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Difference between revisions of "San Marino"

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[[Image:sm-map.png|frame|Map of San Marino]]
 
[[Image:sm-map.png|frame|Map of San Marino]]
  
The third smallest state in [[Western Europe|Western]] [[Europe]] (after the Holy See and Monaco) also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in 301 A.D. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy. Social and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of its larger neighbor.
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The third smallest state in [[Europe]] (after the Holy See and Monaco) also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in 301 A.D. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of [[Italy]]. Social and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of its larger neighbor.
  
 
==Cities==
 
==Cities==
 +
 
- San Marino
 
- San Marino
  

Revision as of 15:02, 6 February 2005

Flag
Sm-flag.png
Quick Facts
CapitalSan Marino
Governmentindependent republic
Currencyeuro (EUR)
Areatotal: 61.2 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 61.2 sq km
Population27,730 (July 2002 est.)
LanguageItalian
ReligionRoman Catholic
Map of San Marino

The third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco) also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in 301 A.D. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy. Social and political trends in the republic also track closely with those of its larger neighbor.

Contents

Cities

- San Marino

Understand

San Marino is made up of a few towns dotted around the mountainsides. The capital of San Marino is itself called 'San Marino' and is situated high up on a mountain top. The capital is surrounded by a wall and three distinct towers overlook the rest of the country.

Get in

By plane

San Marino has no airports. The nearest major airport is at Rimini.

By train

San Marino has no train stations. The nearest major train station is at Rimini.

By car

By bus

Bus 72 runs from Rimini to San Marino daily at regular intervals. A return ticket costs around €8.

By other means

There is a 1.5km cable railway connecting the city of San Marino to Borgo Maggiore.

Get around

Once you're inside the walled city, it's small enough to simply walk around. There are only a few streets on which cars are able to drive (and only if they are small cars).

Talk

The people in San Marino are very friendly. They speak a very clear Italian.

See

You can see two of the three towers (as seen on the flag of San Marino) buy purchasing the "Red Card" for €4.50. The "yellow card" (€3) only allows you to see one of the towers. You cannot enter the third tower (since there does not seem to be an entrance!)

Simply walk around the city. The narrow streets are full of surprises. The walkways wind up and down the hillside in an interesting way, inviting exploration.

Do

Buy

A lot of the souvenir shops sell weapons, from swords to B-B guns.

Eat

Drink

The local beer is very tasty. Spirits are also very commonly found, especially a lemon liquor.

Sleep

Although San Marino has a few hotels, the seaside resort of Rimini has a lot more and is probably a cheaper option.

Learn

Work

Stay safe

Stay healthy

Respect

Contact

External links

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Geography

Location 
Southern Europe, an enclave in central Italy
Geographic coordinates 
43 46 N, 12 25 E
Map references 
Europe
Area 
total: 61.2 sq km
water: 0 sq km
land: 61.2 sq km
Area - comparative 
about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC
Land boundaries 
total: 39 km
border countries: Italy 39 km
Coastline 
0 km (landlocked)
Maritime claims 
none (landlocked)
Climate 
Mediterranean; mild to cool winters; warm, sunny summers
Terrain 
rugged mountains
Elevation extremes 
lowest point: Torrente Ausa 55 m
highest point: Monte Titano 755 m
Natural resources 
building stone
Land use 
arable land: 16.67%
permanent crops: 0%
other: 83.33% (1998 est.)
Irrigated land 
NA sq km
Natural hazards 
NA
Environment - current issues 
NA
Environment - international agreements 
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Nuclear Test Ban
signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution
Geography - note 
landlocked; smallest independent state in Europe after the Holy See and Monaco; dominated by the Apennines

People

Population 
27,730 (July 2002 est.)
Age structure 
0-14 years: 16.1% (male 2,300; female 2,161)
15-64 years: 67.5% (male 9,102; female 9,625)
65 years and over: 16.4% (male 1,956; female 2,586) (2002 est.)
Population growth rate 
1.41% (2002 est.)
Birth rate 
10.64 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Death rate 
7.79 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Net migration rate 
11.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)
Sex ratio 
at birth: 1.09 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Infant mortality rate 
6.09 deaths/1,000 live births (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth 
total population: 81.33 years
female: 85.18 years (2002 est.)
male: 77.79 years
Total fertility rate 
1.3 children born/woman (2002 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate 
NA%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS 
NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths 
NA
Nationality 
noun: Sammarinese (singular and plural)
adjective: Sammarinese
Ethnic groups 
Sammarinese, Italian
Religions 
Roman Catholic
Languages 
Italian
Literacy 
definition: age 10 and over can read and write
total population: 96%
male: 97%
female: 95% (1976 est.)

Government

Country name 
conventional long form: Republic of San Marino
conventional short form: San Marino
local short form: San Marino
local long form: Repubblica di San Marino
Government type 
independent republic
Capital 
San Marino
Administrative divisions 
9 municipalities (castelli, singular - castello); Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Monte Giardino, San Marino, Serravalle
Independence 
3 September 301
National holiday 
Founding of the Republic, 3 September (301)
Constitution 
8 October 1600; electoral law of 1926 serves some of the functions of a constitution
Legal system 
based on civil law system with Italian law influences; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage 
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch 
chief of state: cochiefs of state Captain Regent Giuseppe Maria MORGANTI and Captain Regent Mauro CHIARUZZI (for the period 1 October 2002-31 March 2003)
elections: cochiefs of state (captains regent) elected by the Great and General Council for a six-month term; election last held NA September 2002 (next to be held NA April 2003); secretary of state for foreign and political affairs elected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term; election last held 17 December 2002 (next to be held NA June 2007)
note: the popularly elected parliament (Grand and General Council) selects two of its members to serve as the Captains Regent (cochiefs of state) for a six-month period; they preside over meetings of the Grand and General Council and its cabinet (Congress of State) which has ten other members, all selected by the Grand and General Council; assisting the captains regent are ten secretaries of state; the secretary of state for Foreign Affairs has assumed some of the prerogatives of a prime minister
election results: Giuseppe Maria MORGANTI and Mauro CHIARUZZI reelected captains regent; percent of legislative vote - NA%; Fiorenzo STOLFI elected secretary of state for foreign and political affairs; percent of legislative vote - 40%
cabinet: Congress of State elected by the Great and General Council for a five-year term
head of government: Secretary of State for Foreign and Political Affairs Fiorenzo STOLFI (since 17 December 2002)
Legislative branch 
unicameral Grand and General Council or Consiglio Grande e Generale (60 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve five-year terms)
elections: last held 10 June 2001 (next to be held by June 2006)
election results: percent of vote by party - PDCS 41.4%, PSS 24.2%, PD 20.8%, APDS 8.2%, RC 3.4%, AN 1.9%; seats by party - PDCS 25, PSS 15, PD 12, APDS 5, RC 2, AN 1
Judicial branch 
Council of Twelve or Consiglio dei XII
Political parties and leaders 
Communist Refoundation or RC [Ivan FOSHI]; Ideas in Movement or IM [Alessandro ROSSI]; National Alliance or AN [leader NA]; Party of Democrats or PD [Claudio FELICI]; San Marino Christian Democratic Party or PDCS [Romeo RIORRI]; San Marino Popular Alliance of Democrats or APDS [Roberto GIORGETTI]; San Marino Socialist Party or PSS [Augusto CASALI]; Socialists for Reform or SR [Renzo GIARDI]
Political pressure groups and leaders 
NA
International organization participation 
CE, ECE, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IOC, IOM (observer), ITU, OPCW, OSCE, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WToO
Diplomatic representation in the US 
San Marino does not have an embassy in the US
honorary consulate(s) general: Washington, DC and New York
honorary consulate(s): Detroit and Honolulu
Diplomatic representation from the US 
the US does not have an embassy in San Marino; the US Consul General in Florence (Italy) is accredited to San Marino
Flag description 
two equal horizontal bands of white (top) and light blue with the national coat of arms superimposed in the center; the coat of arms has a shield (featuring three towers on three peaks) flanked by a wreath, below a crown and above a scroll bearing the word LIBERTAS (Liberty)

Economy

Economy - overview 
The tourist sector contributes over 50% of GDP. In 2000 more than 3 million tourists visited San Marino. The key industries are banking, wearing apparel, electronics, and ceramics. Main agricultural products are wine and cheeses. The per capita level of output and standard of living are comparable to those of the most prosperous regions of Italy, which supplies much of its food.
GDP 
purchasing power parity - $940 million (2001 est.)
GDP - real growth rate 
7.5% (2001 est.)
GDP - per capita 
purchasing power parity - $34,600 (2001 est.)
GDP - composition by sector 
agriculture: NA%
industry: NA%
services: NA%
Population below poverty line 
NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share 
lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA%
Inflation rate (consumer prices) 
3.3% (2001)
Labor force 
18,500 (1999) (1999)
Labor force - by occupation 
services 57%, industry 42%, agriculture 1% (2000 est.)
Unemployment rate 
2.6% (2001)
Budget 
revenues: $400 million
expenditures: $400 million, including capital expenditures of $NA (2000 est.)
Industries 
tourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement, wine
Industrial production growth rate 
6% (1997 est.)
Electricity - production 
0 kWh
Electricity - production by source 
fossil fuel: NA%
other: NA%
nuclear: NA%
hydro: NA%
Electricity - consumption 
184.5 million kWh (2000)
Electricity - exports 
0 kWh
note: electric power supplied by Italy (1999)
Electricity - imports 
185 kWh
note: electricity supplied by Italy (2000)
Agriculture - products 
wheat, grapes, corn, olives; cattle, pigs, horses, beef, cheese, hides
Exports 
trade data are included with the statistics for Italy
Exports - commodities 
building stone, lime, wood, chestnuts, wheat, wine, baked goods, hides, ceramics
Imports 
trade data are included with the statistics for Italy
Imports - commodities 
wide variety of consumer manufactures, food
Debt - external 
$NA
Economic aid - recipient 
$NA
Currency 
euro (EUR); Italian lira (ITL)
Currency code 
EUR; ITL
Exchange rates 
euros per US dollar - 1.1324 (January 2002), 1.1175 (2001), 1.08540 (2000), 0.93863 (1999); Italian lire per US dollar - 1,736.2 (1998), 1,703.1 (1997)
Fiscal year 
calendar year

Communications

Telephones - main lines in use 
18,000 (1998)
Telephones - mobile cellular 
3,010 (1998)
Telephone system 
general assessment: adequate connections
domestic: automatic telephone system completely integrated into Italian system
international: connected to Italian international network
Radio broadcast stations 
AM 0, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
Radios 
16,000 (1997)
Television broadcast stations 
1 (San Marino residents also receive broadcasts from Italy) (1997)
Televisions 
9,000 (1997)
Internet country code 
.sm
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) 
2 (2000)
Internet users 
NA

Transportation

Railways 
0 km; note - there is a 1.5-km cable railway connecting the city of San Marino to Borgo Maggiore
Highways 
total: 220 km
paved: 220 km
unpaved: 0 km (2001)
Waterways 
none
Ports and harbors 
none
Airports 
none (2001)

Military

Military branches 
Voluntary Military Force (Corpi Militari Voluntar), Gendarmerie; note - the Voluntary Military Force performs ceremonial duties and limited police assistance
Military expenditures - dollar figure 
$700,000 (FY00/01)
Military expenditures - percent of GDP 
NA%

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international 
none

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages

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