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[[Image:KamchatkaVolcano.jpg|thumb|right|300px|Volcano on the Kamchatka Peninsula]]
 
[[Image:KamchatkaVolcano.jpg|thumb|right|300px|Volcano on the Kamchatka Peninsula]]
  
'''Far Eastern Russia''' (Дальний Восток России ''Dalniy Vostok Rossii'') is the easternmost part of [[Russia]], comprising its Pacific Ocean islands, coastline and a swathe of eastern Siberia.
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'''Far Eastern Russia''' ([[Russian phrasebook|Russian]]: Да́льный Восто́к Росси́й, ''DAHL'-nih vah-STOHK rah-SEE'') is the easternmost part of [[Russia]], comprising its Pacific Ocean islands, coastline and a swathe of eastern Siberia. The northern part of the region is in the [[Arctic]].
  
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<br clear="all" />
 
==Regions==
 
==Regions==
[[Image:Far Eastern Russia regions.png|thumb|300px]]
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[[Image:Russian Far East regions map2.png|thumb|400px]]
  
 
{{Regionlist|
 
{{Regionlist|
  
region1name=[[Northeastern Russia]] |
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region1name=[[Amur Oblast]] |
region1color=#cc9933 |
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region1color=#4f93c0 |
 
region1items= |
 
region1items= |
 
region1description= |
 
region1description= |
  
region2name=[[Southeastern Russia]] |
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region2name=[[Chukotka]] |
region2color=#cc3333 |
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region2color=#b5d29f |
 
region2items= |
 
region2items= |
 
region2description= |
 
region2description= |
  
region3name=[[Yakutia]]  |
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region3name=[[Jewish Autonomous Oblast]]  |
region3color=#66cc66 |
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region3color=#d5dc76 |
 
region3items= |
 
region3items= |
 
region3description= |
 
region3description= |
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region4name=[[Kamchatka]] |
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region4color=#71b37b  |
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region4items= |
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region4description= |
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region5name=[[Khabarovsk Krai]] |
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region5color=#578e86 |
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region5items= |
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region5description= |
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region6name=[[Kuril Islands]]  |
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region6color=#4135e3  |
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region6items= |
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region6description= |
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region7name=[[Magadan Oblast]] |
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region7color=#8a84a3  |
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region7items= |
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region7description= |
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region8name=[[Primorsky Krai]] |
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region8color=#d09440 |
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region8items= |
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region8description= |
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region9name=[[Sakhalin]]  |
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region9color=#ac5c91  |
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region9items= |
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region9description= |
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region10name=[[Yakutia]] |
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region10color=#d56d76  |
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region10items= |
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region10description= |
  
 
}}
 
}}
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* [[Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky]] &mdash; gateway to nature lovers' paradise
 
* [[Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky]] &mdash; gateway to nature lovers' paradise
 
* [[Vladivostok]] &mdash; the largest city and the Russian terminus of the [[Trans-Siberian Railway]]
 
* [[Vladivostok]] &mdash; the largest city and the Russian terminus of the [[Trans-Siberian Railway]]
* [[Yakutsk]] &mdash; quite possibly [[Earth]]'s coldest city
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* [[Yakutsk]] &mdash; quite possibly Earth's coldest city
 
* [[Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk]] &mdash; the Russian Far East's island capital
 
* [[Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk]] &mdash; the Russian Far East's island capital
  
 
==Other destinations==
 
==Other destinations==
  
* '''The National Parks of [[Kamchatka]]''' offer some of the most stunning landscapes in the world, full of volcanoes, geysers, and lakes of acid
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*[[Kuril Islands|Atlasov Island]] &mdash; a volcanic island renowned for the pure beauty of its perfect conical shape
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* The [[Kamchatka#Other destinations|National Parks of Kamchatka]] &mdash; some of the most stunning landscapes in the world, full of volcanoes, geysers, and lakes of acid.
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* [[Magadan Oblast|Kolyma]] &mdash; the terrifying Soviet gulag system of Siberia's coldest, remotest, and most hopeless mining region
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* [[Pole of Cold]] &mdash; the coldest place on earth outside [[Antarctica]], in the heart of [[Yakutia]]
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* The [[Sikhote-Alin]] mountain range &mdash; the region home to the famous Amur Tiger as well as an enormous meteorite crash site, and designated a [[UNESCO World Heritage list|UNESCO World Heritage site]] for its diverse ecosystems ranging from Siberian to subtropical.
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* [[Wrangel Island]] &mdash; an arctic island and [[UNESCO World Heritage list|UNESCO World Heritage site]] at the end of the earth, of dramatic mountainous tundra landscapes, biodiversity, walruses, grey whales, and the world's highest concentration of polar bear dens.
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==
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The Russian Far East is extraordinarily far from Russia's major population centers in [[Europe]] and is usually visited separately, unless by the [[Trans-Siberian Railway]]. The largest city in the region, Vladivostok, is a full seven time zones away from [[Moscow]], with 9,300 km of railroad between them. The Far East is very different from popular conceptions of Russia&mdash;it is very mountainous and has an often spectacular Pacific coastline.  
 
The Russian Far East is extraordinarily far from Russia's major population centers in [[Europe]] and is usually visited separately, unless by the [[Trans-Siberian Railway]]. The largest city in the region, Vladivostok, is a full seven time zones away from [[Moscow]], with 9,300 km of railroad between them. The Far East is very different from popular conceptions of Russia&mdash;it is very mountainous and has an often spectacular Pacific coastline.  
  
If time and money are not constraints, the highlights of this massive region include the city of [[Vladivostok]], the beautiful [[Sakhalin Oblast|Kuril Islands]], the otherworldly National Parks of [[Kamchatka]], cruising along the coast of [[Chukotka]], and big game hunting in the wildlife paradise of [[Yakutia]].
+
If time and money are not constraints, the highlights of this massive region include the city of [[Vladivostok]], the beautiful [[Kuril Islands]], the otherworldly National Parks of [[Kamchatka]], cruising along the coast of [[Chukotka]], and big game hunting in the wildlife paradise of [[Yakutia]].
  
 
==Talk==
 
==Talk==
  
There are a good number of Finnic and Chukutko-Kamchatkan languages spoken throughout the more northerly regions of the Far East. [[Korean phrasebook|Korean]] is also widely spoken in [[Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk]] by the Sakhalin Koreans. But, as in all of Russia, [[Russian phrasebook|Russian]] is the principal language and is spoken by nearly everyone, regardless of their first language.  [[Chinese phrasebook|Chinese]] and [[Japanese phrasebook|Japanese]] are common foreign languages in the nearby border regions of Russia, but European languages are far less widespread than in European Russian and travelers should not expect to rely on them.
+
There are a good number of Finnic and Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages spoken throughout the more northerly regions of the Far East. [[Korean phrasebook|Korean]] is also widely spoken in [[Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk]] by the Sakhalin Koreans. But, as in all of Russia, [[Russian phrasebook|Russian]] is the principal language and is spoken by nearly everyone, regardless of their first language.  [[Chinese phrasebook|Chinese]] and [[Japanese phrasebook|Japanese]] are common foreign languages as students learn them in the nearby border regions of Russia, but European languages are far less widespread than in European Russia and travelers should not expect to rely on them. However English is a major international language and expect it to be the most widespread among students and business people here.
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
  
The principal transit hubs, with good sized international airports, are [[Khabarovsk]], [[Vladivostok]], and to a lesser extent [[Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky]]. In general, you will either arrive by plane or the [[Trans-Siberian Railway]]. But it is also possible to arrive by boat from [[Alaska]] and [[Japan]] to destinations on the Russian Pacific coast. Although highly unrecommended, it is also possible to '''swim''' from the [[United States of America]] to [[Chukotka]] across the Bering Strait.
+
The principal transit hubs, with good sized international airports, are [[Khabarovsk]], [[Vladivostok]], and to a lesser extent [[Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky]]. In general, you will either arrive by plane or the [[Trans-Siberian Railway]]. But it is also possible to arrive by boat from [[Alaska]] and [[Japan]] to destinations on the Russian Pacific coast.
 
+
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
  
Distances between cities and towns in the Russian Far East are ''huge'' and ''infrastructure is lacking''. A combination of using the [[Trans-Siberian Railway]], the [[Baikal-Amur Mainline]], and for destinations off the rail system, domestic flights, will get you around the majority, but not the entirety, of the region. In particular, [[Northeastern Russia]] is almost entirely without interregional transportation infrastructure and is off the Russian rail network&mdash;the one exception is the long, lonely, country road from [[Yakutsk]] to [[Magadan]]. Heading north from [[Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky]] by road will only take you as far as [[Palana]]; from Palana onwards, overland travel becomes wilderness adventure.
+
Distances between cities and towns in the Russian Far East are ''huge'' and ''infrastructure is lacking''. A combination of using the [[Trans-Siberian Railway]], the [[Baikal-Amur Mainline]], and for destinations off the rail system, domestic flights, will get you around the majority, but not the entirety, of the region. In particular, [[Northeastern Russia]] is almost entirely without interregional transportation infrastructure and is off the Russian rail network&mdash;the one exception is the long, lonely, seasonal, and partially maintained country roads connecting [[Yakutsk]] to [[Magadan]]. Heading north from [[Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky]] by road will only take you as far as [[Esso]], road tracks passable by half-track vehicles in March extend as far as [[Palana]]; from Palana onwards, overland travel becomes wilderness adventure.  
 +
 
 +
This lack of roads and rail network makes travel by sea along the coast a much more accessible option, with expedition cruising companies (such as Heritage Expedition) operating their own ice-strengthened polar research vessels on several trips from Sakhalin in the south to Kamchatka and Kamchatka north into the Russian Arctic including Wrangel and Herald Islands, famous for the density of Polar Bears.
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===By air===
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* Yakutia Airlines.[http://www.yakutia.aero/]
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* Vladivostok Airlines.[http://www.vladivostokavia.ru/en/passengers/]
  
 
==See==
 
==See==
 
===Itineraries===
 
===Itineraries===
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* [[Kolyma Highway]] — ultimate adventure in Russian taiga, connecting [[Magadan]] with [[Yakutsk]] and featuring lots of abandoned towns
  
 
==Do==
 
==Do==
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==Get out==
 
==Get out==
 
 
The Russian Far East borders [[Mongolia]] and [[China]] to the south, [[North Korea]] and [[Japan]] to the southeast, and [[Alaska]] to the northeast, and there is transport available to all of them from nearby regions in the Far East.
 
The Russian Far East borders [[Mongolia]] and [[China]] to the south, [[North Korea]] and [[Japan]] to the southeast, and [[Alaska]] to the northeast, and there is transport available to all of them from nearby regions in the Far East.
  
{{IsIn|Russia}}
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{{IsPartOf|Russia}}
 
{{outline}}
 
{{outline}}
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[[fi:Kaukoidän Venäjä]]
 
[[it:Estremo Oriente (Russia)]]
 
[[it:Estremo Oriente (Russia)]]
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[[ja:極東連邦管区]]
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[[ru:Дальний Восток]]
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[[wts:category:Russian Far East]]
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[[WikiPedia:Far Eastern Federal District]]

Revision as of 13:11, 11 December 2012

Volcano on the Kamchatka Peninsula

Far Eastern Russia (Russian: Да́льный Восто́к Росси́й, DAHL'-nih vah-STOHK rah-SEE) is the easternmost part of Russia, comprising its Pacific Ocean islands, coastline and a swathe of eastern Siberia. The northern part of the region is in the Arctic.


Contents

Regions

Russian Far East regions map2.png

Cities

Other destinations

  • Atlasov Island — a volcanic island renowned for the pure beauty of its perfect conical shape
  • The National Parks of Kamchatka — some of the most stunning landscapes in the world, full of volcanoes, geysers, and lakes of acid.
  • Kolyma — the terrifying Soviet gulag system of Siberia's coldest, remotest, and most hopeless mining region
  • Pole of Cold — the coldest place on earth outside Antarctica, in the heart of Yakutia
  • The Sikhote-Alin mountain range — the region home to the famous Amur Tiger as well as an enormous meteorite crash site, and designated a UNESCO World Heritage site for its diverse ecosystems ranging from Siberian to subtropical.
  • Wrangel Island — an arctic island and UNESCO World Heritage site at the end of the earth, of dramatic mountainous tundra landscapes, biodiversity, walruses, grey whales, and the world's highest concentration of polar bear dens.

Understand

The Russian Far East is extraordinarily far from Russia's major population centers in Europe and is usually visited separately, unless by the Trans-Siberian Railway. The largest city in the region, Vladivostok, is a full seven time zones away from Moscow, with 9,300 km of railroad between them. The Far East is very different from popular conceptions of Russia—it is very mountainous and has an often spectacular Pacific coastline.

If time and money are not constraints, the highlights of this massive region include the city of Vladivostok, the beautiful Kuril Islands, the otherworldly National Parks of Kamchatka, cruising along the coast of Chukotka, and big game hunting in the wildlife paradise of Yakutia.

Talk

There are a good number of Finnic and Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages spoken throughout the more northerly regions of the Far East. Korean is also widely spoken in Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk by the Sakhalin Koreans. But, as in all of Russia, Russian is the principal language and is spoken by nearly everyone, regardless of their first language. Chinese and Japanese are common foreign languages as students learn them in the nearby border regions of Russia, but European languages are far less widespread than in European Russia and travelers should not expect to rely on them. However English is a major international language and expect it to be the most widespread among students and business people here.

Get in

The principal transit hubs, with good sized international airports, are Khabarovsk, Vladivostok, and to a lesser extent Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. In general, you will either arrive by plane or the Trans-Siberian Railway. But it is also possible to arrive by boat from Alaska and Japan to destinations on the Russian Pacific coast.

Get around

Distances between cities and towns in the Russian Far East are huge and infrastructure is lacking. A combination of using the Trans-Siberian Railway, the Baikal-Amur Mainline, and for destinations off the rail system, domestic flights, will get you around the majority, but not the entirety, of the region. In particular, Northeastern Russia is almost entirely without interregional transportation infrastructure and is off the Russian rail network—the one exception is the long, lonely, seasonal, and partially maintained country roads connecting Yakutsk to Magadan. Heading north from Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky by road will only take you as far as Esso, road tracks passable by half-track vehicles in March extend as far as Palana; from Palana onwards, overland travel becomes wilderness adventure.

This lack of roads and rail network makes travel by sea along the coast a much more accessible option, with expedition cruising companies (such as Heritage Expedition) operating their own ice-strengthened polar research vessels on several trips from Sakhalin in the south to Kamchatka and Kamchatka north into the Russian Arctic including Wrangel and Herald Islands, famous for the density of Polar Bears.

By air

  • Yakutia Airlines.[1]
  • Vladivostok Airlines.[2]

See

Itineraries

Do

Eat

Drink

Stay safe

Get out

The Russian Far East borders Mongolia and China to the south, North Korea and Japan to the southeast, and Alaska to the northeast, and there is transport available to all of them from nearby regions in the Far East.



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