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Portuguese phrasebook

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Revision as of 23:53, 29 August 2012 by 86.45.196.170 (Talk)

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This article deals with Portuguese as spoken in Europe, Africa and Asia. For Portuguese as spoken in Brazil, see Brazilian Portuguese phrasebook.

Portuguese is a Romance language closely related to Spanish, and even more closely related to Galician (in fact, many people consider that Galician and Portuguese are the same language). It is spoken as the official language of Portugal and Brazil, with some differences in pronunciation, spelling, and use of pronouns. It is also the official language of Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, São Tomé e Príncipe, Angola, Mozambique, and the co-official language of East Timor, and Macau. It is spoken mainly by the elderly in Goa, Daman and Diu in India. There are around 200 million Portuguese native speakers, the vast majority in Brazil.

The Portuguese we will include in this phrasebook is of the European usage which differs from the Brazilian in sounds and pronunciation. Even though both European and Brazilian speakers will slightly understand each other if they do communicate.

Needless to say, if you know a Romance language, it will be easier for you to learn Portuguese. However, people who know a little Spanish may hastily conclude that Portuguese is close enough that it need not be studied separately. While they may be able to figure out the meaning of some signage, items on a menu, etc., understanding of verbal communication will be very low to nothing. Words such as "gente" (people) are pronounced so differently in either variant of Portuguese, that you would hardly recognise them. Also, some personal names such as "Jorge Ramos," for example, will be pronounced quite differently as well.

If you know Spanish, watch for a lot of new vowels, a huge number of contractions (comparable to del and al) and irregular plurals. For the non-fluent, some pronunciation differences can be easily missed, such as año (year) becoming ano. If you speak good French, you may find Portuguese pronunciation to be fairly easy, though much of the vocabulary will have changed substantially.

Pronunciation guide

The pronunciation in Portugal differs significantly from that in Brazil. The difference is basically in pronunciation and a few vocabulary differences, which make it tricky even for Brazilians to understand the European Portuguese accent. Now the European uses a lot of those oo's which are not used in Brazilian.

Vowels

as the 'a' in "far" [ah] / as the 'a' in "cat"
as the 'e' in "get" [eh]
as the 'ee' in "week" [ee] / as the 'i' in "hit"
as the 'o' in "open" [oh]
as the 'oo' in "look" / as the 'oo' in "book"

Other Vowels

á 
as the 'a' in "tar" but held longer
â 
as the 'a' in "bat" but short
ã 
a nasal sound like 'an' in "angry"
é 
long sound as the 'e' in "bled"
ê 
similar to the 'ea' in "bread"
êm, em, ém 
nasal sound like 'en' in "end"
ó 
like the 'o' in "hot"
ô 
like the 'oa' in "coat"

Consonants

as 'b' in "boy"
as 'c' in "car" with a,o,u
as 's' in "sand" with e,i
ç 
as 's' in "sun" with a,o,u
ch 
as 'sh' in "shoe"
as 'd' in "desk"
as 'f' in "fist"
as 'g' in "go" with a,o,u
as 'su' in "pleasure" with e,i
gu 
as 'gee' in "geek" with gui, as 'ge' in "get" with gue
gua 
as 'gua' in "agua" [gwah]
is a silent letter at the beginning of a word
lh 
as 'li' in "million"
nh 
as 'ny' in "canyon"
as 'su' in "treasure"
as 'k' in "kiss" [foreign sounds]
as 'l' in "lip"
as 'm' in "monkey"
as 'n' in "nice"
as 'p' in "post"
as 'k' in "kite" [especially with 'u']
a rolled 'r' as in Spanish or Italian 'r' sound [not guttural like in Brazil]
as 's' in "sun" when at the beginning of a word or when followed by an 's'
as 'sh' sound when at the end of a word or when followed by a consontant other than 's' eg. Gostaria [goosh-tah-REE-ah]
as 'z' in "zoo" if preceded and followed by vowels eg. casa [KA-za]
as 't' in "tent"
as 'v' in "vine"
as 'x' in "taxi", as 'sh' in "ship", as 's' in "same"
as 'z' in "zest", end of a word 'su' in "pleasure"

Common diphthongs

au 
as 'ow'in "cow"
ia 
as 'ia' in "Lydia"
io 
as 'io' in "frio" also 'ew' sound in "new" [yoo]
ei 
as 'ay' in "play"
oa 
as 'oa' in "boa"
oe 
as 'we' in "wet"
oi 
as 'wee' in "weed"
ou 
as 'oo' in "took"
ua 
as 'wa' in "water"
ui 
as 'wee' in "week"
ue 
as 'e' in "get"


Triphtongs

eia 
as 'ay' in "pay" plus 'a' in "far" [all pronounced together]
uei 
as 'ay' in "way"


Stress

As a general guide, stress the penultimate (last-but-one) syllable except where there is an accent, or the word ends with a diphthong (that is, 2 vowels which are pronounced as a single syllable – explained in full later on), or if it ends with any of the following letters: i; l; r; z; im; um; ins; uns – in which case, the stress is on the last syllable.

Phrase list

Some phrases in this phrasebook still need to be translated. If you know anything about this language, you can help by plunging forward and translating a phrase.


Basics

Common signs

OPEN 
Aberto (ah-BEHR-too)
CLOSED 
Fechado (feh-SHAH-doo)
ENTRANCE 
Entrada (ehn-TRAH-dah)
EXIT 
Saída (sah-EE-dah)
PUSH 
Empurre (EHN-poor)
PULL 
Puxe (POO-sh)
TOILET 
Casa de banho (KAH-zah deh BAH-nyoo)
MEN 
Homens (OH-mehnsh)
WOMEN 
Mulheres (moo-LYEH-rsh)
FORBIDDEN 
Proíbido (proo-EE-bee-doo)


Hello. 
Olá. (oh-LAH)
How are you? 
Como está(s)? (KOH-moh ish-TAH(sh)?)
Fine, thank you. 
Bem, obrigado(a). (behn, oh-bree-GAH-doo(ah))
What is your name? 
Como se(te) chama(s)? (KOH-moo seh(teh) SHAH-mah(sh)?) / Qual é o seu(teu) nome? (Kwal eh o SEH-oo(TEH-oo) NOH-meh?)
My name is ______ . 
Chamo-me______. (SHAH-moo-meh___)
Pleased to meet you. 
Prazer em conhecer. (prah-ZEHR ehn koh-NYEH-sehr)
Please. 
Por favor. / Se faz favor. (poor fah-VOHR / "Seh FAH-sh FAH-vohr")
Thank you. 
Obrigado.[m] / Obrigada. [f] (oh-bree-GAH-doo/oh-bree-GAH-dah)
You're welcome. 
De nada. (deh NAH-dah)
Yes. 
Sim. (seen)
No. 
Não. (now)
Excuse me. (getting attention
Com licença. (kohn lih-SEHN-sah)
Excuse me. (begging pardon
Desculpe(a). /Perdão. (dish-KOOL-peh(ah)" / "PEHR-dow)
I'm sorry. 
Desculpe(a). (dish-KOOL-peh(ah))
Goodbye 
Adeus. (ah-DEH-oosh)
I can't speak "Portuguese" well. 
Não falo bem "português". (now FAH-loo behn "poor-too-GEHSH")
Do you speak English? 
Fala(s) inglês? (FAH-lah(sh) een-GLEHSH?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Alguem aqui fala inglês? (AHL-guehn ah-KEE FAH-lah een-GLEHSH?)
Help! 
Socorro! (soo-KOH-roo!)
Help me! 
Ajude(a)-me! (ah-ZHOO-deh(dah)-meh!)
Look out! 
Atenção! /Cuidado! (ah-tehn-sow! / "cooy-DAH-doo!")
Good morning. 
Bom dia. (bohn DEE-ah)
Good afternoon. 
Boa tarde. (BOH-ah TAHR-deh)
Good evening./Good night. 
Boa noite. (BOH-ah NOY-teh)
I understand. 
Compreendo. / Percebo. / Entendo. (kohn-pree-EHN-doo / "pehr-SEA-boo" / "en-TEHN-doo")
I don't understand. 
Não compreendo. (now kohn-pree-EHN-doo)
Where is the toilet? 
Onde está a casa de banho? (OHN-deh ish-TAH ah KAH-zah deh BAH-nyoo?)

Problems

Leave me alone! 
Deixe(a)-me em paz! (DAY-sheh(shah)-meh ehn pahsh!)
Don't touch me! 
Não me toque(s)! (now meh TOH-keh(sh)!)
I'll call the police. 
Vou chamar a polícia. (voh shah-MAHR ah poo-LEE-syah)
Police! 
Polícia! (poo-LEE-syah!)
Stop! Thief! 
Ladrão! (lah-DROW!)
I need your help. 
Preciso da sua(tua) ajuda. (preh-SEE-zoo dah swah(twah) ah-ZHOO-dah)
It's an emergency. 
É uma emergência. (eh OO-mah ee-mehr-ZHEHN-syah)
I'm lost. 
Estou perdido(a). (ish-TOH pehr-DEE-doo(ah))
I lost my bag. 
Perdi o meu saco. (PEHR-dee oo MEH-oo SAH-koo)
I lost my wallet. 
Perdi a minha carteira. (PEHR-dee ah MEE-nyah kahr-TAY-rah)
I'm sick. 
Eu estou doente. (EH-oo ish-TOH doo-EHN-teh)
I've been injured. 
Eu fui ferido. (EH-oo fwee feh-REE-doo)
I need a doctor. 
Preciso de um médico. (preh-SEE-zoo deh oon meh-DEE-koo)
Can I use your phone? 
Posso usar o seu(teu) telefone? (POHS-soo OO-sahr o SEH-oo(TEH-oo) teh-leh-FOH-neh)

Numbers

zero (ZEH-roo)
um (oon)
dois (doysh)
três (trehs)
quatro (KWAH-troo)
cinco (SEEN-koo)
seis (saysh)
sete (SEH-teh)
oito (OY-too)
nove (NOH-veh)
10 
dez (dehsh)
11 
onze(On-zeh)
12 
doze(Do-zeh)
13 
treze ( )
14 
catorze ( )
15 
quinze ( )
16 
dezesseis ( )
17 
dezessete ( )
18 
dezoito ( )
19 
dezenove ( )
20 
vinte ( )
21 
vinte e um ( )
22 
vinte e dois ( )
23 
vinte e três ( )
30 
trinta ( )
40 
quarenta ( )
50 
cinquenta ( )
60 
sessenta ( )
70 
setenta ( )
80 
oitenta ( )
90 
noventa ( )
100 
cem ( )
200 
duzentos ( )
300 
trezentos ( )
1,000 
mil ( )
2,000 
dois mil ( )
1,000,000 
um milhão ( )
1,000,000,000 
um bilhão ( )
1,000,000,000,000 
um trilhão ( )
number _____ (train, bus, etc.) 
número ( )
half 
metade ( )
less 
menos ( )
more 
mais ( )

Time

now 
agora ( )
later 
depois ( )
before 
antes ( )
morning 
manhã ( )
afternoon 
tarde ( )
evening 
tarde ( )
night 
noite ( )

Clock time

one o'clock AM 
uma da manhã ( )
two o'clock AM 
duas da manhã ( )
noon 
meio-dia ( )
one o'clock PM 
uma da tarde ( )
two o'clock PM 
duas da tarde ( )
midnight 
meia-noite ( )

Duration

_____ minute(s) 
minuto(s) ( )
_____ hour(s) 
hora(s) ( )
_____ day(s) 
dia(s) ( )
_____ week(s) 
semana(s)( )
_____ month(s) 
mês/meses ( )
_____ year(s) 
ano(s) ( )

Days

today 
hoje ( )
yesterday 
ontem ( )
tomorrow 
amanhã ( )
this week 
esta semana ( )
last week 
semana passada ( )
next week 
próxima semana ( )
Sunday 
Domingo (Do-mingo )
Monday 
Segunda-feira (Seh-goon-da-feira )
Tuesday 
Terça-feira (Ter-sah-feira )
Wednesday 
Quarta-feira (Koo-arta-feira )
Thursday 
Quinta-feira (Quin-ta-feira )
Friday 
Sexta-feira (Sezh-ta-feira )
Saturday 
Sábado (Sá-bado )

Months

January 
Janeiro ( )
February 
Fevereiro ( )
March 
Março ( )
April 
Abril ( )
May 
Maio ( )
June 
Junho ( )
July 
Julho ( )
August 
Agosto ( )
September 
Setembro ( )
October 
Outubro ( )
November 
Novembro ( )
December 
Dezembro ( )

Writing time and date

Colors

black 
preto ( )
white 
branco ( )
gray 
cinzento ( )
red 
vermelho ( )
blue 
azul ( )
yellow 
amarelo ( )
green 
verde ( )
orange 
laranja ( )
pink 
rosa( )
purple 
roxo( )
brown 
castanho ( )

Transportation

Bus and train

How much is a ticket to _____? 
Quanto custa o bilhete para _____? ( )
One ticket to _____, please. 
Um bilhete para ________, por favor ( )
Where does this train/bus go? 
Para onde vai este comboio/autocarro? ( )
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
Onde apanho um comboio/autocarro para________? ( )
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
Esse comboio/autocarro pára em ________? ( )
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
Quando é que sai o comboio/autocarro para _______? ( )
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
Quando é que este comboio/autocarro chega a _____? ( )

Directions

How do I get to _____ ? 
Como chego ao (à) ( )
...the train station? 
estação de comboio ( )
...the bus station? 
rodoviária ( )
...the airport? 
aeroporto ( )
...downtown? 
Centro ( )
...the youth hostel? 
Albergue da juventude ( )
...the _____ hotel? 
Hotel ( )
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
o consulado americano/canadense/australiano/inglês ( )
Where are there a lot of... 
Onde tem bastante ( )
...hotels? 
hotel/hotéis ( )
...restaurants? 
restaurante/restaurantes ( )
...bars? 
bar/bares ( )
...sites to see? 
lugar/lugares para ver ( )
Can you show me on the map? 
Você pode me mostrar no mapa? ( )
street 
Rua (Rooah )
Turn left. 
Vire à esquerda (Veer - eeh ah eh -sskehr - dah )
Turn right. 
Vire à direita (Veer - eeh ah dee - ray - tah )
left 
Esquerda ( )
right 
Direita (dee - ray - tah )
straight ahead 
Reto ( Ha - toh )
towards the _____ 
em direcção à ( )
past the _____ 
Depois do(a) (Deh - poyss doh/dah )
before the _____ 
Antes do(a) (Ahn - tiss doh/da )
Watch for the _____. 
( Fique atento à )
intersection 
Cruzamento (Croo - zah - man - toh)
north 
Norte ( )
south 
Sul ( )
east 
Este ( )
west 
Oeste ( )
uphill 
Subida ( )
downhill 
Descida ( )

Taxi

Taxi! 
Taxi! ( )
Take me to _____, please. 
Leve-me para o/a _______, por favor ( )
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
Quanto custa ir até ( )
Take me there, please. 
Leve-me para lá, por favor. ( )

Lodging

Do you have any rooms available? 
( Há quartos disponíveis? )
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
(Quanto custa para uma pessoa/ duas pessoas por noite? )
Does the room come with... 
( )
...bedsheets? 
lencois ( )
...a bathroom? 
... casa-de-banho ( )
...a telephone? 
...telefone ( )
...a TV? 
...televisão ( )
May I see the room first? 
(Posso ver o quarto antes? )
Do you have anything quieter? 
Tem um quarto mais silencioso? ( )
...bigger? 
(Maior? )
...cleaner? 
(Mais limpa? )
...cheaper? 
(Mais barato? )
OK, I'll take it. 
(Ok, eu aceito )
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
(Eu vou ficar por uma(1)/Duas(2)noite(s) )
Can you suggest another hotel? 
(Pode sugerir um outro hotel na região? )
Do you have a safe? 
Tem um cofre? ( )
...lockers? 
cacifos? ( )
Is breakfast/supper included? 
O pequeno-almoco está incluido? ( )
What time is breakfast/supper? 
A que horas e o pequeno-almoco? ( )
Please clean my room. 
Pode limpar o quarto, por favor? ( )
Can you wake me at _____? 
Pode acordar-me as ___? ( )
I want to check out. 
Quero fazer o check-out ( )

Money

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 

Aceita dólares americanos/australianos/canadianos? ( )

Do you accept British pounds? 

Aceita libras britânicas? ( )

Do you accept Euros? 

Aceita Euros? ( )

Do you accept credit cards? 

Aceita cartões de crédito? ( )

Can you change money for me? 

Posso cambiar dinheiro para mim? ( )

Where can I get money changed? 

Onde posso cambiar dinheiro? ( )

Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
( )
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
( )
What is the exchange rate? 
( )
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
( )

Eating

A table for one person/two people, please. 
( )
Can I look at the menu, please? 
( )
Can I look in the kitchen? 
( )
Is there a house specialty? 
( )
Is there a local specialty? 
( )
I'm a vegetarian. 
( )
I don't eat pork. 
( )
I don't eat beef. 
( )
I only eat kosher food. 
( )
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
( )
fixed-price meal 
( )
a la carte 
( )
breakfast 
( )
lunch 
( )
tea (meal
( )
supper 
( )
I want _____. 
( )
I want a dish containing _____. 
( )
chicken 
( )
beef 
( )
fish 
( )
ham 
( )
sausage 
( )
cheese 
( )
eggs 
( )
salad 
( )
(fresh) vegetables 
( )
(fresh) fruit 
( )
bread 
( )
toast 
( )
noodles 
( )
rice 
( )
beans 
( )
May I have a glass of _____? 
( )
May I have a cup of _____? 
( )
May I have a bottle of _____? 
( )
coffee 
( )
tea (drink
( )
juice 
( )
(bubbly) water 
( )
(still) water 
( )
beer 
( )
red/white wine 
( )
May I have some _____? 
( )
salt 
( )
black pepper 
( )
butter 
( )
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
( )
I'm finished. 
( )
It was delicious. 
( )
Please clear the plates. 
( )
The check, please. 
( )

Bars

Do you serve alcohol? 
( )
Is there table service? 
( )
A beer/two beers, please. 
( Duas cervejas,

)

A glass of red/white wine, please. 
( )
A pint, please. 
( )
A bottle, please. 
( )
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
( )
whiskey 
( )
vodka 
( )
rum 
( )
water 
(aqua )
club soda 
( )
tonic water 
( )
orange juice 
( )
Coke (soda
( )
Do you have any bar snacks? 
( )
One more, please. 
( )
Another round, please. 
( )
When is closing time? 
( )
Cheers! 
( )

Shopping

Do you have this in my size? 
( )
How much is this? 
( )
That's too expensive. 
( )
Would you take _____? 
( )
expensive 
( )
cheap 
( )
I can't afford it. 
( )
I don't want it. 
( )
You're cheating me. 
( )
I'm not interested. 
(..)
OK, I'll take it. 
( )
Can I have a bag? 
( )
Do you ship (overseas)? 
( )
I need... 
( )
...toothpaste. 
( )
...a toothbrush. 
( )
...tampons. 
. ( )
...soap. 
( )
...shampoo. 
( )
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
( )
...cold medicine. 
( )
...stomach medicine. 
... ( )
...a razor. 
( )
...an umbrella. 
( )
...sunblock lotion. 
( )
...a postcard. 
( )
...postage stamps. 
( )
...batteries. 
( )
...writing paper. 
( )
...a pen. 
( )
...English-language books. 
( )
...English-language magazines. 
( )
...an English-language newspaper. 
( )
...an English-English dictionary. 
( )

Driving

I want to rent a car. 
( )
Can I get insurance? 
( )
stop (on a street sign
( )
one way 
( )
yield 
( )
no parking 
( )
speed limit 
( )
gas (petrol) station 
( )
petrol 
( )
diesel 
( )

Authority

I haven't done anything wrong. 
Nao fiz nada de errado. ( )
It was a misunderstanding. 
Isto e' um mal-entendido ( )
Where are you taking me? 
Para onde me levam? ( )
Am I under arrest? 
Estou sob custodia? ( )
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
Sou um cidadao Americano/Australiano/Britanico/Canadiano ( )
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
Quero falar com a embaixada / o consulado Americano/Australiano/Britanico/Canadiano ( )
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
Quero falar com um advogado ( )
Can I just pay a fine now? 
Posso pagar uma fianca ja? ( )

Learning more

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