The third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco) also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in 301 A.D. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy. Social and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of its larger neighbor.
- San Marino
San Marino is made up of a few towns dotted around the mountainsides. The capital of San Marino is itself called 'San Marino' and is situated high up on a mountain top. The capital is surrounded by a wall and three distinct towers overlook the rest of the country.
San Marino has no airports. The nearest major airport is at Rimini.
San Marino has no train stations. The nearest major train station is at Rimini.
Bus 72 runs from Rimini to San Marino daily at regular intervals. A return ticket costs around €8.
By other means
There is a 1.5km cable railway connecting the city of San Marino to Borgo Maggiore.
Once you're inside the walled city, it's small enough to simply walk around. There are only a few streets on which cars are able to drive (and only if they are small cars).
The people in San Marino are very friendly. They speak a very clear Italian.
You can see two of the three towers (as seen on the flag of San Marino) buy purchasing the "Red Card" for €4.50. The "yellow card" (€3) only allows you to see one of the towers. You cannot enter the third tower (since there does not seem to be an entrance!)
Simply walk around the city. The narrow streets are full of surprises. The walkways wind up and down the hillside in an interesting way, inviting exploration.
A lot of the souvenir shops sell weapons, from swords to B-B guns.
The local beer is very tasty. Spirits are also very commonly found, especially a lemon liquor.
Although San Marino has a few hotels, the seaside resort of Rimini has a lot more and is probably a cheaper option.
at birth: 1.09 male(s)/female under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female 15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate
6.09 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 81.33 years female: 85.18 years (2002 est.) male: 77.79 years
Total fertility rate
1.3 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
HIV/AIDS - deaths
noun: Sammarinese (singular and plural) adjective: Sammarinese
definition: age 10 and over can read and write total population: 96% male: 97% female: 95% (1976 est.)
conventional long form: Republic of San Marino conventional short form: San Marino local short form: San Marino local long form: Repubblica di San Marino
9 municipalities (castelli, singular - castello); Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Monte Giardino, San Marino, Serravalle
3 September 301
Founding of the Republic, 3 September (301)
8 October 1600; electoral law of 1926 serves some of the functions of a constitution
based on civil law system with Italian law influences; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
18 years of age; universal
chief of state: cochiefs of state Captain Regent Giuseppe Maria MORGANTI and Captain Regent Mauro CHIARUZZI (for the period 1 October 2002-31 March 2003) elections: cochiefs of state (captains regent) elected by the Great and General Council for a six-month term; election last held NA September 2002 (next to be held NA April 2003); secretary of state for foreign and political affairs elected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term; election last held 17 December 2002 (next to be held NA June 2007) note: the popularly elected parliament (Grand and General Council) selects two of its members to serve as the Captains Regent (cochiefs of state) for a six-month period; they preside over meetings of the Grand and General Council and its cabinet (Congress of State) which has ten other members, all selected by the Grand and General Council; assisting the captains regent are ten secretaries of state; the secretary of state for Foreign Affairs has assumed some of the prerogatives of a prime minister election results: Giuseppe Maria MORGANTI and Mauro CHIARUZZI reelected captains regent; percent of legislative vote - NA%; Fiorenzo STOLFI elected secretary of state for foreign and political affairs; percent of legislative vote - 40% cabinet: Congress of State elected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term head of government: Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs Fiorenzo STOLFI (since 17 December 2002)
unicameral Grand and General Council or Consiglio Grande e Generale (60 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve five-year terms) elections: last held 10 June 2001 (next to be held by June 2006) election results: percent of vote by party - PDCS 41.4%, PSS 24.2%, PD 20.8%, APDS 8.2%, RC 3.4%, AN 1.9%; seats by party - PDCS 25, PSS 15, PD 12, APDS 5, RC 2, AN 1
Council of Twelve or Consiglio dei XII
Political parties and leaders
Communist Refoundation or RC [Ivan FOSHI]; Ideas in Movement or IM [Alessandro ROSSI]; National Alliance or AN [leader NA]; Party of Democrats or PD [Claudio FELICI]; San Marino Christian Democratic Party or PDCS [Romeo RIORRI]; San Marino Popular Alliance of Democrats or APDS [Roberto GIORGETTI]; San Marino Socialist Party or PSS [Augusto CASALI]; Socialists for Reform or SR [Renzo GIARDI]
Political pressure groups and leaders
International organization participation
CE, ECE, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WToO
Diplomatic representation in the US
San Marino does not have an embassy in the US honorary consulate(s) general: Washington, DC and New York honorary consulate(s): Detroit and Honolulu
Diplomatic representation from the US
the US does not have an embassy in San Marino; the US Consul General in Florence (Italy) is accredited to San Marino
two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and light blue with the national coat of arms superimposed in the center; the coat of arms has a shield (featuring three towers on three peaks) flanked by a wreath, below a crown and above a scroll bearing the word LIBERTAS (Liberty)
Economy - overview
The tourist sector contributes over 50% of GDP. In 2000 more than 3 million tourists visited San Marino. The key industries are banking, wearing apparel, electronics, and ceramics. Main agricultural products are wine and cheeses. The per capita level of output and standard of living are comparable to those of the most prosperous regions of Italy, which supplies much of its food.
purchasing power parity - $940 million (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate
7.5% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita
purchasing power parity - $34,600 (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector
agriculture: NA% industry: NA% services: NA%
Population below poverty line
Household income or consumption by percentage share
lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices)
18,500 (1999) (1999)
Labor force - by occupation
services 57%, industry 42%, agriculture 1% (2000 est.)
revenues: $400 million expenditures: $400 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)