The University of Pittsburgh's Cathedral of Learning
East End-South is a region of Pittsburgh, made up of several distinct neighborhoods on the eastern side of Pittsburgh. Oakland, a bustling college neighborhood home to Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh, is located here, as well as many quieter neighborhoods including Squirrel Hill and Shadyside.
The primary attraction here for visitors and residents alike is the neighborhood of Oakland, home to Pittsburgh's two major universities and several major museums. Once the edge of the city, Andrew Carnegie set it up to be a cultural center with the founding of the Carnegie museums and libraries. The neighborhood continued to grow as Pittsburgh's cultural center with the growth of universities in the area, most notably the University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon. Today, the area is full of ethnic diversity, students, and others seeking out culture.
East of Oakland are many smaller neighborhoods which are mostly residential, but some possess business districts and attractions of their own, just at a more laid-back pace than Oakland. Many of these neighborhoods are well-kept, with an educated professional populace and stately homes in good condition. Squirrel Hill, wedged between Frick and Schenley Parks, is one such neighborhood with plenty of lovely homes, shopping, and good ethnic restaurants. While the proximity to several major colleges makes the community a diverse one, the general ethnic identity of the neighborhood is Jewish. During various religious holidays and weekly periods of worship, the prevalence of the culture is obvious. Shadyside, just outside of Oakland, is well known in the city for its shopping. Walnut Street, the core of Shadyside's shopping district, offers a bustling atmosphere of boutiques, shops, lounges, and restaurants designed to suit the discriminating tastes of residents and visitors. Other neighborhoods in the region include Point Breeze, Regent Square, and several others.
East End-South is directly accessible via the Parkway East (I-376). There are two main exits: one leads onto Forbes Avenue, which is the most convenient for reaching Oakland. The other one is on the west end of the Squirrel Hill Tunnel, leading you onto Forward Avenue, which takes you directly into Squirrel Hill.
From Downtown, primary streets you can take to get into the district are the Boulevard of the Allies, Forbes Avenue (one-way west), Centre Avenue, or Bigelow Boulevard. Fifth Avenue runs parallel to Forbes Avenue, but is a one-way street westbound (towards Downtown) between Oakland and Downtown. On the east side of Oakland it is a two-way street and one of the primary routes used to reach Shadyside.
The Port Authority  has several bus routes heading east from downtown through Oakland, making it a very convenient place to take public transit to. The frequent 61, 67 and 71 routes take you directly from downtown to Oakland, and its only a 15-minute bus ride from downtown. The EBO takes the East Busway from Wilkinsburg directly to Oakland and back. The Airport Flyer 28X goes from the airport through downtown to Oakland. The 54C is a good north-south route through Oakland, taking you to South Side and the Strip District. Many other bus routes also pass through Oakland.
There are several buses routes that run through Shadyside, principally along Fifth Avenue, Ellsworth Avenue, and Centre Avenue. The 500, 71D, 77C, 78C, and East Busway routes are all prominent routes that pass through Shadyside. For Squirrel Hill, any of the 61 routes will work fine.
Oakland is heavily congested, especially during school hours, as many are traveling here to either attend class or work at one of the many universities in the area. This is further complicated by a number of one-way streets: 5th Avenue is westbound only through most of Oakland, whereas Forbes is mostly eastbound. Parking can also be fairly difficult to find, unless you're willing to park in a garage. Most of the attractions and restaurants in Oakland are within walking distance of each other, so footing it is usually easiest.
Getting to other neighborhoods can (usually) be done easily by car. Squirrel Hill usually has ample surface parking, while in Shadyside it can be a hassle. Shadyside does have a parking garage, but of course it is more expensive.
If driving is not an option, not to worry- the East End is one of the areas of Pittsburgh best served by bus.
Henry Clay Frick's House
Phipps Conservatory, 1 Schenley Drive, Oakland, +1 412 622-6914, . Sa-Th 9:30AM-5PM, F 9:30AM-10PM. $10 adults, $9 seniors/students, $7 children, children under 2 free.
Soldiers and Sailors Museum, 4141 5th Ave, Oakland (across the street from Pitt campus), +1 412 621-4253, . M-Sa 10AM-4PM. $5 adults, $3 seniors/veterans/children, children 5 and under free. The museum explores the evolution of equipment and technology as well as the effects that military conflicts have had on society, honoring and educating about the sacrifices made during wartime.
Roslyn Place, Shadyside. Turn of the century wood paved street built in 1914, lined with restored houses.
Pittsburgh Center For the Arts, 6300 5th Ave, +1 412 361-0873, .
Frick Art & Historical Center, 7227 Reynolds St, +1 412 371-0600, . Tu-Su 10AM-5PM. A complex of museums and historic buildings including: Clayton (the home of industrialist and art collector Henry Clay Frick), the Frick Art Museum, the Car and Carriage Museum, and the Greenhouse. The grounds, museums, and greenhouse are free, tours of Clayton are $12 adults, $10 seniors, $6 children.
Homewood Cemetery, 1599 S Dallas Ave (north of Frick Park), +1 412 421-1822, . A large cemetery founded in the mid 1800's. While not a tourist attraction like the old cemeteries of New Orleans or Paris, Homewood houses many ornate mausoleums, statues and memorial edifices.
A large complex along Forbes Avenue holds the Carnegie Museums as well as the Main Carnegie Library and a music hall.
Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh - Main. Andrew Carnegie funded 2,507 libraries all over the world. Today, his 19 libraries here in Pittsburgh comprise the city's public library system. Newly renovated and welcoming, the Oakland branch is Pittsburgh's central library, with vast collections of not only printed matter, but also music, film, photographs, and more.
Carnegie Museums of Art and Natural History
T. Rex, Carnegie Museum of Natural History
4400 Forbes Avenue, +1 412 622-3131. Museum of Art, . Museum of Natural History, . Tu-W, F-Sa 10AM-5PM, Th 10AM-8PM, Su noon-5PM. $15 adults, $12 seniors, $11 students/children, children under 3 Free (admission includes entry to both museums).
A main attraction in Oakland and a highlight for any visit to Pittsburgh, these two museums sit in different wings of the same building, but blend together well and have a wealth of treasures.
The Carnegie Museum of Natural History has extensive exhibits covering fields of paleontology, geology, mineralogy, and biology. Naturally, the highlight exhibits are the dinosaur halls on the first floor, which make up one of the best dinosaur skeleton collections in the world, thanks in large part to Andrew Carnegie's funding of scientific field work just as knowledge of dinosaurs became known to the world. Among the many specimens here you'll see reconstructed skeletons of Diplodocus, Apatosaurus, Allosaurus, Stegosaurus, sea dinosaurs, and not one, but two Tyrannosaurus rex.
Also on the first floor is an excellent hall of minerals and gems, where you'll see many exquisite and beautiful specimens, as well as a hall of fine jewelery. On the second floor is a room full of realistic recreations of North American and African animals, such as lions, zebras, polar bears, and many others. The third floor has some interesting anthropological exhibits, with halls dedicated to ancient Egypt, the people of the Arctic, and Native Americans.
The Carnegie Museum of Art is a world-class exhibit space with a permanent collection of paintings that include Rembrandts, Van Goghs, Cezannes, Picassos and many more. In addition it hosts temporary exhibits from other museums all over the world and funds the Carnegie International, a biennial staging of "the most important and prestigious international survey of contemporary art in North America." Most of the exhibit spaces are on the second floor, but on the first floor are the Halls of Sculpture and Architecture, which offer many other interesting works, both contemporary and classical.
Heinz Chapel at the University of Pittsburgh
Many of the University of Pittsburgh buildings are accessible to the public and situated within Oakland's Schenley Farms National Historic District. They are within short walking distance of each other and the Carnegie Museums.
The Cathedral of Learning, between 5th Avenue, Bigelow Blvd, Bellefield Avenue, and Forbes Avenue. The 42-story Charles Klauder designed Gothic Revival skyscraper, listed on the National Register of Historic Places, serves as the anchor of the University of Pittsburgh. Construction was begun in 1926 and took ten years to complete. It is the tallest school building in the Western hemisphere and is visible from almost anywhere in Pittsburgh. On the first and third floors, surrounding its immense gothic Commons Room are the 27 Nationality Rooms. These working classrooms are each designed, constructed, and decorated in the characteristic style of 27 different cultures which represent the diverse population of Pittsburgh. Access to the building is free, and a self-guided tour of the Nationality Rooms is available for a small fee while guided tours can be reserved in advance. Much of the upper floors are composed of offices and other university facilities, however a trip to the Honors College on the 35th and 36th floors, accessible by most of the elevators, provides marvelous views of the city.
Heinz Memorial Chapel located on the grounds of the Cathedral of Learning, was built with funds left to the school by H.J. Heinz (of ketchup fame). The French Gothic Revival nondenominational chapel features 23 amazing stained-glass windows designed by Charles J. Connick’s. The windows total approximately 4,000 square feet (370 m2) and contain nearly 250,000 pieces of glass with 391 identifiable people from religion, history, science and the humanities. The transept windows are among the tallest stained glass windows in the world. Free tours may allow one sample the acoustics of the 3,770 pipe organ, and concerts and recitals are typically held on Sundays. See the website for calender.
Stephen Foster Memorial serves as a memorial, museum, and archive of the works of American folk songwriter Stephen C. Foster ("Oh! Susanna", "My Old Kentucky Home"). Admission is free and guided tours are available for a small fee when reserved in advance. The Gothic Revival building also houses the two primary theaters for the university's Department of Theatre Arts.  A schedule of shows is available on their website.
Home Plate from Forbes Field's final game
Forbes Field, though it no longer stands, you can visit what remains of the former home of the Pittsburgh Pirates (1909-1970). Inside Pitt's Posvar Hall on the ground floor near its original location, you can see the old home plate in a glass case embedded in the ground. Of note, and hanging nearby in Posvar Hall, is one of two surviving Langley Aerodromes, Aerodrome No. 6, which in 1896 became one of the the first heavier-than-air powered craft capable of sustained flight. Outside, south of the building, you can see what remains of the left field wall, as well as a marker where Bill Mazeroski hit the 1960 World Series winning home run against the Yankees. Every year in October, Pirates faithful will come out to the wall to listen to a recording of the game.
Frick Fine Arts Building was designed to reflect an Italian Renaissance villa and contains in its cloister a large collection of scale reproductions by Russian artist Nicholas Lochoff of 15th-century Italian Renaissance masterpieces, considered to be among the best copies in the world. The building is open to public and free to explore. It is also home to the University Art Gallery, which contains rotating exhibits and is free to the public. The are also several sculptures on the grounds around the building, including the popular photo spot of the Mary Schenley Memorial Fountain, titled A Song to Nature, by Victor David Brenner.
Nicholas Lochoff cloister in the Frick Fine Arts Building
The William Pitt Union, originally the Schenley Hotel, is a 1898 beaux-arts building that was Pittsburgh's premier luxury hotel in its day. As a hotel, it hosted many dignitaries including four Presidents of the United States, a slew of Hollywood celebrities such as Lillian Russell and Katharine Hepburn, along with many of the visiting baseball teams that played across the street at Forbes Field. The turn-of-the-century grandeur of the main floor lobbies and ballrooms have been restored by the university and can be accessed by the public. In addition, the Union serves as the home to the International Academy of Jazz Hall of Fame as well as the small Conney M. Kimbo Art Gallery. The Millennium Panther statue outside the building serves as a popular photo spot.
There are several other university buildings of note. Alumni Hall, a restored former Masonic Greek Revival temple completed by Benno Janssen in 1915, contains many of its original elements, the University's Legacy Gallery in its lobby, as well as an exhibit of “365 Views of the Cathedral of Learning” by renowned Spanish artist Felix de la Concha on the 7th floor. Salk Hall, now the home of the schools of pharmacy and dental medicine, is an Art Deco building on the upper campus that was home to Jonas Salk's lab which produced the world's first polio vaccine, considered to be one of the most significant accomplishments in medical history. The building contains small Dental and Pharmacy museums and sits next to the Petersen Events Center, which offers guided tours if reserved in advance and contains the McCarl Panthers Hall of Champions, team merchandise store, and food court. Off-campus on Pittsburgh's North Side is the Allegheny Observatory, an active astronomy observatory in Riverview Park.
Carnegie Mellon University campus
The Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) campus lies just to the southeast of Oakland between Oakland and Schenley Park, and has some sights to see and nice architecture to take in.
The Cut. Running through the middle of the campus from near the intersection of Forbes Avenue and Morewood Avenue, the Cut was originally a small valley which was eventually filled in to be used as green space. The entrance to the Cut is clearly marked by the Walking to the Sky statue, a copy of the original by Jonathan Borofsky which shows a group of people walking up a steel pole. In the middle of the Cut is The Fence, a hand-painted fence which is adorned by various student messages and announcements on an ever-growing coat of paint.
Miller Gallery, in the Purnell Center for the Arts (on the Cut just off Forbes Avenue), +1 412 268-3618, . Tu-Su 12PM-6PM. A very nice and often intriguing contemporary art gallery with constantly changing exhibits. Free.
The Frame, 5200 Forbes Avenue (at the southeastern corner of Forbes and Margaret Morrison Street), . A student-run art gallery featuring the work of Carnegie Mellon students.
Oakland once was home to many of Pittsburgh's sports teams. Most of their stadia have been demolished, but one can still cheer on the University of Pittsburgh Panther's Basketball team at the Peterson Events Center.
Shadyside hosts some seasonal festivals :
Walnut Street Jam hosted the last Saturdays of June, July, and August. Local bands play on Walnut Street, which is closed to vehicular traffic, and beer is allowed on the street.
Ellsworth Arts Festival hosted the weekend after Labor Day. Ellsworth Avenue is closed to vehicular traffic, and local artists set up stalls along the street.
There is a concentration of different colleges and universities in Oakland that is perhaps only rivaled in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The two largest and best known are the University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon University (called CMU for short).
Smaller schools of higher education include Carlow University, a Catholic university that largely enrolls women, and Chatham University, a private women's college.
Used Books Oakland is a book lover's dream. Sample any of the many used book stores to see what treasure you can find.
Caliban Book Shop, 410 S Craig St, +1 412 681-9111, .
Jay's Bookstall, 3604 Fifth Ave, +1 412 683-2644. M-Th 10AM-5:30PM, F 10AM-5PM, Sa 10AM-3PM.
Jerry's Records, 2136 Murray Ave, . More vinyl of all genres than you've probably ever seen in one place.
Pitt Paraphernalia as with any college or university, check out the school Book Center and The Pitt Shop near the Cathedral of Learning for t-shirts, hoodies, magnets, and other souvenirs. On the upper campus, near the medical center, merchandise can also be obtained at the Pittsburgh Panthers Team Store inside the lobby of the Petersen Events Center.
Walnut Street in Shadyside
Shadyside has two shopping districts: the Walnut Street district specializing in apparel, and variety stores, and the Ellsworth Avenue district specializing in art galleries.
Schiller's Pharmacy, 811 S Aiken Ave, +1 412 621-5900. Great pharmacy with upscale bath products and cosmetic lines. Friendly staff.
Kawaii Store, 5413B Walnut St #B, +1 412 687-2480, . This little shop sells Japanese stuff. It has a lot of Choco-Cat, Totoro, etc merchandise.
Kards Unlimited, 5522 Walnut St, +1 412 622-0500. A strange store which sells novelty stuff. They sell books, stationary, toys, etc.
La Feria Gift Shop, 5527 Walnut St #2, +1 412 682-4501, . A gift shop selling ethnic Peruvian handicrafts, as part of the La Feria restaurant.
Maser Galleries, 5427 Walnut St, +1 412 687-0885, . Much of the art at Maser Galleries is contemporary, but the collection is eclectic, including sports art, traditional oil paintings, and work by the finest national and international masters.
Tokyo Japanese Food Store, 5853 Ellsworth Ave, +1 412 661-3777, .
Brand stores in Shadyside include Apple Store, Banana Republic, Victoria's Secret, and the Four Winds Gallery (Native American art).
Put some twenty thousand college students in a small urban area and you can be sure you won't go hungry. Or thirsty. If you've outgrown college food and college bars there are also a number of very good restaurants in the area. There is always The O, the place for some of the best fries in Pittsburgh. All along Craig Street and Forbes Avenue are restaurants ranging from Chinese and middle eastern to Subway. Here is a small sample of what's there:
Small order of fries at the "O"
Essie's Original Hot Dog Shop, 3901 Forbes Ave, +1 412 621-7388. Late hours. Better known as "the O". Originally opened across the street from Forbes Field, this place is notable for its cheap, extremely greasy food. You can get giant piles of greasy french fries for cheap, and the hot dogs and pizza are great too. If you are in Oakland, you should at least try the fries to say you have been there. The place is pretty cramped (but there is a rather hidden dining area on the second floor that few seem to know about) and quite filthy; you don't want to use the bathroom. It has a reputation for being dangerous (a lot of people come here after drinking), but there is always at least one cop there at all times.
Dave & Andy's Homemade Ice Cream, 207 Atwood St, +1 412 681-9906. Their ice cream, made right on the premises, is continually ranked as the best in the city and has been recognized as one of the Top 10 in the nation by USAToday.
Uncle Sam's Subs, 210 Oakland Avenue, 1+412 621-1885, This classic Pitt sub shop specializes in cheesesteaks. Originating at this location, Uncle Sam's has expanded to across the city.
Union Grill, 413 S Craig St, +1 412 681-8620. Classic American Food - burgers, desserts and other American food. This place can get really crowded at lunch time.
There is also a Five Guys Burgers and Primanti Brothers near campus, and of course larger chains like McDonald's, Wendys, and Panera Bread.
Taiwan Cafe, 3725 Forbes Ave, +1 412 687-6288. Excellent, cheap Chinese food and there's always seems to be a group of Chinese students inside enjoying a meal. They also have a huge selection of beer.
India Garden, 328 Atwood St, +1 412 682-3000, . India Garden is probably the most famous Indian restaurant in Pittsburgh. The food is really good, but the service isn't always the best and the Servers aren't always fluent in English. The restaurant is generally loud, with two TV sets playing Bollywood music videos while Hindi pop music blasts from the speakers. The half off specials between 4PM-6PM, 10PM-1AM, are just awesome and they have a buffet at lunch from 12PM-3PM.
Star of India, 412 S Craig St (near the Carnegie museums), +1 412 681-5700. It is across the street from an Indian grocery store.
Tamarind, 257 N Craig St, +1 412 605-0500, . Further away from the campuses in an old Victorian house, specializing in south Indian fare. They offer a very good lunch buffet daily.
Mad Mex, 370 Atwood Street, +1 412 681-5656, . Great food. Food is half off from 11pm-1am. Mexican food. The employees are mostly punk types while the crowd is usually yuppie.
Veracruz, 3715 Forbes, +1 412 688-0766. Frequented by students for its inexpensive Mexican food, with a focus on beans.
The chains Chipotle and Q'Doba also have locations on Forbes.
Fuel & Fuddle, 214 Oakland Avenue, +1 412 682-3473, . Good food. Vegetarian friendly. It has a hipster crowd. The prices are about $10 for a meal.
Aiello's, 2112 Murray Ave, +1 412 521-9973, . This Pizza is one of the best in the Burgh. It is loved by all the locals and is a common hang out for many Taylor Allderdice High School Students. The pepperoni rolls are to die for, loaded with parm. It has a classic Italian pizzeria atmosphere with friendly and personable staff. They are open till 2AM so you can always grab a cut to go.
Chaya Japanese Cuisine, 2104 Murray Ave, +1 412 422-2082, . Amazingly good sushi, worth every penny. One of the few places in the country where you will find wasabi made from fresh wasabi root instead of powder; the waiter will proudly show you the root if you ask. Word of warning: its capacity is tiny, and don't expect to be acknowledged as you wait for a table.
Eat 'n Park, 1816 Murray Ave, +1 412 422-7203, . Family-friendly local chain. Fair prices, friendly service, and their trademark smiley cookie. Many only eat here when they have to (i.e. after the bars close) but others eat here by choice.
Gullifty's Restaurant, 1922 Murray Avenue, +1 412 521-8222. . A varied menu and Pittsburgh's Best Desserts 22 years running. not only do they have award winning desserts, but delicious entrées as well. They have been offering live jazz many nights, it simply sets a lovely environment to wine and dine.
Milky Way, 2120 Murray Ave, +1 412 421-3121. This vegetarian restaurant has an assortment of pizzas. They have many salads and make a great falafel. The best part about it is that it is kosher. For any people who keep religious eating habits, this would be the place to go.
Doc's Place, 5442 Walnut St, +1 412 681-3713, . An excellent bar/pub. Expect to spend about $10 on your meal. Great burgers.
Sushi Too, 5432 Walnut St, +1 412 687-8744. Good Asian restaurant.
Hemingways, 3911 Forbes Avenue, +1 412 621-4100, . $1 Miller Lites, microbrew selection, combined with the food, great place to drink. A lot of girls.
Gene's Place, 3616 Louisa Street, +1 412 682-9213. Really cheap drinks ($3.00 mixed, $2-3 22oz beers, $5.50 pitchers). Some microbrews. No food. College neighborhood bar. If you are looking to drink cheap, here is the place.
Mad Mex, Atwood & Bates. Excellent beer selection (9 or so microbrews on tap, extensive bottle selection). The frozen margarita's are great. Expensive unless you come during a drink special (430-630 for happy hour, 9-11 for evening special). Great food if you like to eat while you drink.
Fuel & Fuddle, Oakland Avenue, . The crowd is hipster. They have a large microbrew draft selection (12 or so) and an extremely extensive bottle selection.
Doc's Place, 5442 Walnut Street, +1 412 681-3713, . Great bar. Cheap prices ($1-3 for a beer, $5 or 6 for a pitcher). They offer a balcony to drink on that overlooks Walnut Street.
Since Oakland is a "college town", as well as a center of research and technology, there are some accommodations including most of the big name chain hotels. In addition the area has very frequent bus connections to Downtown which is only a ten or fifteen minute ride to all the large downtown hotels.
Holiday Inn Pittsburgh at University Center, 100 Lytton Ave, +1 412 682-6200, , In the heart of Pitt's campus and the closest hotel to the Cathedral of Learning and Carnegie Museums.
Wyndham Garden Hotel - University Place, 3454 Forbes Avenue, +1 412 683-2040, . Borders the Pitt campus and closest hotel to the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center's Oakland hospitals.
Quality Inn University Center, 3401 Boulevard Of The Allies, +1 412 683-6100, , Most likely the cheapest accommodations in Oakland and located across the street from UPMC's Magee Womens Hospital.
Residence Inn Pittsburgh University/Medical Center, 3896 Bigelow Boulevard, +1 412 621-2200, . Located on the North end of Oakland.
Hampton Inn Pittsburgh Oakland University Center Hotel, 3315 Hamlet Street, +1 412 681-1000, . Situated on the west end of Oakland closest to and Carlow University and the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center.
Inn on Negley, 703 S Negley Ave, +1 412 661-0631, .
This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!