Situated on the River Tiber, between the Apennine Mountains and the Tyrrhenian Sea, the "Eternal City" was once the administrative center of the mighty Roman Empire, governing a vast region that stretched all the way from Britain to Mesopotamia. Today it remains the seat of the Italian government and home to numerous ministerial offices, but is superseded by Milan, in the industrial north, in terms of finance.
Romans are highly tolerant, but nonetheless try to avoid getting involved in political or religious debates. Also avoid emphasizing your wealth. It is also a deeply humorous town so don't get excited if anyone very soon starts laughing at you (they do it among themselves too).
Rome has two main international airports:
Leonardo da Vinci International Airport (Rome Fiumicino, code FCO) - well organized and connected to the center of the city by public transportation
Ciampino International Airport - (Rome Ciampino, code CIA) located to the south of the capital, confusingly on via Leonardo Da Vinci.
Leonardo da Vinci/Fiumicino International Airport (FCO)
There are several options for getting between Leonard da Vinci airport and downtown Rome:
Leonardo Express trains make the 40 minute trip between the central train station Roma Termini and the airport every 30 minutes. €9.50. Trains depart Termini from the track on the right. Tickets are available at the counter as well as the Termini news stand. Tickets sold at the departure platform are more expensive.
Be aware that Express trains stop 1 km faraway from the railway station front. A good idea is to take any underground train of the orange line (line A) at the nearest "Vittorio" square. N°70 bus is also available. Walking in Vittorio square and its neighborhood at night it's not advisable.
The Metropolitan train leaves from the track on the left but doesnt stop at Termini. Get off at Tiburtina Station to connect to the Rome Metro. €5, plus €1 for a metro ticket.
Terravision.  run a bus service to Termini station. €9 single or €15 return, 70 minutes, 5 stops, 7 services a day.
Taxis should cost 40-50 euro each way. Agree a price including luggage before getting in, and watch out for fake taxi drivers at Termini.
Rental cars are available.
Shuttle services must be booked 1 day in advance. Two Companies are listed below:
Airport shuttle offers Door to door service from airport FIUMICINO / CIAMPINO to Rome hotels or private residence. Minibus 8 seats Tel.: +39/06.42013469 or +39/06.4740451 or +39/06.42014507
Easyjet, Ryanair and Wizzair flights, among others (see Discount airlines in Europe) arrive at Ciampino Airport (CIA). This small airport is closer to the city center than Fiumicino but has no direct rail link. Note that cash machines are available only in the departures area at Ciampino.
COTRAL/Schiaffini operate buses from outside the terminal building to Anagnina metro station, costing €1. A metro ticket to central Rome costs another €1. There are also buses at the same price to Ciampino local train station, from where a train to Rome Termini station costs €2. The buses operate roughly every hour or 30 minutes during the Italian work day (8-12 and 16-20), and you should count on at least 45 minutes travel time for either route. Italian trains are notoriously late, and the metro can get very crowded. Timetable booklets are available in some information booths.
Schiaffini also run direct buses to Termini station for €5 one-way, taking 40 minutes, but with far fewer departures than Terravision (see below). These buses are not mentioned on the airport website yet, but you can find them on Schiaffini's own site.
Terravision run a direct bus service to Termini. The price is €8 one-way or €13.50 return, taking 40 minutes (about 20 services a day). Despite timing buses to connect with flights, they ask passengers on the return trip from Termini to board the bus 2.5 hours before their flight's departure time. Terravision also offers buses from Fiumicino airport to Termini, and a transfer bus between the two airports.
The price quote on a taxi ride to Termini may be as high as €80 though a fair price should be around €35-40. Always negotiate the total price including luggage supplements (tutto inclusivo) before boarding the taxi!
Rental cars are available in the airport terminal from all the usual companies.
Rome's main railway station is Termini Station. Like any other train station, it's not very safe at night. It's also locked up between 00:30 and 04:30, when the only people hanging around outside are taxi drivers and the homeless. Most long-distance trains passing through Rome between these times will stop at Tiburtina station instead.
Other main stations include Ostiense, Trastevere, Tuscolana, Tiburtina.
Roman drivers are infamous for their aggressive driving. Avoid driving in Rome if you can. If you happen to have an auto incident with a true Roman, be prepared for an angry confrontation.
Cruise ships dock in nearby Civitavecchia. Most cruises should have some form of transport to Rome.
Now it is possible to dock in new Porto di Roma, Ostia. At few kilometers from Rome and linked by train and metro
Warning! Some private citizens dress up their cars to look like cabs. Generally these people strategically locate themselves at airports and railway stations, waiting for travellers. By accepting their purposes for taxi service, you'll find your trouble. So watch out for operators that don't have a licenced meter. They will really rip you off! Use only authorised taxis (white vehicles with a taximeter) that are available in the arrivals areas of the terminals
Taxis are the most expensive way to get around Rome. When you get in the cab there will be a fixed starting charge. Supplements are requested for luggage, night-time runs and public holidays.
If you bring bags aboard, say for example after you've been shopping, you'll becharged €1 extra for each bag
Cab stands are placed all over the city too, so flagging one down is not a problem. Be warned that when you call for a taxi, the cab' meters starts running when it is summoned, not when it arrive to pick you up, so by the time a cab arrives at your location there will already be a substantial amount on the meter.
The main taxi companies are 063570 and 065551. Rome also has several taxi cooperatives. La Capitale Tel 064994. Roma sud Tel 066645 Cosmos 0688177
Once you're in the center you're best off on foot. What could be more romantic than strolling through Rome on foot holding hands? Hard to beat!
The buses basically operate on the honor system, but ATAC  does police the bus system for people riding without tickets. ATAC officers may board at every door of the bus just before the bus leaves and check every passenger on the bus. Stamp the ticket before boarding the MetRo, or on board the bus or tram, or face a €100 fine. Though inspectors are rare, if you don't have sufficient money on you to pay the fine, they will actually escort you to an ATM to pay the fee. If you don't have an ATM card to withdraw money, the officers have been known to take you to jail for at most 24 hours.
Transport ticket (biglietti per autobus) - one metro ride and as many bus/tram rides as you can do in an hour and a quarter (1 Euro). Tickets can only be purchased at Tabaccheria (big 'T' sign outside), newspaper kiosks or vending machines in some metro stations. You'll have more chances to buy them in "Bars" inside the Metro stations.
So called "24 hour" tickets are only valid on the day you buy them, not for 24 hours after buying. Be aware that many tabaccherie close on Sunday, so buy your tickets in advance. You can also get tickets for longer periods. For example, a three-day ticket costs €11. They're dead handy, as you can use them on the bus, tram and metro.
One of the most popular and useful lines is the 40, which arches from the Termini station through the historic center and then up to the Castel Sant'Angelo, near the Vatican.
Night buses Night buses should be useful due to the closing of the Metro stations at 23:30 and the stop of regular lines of buses and Trams at midnight. During the summer (until 23rd September) and on Fridays and Saturdays, the frequency of the rides is halved, which can vary among 10, 15, 30 and 35 minutes depending on the line, and of course, the particular pace of the city. In any case they are much more punctual than during the day, as traffic is much less jammed. This makes the drivers drive at high speeds, allowing passengers to experience a strange mixture of adrenaline and (the city's) classical views.
The Tram routes mostly skirt the historic center, but there are stops convenient for the Vatican, the Colosseum, and the Trastevere area. The number 8 does run into the center. If you want to catch a soccer game at one of the stadiums in the north of the city, catch the tram just north of the Piazza del Popolo.
There are two lines, crossing at Termini station. Line A (red line) runs northwest past the Vatican, and south. Line B (Blue Line) runs southwest past the Colosseum and northeast. At moment (2006) Line A stops running at 9:30 pm.
Roman Empire structures
The Colosseum, Forum, and Palatine Hill are all in very close proximity to each other.
The Colosseum - Entry €10 (cheaper for EU nationals). Expect a long queue and an even longer wait. You can skip the queue if you decide to take a tour, but if you don't want a tour, you can STILL skip the queue. If you walk across the street to the Forum, you can buy a day-long pass for 10 euros (or, better still, a 7-day pass for 20 euros). This pass gets you in to the Colosseum, Palatine Hill, the Baths of Caracalla, and the catacombs. If you don't want to cram it all into one day, get the pass. Plus, it is nice to buy a slice of pizza and eat in the gardens of Palatine Hill. There are lots of people offering tours in English just outside the entrance to the Colosseum. Inside you can take a tour (English, Spanish, or German) every 30 minutes or so for an additional fee of 3.5 euros per person.
The Pantheon - A marvel of ancient architecture, this ancient temple to all the gods is celebrated for its large dome, copied during Greek and Roman revival periods by such designers as Thomas Jefferson, who modeled his Monticello and the Rotunda at the University of Virginia on it. Built during the reign of the emperor Hadrian (AD 125-128), the Pantheon carries a dedication to Marcus Agrippa, who built the original structure on this spot in 27 BC. As it is still a functioning church, silence is requested during your visit. Free admission.
Roman Forum - If stones could talk: these hallowed ruins were the most powerful seat of government in the world. The Forum is much less crowded than the Colosseum and, from a historical perspective, much more interesting. Free admission, except for an audio guide, which is highly recommended.
Palatine Hill - right next to the Roman Forum, contains the ruins of several large villas that belonged to wealthy Roman families. You can buy a combined ticket for the Palatine Hill and the Colosseum here, avoiding the long lines at the Colosseum.
Fori Imperiali - Entry €7 (cheaper for EU nationals, free for EU history students). The inside of the fort is very similar to a museum, with a lot of rooms containing items in glass cases. It is a bit of a maze and takes time to orient yourself, but it is worth climbing to very top for a view of the city and the Vatican.
The Capitoline Museums Also contain a good collection of classical art, as well as ancient sculpture. The Capitoline piazza, between the two museum buildings - designed by Michelangelo, is beautiful. Explore these museums, then head out the back of the square to the Forum, where you'll find the remains of the Temple of the Vestal Virgins, among many other buildings on the way to the Colosseum.
Galleria Borghese A small museum that concentrates on the quality rather than the size of its collection. There are some very notable works by Antonio Canova and Gian Lorenzo Bernini here.
Villa Giulia Museum The most extensive collection of Etruscan art and artifacts anywhere, well worth the 4 euro admission charge. They do, however, make you lock up your camera. A difficult museum to find, but a lovely display in a beautiful villa setting.
If you aren't familliar with Roman Catholic churches, take a look inside of any one of these. You'll find the richness and range of decor astonishing, from fine classical art to tacky electric candles.
St. Pietro - St Peter's - where the Pope resides. Long queues for entry, said to be the finest church on the planet.
San Carlo alla Quattro Fontane - a very small and beautiful church, the first design commission of Francesco Borromini.
Sant' Ivo della Sapienza
Santa Maria del Popolo - with a couple of paintings by Caravaggio.
San Luigi dei Francesci
San Giovanni in Laterano - this is the cathedral church of Rome and first of the major basilicas. It's also the Pope's (as Bishop of Rome) Church.
Santa Maria Maggiore
San Paolo fuori le mura
San Clemente - a great little cathedral to visit, with an excavated older church below and a pagan temple below that. The only place in Rome to hear the underground river that flows beneath the city.
Santa Maria in Trastevere
Santa Maria degli Angeli
San Pietro in Vincoli, Piazza San Pietro in Vincoli 4A; The chains that held St. Peter are displayed in a case before the altar. Also contains a statue of Moses created by Michelangelo.
Santissima Trinità dei Monti - up above the Spanish Steps
Santa Maria in Aracoeli - close to the Capitol Hill
Santa Maria alla Minerva - piazza della Minerva
The Pantheon - the only intact ancient Roman building. Originally a temple to all (Pan) the Gods (theon), it was consecrated as a Christian church in 606AD, and thus survived the general looting for building materials that ruined the rest of ancient Rome.
Capuchin Monastery - a macabre display of a series of chapels constructed out of the bones of dead monks.
Piazza di Trevi - where you can find the famous Fontana di Trevi
Piazza di Spagna - under the "Spanish Steps"
Piazza Navona - Used to be an ancient stadium built by the emperor Domitian.
Campo de' Fiori
Piazza del Popolo - with the twin churches
Piazza della Minerva
Piazza delle Coppelle
Piazza di Sant'Ignazio
Piazza Montecitorio - where you can find the building of the House or Representatives
Piazza Colonna - where there is the building of the Italian Government: Palazzo Chigi
Piazza Barberini - with the famous fountain
Piazza della Rotonda - where you can see the Pantheon
Piazza del Campidoglio - over the Capitol hill. It was designed by Michelangelo
Palazzo Venezia[]In the very heart of the city center, the building was for centuries ago the seat of the Venice embassy. Today it houses a museum and galleries art
Palazzo della Sapienza - 8, Corso Rinascimento tel 06 686 4987. Bus 70 81, 87, 492.
Close to Navona square, this building housed the University of Rome since the middle of the 15th century until 1935. The splendid interior courtyard was created by Giacomo della Porta. The inside church of St Ivo [] is one of the masterpieces of Architect Borromini[]
Palazzo Altemps - 8, Sant' Apollinare street tel.06 6897091. Bus 70, 81, 87, 492.
Simple and elegant lines make up this building, whose construction began in 1480 for Count Girolamo Riario, nephew of Papa Sisto IV and was taken up by architect Martino Longhi for the new owner, Cardinal Marco Sittico Altemps.
Palazzo Taverna - Via di Monte Giordano. The building is located in one of the most set-apart corners of the city center among the Navona square and Castel Sant Angelo. It served as residence for the Orsini Family. Nowatdays it is a private property and one can only glance at the courtyard and the inside amazing fountain erected in 1618 by architect Antonio Casoni. However, the brief moment is worth it.
Palazzo Crivelli - Via dei Banchi vecchi, 22 This building also know as the Doll House was built in the 16th century.It is unique for the quantity and quality of the decorations - lions heads, satyrs and disfigured heads that adorn the facade attributed to the sculptor Giulio Mazzoni
Palazzo Spada [] Piazza Capo di Ferro - This building was erected in the 16th century by Giulio Merisi Caravaggio [] for Cardinal Capodiferro. One century later it was acquired by another powerful Cardinal, Bernardino Spada and was restored by Borromini
Castel Sant'Angelo - Originally built between 135 and 139 AD by the emperor Hadrian for use as his mausoleum, it rivalled Augustus' mausoleum just across the Tiber (Tevere) River. The mausoleum was later used as a fortress and a prison until 1870, but now houses a museum.
Piramid, at the Piramid metro station.
Walk and feel the energy of the place, sights are everywhere waiting to be discovered. Explore the Trastevere neighbourhood for some great cafes and trattorie, and a glimpse at a hip Roman neighbourhood.
Partying in Rome is a pretty easy thing to do. Given a heart for exploration, Testaccio is the place to wander. Head down there around 11pm and listen for music. The outsides of the clubs will give you NO idea what the insides are like. There are usually loads of people simply walking through the street or looking for parking. Be brave, walk in, meet some wonderful Romans, but never buy them drinks unless you are looking for sex (in this case, better to be sure you are inviting the right person). This area is best in the summer when the dancing moves outside. In the winter, most clubs close.
A great place to look for where parties are happening is http://www.nightshots.it. They list at least one party per night somewhere. Only bummer for English speakers is that it's in Italian. But, with a little help from the Lonely Planet phrasebook, you'll figure out the days and times with no problem.
White Night - Various Events and plus shops and restaurants, museums stay open while the Roman Notte Bianca stages music, dance and theater events;
Estate Romana Festival (Roman Summer Festival) - From late June through early September offers various musical events of jazz, rock, and classical music, and film, sport, theater and children’s fun.
Rome is replete with foreign language and cultural institutions. Of course, learning Italian is a worthwhile activity while in Rome.
Be a good guest if you do not speak Italian. Being extra polite will keep you out of trouble.
If you want to work during the tourist season, ask around at the hostels, hotels and restaurants with that touristy feel. It is quite easy to get a job, and it is a lot of fun even if it does not usually pay well. There are differing views on how easy it is to get a job out here. There is high unemployment and most jobs seem to go on a family - friends - other romans -other Italians - white EU - other foreigners pecking order. Italian helps. And be wary about making any financial commitments before you've actually been paid - late and non-payment is common here, and you may find as a non-Roman you are more likely to be seen as an easy target for this. You will also need a permesso di soggiorno, whether or not you are an EU resident. Legally, you are required to have a working visa, although it is very easy to work and live without one.
Be aware that clothing bigger than a UK size 12/US 16 isn't always easy to find. Quality of clothing varies, from the high-quality (and expensive) Prada, to the poor quality goods found in some local shops. Via del Corso has affordable clothing, some brands (like Miss Sixty and Furla) are excellent. Some are not as good- be sure to feel garments and try them on. There are great quality shoes and leather bags at prices that compare well to the UK and US, quality for quality. Children's clothing can be expensive - basic vests (tank tops) can cost 21 euro in non-designer shops. Upim is a good shop for cheap clothing of workable quality. Lots of fake plastic 'Louis Vuitton' bags on sale from immigrants. Make sure you haggle; unsuspecting tourists pay up to 60euro for them.
If you need stamps get them at the post or tobacco shops.
The Trastevere neighbourhood and the old Jewish quarter have some of the best trattorie and ristoranti in Rome.
In Rome you can ask for:
Carciofi alla romana (artichokes, Roman style)
Carciofi alla giudia (artichokes, Jewish style)
Bucatini alla Amatriciana
Spaghetti (or Rigatoni) alla "Carbonara"
Abbacchio alla "scottadito"
Rigatoni con la "Pajata" (not always available)
Scaloppine alla romana
Coda alla "vaccinara"
Pizza. Lots of the better places only serve pizza in the evening as it takes most of the day to get the wood oven up to the right temperature. Try some of the fried things like baccala (battered salt cod) for a starter, followed by a pizza for a really roman meal. For one of the most famous places for pizza try 'Da Bafetto' (Via del Governo Vecchio). Roman pizzas tend to be very thin crusted.
Avoid the tourist areas where you'll often pay double the going rate just to get a badly reheated frozen pizza. Instead, head for a pizzeria like 'Pizzeria Maratoneta' in via dei Volci / via del Sardi, San Lorenzo area, where you'll find a fine atmosphere of families and groups of students, and you'll get a good meal with a bottle of local plonk at a very reasonable price. You'll get an English menu, too.
Pizza al taglio. Pizza by the slice. A good cheap way to get something to fill you up and makes a good lunch. Point to the one you want, indicate if you want more or less than your server is indicating with the knife. Its sold by weight (the listed price is usually per 100 gm) and a good quick lunch or snack.
Panini. If you don't speak Italian the question you won't understand and will always be asked once you've pointed out the sandwich you want is 'do you want it toasted'. If not, you can simply state 'caldo, per favore' (make it hot, please). Please note: singular is panino, and plural is panini. Never say "2 paninis" or "1 panini". It makes you sound like an idiot.
Ice cream. Look for a gelateria with a big plastic sign with a big 'G' on it outside. This means it has a kind of guild association and will be good quality. Remember it costs extra to sit inside. You pay for your ice cream first...take your receipt and go fight your way through the throng to choose your flavors. You will be asked Panna? when it's almost made - this is the offer of whipped cream on top. If you've already paid, this is free.
Trippa - is tripe. Offal is a roman tradition, e.g. osso buco, bone marrow.
Vegetarians - should have an easy time. Buffets usually have a good range of delicious vegetarian stuff too - eg gratinated roast peppers/aubergines, etc. Vegans should do OK, too. Pizzas don't always have cheese - a Marinara for example, is just tomato, garlic and oregano. Remember, though, that Parmesan cheese is not permitted to be vegetarian.
There are a few vegetarian restaurants in Rome. 'Arancia Blu' on Via Dei Latini (Via Tiburtina) is posh, overpriced and not that good, but the wine list looks impressive.
Coffee. Starbucks has a lot to answer for. A latte is a glass of steamed milk. A latte macchiato (meaning "spotted") the same with a shot of espresso 'marked' through it. Espresso or normale is just that, and usually called "cafe". Espresso doppio means a double shot of espresso, while espresso macchiato is espresso 'marked' with a dab of steamed milk. Americano - the one to order if you like filter coffee. It's espresso topped up with hot water and not very good. Cappuccino - do I need to explain that it is very declasse to order one after 11am and never after a meal? Decaffeinato - self explanatory. Add it after your coffee choice. It is often a Sanka-like product and not nearly as good as the real thing.
Taverna Cestia, Via Piramide Cestia, 65 (at METRO Piramide), Tel: +39 065743754. Excellent traditional roman restaurant. Menu only in italian and the waiters do not speak much english. They have a good selection of seafood and the seafood spaghetti is great
Regional wines (they're cheaper and very good). House wine is almost always drinkable and inexpensive (unlike, say in the UK). Most trattoria wouldn't be caught dead serving poor wine. If the place looks really tourist-trappy then this doesn't apply! (And why would you want to eat there?)
Water is free at most fountains from designated water fountains. Some of these date to ancient times, and the water is still very good. It's fresh spring water and safe to drink. If you carry an empty bottle, fill it up for the rest of the day. Look for the drinking fountain with constant running water, plug the hole and it will shoot up so you can drink it
If you're arriving in Rome during high season, be sure to book your accommodation at least a couple of days in advance. For backpackers the area east of Stationi Termini (the side where you find track 1) is full of cheap accommodation. Go to Enjoy Rome or find a place yourself. If you are staying for a week or more, haggle for a better price.
Ostia is the Capital's beach and it is also well-known for the "Tourist Port of Rome" with moorings for boats from 8 to 60 metres in length. Every angle of this geographic area makes you relive the sparkle of the past of the Roman coast. There's no time to describe it, it's time to visit it….
Litus Roma Hostel, lungomare Toscanelli 186. The first hostel by the sea in Rome. Located near the new port of Rome and close to the excavations of Ostia Antica. it's easy reachable from the center of Rome by underground. Over 140 beds in comfortable rooms with ensuite bathrooms, TV color and a aview of the sea. http://www.litusroma.com
Agli scavi di Ostia Antica, Via della Stazione di Ostia Antica 7. A small ville steeped in the green of the roman campaign. It is located at only 100 metres from the archeological excavations of Ostia Antica. At about 50 metres from the bus and the train stop. http://www.ostiaantica.net/bandb/
Apartment FilippusSpanish Square, Via Casini,  It is a 110 square meters apartment, with a wonderful terrace,simply lovely, and it is composed by the entrance room, two big double bedrooms ( one has a closet ), bathroom with bath/shower, very big living room with double sofa bed and fan on the ceiling, fully equipped kitchen.
Alessandro Hostels, Alessandro Palace - Via Vicenza 42, +39.06.446.1958 fax +39.06.493.80.534, Alessandro Downtown - Via C. Cattaneo 23, +39.06.443.40.147, Alessandro Indipendenza - Via Curtatone 13, +39.06.44.61.958, has grown from a pensione into a small chain of three of the most popular backpacker hostels in Rome. All locations are 5 minutes on foot from Termini, include free breakfast, no curfew, cheap internet, video security, free pizza parties at the Palace pub, and free linens. Other amenities vary between the locations (ie the Palace has ensuite bathrooms and an in-house pub with cheap beers, while the Downtown location has communal bathrooms and a medium sized self-service kitchen.) Prices from €16 per person per night in low season, from €19 per person per night in high season. http://www.hostelsalessandro.com/
Freedom Traveller Hostel, Via Gaeta 25, (+39) 06 47823862. A four-minute walk from the central train station, this hostel has adequate dorms from €23 per night, including free breakfast, internet and dinner. Some dorms also have nice balconies, kitchens and communal areas. No curfew, but lockout is from 11.00 - 15.00. http://www.freedom-traveller.it/
Gullivers House, Via Palermo 36, (+39)-064817680. Small co-ed youth hostel. 10 minutes from Termini. Owned by a nice couple, fluent English, they'll help you plan your stay in Rome better then any travel agent would. Free breakfast is what you would expect, so not much. They do have a fridge you can use, buy some juice from one of the nearby stores for a refreshment when you get back in the evening after a long day of not drinking the €2 cokes. Show English-language movies in the evening. Clean. Cute dogs. http://www.gullivershouse.com
M&J Place Hostel Roma, Via Solferino , 9, (+39) 064462802 (info @ mejplacehostel.com) is within spitting distance of the train station. Friendly staff and reasonable dorms, this popular hostel has a paltry free breakfast but no lockout or curfew. http://www.hostelinrome.com/
Yellow Hostel, 44 via Palestro, 00185, telephone: +39 06 49 382 682 ( info @ yellowhostel.com ), dorms from €23 per night. http://www.yellowhostel.com/
Colors Hostel on the West side of the city, a few blocks north of the Vatican (take the metro from the train station, which is on the East side of the city) http://www.colorshotel.com/
Pop Inn Hostel Very clean & comfortable environment, & all our bathrooms are kept spotlessly clean so that you don’t have to be worried if you want to book a room with shared bathroom. All of the rooms are freshly cleaned everyday & the beds made. We have fans in the summer & in the winter heaters keep the rooms warm and cozy.
YWCA Foyer di Roma Youth Hostel is four blocks from Termini on the Via C. Balbo. Rooms are spotless, bathrooms are extremely clean, and towels and linens are changed once a day. Internet for €1 per hour. Fridge on every floor. Continental breakfast included in room rate. €26 per person per night for a bed in a 4-person room. €31 for a double, €47 for a private room. You have to be female to reserve a room; however, men can stay if accompanied by a woman. Via C. Balbo 4, 00184, telephone: +39 06 4880460 (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cristina House Located in the area around Termini Rail Station, Cristina House is a group of Hostels, Bed&Breakfast and Low budget-Hotels. Web site provide more information and FREE online booking system. http://www.cristinahouse.com/
Hotel Aberdeen, Via Firenze 48 (metro: Repubblica), tel +39 06 4823920, fax +39 06 4821092, email@example.com, . Clean, central and quiet. Doubles €110-150 including reasonable breakfast.
Hotel Zara, Via Quattro Fontane 37 (metro: Repubblica), tel +39 06 4814847, fax +39 06 483620, firstname.lastname@example.org, . At the center of Rome city on the National Street (Via Nazionale) there is a place where the ancient culture and modern mingles together, Hotel Zara, family owned, completely renovated antique palace which noted for its nearness to the Termini station, Colosseum,Metro (subway) A&B,Spanish steps, Trevi fountain,Via Veneto, Piazza Venezia,President's Palace (Quirinale), various Opera theatres, Via del Corso, Piazza del Popolo and more beautiful parts of the eternal city.
Villa Eur, Marcellino Champagnat, 2-00144 Roma (metro: Laurentina), tel +39.06.54220627, . Very quiet and stylish in midst of a park. You can reach it from the subway by a 5 minutes walk. The hotel has a small bar, excellent breakfast and a restaurant. Double room is 150 Euros including breakfast. In the vicinity of the hotel you can find an excellent restaurant La Taverna de Porto if you want to go out eating. There is also a tennis court, a gymnasium and even an Aikido Dojo.
Hotel San Giusto, Piazza Bologna 58, 39 (06) 44-24-45-98, across from the busy Bologna traffic circle/subway stop. Cost:Eur:88/$145 Popular complimentary breakfast buffet, for fee internet (the computer is slow if being used at the time by hotel clerk).
Le Terrazze Di strindber B&B, Largo Strindberg 43, gr 8, tel:+39 0627801135. A bit outside center. Take Bus 766/769 from Metro Paolo. €50-100.
BEST Vatican, Via degli Scipioni 135, Tel: +39 392.5601.203, email@example.com, . New B&B at 4 min. walking distance of the Vatican with the St. Peter's Basilica and at 60 mtrs. from the Ottaviano-Città del Vaticano underground station. EUR 80 to 140 for a double room.
BEST Pantheon, Corso Vittorio Emanuele II 21, 39 392.5601.203, firstname.lastname@example.org, . New B&B between the Colosseo and the Pantheon, very near to Piazza Navona and the main shopping streets. EUR 100 to 190 for a double room.
B&b Spanish Steps, Via Del babuino Rome 2, . The bed & breakfast is situated in the very heart of Rome and surrounded by the most prestigious artistic and historical roman sites. In particular we are located only a few yards away from the famous "Spanish Steps". EUR 100 to 190 for a double room.
Hotel Ara Pacis, Via Vittoria Colonna, 11 - Ph. +39 06.3204446 - Fax +39 06.3211325 . An elegant palazzo in the center of Rome, just a 10-minute walk from Via Condotti and 15 from the Spanish Steps, the Hotel Ara Pacis welcomes its guests to a refined environment. Single rooms from €104, doubles from €130, triples from €150, quadruples from €180 and suites from €190.
Hotel Dorica , Piazza Viminale, 14 - Ph. +39.06.483615 - 4818952, Fax +39.06.4815406 . Classical recently renovated rooms blend with modern comforts for a pleasant stay in the heart of the Eternal City. Single rooms from €65 doubles from €75, triples from €90.
Rome Rents, email@example.com, . Lists various apartments for rental and vacations in the historic center of Rome. Online descriptions, rates, photographs and maps.
Police At pl Lorenzo is where to report theft.
Left Luggage Termini. You can leave luggage at Termini but they have a lot of security and only one X-ray machine so there can be a +100 people queue.
Splasnet laundry, internet, left luggage, Via Varesi 33, 100 m west of Termini. €2 per luggage left (and 15 min of internet included).
Embassies and consulates
the Australian Embassy, Via Antonio Bosio 5 00161 Rome, tel 06 85 2721 (0830 to 1650, Monday to Friday), fax 06 85 272 300
the Austrian Embassy, Via Pergolesi 3 00198 Roma, tel 068440141 (0900 to 1200, Monday to Friday), fax 068543286
the British Embassy, Via XX Settembre 80 I-00187 ROMA RM, tel 06 4220 0001 (9am-5pm), 06 4220 2603 (out of office hours), fax 06 4220 2347
the Canadian Embassy, Via Zara 30, 00198 Rome (Visa and Consular Sections), tel 06 44598.1, fax 06 44598.2905 (for Visa/Immigration Services)
the Finnish Embassy, Ambasciata di Finlandia, Via Lisbona 3, 00198 Roma, tel +39 06 852 231 fax +39 06 854 0362, firstname.lastname@example.org
the New Zealand Embassy, Via Zara 28 Rome 00198, tel 06 441 7171, fax 06 440 2984, Email: nzemb.rom at flashnet.it
the South African Embassy, Via Tanaro, 14 Rome, tel 06 85.25.41 Monday to Friday. 8am-4.30pm.
the US Embassy, via Vittorio Veneto 119/A 00187 Roma, tel 06.4674.1 (switchboard) (8:30 AM to 5:30 PM), fax 06.4882.672 or 06.4674.2356
Clean, well-stocked, public facilities are sometimes hard to find. Those on the way into the Forum from the main road into Rome going to the Colosseum are worth knowing about. Carry tissue paper and soap with you - chances are that there won't be any. At Termini, under platform 24, near the left luggage office, 70c, well provisioned.
Rome is generally a safe place, even for women travelling alone.
As in any big city, it is better if you don't look like a tourist: don't exhibit your camera or camcorder to all and sundry, and keep your money in a safe place.
Termini (the main railway station), Esquilino and bus line 64 (Termini to San Pietro) are not so safe, so take extra care in these areas.
Read up on the legends concerning tourist scams. Most of them occur regularly in Rome and you will want to see them coming.
Watch out especially for bands of kids who will crowd you and reach for your pockets under the cover of newspapers or cardboard sheets.
A great deal of pickpocketing and bag- or purse-snatching takes place in crowded locations, but there is very little violent crime. Members of Italian public would likely be sympathetic if you are a crime victim. Police are also generally friendly if not always helpful. Carabinieri (black uniform) are military police, and Polizia (blue and grey uniform) are civilians, but they both do essentially the same thing and are equally good, or bad. Guardia di Finanza (the grey uniformed ones) do customs work. If you are robbed, try to find a police station and report it. This is essential to establishing a secure travel insurance claim.
In an emergency, call 113 (police) or 118 (medical first aid). Carry the address of your embassy or consulate.
If you plan to spend some time at Lake Bracciano and visit the towns and villages north of Rome, you might want to rent an apartment in the country. If you have a car, it's even worthwhile to stay outside Rome when sightseeing in the city - cool, quiet, with access to good and inexpensive restaurants in the smaller towns. Parties of up to 10 can rent Casale Treia - the owner speaks good English and French: http://www.mazzano.com/accommodation.htm
Especially if you have a rail pass, making Pompeii a day trip, while it is a very full day, is very doable. You can amuse people on the train by your complete lack of luggage.
Head to Frascati, one of the historic hill towns to the South East of Rome known as the Castelli Romani. This town has been a popular destination for centuries away from the hustle and bustle of the capital, and this is still true today. Famous worldwide for its white wine, Frascati is a relaxed hill town with a slower pace of life. Just 21km from Rome, Frascati is accessible by bus  or train. Trains run from Roma Termini approximately every hour, take about 30 minutes, and cost around € 2 .
Head to Ostia Antica, the ancient harbor and military colonie of Rome. It is accessible by train every 30 minutes from Stazione Ostiense (near the Piramid). It is an monumental area a bit like the Roman Forum. But in Ostia Antica you can get an impression how a roman city looked like.
Go to the Villa d'Este in Tivoli, with its famous and glorious fountains.
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!