Rostov-on-the-Don is the principal rail hub for trains heading south to [[Krasnodar Krai]] and all destinations in the [[Northern Caucasus]]. Trains also head west into [[Ukraine]], going as far as the [[Crimea]] or [[Kiev]].
Rostov-on-the-Don is the principal rail hub for trains heading south to [[Krasnodar Krai]] and all destinations in the [[Caucasus]]. Trains also head west into [[Ukraine]], going as far as the [[Crimea]] or [[Kiev]].
Azov — great destination on the Sea of Azov for history buffs as it was a center of the centuries long Russo-Turkish conflict and also for archaeological research at nearby Tanais, an ancient Bosporan Greek city
Aksay — an important Cossack town with a fun fortress and several military museums
Novocherkessk — the world capital of Cossack culture, this relatively large city is full of Cossack-related sites for the visitor
Starocherkessk — near Novocherkessk is the old capital of the Don Cossacks; this is perhaps Rostov Oblast's most precious site, full of Cossack cultural monuments
Taganrog — Anton Chekhov's hometown is a well preserved monument to his childhood and youth containing several museums and palaces; Rostov Oblast's second largest city
Vyoshenskaya Stanitsa — this small riverside Cossack stanitsa is the hometown of Nobel Prize winning novelist Mikhail Sholokhov
Rostovsky Nature Reserve — preserving one of the world's last virgin, never-plowed steppes, this reserve is home to wild Don horses on Vodny Island, as well as the endangered polecat and several rare bird species
Rostov Oblast is one of Russia's most populous regions and is the economic and cultural center of Southern Russia. The region is especially notable for being the center of the Don Cossack culture and contains the world's most important Cossack cultural monuments and museums, primarily in Novocherkassk and Starocherkassk. The region was also a major center of anti-Soviet resistance during the Russian Civil War (1918–21).
There are domestic flights from virtually any large airport in Russia to Rostov-on-the-Don. Rostov also serves as the principal transit junction for the region, trains coming here will come through Voronezh from Moscow.
The Don River region is a principal wine region for Russia — not that Russian wine is the world's most renowned, but a Russian winery makes for an interesting visit. The town of Tsimlyansk is famous for its Tsimlanskaya champaigne.