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'''Phong Nha - Ke Bang''' is a national park and [[UNESCO]] [[World Heritage Site]] in the center of [[Quang Binh Province|Quang Binh province]] in north-central [[Vietnam]]. It protects one of the world's two largest [[Karst]] regions with several hundred caves and grottoes.
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'''Phong Nha-Ke Bang''' National Park is in Quảng Bình Province, in the north of the [[Central Coast (Vietnam)|Central Coast]] region of [[Vietnam]].
  
Infobox World Heritage Site
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==Understand==
| WHS        = Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park
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| Image      =  
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| State Party = {{VIE}}
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| Type        = Natural
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| Criteria    = viii
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| ID          = 951
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| Region      = [[List of World Heritage Sites in Asia and Australasia|Asia-Pacific]]
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| Year        = 2003
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| Session    = 27th
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| Link        = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/951
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==Location==
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===History===
Phong Nha - Ke Bang National Park is located in the Bo Trach and Minh Hoa districts in the center of [[Quang Binh Province|Quang Binh province]]. The park is bordered by [[Laos]] in the west. The road distances are about 500 km south of the capital [[Hanoi]] and 260 km north of the port city of [[Da Nang]]. The [[geographical coordinates]] are {{coor dms|17|32|14|N|106|9|4.5|E}}.
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==Park layout==
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===Landscape===
The park covers a total area of 85,754 [[hectare]]s which are divided into three zones, a "strictly protected zone" (64,894 ha), an "ecological recovery zone" (17,449 ha), and an "administrative service zone" (3,411 ha).
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==Recognition by the UNESCO==
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===Flora and fauna===
Phong Nha-Ke Bang national park was first nominated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1998. It was recognised as a world natural heritage site at the UNESCO's 27th general assembly session being held in Paris from June 30-July 5 2003. At the session, delegates from over 160 member countries of  UNESCO World Heritage Convention agreed to include Phong Nha-Ke Bang park and 30 others worldwide to the list of world heritage sites.
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==Geological significance==
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===Climate===
Phong Nha-Ke Bang national park is one of the world's two largest limestone regions. In comparison with 41 other world heritage sites which have karsts, Phong Nha has dissimilar geomorphic, geologic and biotic conditions. The karsts of Phong Nha can be traced back to [[Palaeozoic]] 400 million years ago. This makes Phong Nha is the oldest major karst in Asia. If the [[Hin Namno]], bording Phong Nha on the west (in [[Laos|Laotian]] territory) was  to be combined with the National park in a continuous reserve, the combined reserve would be the largest surviving karst forest in South-east Asia (317,754 ha).
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The area has numerous grottoes and caves. Vietnamese and British scientists have so far surveyed a total of 20 caves with a total length of 70 km. Of these surveyed caves, 17 were in the Phong Nha area and three in the Ke Bang area.
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==Get in==
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'''Airplane:'''  Currently, the closest service is via Vietnam Airlines to Dong Hoi, check their website for latest fares and flight times.
  
The Phong Nha cave from which the name to the whole system and the park is derived is famous for its rock formation which have been given names such as the "Lion", the "Fairy Caves", the "Royal Court", and the "[[Buddha]]".
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'''Train:''' Several arrivals and departures at Dong Hoi daily from as far away as Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, only a few hours from Hue.  
  
Besides the grotto and cave systems, Phong Nha has the longest underground river, the largest caverns and passageways.
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'''Bus:''' A local bus goes from Dong Hoi to Phong Nha for 40,000 VND. It departs at 14:00 from Nam Ly bus station. The bus back to Dong Hoi leaves Phong Nha at 8:00, so you have to either stay overnight or try to go back with one of the tour buses (they may even take you to Dong Hoi for free).
Phong Nha - Ke Bang also contains two dozens of mountain peaks with over 1,000 metres height. Noteworthy peaks are the Peak Co Rilata with ta height of 1,128 m and the Peak Co Preu with a height of 1,213 m.
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==Diversity in ecological system==
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'''Motorbikes:''' Motorbikes can be rented for 150,000 VND from hotels in Dong Hoi. It takes about 1 hour via a highway that has little traffic: the Phong Nha cave is about 45 km from Dong Hoi and the Thien Duong (Paradise) Cave is about 70 km from Don Hoi.
The park is part of the [[Annamite Range|Annamites]] eco-region. According to the results of initial surveys, the primary tropical forest in Phong Nha - Ke Bang  140 families, 427 genera, and 751 species of vascular plants, of which 36 species are endangered and listed in the Vietnam Red Book. The forest is also home to 98 families, 256 genera and 381 species of vertebrates. Sixty-six animal species are listed in the Vietnam Red Book and 23 other species in the World Red Book.
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In 2005, a new species of [[gecko]] was discovered here by a group of Vietnamese biologists together with biologists working for the park, [[Cologne Zoological Garden|Cologne Zoo]] in Germany and the Saint Petersburg Wild Zoology Institute in Russia.
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'''Taxis:''' can be hired from hotels/resorts, airport or train station in Dong Hoi. About 1 hour on a highway with cars, oxcarts, motorbikes, buses, trucks.
  
==Historical significance==
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Tours are available from [[Hue]].
In addition to the diversity in the ecosystem, Phong Nha - Ke Bang is home to archeological and historical relics, such as an ancient hieroglyphic script of the Cham ethnic minority, King Ham Nghi's base built for the resistance war against French [[colonialist]]s in the late 19th century, and the Xuan Son ferry station, [[Ho Chi Minh Trail]] and Road 20 used during the [[Vietnam War]].
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==Tourism deveplopment in recent years==
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Hotels in Dong Hoi can arrange day trips to the park.
Central Quang Binh province has invested into upgrading the Phong Nha-Ke Bang visitor site to turn it into the country's major tourist destination.
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Multiple eco-tourist projects have been licensed for development and the area is being heavily invested by the province to turn it into a major tourist site in Vietnam. Phong Nha Ke Bang is part of a tourism promotion program called: "[[Middle Heritage Road]]" which includes the ancient capital of [[Hue]], the [[Champa]] relics of [[My Son]], the city of [[Hoi An]], and [[the space of Gong culture in the Central Highlands of Vietnam]].
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==Fees/Permits==
  
In order to facilitate the increasing flow of tourists to the site, construction of the [[Dong Hoi Airport]] nearby has been in progress and due to open at the end of 2006.
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==Get around==
  
== External links ==  
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==See==
*[http://whc.unesco.org/pg.cfm?cid=31&id_site=951 UNESCO World Heritage page for Phong Nha-Ke Bang]
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'''Phong Nha and Tien Son Caves:''' It costs 80,000 VND for the entrance fee to see each cave (160,000 VND for both) and 350,000 VND to rent a boat for up to 14 people to visit both caves (or 320,000 VND for the boat to only one of the two caves). (prices as of October 2012) You can share a boat with other tourists that show up.  Renting a boat is a requirement as there is no other way to get to the caves. Caves are exquisite and very large. It is about 45 km by road from Dong Hoi and takes about an hour by motorbike. More information on Wikipedia: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phong_Nha-Ke_Bang_National_Park#The_Phong_Nha_cave Phong Nha Cave] and [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phong_Nha-Ke_Bang_National_Park#Tien_Son_Cave Tien Son Cave].
*[http://www.terragalleria.com/vietnam/vietnam.phong-nha.html See pictures of Phong Nha Ke Bang]
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{{National parks of Vietnam}}
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[[Category:World Heritage Sites]]
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[[Category:World Heritage Sites in Vietnam]]
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[[Category:National parks of Vietnam]]
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[[Category:ASEAN Heritage Sites]]
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[[Category:Quang Binh]]
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[[de:Phong Nha-Ke Bang]]
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'''Nuoc Mooc Spring Eco Trail:'''  50,000 VND for ticket.  Transportation can be negotiated to take you there from Phong Nha village.  Buy ticket at the hut under the sign off the road, then wander the bamboo bridges and paths along both sides of the river/rapids.  Go back to see where the river springs up out of the ground. This is also on the road to the Thien Duong (Paradise) Cave.
[[es:Phong Nha-Ke Bang]]
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[[fr:Phong Nha - Kẻ Bàng]]
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'''Thien Duong (Paradise) Cave:''' Newly paved road off the main HCM Highway provides car/motorbike/bus access.  Buy 120,000 VND ticket to enter; the fee includes an English speaking guide. Just after that, separate >>optional<< ticket for non-polluting electric golf cart to the base of the stairs (if nice weather, walk along the new path of about 1.6 km instead).  Approx. 500 stairs up to entrance of cave, another 100-200 stairs down inside.  Stunning, tastefully lit cave features along 1.1 km of new (spring 2011) wooden pathways. It is about 70 km by road from Dong Hoi and takes about an hour and a half by motorbike. Some claim that this is among the most beautiful caves in the world. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phong_Nha-Ke_Bang_National_Park#Thien_Duong_Cave More information here on Wikipedia].
[[it:Phong Nha-Ke Bang]]
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[[nl:Phong Nha-Ke Bang]]
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==Do==
[[ja:フォンニャ-ケバン国立公園]]
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Bicycling and kayaking, swimming at allowed points along the rivers.
[[pt:Phong Nha-Ke Bang]]
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[[fi:Phong Nha-Ke Bangin kansallispuisto]]
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==Buy==
[[sv:Phong Nha-Ke Bang nationalpark]]
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[[vi:Vườn quốc gia Phong Nha-Kẻ Bàng]]
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==Eat==
[[zh:風牙者榜國家公園]]
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'''Thien Duong Cave:''' Along with the new road, several restaurants -- at the site entrance, as well as at the top of the 500 stairs! -- were being built for visitors in Spring 2011.
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==Drink==
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==Sleep==
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===Lodging===
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In [[Dong Hoi]], there is a range of hotels/guesthouses, as well as at least one beach resort. About 1 hour travel time from Dong Hoi to the park.
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At least two idyllic options very close to the park:
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* '''Chay Lap''' [http://www.chaylap.org] - clean, quiet, no frills homestay, excellent Vietnamese home cooking, outdoor showers, will set up trekking bicycles and kayaks for you.  Website has a great map of activities in and near the park.
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*<sleep name="Phong Nha Farmstay" alt="" address="Cu Nam Village in Bo Trach" directions="" phone="0944759864" url="http://www.phong-nha-cave.com" checkin="" checkout="" price="8-35USD" lat="" long="">Comfort out in the rice paddys. Run by English speakers. Laidback, backpacker idyll. Experience local life or chill out.</sleep>
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In Phong Nha Town near the cave boat dock there are several budget level guesthouses along the road TL20 (intersection with the giant sign that says Phong Nha Ka Be National Park) for around 150,000 dong or more.
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* '''Trang An Hotel''' Two star hotel found right before the entrance into the national park area with a bright neon light visible from the HCM Trail at night.  Wifi is free.  Doubles with private bathroom, air conditioning and fridge for 350,000 dong.
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===Camping===
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Check park regulations first, or go with an organized tour. Park rangers are very suspicious of undocumented visitors overnighting in the park.
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===Backcountry===
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==Stay safe==
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Be cautious driving on the road to/from Dong Hoi; avoid night driving.
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Bring mosquito repellent.
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==Get out==
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[[WikiPedia:Phong Nha-Ke Bang]]
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{{isIn|Central_Coast_(Vietnam)}}
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{{outline}}

Revision as of 08:47, 26 October 2012

Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park is in Quảng Bình Province, in the north of the Central Coast region of Vietnam.

Contents

Understand

History

Landscape

Flora and fauna

Climate

Get in

Airplane: Currently, the closest service is via Vietnam Airlines to Dong Hoi, check their website for latest fares and flight times.

Train: Several arrivals and departures at Dong Hoi daily from as far away as Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City, only a few hours from Hue.

Bus: A local bus goes from Dong Hoi to Phong Nha for 40,000 VND. It departs at 14:00 from Nam Ly bus station. The bus back to Dong Hoi leaves Phong Nha at 8:00, so you have to either stay overnight or try to go back with one of the tour buses (they may even take you to Dong Hoi for free).

Motorbikes: Motorbikes can be rented for 150,000 VND from hotels in Dong Hoi. It takes about 1 hour via a highway that has little traffic: the Phong Nha cave is about 45 km from Dong Hoi and the Thien Duong (Paradise) Cave is about 70 km from Don Hoi.

Taxis: can be hired from hotels/resorts, airport or train station in Dong Hoi. About 1 hour on a highway with cars, oxcarts, motorbikes, buses, trucks.

Tours are available from Hue.

Hotels in Dong Hoi can arrange day trips to the park.

Fees/Permits

Get around

See

Phong Nha and Tien Son Caves: It costs 80,000 VND for the entrance fee to see each cave (160,000 VND for both) and 350,000 VND to rent a boat for up to 14 people to visit both caves (or 320,000 VND for the boat to only one of the two caves). (prices as of October 2012) You can share a boat with other tourists that show up. Renting a boat is a requirement as there is no other way to get to the caves. Caves are exquisite and very large. It is about 45 km by road from Dong Hoi and takes about an hour by motorbike. More information on Wikipedia: Phong Nha Cave and Tien Son Cave.

Nuoc Mooc Spring Eco Trail: 50,000 VND for ticket. Transportation can be negotiated to take you there from Phong Nha village. Buy ticket at the hut under the sign off the road, then wander the bamboo bridges and paths along both sides of the river/rapids. Go back to see where the river springs up out of the ground. This is also on the road to the Thien Duong (Paradise) Cave.

Thien Duong (Paradise) Cave: Newly paved road off the main HCM Highway provides car/motorbike/bus access. Buy 120,000 VND ticket to enter; the fee includes an English speaking guide. Just after that, separate >>optional<< ticket for non-polluting electric golf cart to the base of the stairs (if nice weather, walk along the new path of about 1.6 km instead). Approx. 500 stairs up to entrance of cave, another 100-200 stairs down inside. Stunning, tastefully lit cave features along 1.1 km of new (spring 2011) wooden pathways. It is about 70 km by road from Dong Hoi and takes about an hour and a half by motorbike. Some claim that this is among the most beautiful caves in the world. More information here on Wikipedia.

Do

Bicycling and kayaking, swimming at allowed points along the rivers.

Buy

Eat

Thien Duong Cave: Along with the new road, several restaurants -- at the site entrance, as well as at the top of the 500 stairs! -- were being built for visitors in Spring 2011.

Drink

Sleep

Lodging

In Dong Hoi, there is a range of hotels/guesthouses, as well as at least one beach resort. About 1 hour travel time from Dong Hoi to the park.

At least two idyllic options very close to the park:

  • Chay Lap [1] - clean, quiet, no frills homestay, excellent Vietnamese home cooking, outdoor showers, will set up trekking bicycles and kayaks for you. Website has a great map of activities in and near the park.
  • Phong Nha Farmstay, Cu Nam Village in Bo Trach, 0944759864, [2]. Comfort out in the rice paddys. Run by English speakers. Laidback, backpacker idyll. Experience local life or chill out. 8-35USD.

In Phong Nha Town near the cave boat dock there are several budget level guesthouses along the road TL20 (intersection with the giant sign that says Phong Nha Ka Be National Park) for around 150,000 dong or more.

  • Trang An Hotel Two star hotel found right before the entrance into the national park area with a bright neon light visible from the HCM Trail at night. Wifi is free. Doubles with private bathroom, air conditioning and fridge for 350,000 dong.

Camping

Check park regulations first, or go with an organized tour. Park rangers are very suspicious of undocumented visitors overnighting in the park.

Backcountry

Stay safe

Be cautious driving on the road to/from Dong Hoi; avoid night driving.

Bring mosquito repellent.

Get out



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