Shōdo Island (小豆島 / Shōdo-shima) is in Kagawa, Japan. It is the second largest island in the Seto Inland Sea.
The name Shōdoshima literally means "island of small beans". There are 2 towns on the island: Tonoshō and Shodoshima Town. Along with Teshima, the island comprises Shozu District in Kagawa.
Shōdoshima is famous as the setting for the 1954 antiwar movie Twenty-Four Eyes (二十四の瞳 / Nijūshi no Hitomi). The movie is based on a book written in 1952 by Sakae Tsuboi (1899-1967), who was born on Shōdoshima.
In 1908, the island became the first in Japan to successfully cultivate olives. Olive trees proliferate on the island and olive-related merchandise is quite popular with tourists.
Shōdoshima is also known for its soy sauce, wild monkeys, and beaches.
According to Shinto legend, Shōdoshima was one of the first islands created by the gods.
Shōdoshima can be reached by boat from Uno Port in Tamano (90 minutes, ¥1,230), Shin-Okayama Port near Okayama (70 minutes, ¥1,050), Kobe (3.5 hours, ¥1,990), Himeji (100 minutes, ¥1,520), or Takamatsu on the island of Shikoku (60 minutes, ¥690 for ferry or 30 minutes, ¥1,170 for a speed boat).
Ferry schedules are available online.
Shidoshima Olive Bus operates various routes around the island.
There are many places that offer bicycle rental. A list is available online.
The Shodoshima Skyline Road runs for 10km along the mountains in the interior of the island. It begins at a gorge near the monkey park and leads to the Kankakei Gorge. The road offers great views of the island and the Seto Inland Sea.
Dobuchi Strait is a straight between Maejima Island (location of Tonsho Port) and Shodoshima Island. It is in the Guinness Book of World Records for being the narrowest straight in the world, at only 10m wide at its narrowest point, making it look like a canal.
- Shidoshima Great Kannon, (Take a bus on the Kitamawari Fukuda Line (北廻り福田線) in the direction of Fukuda Port (福田港) and get off at Koumagoe (小馬越) (¥300)), . 8AM-5PM. A 50m high statue with a temple inside depicting Kannon, the Buddhist goddess of mercy. The statue was built in 1993. Visitors can walk or take an elevator to the top to see a display of the tooth of Buddha. The statue also offers spectacular views of the island. The temple also has hundreds of miniature statues of Kannon on display as well as a worship hall. ¥500. edit
- Nijushi no Hitomi Movie Village, (3 buses run per day from the 3 ports (60 minutes from Tonosho Port ¥300); get off at the last stop: Eigamura (映画村)). 9AM-5PM. Nijushi no Hitomi (literally 'Twenty-Four Eyes') is a 1954 Japanese movie that follows the lives of a family in the years leading up to World War II. The movie was remade in color in 1987. The movie set consists of an entire reconstructed village. ¥830 to see the movie village and the school house. edit
- Ruins of Osaka Castle Stone Cutting Workshop, (Take the Minamimawari Fukuda bus line (南廻り福田線) and get off at Iwagatani (岩ケ谷), buses run every 2 hours (¥300)). After the destruction of Osaka Castle in 1615, many stones were harvested from Shidoshima to rebuild the castle. edit
- Osaka Castle Stones Michi no Eki, (Take the Kitamawari Fukuda bus line (北廻り福田線) and get off at Omi (小海), buses run every 90 minutes (¥300)). 9AM-5PM, last entry at 4:30PM. A museum dedicated to tools and stones harvested from Shidoshima to rebuild Osaka Castle in the early 1600s. Free. edit
- Marukin Soy Sauce Factory & Museum, (Take a bus to Marukin-mae (丸金前) (40 minutes from Tonsho, ¥300)), . 9AM-4PM. Soy sauce has been produced on Shidoshima for over 400 years. The Marukin factory is open for tours and has English displays. ¥210. edit
- Kankakei Gorge (寒霞渓) @ Setonaikai National Park, (Buses operate every 1-2 hours between Kusakabe Port and the gorge (15 minutes, ¥300)), . Considered to be one of the most beautiful gorges in Japan. As much as 812m deep. Celebrated for its maple trees. The gorge can be traversed by cable car (¥750 one way, ¥1,350 return) or by a steep hike. edit
- Choshikei Monkey Park, (13km northwest of Shodoshima Town Office; no public transport - taxis cost ¥3,500 each way). 8AM-5PM, last entry at 4:30PM. There are 500 Japanese macaques roaming around the park. There are monkey shows twice per day as well as a feeding area. Near the park is an observation deck with a great view of the island. ¥380. edit
- Angel Road, (Behind the Shodoshima Kokusai Hotel; from Tonsho Port take a bus on the Nishiura Line (西浦線) and get off at the Kokusai Hotel (国際ホテル) (10 minutes, ¥150, every 2 hours)). A sandbar that connects 3 small islands to Shodoshima. Make sure to visit during low tide since at that time you can walk along the sandbar. edit
- Senmaide Rice Terraces, (Take the Nakayama bus line (中山線) and get off at Nakayama (中山); there are 5 buses per day (20 minutes from Tonsho, ¥300)). Hundreds of rice terraces are carved into the hills. There is a stage that has hosted outdoor kabuki plays since the Edo period. edit
- Olive Park, (Take a bus to Olive ga Oka (オリーブヶ丘), (40 minutes from Tonsho, ¥300)), . The site of the first olive cultivation in Japan in 1908, it is a park full of olive trees and an olive museum. It also has the Sun Olive Bath House, which has 8 pools separated by gender. The bath house costs ¥700 and is open from Noon to 9PM. edit
Shodoshima 88 Temple Pilgrimage
Like the island of Shikoku, there is a pilgrimage route that will take you to 88 temples. The route begins near Sakate Port and runs clockwise around the island. It takes around 2 weeks to complete the pilgrimage on foot.
There are 6 convenience stores on the island that have ATMs.
- Cafe Chuzaemon, 2267-5 Ikeda, ☎ +81 879-75-0282, . edit
- Komame Cafe, 1512-2 Nakayama, ☎ +81 879-75-0806, . edit
- Nakabuan, 1385 Yasuda Ko, ☎ +81 879-82-3669, . Lunch only, until 3PM. Tour the noodle factory! edit
- Cafe & Bar Morikuni, 1010-1 Umaki K, ☎ +81 879-61-2077, . edit
- Celeste Shodoshima, ☎ +81 879-62-5015, . edit
- Shodoshima Grand Hotel Suimei, ☎ +81 879-62-1177, . edit
WikiPedia: Shōdo Island