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Revision as of 19:16, 24 June 2007
- See Khumbu for the Nepalese side of the mountain.
Qomolangma National Nature Reserve (Tibetan: Chomolungma, Chinese: 珠穆朗玛 Zhūmùlǎngmǎ) is in Tibet, China and covers the Chinese side of Mount Everest.
Mt Qomolangma is the world's highest peak at 8,850m.
Everest is not in the same category as Kailash when it comes to being a sacred peak. For one thing, the monastery at Everest only dates from the 20th century while those at Kailash date to the 13th century. More importantly, Kailash has always been offlimits to climbers and Tibetans don't flock to Everest since you can't circumambulate around it. But no matter, Everest has always been sacred since the name in Tibetan, Chomolangma, means Queen on an Ox or more properly Mother Goddess of the World. Tibetans believe that Miyo Langsangma resides on Everest, her steed is an ox but she sometimes is shown astride a tiger, and is one of the five Tsering Sisters, goddesses who reside in different peaks among the Himalayas.
Everest Base Camp is unique in that you can drive there, unlike any other base camps used to attempt summit climbs. The rough road used was built in 1960 for Chinese mountaineering attempts.
Flora and fauna
The best season to visit is May to October, but the peak is often covered in clouds from July to August. Snow can be found on the Tingri Route areound October.
There are two treking routes as well as an access road for Land Cruisers (which can be arranged in Lhasa or Shigatse).
- Peruche Route - Shelkar - Checkpoint on Friendship Hwy - 200m after 5145m Marker on Friendship Hwy - Chay Village - Pang La Pass - Peruche Village - Paksum village - Choesang Village - Rongbuk Monastery - Jomolangma (Everest) Base Camp (this route mainly follows the roadway to Base Camp from the Friendship Hwy)
- Tingri Route - Tingri - Lungjang Village - Lamma La Pass - Zommug Village - Rongbuk Monastery - Jomolangma (Everest) Base Camp (recommend a guide for this trek)
Permits cost ¥65 per person and ¥405 per vehicle and can be purchased at Shelkar, Tingri or Chay Village.
- Rongbuk Monastery (Dzarongpu Gompa) - located at the foot of the glaciers on north face of Mt Jomolangma, highest monastery in the world.
- Jomolangma (Everest) Base Camp - start location for climbers up the north side of Mt. Jomolangma.
Staying at private houses is the most common practice. At Rongbuk Monastery, lodging is available but bring your own food.
Lodging in tents is available at Jomolangma (Everest) Base Camp.