also some international connections. Internationally you can fly from Europe (KLM), Singapore, Japan, Korea and Hong Kong, and many people arrive and depart using the very good air services available.
 +
 +
China has an extensive railway network and Chengdu is well connected to many cities by rail. One recent innovation is a fast train between Chongqing and Chengdu. Chongqing is a very large city which was part of Sichuan until 1997 but now is an independent municipality. Many trains shuttle forth every day between Chongqing and Chengdu. Not so long ago, the journey took anywhere between 4 and 8 hours depending on stops. Now a fast train (up to 200 kms per hour) run several times a day between the two.
 +
 +
Another option are buses. Buses run between Chongqing and Chengdu taking about 4 hours. However, bus travel seems to be less reliable than trains because of road works that are often occurring.
 +
 +
There are also several options of travelling within Sichuan. Many popular tourist destinations such as Leshan and Jiuzhaigou National Park are serviced by buses. The network is quite extensive and the highways are good. Buses also seem to mostly run on time.
 +
 +
Air travel is available within Sichuan if you want to go to Jiuzhaigou National Park which is over 300 kms from Chengdu.
  
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
  
 
==See==
 
==See==
* '''Dacheng Lamo Kerti Gompa''' - located at [[Langmusi]], temple where traditional Tibetian sky-burials are still practiced
+
* '''Dacheng Lamo Kerti Gompa''' located at [[Langmusi]], temple where traditional Tibetan sky-burials are still practiced
 
* '''Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries'''
 
* '''Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries'''
  
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==Sleep==
 
==Sleep==
 +
*<sleep name="Tibet Hotel Chengdu" alt="成都西藏饭店" address="10 North Renmin Road, Chengdu, Sichuan" directions="" phone="" url="http://www.tibethotelchengdu.com" checkin="" checkout="" price="" lat="" long="">Survival of the fittest in natural selection, Sichuan, its beauty is for discovering; miraculous and vast, Tibet, its beauty is for exploring. </sleep>
 +
  
 
==Stay safe==
 
==Stay safe==
The province of Sichuan suffered a catastrophic earthquake on May 12, 2008 centered on [[Wenchuan]] County, about 100km north of [[Chengdu]] city. Many cities were nearly completaly destroyed and over 80,000 people are dead or missing with hundreds of thousands more injured or homeless.  Government response was fast, but reconstruction will still take years.
+
The province of Sichuan suffered a catastrophic earthquake on May 12, 2008 centered on [[Wenchuan]] County, about 100km north of [[Chengdu]] city. Many cities were nearly completely destroyed and over 80,000 people are dead or missing with hundreds of thousands more injured or homeless.  Government response was fast, but reconstruction will take years.
  
Many of Sichuan's main attractions are located at altitudes above 3,000 meters and thus [[altitude sickness]] is a threat. Make sure to monitor your own health and take it easy for a day or two if moving from the low lands to higher elevations.
+
Many of West Sichuan's main attractions are located at altitudes above 3,000 meters and thus [[altitude sickness]] is a threat. Make sure to monitor your own health and take it easy for a day or two if moving from the low lands to higher elevations.
  
 
To help combat this sickness, many local Chinese eat medicine known as Hong Jing Tian. These are red capsules that the soldiers of the People's Liberation Army use to help them quickly adjust to altitude conditions in the Western Chinese provinces. Local tour companies will have a ready supply of this medicine if you ask.
 
To help combat this sickness, many local Chinese eat medicine known as Hong Jing Tian. These are red capsules that the soldiers of the People's Liberation Army use to help them quickly adjust to altitude conditions in the Western Chinese provinces. Local tour companies will have a ready supply of this medicine if you ask.
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==Get out==
 
==Get out==
  
{{IsIn|Southern_Central_Region_%28China%29}}
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{{IsPartOf|South-central China}}
 
{{outline}}
 
{{outline}}
 
[[WikiPedia:Sichuan]]
 
[[Dmoz:Asia/China/Sichuan/]]
 
  
 
[[de:Sichuan]]
 
[[de:Sichuan]]
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[[ja:四川省]]
 
[[ja:四川省]]
 
[[nl:Sichuan]]
 
[[nl:Sichuan]]
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[[wts:Category:Sichuan]]
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[[WikiPedia:Sichuan]]
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[[Dmoz:Asia/China/Sichuan/]]

Revision as of 08:20, 21 November 2012

Sichuan (四川; Sìchuān; previously known as Szechwan), is a province in the west of the Southern Central Region of China.

Contents

Regions

Regions of Sichuan
Aba Prefecture
In the central north area of Sichuan, it is a Tibetan and Qiang autonomous prefecture
Ganzi Prefecture
In the west of Sichuan, it is a Tibetan autonomous prefecture
South Sichuan
Comprises Liangshan Prefecture, which is an Yi autonomous prefecture, and Panzhihua Prefecture
East Sichuan
Comprises the capital Chengdu and other major cities of Sichuan

Cities

  • Chengdu — the capital of Sichuan with 2,000 years of history, the southeastern part is encircled by small mountains and to the north east is Chengdu Campagna
  • Dege — home to an amazing Tibetan library
  • Ganzi — rough Tibetan town and launching point for exploring local monasteries
  • Kangding — gateway to western Sichuan's Tibetan region
  • Langmusi — beautiful Tibetan border town sitting in both Gansu and Sichuan, with two monasteries, horse trekking opportunities and a sky burial site
  • Leshan — home of the largest stone carved Buddha in the world
  • Songpan — base camp for exploring Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve and the Amdo Tibetan culture
  • Xiangcheng — on the high-road to Yunnan
  • Xichang

Chongqing Municipality is administratively separate, but culturally and historically still Sichuanese. See List of Chinese provinces and regions.

Other destinations

Understand

Climate — See the climate table on Chengdu page

Talk

The native language of most of Sichuan is a variant of Mandarin (Southwest), which differs from standard Mandarin of the north-east significantly in pronunciation, and use of slang which are unique to the area. Nevertheless, native speakers of Mandarin will be able to understand the local dialect albeit with some difficulty. Tibetan is still the mother tongue in most of the highland west, but the region becoming more and more Sinofied. There is a moderate amount of bi-lingual signage in the area. Therefore, many young people in the western regions are bi-lingual in both Tibetan and Mandarin or just speak Mandarin. Qiangic, native to the Qiang minority group, also native to Sichuan, can also be found in isolated parts of western Sichuan. The vast majority of signage is always in Mandarin Chinese characters throughout the province regardless of the ethnic majority in the given area albeit you will see some signage in Tibetan indic script. Many young people in Sichuan's larger cities speak some English.

Get in

Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan has a fairly large modern airport with domestic connections to many cities all over China and also some international connections. Internationally you can fly from Europe (KLM), Singapore, Japan, Korea and Hong Kong, and many people arrive and depart using the very good air services available.

China has an extensive railway network and Chengdu is well connected to many cities by rail. One recent innovation is a fast train between Chongqing and Chengdu. Chongqing is a very large city which was part of Sichuan until 1997 but now is an independent municipality. Many trains shuttle forth every day between Chongqing and Chengdu. Not so long ago, the journey took anywhere between 4 and 8 hours depending on stops. Now a fast train (up to 200 kms per hour) run several times a day between the two.

Another option are buses. Buses run between Chongqing and Chengdu taking about 4 hours. However, bus travel seems to be less reliable than trains because of road works that are often occurring.

There are also several options of travelling within Sichuan. Many popular tourist destinations such as Leshan and Jiuzhaigou National Park are serviced by buses. The network is quite extensive and the highways are good. Buses also seem to mostly run on time.

Air travel is available within Sichuan if you want to go to Jiuzhaigou National Park which is over 300 kms from Chengdu.

Get around

See

  • Dacheng Lamo Kerti Gompa — located at Langmusi, temple where traditional Tibetan sky-burials are still practiced
  • Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries

Do

Eat

Sichuan cuisine is well-known worldwide, including dishes like Kung Pao Chicken (宮保雞丁) and Twice Cooked Pork (回鍋肉). It is also famously spicy, with liberal use of chilies and the indigenous Sichuan pepper (花椒; huājiāo).

One of the other specialty of the area is the Hot Pot (火锅; Huoguo), cheap but extremely spicy.

Drink

Sleep

  • Tibet Hotel Chengdu (成都西藏饭店), 10 North Renmin Road, Chengdu, Sichuan, [1]. Survival of the fittest in natural selection, Sichuan, its beauty is for discovering; miraculous and vast, Tibet, its beauty is for exploring.


Stay safe

The province of Sichuan suffered a catastrophic earthquake on May 12, 2008 centered on Wenchuan County, about 100km north of Chengdu city. Many cities were nearly completely destroyed and over 80,000 people are dead or missing with hundreds of thousands more injured or homeless. Government response was fast, but reconstruction will take years.

Many of West Sichuan's main attractions are located at altitudes above 3,000 meters and thus altitude sickness is a threat. Make sure to monitor your own health and take it easy for a day or two if moving from the low lands to higher elevations.

To help combat this sickness, many local Chinese eat medicine known as Hong Jing Tian. These are red capsules that the soldiers of the People's Liberation Army use to help them quickly adjust to altitude conditions in the Western Chinese provinces. Local tour companies will have a ready supply of this medicine if you ask.

There is also tension in Western Sichuan between the Chinese government and the mainly Tibetan people there and travel restrictions may apply to this area. See the warnings under Tibet.

Get out


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