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Difference between revisions of "Penan phrasebook"

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(Colors)
(Bars)
 
(30 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)
Line 17: Line 17:
 
; OPEN : BUKA
 
; OPEN : BUKA
 
; CLOSED : TUTUP
 
; CLOSED : TUTUP
; ENTRANCE : MUSIT
+
; ENTRANCE : MASEK
; EXIT : MASUK
+
; EXIT : MUSIT
; PUSH :  
+
; PUSH : MEJUK
; PULL :  
+
; PULL : MENAT
 
; TOILET : JABAN
 
; TOILET : JABAN
 
; MEN : LAKEI
 
; MEN : LAKEI
Line 86: Line 86:
 
; 10 :  polo(''poh-loh'')
 
; 10 :  polo(''poh-loh'')
 
; 11 :  polo jah(''poh-loh jah'')
 
; 11 :  polo jah(''poh-loh jah'')
; 12 :  ('' '')
+
; 12 :  Jah polo duah('' '')
; 13 :  ('' '')
+
; 13 :  Jah polo teleu('' '')
; 14 : ('' '')
+
; 14 : Jah polo pat ('' '')
; 15 : ('' '')
+
; 15 : Jah polo lemah ('' '')
; 16 : ('' '')
+
; 16 : Jah polo lemah ('' '')
; 17 : ('' '')
+
; 17 : Jah polo tuju ('' '')
; 18 : ('' '')
+
; 18 : Jah polo ayah ('' '')
; 19 :  ('' '')
+
; 19 :  Jah polo pi'en('' '')
 
; 20 :  duah polo(''doo-ah poh-loh'')
 
; 20 :  duah polo(''doo-ah poh-loh'')
 
; 21 :  duah polo jah(''doo-ah poh-loh jah'')
 
; 21 :  duah polo jah(''doo-ah poh-loh jah'')
; 22 :  ('' '')
+
; 22 :  Duah polo duah('' '')
; 23 :  ('' '')
+
; 23 :Duah polo teleu ('' '')
; 30 : ('' '')
+
; 30 : Teleu polo ('' '')
; 40 : ('' '')
+
; 40 : Pat polo ('' '')
; 50 : ('' '')
+
; 50 : Lemah polo ('' '')
; 60 : ('' '')
+
; 60 : Nem polo ('' '')
; 70 :  ('' '')
+
; 70 :  Tuju polo('' '')
; 80 :  ('' '')
+
; 80 :  Ayah polo('' '')
; 90 : ('' '')
+
; 90 : Pi'en polo ('' '')
 
; 100 :  jah ato(''jah ah-toh'')
 
; 100 :  jah ato(''jah ah-toh'')
 
; 200 :  duah ato(''doo-ah ah-toh'')
 
; 200 :  duah ato(''doo-ah ah-toh'')
 
; 300 :  teleu ato(''teh-low ah-toh'')
 
; 300 :  teleu ato(''teh-low ah-toh'')
; 1,000 :  jah ibeu(''jah ih-bow'')
+
; 1,000 :  jah ibu(''jah ih-bow'')
; 2,000 :  duah ibeu(''doo-ah ih-bow '')
+
; 2,000 :  duah ibu(''doo-ah ih-bow '')
 
; 1,000,000 :  ('' '')
 
; 1,000,000 :  ('' '')
 
; 1,000,000,000 :  ('' '')
 
; 1,000,000,000 :  ('' '')
 
; 1,000,000,000,000 :  ('' '')
 
; 1,000,000,000,000 :  ('' '')
; number _____ (train, bus, etc.) : ('' '')
+
; number _____ (train, bus, etc.) :lubun (tren, bas, etc.) ('' '')
; half : ('' '')
+
; half :Setengah ('' '')
; less : ('' '')
+
; less :Kurang ('' '')
; more : ('' '')
+
; more :Lebih ('' '')
  
 
===Time===
 
===Time===
  
; now :  ('' '')
+
; now :Hun iteu ('' '')
; later :  ('' '')
+
; later :Da'ap ('' '')
; before :  ('' '')
+
; before :Be' Jak ('' '')
 
; morning :  ngivun(''nih-woon'')
 
; morning :  ngivun(''nih-woon'')
 
; afternoon :  kuba'(''koo-bah'')
 
; afternoon :  kuba'(''koo-bah'')
Line 132: Line 132:
 
; one o'clock AM :  Pukun jah(''Poo-koon jah'')
 
; one o'clock AM :  Pukun jah(''Poo-koon jah'')
 
; two o'clock AM :  Pukun duah(''Poo-koon doo-ah'')
 
; two o'clock AM :  Pukun duah(''Poo-koon doo-ah'')
; noon :  ('' '')
+
; noon :Dau pejek ('' '')
; one o'clock PM :  ('' '')
+
; one o'clock PM :pukun jah tahup ('' '')
; two o'clock PM : ('' '')
+
; two o'clock PM : pukun du'ah tahup ('' '')
 
; midnight :  Lepok merem(''leh-pohk meh-rehm'')
 
; midnight :  Lepok merem(''leh-pohk meh-rehm'')
  
 
====Duration====
 
====Duration====
  
; _____ minute(s) : ('' '')
+
; _____ minute(s) : Minit ('' '')
; _____ hour(s) : ('' '')
+
; _____ hour(s) : Jam ('' '')
; _____ day(s) :  ('' '')
+
; _____ day(s) :  Dau('' '')
; _____ week(s) : ('' '')
+
; _____ week(s) : Migu ('' '')
; _____ month(s) :  ('' '')
+
; _____ month(s) :Laseh ('' '')
; _____ year(s) : ('' '')
+
; _____ year(s) : Ta'un ('' '')
  
 
====Days====
 
====Days====
; today : ('' '')
+
; today :Dau iteu ( '' '')
; yesterday : ('' '')
+
; yesterday :Malem ('' '')
; tomorrow :  ('' '')
+
; tomorrow :Sagam ('' '')
; this week : ('' '')
+
; this week :Migu iteu ('' '')
; last week :  ('' '')
+
; last week :Migu lepah ('' '')
; next week :  ('' '')
+
; next week :Migu bau ('' '')
  
; Sunday :  ('' '')
+
; Sunday :Dau migu ('' '')
; Monday : ('' '')
+
; Monday : Dau jah ('' '')
; Tuesday : ('' '')
+
; Tuesday : Dau duah ('' '')
; Wednesday :  ('' '')
+
; Wednesday :Dau teleu ('' '')
; Thursday : ('' '')
+
; Thursday : Dau pat ('' '')
; Friday : ('' '')
+
; Friday : Dau lemah ('' '')
; Saturday : ('' '')
+
; Saturday : Dau nem ('' '')
  
 
====Months====
 
====Months====
Line 166: Line 166:
 
<!--If speakers of the language commonly use a calendar other than the Gregorian, explain it here and list its months. See [[Hebrew phrasebook]] for an example.-->
 
<!--If speakers of the language commonly use a calendar other than the Gregorian, explain it here and list its months. See [[Hebrew phrasebook]] for an example.-->
  
; January :  ('' '')
+
; January :Laseh jah ('' '')
; February :  ('' '')
+
; February :Laseh du'ah ('' '')
; March : ('' '')
+
; March : Laseh teleu ('' '')
; April :  ('' '')
+
; April :Laseh pat ('' '')
; May :  ('' '')
+
; May :  Laseh lemah'' '')
; June : ('' '')
+
; June : Laseh nem ('' '')
; July : ('' '')
+
; July : Laseh tuju ('' '')
; August :  ('' '')
+
; August :Laseh ayah ('' '')
; September : ('' '')
+
; September : Laseh pi'en('' '')
; October : ('' '')
+
; October : Laseh polo' ('' '')
; November : ('' '')
+
; November :Laseh jah polo' jah ('' '')
; December :  ('' '')
+
; December :Laseh jah polo' du'ah ('' '')
  
 
====Writing time and date====
 
====Writing time and date====
 
<!--Give some examples how to write clock times and dates if it differs from English.-->
 
<!--Give some examples how to write clock times and dates if it differs from English.-->
 +
 +
it is same like bi and bm.
  
 
===Colors===
 
===Colors===
  
; black :  ('' '')
+
; black :Padeng ('pha' 'deng')
; white :  ('' '')
+
; white :Mebeng ('mhe' 'beng')
; gray : ('' '')
+
; gray : kelabu ('khe' la'bu')
 
; red :  (''bala '')
 
; red :  (''bala '')
; blue :  ('' '')
+
; blue :Marung ('mha ' 'rung
; yellow :  ('' '')
+
; yellow :Lete'e ('' '')
; green :  ('' '')
+
; green :  (''marung '')
; orange :  ('' '')
+
; orange :  ('' oren'')
; purple :  ('' '')
+
; purple :  (''unggu '')
; brown :  ('' '')
+
; brown :  (''coklat '')
  
 
===Transportation===
 
===Transportation===
  
 
====Bus and train====
 
====Bus and train====
; How much is a ticket to _____? :  ('' '')
+
; How much is a ticket to _____? :Kura' regah tiket tai? ('' '')
; One ticket to _____, please. : ('' '')
+
; One ticket to _____, please. : Jah tiket tai ('' '')
; Where does this train/bus go? :  ('' '')
+
; Where does this train/bus go? :Tai kemah tren/bas iteu? ('' '')
; Where is the train/bus to _____? : ('' '')
+
; Where is the train/bus to _____? :Mah bas/tren tai? ('' '')
; Does this train/bus stop in _____? :  ('' '')
+
; Does this train/bus stop in _____? :Bas/tren iteu moko' tong? ('' '')
; When does the train/bus for _____ leave? :  ('' '')
+
; When does the train/bus for _____ leave? :Hun mah bas/tren tai----lakau? ('' '')
; When will this train/bus arrive in _____? :  ('' '')
+
; When will this train/bus arrive in _____? :Hun mah tren/bas ave'e tong? ('' '')
  
 
====Directions====
 
====Directions====
; How do I get to _____ ? :  ('' '')
+
; How do I get to _____ ? :Kineu ku omok tai? ('' '')
; ...the train station? :  ('' '')
+
; ...the train station? :Retek tren? ('' '')
; ...the bus station? :  ('' '')
+
; ...the bus station? :Retek bas? ('' '')
; ...the airport? : ('' '')
+
; ...the airport? : Padang bilun? ('' '')
; ...downtown? :  ('' '')
+
; ...downtown? :  Pasen?('' '')
; ...the youth hostel? :  ('' '')
+
; ...the youth hostel? :asrama anak jaau ('' '')
; ...the _____ hotel? :  ('' '')
+
; ...the _____ hotel? :hotel ('' '')
 
; ...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? :  ('' '')
 
; ...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? :  ('' '')
; Where are there a lot of... :  ('' '')
+
; Where are there a lot of... :Semah retek reh pina ('' '')
; ...hotels? :  ('' '')
+
; ...hotels? :hotel ('' '')
; ...restaurants? : ('' '')
+
; ...restaurants? : Jalan kuman ('' '')
; ...bars? :  ('' '')
+
; ...bars? :  ('' bar'')
; ...sites to see? : ('' '')
+
; ...sites to see? : retek reh naat ('' '')
; Can you show me on the map? :  ('' '')
+
; Can you show me on the map? :Omok kepetaan kuk peta kah? ('' '')
; street :  ('' '')
+
; street :Jalan ('' '')
; Turn left. :  ('' '')
+
; Turn left. :pusing Sa' kabeng ('' '')
; Turn right. :  ('' '')
+
; Turn right. :  pusing Sa' na'au ('' '')
; left :  ('' '')
+
; left : kabeng ('' '')
; right :  ('' '')
+
; right : na'au ('' '')
; straight ahead :  ('' '')
+
; straight ahead :Pejek ('' '')
 
; towards the _____ :  ('' '')
 
; towards the _____ :  ('' '')
; past the _____ : ('' '')
+
; past the _____ : Lapah ('' '')
; before the _____ :  ('' '')
+
; before the _____ :Be' Jak ('' '')
; Watch for the _____. :  ('' '')
+
; Watch for the _____. : naat ('' '')
 
; intersection :  ('' '')
 
; intersection :  ('' '')
; north :  ('' '')
+
; north :  (''utara '')
; south :  ('' '')
+
; south :  (''selatan '')
; east :  ('' '')
+
; east :  ('timur' '')
; west :  ('' '')
+
; west :  (''barat '')
; uphill : ('' '')
+
; uphill : Mukat tokong ('' '')
; downhill : ('' '')
+
; downhill : Ra'ho tokong ('' '')
  
 
====Taxi====
 
====Taxi====
; Taxi! : ('' '')
+
; Taxi! : teksi ('' '')
; Take me to _____, please. :  ('' '')
+
; Take me to _____, please. :Omok mihin ku tai ('' '')
; How much does it cost to get to _____? :  ('' '')
+
; How much does it cost to get to _____? :Kura' regah tai ('' '')
; Take me there, please. : ('' '')
+
; Take me there, please. : Mihin ku ketai ('' '')
  
 
===Lodging===
 
===Lodging===
  
; Do you have any rooms available? :  ('' '')
+
; Do you have any rooms available? :Pu'un tilong kosong keto? ('' '')
; How much is a room for one person/two people? :  ('' '')
+
; How much is a room for one person/two people? : Kura regah tilong ngan jah/duah usah kelunan? ('' '')
; Does the room come with... :  ('' '')
+
; Does the room come with... :Tilong nah pu'un ('' '')
; ...bedsheets? :  ('' '')
+
; ...bedsheets? :Sala' tilem ('' '')
; ...a bathroom? :  ('' '')
+
; ...a bathroom? : Jalan mero ('' '')
; ...a telephone? :  ('' '')
+
; ...a telephone? : Telifon ('' '')
; ...a TV? :  ('' '')
+
; ...a TV? :  TV ('' '')
; May I see the room first? :  ('' '')
+
; May I see the room first? :Omok ku na'at tilong tenah? ('' '')
 
; Do you have anything quieter? :  ('' '')
 
; Do you have anything quieter? :  ('' '')
; ...bigger? : ('' '')
+
; ...bigger? : Ja'au ('' '')
; ...cleaner? : ('' '')
+
; ...cleaner? : Bersih ('' '')
; ...cheaper? : ('' '')
+
; ...cheaper? : Murah ('' '')
; OK, I'll take it. : ('' '')  
+
; OK, I'll take it. : O, akeu ala' eh ('' '')  
; I will stay for _____ night(s). :  ('' '')
+
; I will stay for _____ night(s). :Akeu moko' ---- merem ('' '')
; Can you suggest another hotel? :  ('' '')
+
; Can you suggest another hotel? :Omok ke bara' retek(hotel) eh jah? ('' '')
 
; Do you have a safe? :  ('' '')
 
; Do you have a safe? :  ('' '')
 
; ...lockers? :  ('' '')
 
; ...lockers? :  ('' '')
; Is breakfast/supper included? : ('' '')
+
; Is breakfast/supper included? : Pekulup kuman ngivun? ('' '')
; What time is breakfast/supper? :  ('' '')
+
; What time is breakfast/supper? :Pukun kura' kuman ngivun? ('' '')
; Please clean my room. :  ('' '')
+
; Please clean my room. :Omok ngejian tilong ke' ('' '')
; Can you wake me at _____? :  ('' '')
+
; Can you wake me at _____? :Omok ke' peto'ot akeu pukun---? ('' '')
; I want to check out. :  ('' '')
+
; I want to check out. :Akeu juk musit ('' '')
  
 
===Money===
 
===Money===
  
; Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? :  ('' '')
+
; Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? :TERIMA KO RIGIT AMERICAN/AUSTRALIAN/CANADIAN? ('' '')
; Do you accept British pounds? :  ('' '')
+
; Do you accept British pounds? :TERIMA KO RIGIT IRAH PUTIH ('' '')
 
; Do you accept Euros? :  ('' '')
 
; Do you accept Euros? :  ('' '')
 
; Do you accept credit cards? :  ('' '')
 
; Do you accept credit cards? :  ('' '')
; Can you change money for me? :  ('' '')
+
; Can you change money for me? :OMOK KE NGELIWAH RIGIT KE? ('' '')
; Where can I get money changed? : ('' '')
+
; Where can I get money changed? : SEMAH KU OMOK NGELIWAH RIGIT? ('' '')
; Can you change a traveler's check for me? :  ('' '')
+
; Can you change a traveler's check for me? :  (''omok kaau ngeliwah cek pengembara iteu ngan akeu kh? '')
; Where can I get a traveler's check changed? :  ('' '')
+
; Where can I get a traveler's check changed? :  (''tong semah akeu omok ala cek pengembara eh lepah pekeliwah? '')
 
; What is the exchange rate? :  ('' '')
 
; What is the exchange rate? :  ('' '')
; Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? :  ('' '')
+
; Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? :SEMAH JALAN ALA RIGIT (ATM)? ('' '')
  
 
===Eating===
 
===Eating===
; A table for one person/two people, please. :  ('' '')
+
; A table for one person/two people, please. :Mija ngan jah usah/du'ah usah ('' '')
; Can I look at the menu, please? :  ('' '')
+
; Can I look at the menu, please? :Omok akeu na'at ineu ka'an? ('' '')
; Can I look in the kitchen? : ('' '')
+
; Can I look in the kitchen? : Omok akeu na'at aveu? ('' '')
 
; Is there a house specialty? :  ('' '')
 
; Is there a house specialty? :  ('' '')
 
; Is there a local specialty? :  ('' '')
 
; Is there a local specialty? :  ('' '')
; I'm a vegetarian. :  ('' '')
+
; I'm a vegetarian. :Akeu be' kuman sayur ('' '')
; I don't eat pork. :  ('' '')
+
; I don't eat pork. :Be' akeu kuman babui ('' '')
; I don't eat beef. :  ('' '')
+
; I don't eat beef. :  (''bek akeu kuman sin sapi '')
; I only eat kosher food. :  ('' '')
+
; I only eat kosher food. :  (''akeu kuman penguman eh halal awah '')
 
; Can you make it "lite", please? (''less oil/butter/lard'') :  ('' '')
 
; Can you make it "lite", please? (''less oil/butter/lard'') :  ('' '')
 
; fixed-price meal :  ('' '')
 
; fixed-price meal :  ('' '')
 
; a la carte :  ('' '')
 
; a la carte :  ('' '')
; breakfast :  ('' '')
+
; breakfast :Kuman ngivun ('' '')
; lunch : ('' '')
+
; lunch : Kuman dau pejek ('' '')
 
; tea (''meal'') :  ('' '')
 
; tea (''meal'') :  ('' '')
; supper :  ('' '')
+
; supper :  (''kuman dau merem '')
; I want _____. : ('' '')
+
; I want _____. : Akeu kelo' ('' '')
 
; I want a dish containing _____. :  ('' '')
 
; I want a dish containing _____. :  ('' '')
; chicken :  ('' '')
+
; chicken :Yap ('' '')
; beef :  ('' '')
+
; beef :  (''sapi '')
; fish : ('' '')
+
; fish : Seluang ('' '')
 
; ham :  ('' '')
 
; ham :  ('' '')
; sausage :  ('' '')
+
; sausage :  (''hotdog '')
 
; cheese :  ('' '')
 
; cheese :  ('' '')
; eggs : ('' '')
+
; eggs : Ilo yap ('' '')
; salad :  ('' '')
+
; salad :  (''salad '')
; (fresh) vegetables :  ('' '')
+
; (fresh) vegetables :  (''dapi eh segar '')
; (fresh) fruit :  ('' '')
+
; (fresh) fruit :  (''bua eh segar '')
; bread :  ('' '')
+
; bread :  ('' bred'')
 
; toast :  ('' '')
 
; toast :  ('' '')
; noodles :  ('' '')
+
; noodles :Mi ('' '')
; rice :  ('' '')
+
; rice :  Lubi('' '')
; beans : ('' '')
+
; beans : Kacang ('' '')
; May I have a glass of _____? : ('' '')
+
; May I have a glass of _____? : omok akeu ala jah awan kebit .... ('' '')
; May I have a cup of _____? :  ('' '')
+
; May I have a cup of _____? :  (''omok akeu ala jah sawan ....'')
; May I have a bottle of _____? :  ('' '')
+
; May I have a bottle of _____? :  (''omok akeu ala jah gutun... '')
; coffee :  ('' '')
+
; coffee :Kupi ('' '')
; tea (''drink'') :  ('' '')
+
; tea (''drink'') :Teh ('' '')
; juice :  ('' '')
+
; juice :  (''jus '')
 
; (bubbly) water :  ('' '')
 
; (bubbly) water :  ('' '')
; (still) water : ('' '')
+
; (still) water : Ba' matai ('' '')
 
; beer :  ('' '')
 
; beer :  ('' '')
 
; red/white wine :  ('' '')
 
; red/white wine :  ('' '')
; May I have some _____? : ('' '')
+
; May I have some _____? Omok akeu ala jeluak ('' '')
; salt : ('' '')
+
; salt : Usen ('' '')
 
; black pepper :  ('' '')
 
; black pepper :  ('' '')
 
; butter :  ('' '')
 
; butter :  ('' '')
 
; Excuse me, waiter? (''getting attention of server''):  ('' '')
 
; Excuse me, waiter? (''getting attention of server''):  ('' '')
; I'm finished. : ('' '')
+
; I'm finished. : Maolah akeu ('' '')
; It was delicious. : ('' '')
+
; It was delicious. : Jian mu'un kuman eh ('' '')
; Please clear the plates. :  ('' '')
+
; Please clear the plates. :tolong mohee pigan nah ('' '')
; The check, please. :  ('' '')
+
; The check, please. :  (''tolong nak akeu cek '')
  
 
===Bars===
 
===Bars===
Line 343: Line 345:
 
; A glass of red/white wine, please. :  ('' '')
 
; A glass of red/white wine, please. :  ('' '')
 
; A pint, please. :  ('' '')
 
; A pint, please. :  ('' '')
; A bottle, please. :  ('' '')
+
; A bottle, please. :  ('' nak akeu jaah gutun'')
 
; _____ (''hard liquor'') and _____ (''mixer''), please. :  ('' '')
 
; _____ (''hard liquor'') and _____ (''mixer''), please. :  ('' '')
 
; whiskey :  ('' '')
 
; whiskey :  ('' '')
 
; vodka :  ('' '')
 
; vodka :  ('' '')
 
; rum :  ('' '')
 
; rum :  ('' '')
; water :  ('' '')
+
; water :  (''ba '')
 
; club soda :  ('' '')
 
; club soda :  ('' '')
 
; tonic water :  ('' '')
 
; tonic water :  ('' '')
; orange juice :  ('' '')
+
; orange juice :  (''jus oren '')
 
; Coke (''soda'') :  ('' '')
 
; Coke (''soda'') :  ('' '')
 
; Do you have any bar snacks? :  ('' '')
 
; Do you have any bar snacks? :  ('' '')
; One more, please. :  ('' '')
+
; One more, please. :  (''nak jah kepeh '')
 
; Another round, please. :  ('' '')
 
; Another round, please. :  ('' '')
; When is closing time? :  ('' '')
+
; When is closing time? :  hun mah masa tutup neh tuk dak('' '')
 
; Cheers! :  ('' '')
 
; Cheers! :  ('' '')
  
 
===Shopping===
 
===Shopping===
; Do you have this in my size? : ('' '')
+
; Do you have this in my size? : Pu'un iteu sais ke? ('' '')
; How much is this? : ('' '')
+
; How much is this? : Kura regah iteu? ('' '')
; That's too expensive. : ('' '')
+
; That's too expensive. : Inah ma'an mu'un ('' '')
; Would you take _____? : ('' '')
+
; Would you take _____? : Omok ke ala ('' '')
; expensive : ('' '')
+
; expensive : Ma'an ('' '')
; cheap : ('' '')
+
; cheap : Murah ('' '')
; I can't afford it. :  ('' '')
+
; I can't afford it. : Be' ku omok ('' '')
; I don't want it. : ('' '')
+
; I don't want it. : Be' akeu kelo eh ('' '')
; You're cheating me. :  ('' '')
+
; You're cheating me. :Ka'au kenyo akeu ('' '')
; I'm not interested. : (..)
+
; I'm not interested. : bek akeu minat tong inah(berminat) (..)
; OK, I'll take it. : ('' '')
+
; OK, I'll take it. : O, akeu ala eh ('' '')
; Can I have a bag? :  ('' '')
+
; Can I have a bag? :  Omok akeu pu'un beg?('' '')
 
; Do you ship (overseas)? :  ('' '')
 
; Do you ship (overseas)? :  ('' '')
; I need... : ('' '')
+
; I need... : Akeu perlu ('' '')
; ...toothpaste. :  ('' '')
+
; ...toothpaste. :Kolget ('' '')
; ...a toothbrush. :  ('' '')
+
; ...a toothbrush.Berus jipen :  ('' '')
; ...tampons. : . ('' '')
+
; ...tampons. : Modes. ('' '')
; ...soap. : ('' '')
+
; ...soap. : Sabun ('' '')
; ...shampoo. :  ('' '')  
+
; ...shampoo.shampoo :  ('' '')  
 
; ...pain reliever. (''e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen'') :  ('' '')
 
; ...pain reliever. (''e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen'') :  ('' '')
; ...cold medicine. :  ('' '')
+
; ...cold medicine. :  tawan eh genin('' '')
; ...stomach medicine. : ... ('' '')
+
; ...stomach medicine. : Tawan sakit bore ... ('' '')
 
; ...a razor. :  ('' '')
 
; ...a razor. :  ('' '')
; ...an umbrella. : ('' '')
+
; ...an umbrella. : Payung ('' '')
; ...sunblock lotion. :  ('' '')
+
; ...sunblock lotion. :  (''losyen jaga jin maten dau '')
; ...a postcard. :  ('' '')
+
; ...a postcard. :  ('' poskad'')
 
; ...postage stamps. :  ('' '')
 
; ...postage stamps. :  ('' '')
; ...batteries. :  ('' '')
+
; ...batteries. :Bateri ('' '')
; ...writing paper. :  ('' '')
+
; ...writing paper. :kertas jalan reh tulis ('' '')
; ...a pen. : ('' '')
+
; ...a pen.:pen ('' '')
; ...English-language books. :  ('' '')
+
;pencil:pisin
; ...English-language magazines. : ('' '')
+
; ...English-language books. :Buku ha' putih ('' '')
; ...an English-language newspaper. :  ('' '')
+
; ...English-language magazines. : buku majalah hak putih ('' '')
; ...an English-English dictionary. :  ('' '')
+
; ...an English-language newspaper.Surat rengah ha putih :  ('' '')
 +
; ...an English-English dictionary. :  kamus ha putih tai hak putih('' '')
  
 
===Driving===
 
===Driving===
Line 409: Line 412:
 
===Authority===
 
===Authority===
  
; I haven't done anything wrong. :  ('' '')
+
; I haven't done anything wrong. :BE' AKEU PU'UN MANEU SALA' ('' '')
; It was a misunderstanding. :  ('' '')
+
; It was a misunderstanding. :INAH SALA' NGERETI AWAH ('' '')
; Where are you taking me? :  ('' '')
+
; Where are you taking me? :TAI KEMAH KE' MIHIN KU? ('' '')
; Am I under arrest? :  ('' '')
+
; Am I under arrest? :KENAMIT POLIS KU TUK? ('' '')
; I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. : ('' '')
+
; I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. :AKEU IRAH AMERICAN/AUSTRALIAN/BRITISH/CANADIAN ('' '')
; I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. :  ('' '')
+
; I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. :AKEU JUK PANE' NGAN AMERICAN/AUSTRALIAN/BRITISH/CANADIAN/ EMBASSY/ CONSULATE ('' '')
; I want to talk to a lawyer. :  ('' '')
+
; I want to talk to a lawyer. :AKEU JUK PANE'NGAN LAWYER ('' '')
; Can I just pay a fine now? :  ('' '')
+
; Can I just pay a fine now? :OMOK KU BAYAN UKUM KE HUN ITEU? ('' '')
  
 
==Learning more==
 
==Learning more==

Latest revision as of 08:04, 6 February 2013

Penan is the language of the Penan people in Sarawak, a state of Malaysia.

Contents

Pronunciation guide[edit]

Vowels[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Common diphthongs[edit]

Phrase list[edit]

Some phrases in this phrasebook still need to be translated. If you know anything about this language, you can help by plunging forward and translating a phrase.


Basics[edit]

Common signs

OPEN 
BUKA
CLOSED 
TUTUP
ENTRANCE 
MASEK
EXIT 
MUSIT
PUSH 
MEJUK
PULL 
MENAT
TOILET 
JABAN
MEN 
LAKEI
WOMEN 
REDO
FORBIDDEN 


Hello. 
. ( )
Hello. (informal
. ( )
How are you? 
Kineu akam ko'? (Kih-noo ah-kahm koh?).
(This is the direct translation however "Ineu rengah ko?" meaning "What is your news?" is used in place of this phrase.
Fine, thank you. 
Akeu jian. (Ahko jih-ahn)
What is your name? 
Ineu ngaran ko'? (Ih-noo nah-rahn koh?)
My name is ______ . 
Ngaran ké' ______ . (Nah-rahn keh _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
Jian temeu. (Jih-ahn tuh-moh)
Please. 
. ( )
Thank you. 
Jian kenin. (Jih-ahn ku-nihn)
You're welcome. 
Kua' kua'. (Koo-ah Koo-ah)
Yes. 
O'o. (Oh)
No. 
Bé'. (Beh)
Excuse me. (getting attention
. ( )
Excuse me. (begging pardon
Menyat jian. (Mehn-yaht jih-ahn)
I'm sorry. 
. (Menyat jian)
Goodbye 
Jian lakau. (Jih-ahn lah-kow)
Goodbye (informal
. ( )
I can't speak Penan [well]. 
Akeu bé' jam ha Penan [mu'un]. (Ah-kow beh jahm hah peh-nahn [moo-oon])
Do you speak English? 
Jam ka'au ha puteh? (Jahm kah-ow hah poo-tee?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Séé jam ha puteh siteu? (Seh-eh jahm hah poo-tee sih-tow?)
Can I help you? 
Omok akeu nolong ka'au? (Oh-mohk ah-kow noh-lohng kah-ow!)
Look out! 
Jaga Jaga! (Jahgah Jahgah!)
Good morning. 
Jian ngivun. (Jih-ahn nee-voon )
Good evening. 
Jian dau kuba'. (Jih-ahn dahoo koo-bah)
Good night. 
Jian merem. (Jih-ahn meh-rehm)
I go sleeping. 
Akeu tai pegen. (Ah-kow tah-ih peh-gehn)
I don't understand. 
Bé' akeu jam. (Beh ah-kow jam)
Where is the toilet? 
Semah pu'un jaban? (Seh-mah poo-oon jah-bahn?)

Problems[edit]

Leave me alone. 
Mai ke ngasau akeu. ( .)
Don't touch me! 
Mai ngamit akeu! ( !)
I'll call the police. 
Akeu tebai polis. ( .)
Police! 
Polis! ( !)
Stop! Thief! 
Moko! Nekau! ( ! !)
I need your help. 
. (.)
It's an emergency. 
. ( .)
I'm lost. 
Akeu tawang. ( .)
I lost my bag. 
Akeu ngetat beg ke. (.)
I lost my wallet. 
Akeu ngetat rigit ke. ( .)
I'm sick. 
Akeu sakit. (Ah-kow sah-kiht.)
I've been injured. 
Akeu sakit. ( .)
I need a doctor. 
Akeu perlu dokto. ( .)
Can I use your phone? 
Omok akeu pakai ampon ko? ( ?)

Numbers[edit]

jah(jah)
duah(doo-ah)
teleu(teh-low)
pat(paht)
lemah(leh-mah)
nem(nehm)
tuju(tu-joo)
ayah(aih-yah)
pi'en(pih-ehn)
10 
polo(poh-loh)
11 
polo jah(poh-loh jah)
12 
Jah polo duah( )
13 
Jah polo teleu( )
14 
Jah polo pat ( )
15 
Jah polo lemah ( )
16 
Jah polo lemah ( )
17 
Jah polo tuju ( )
18 
Jah polo ayah ( )
19 
Jah polo pi'en( )
20 
duah polo(doo-ah poh-loh)
21 
duah polo jah(doo-ah poh-loh jah)
22 
Duah polo duah( )
23 
Duah polo teleu ( )
30 
Teleu polo ( )
40 
Pat polo ( )
50 
Lemah polo ( )
60 
Nem polo ( )
70 
Tuju polo( )
80 
Ayah polo( )
90 
Pi'en polo ( )
100 
jah ato(jah ah-toh)
200 
duah ato(doo-ah ah-toh)
300 
teleu ato(teh-low ah-toh)
1,000 
jah ibu(jah ih-bow)
2,000 
duah ibu(doo-ah ih-bow )
1,000,000 
( )
1,000,000,000 
( )
1,000,000,000,000 
( )
number _____ (train, bus, etc.) 
lubun (tren, bas, etc.) ( )
half 
Setengah ( )
less 
Kurang ( )
more 
Lebih ( )

Time[edit]

now 
Hun iteu ( )
later 
Da'ap ( )
before 
Be' Jak ( )
morning 
ngivun(nih-woon)
afternoon 
kuba'(koo-bah)
evening 
tahup(tah-hoop)
night 
merem(meh-rehm)

Clock time[edit]

one o'clock AM 
Pukun jah(Poo-koon jah)
two o'clock AM 
Pukun duah(Poo-koon doo-ah)
noon 
Dau pejek ( )
one o'clock PM 
pukun jah tahup ( )
two o'clock PM 
pukun du'ah tahup ( )
midnight 
Lepok merem(leh-pohk meh-rehm)

Duration[edit]

_____ minute(s) 
Minit ( )
_____ hour(s) 
Jam ( )
_____ day(s) 
Dau( )
_____ week(s) 
Migu ( )
_____ month(s) 
Laseh ( )
_____ year(s) 
Ta'un ( )

Days[edit]

today 
Dau iteu ( )
yesterday 
Malem ( )
tomorrow 
Sagam ( )
this week 
Migu iteu ( )
last week 
Migu lepah ( )
next week 
Migu bau ( )
Sunday 
Dau migu ( )
Monday 
Dau jah ( )
Tuesday 
Dau duah ( )
Wednesday 
Dau teleu ( )
Thursday 
Dau pat ( )
Friday 
Dau lemah ( )
Saturday 
Dau nem ( )

Months[edit]

January 
Laseh jah ( )
February 
Laseh du'ah ( )
March 
Laseh teleu ( )
April 
Laseh pat ( )
May 
Laseh lemah )
June 
Laseh nem ( )
July 
Laseh tuju ( )
August 
Laseh ayah ( )
September 
Laseh pi'en( )
October 
Laseh polo' ( )
November 
Laseh jah polo' jah ( )
December 
Laseh jah polo' du'ah ( )

Writing time and date[edit]

it is same like bi and bm.

Colors[edit]

black 
Padeng ('pha' 'deng')
white 
Mebeng ('mhe' 'beng')
gray 
kelabu ('khe' la'bu')
red 
(bala )
blue 
Marung ('mha ' 'rung
yellow 
Lete'e ( )
green 
(marung )
orange 
( oren)
purple 
(unggu )
brown 
(coklat )

Transportation[edit]

Bus and train[edit]

How much is a ticket to _____? 
Kura' regah tiket tai? ( )
One ticket to _____, please. 
Jah tiket tai ( )
Where does this train/bus go? 
Tai kemah tren/bas iteu? ( )
Where is the train/bus to _____? 
Mah bas/tren tai? ( )
Does this train/bus stop in _____? 
Bas/tren iteu moko' tong? ( )
When does the train/bus for _____ leave? 
Hun mah bas/tren tai----lakau? ( )
When will this train/bus arrive in _____? 
Hun mah tren/bas ave'e tong? ( )

Directions[edit]

How do I get to _____ ? 
Kineu ku omok tai? ( )
...the train station? 
Retek tren? ( )
...the bus station? 
Retek bas? ( )
...the airport? 
Padang bilun? ( )
...downtown? 
Pasen?( )
...the youth hostel? 
asrama anak jaau ( )
...the _____ hotel? 
hotel ( )
...the American/Canadian/Australian/British consulate? 
( )
Where are there a lot of... 
Semah retek reh pina ( )
...hotels? 
hotel ( )
...restaurants? 
Jalan kuman ( )
...bars? 
( bar)
...sites to see? 
retek reh naat ( )
Can you show me on the map? 
Omok kepetaan kuk peta kah? ( )
street 
Jalan ( )
Turn left. 
pusing Sa' kabeng ( )
Turn right. 
pusing Sa' na'au ( )
left 
kabeng ( )
right 
na'au ( )
straight ahead 
Pejek ( )
towards the _____ 
( )
past the _____ 
Lapah ( )
before the _____ 
Be' Jak ( )
Watch for the _____. 
naat ( )
intersection 
( )
north 
(utara )
south 
(selatan )
east 
('timur' )
west 
(barat )
uphill 
Mukat tokong ( )
downhill 
Ra'ho tokong ( )

Taxi[edit]

Taxi! 
teksi ( )
Take me to _____, please. 
Omok mihin ku tai ( )
How much does it cost to get to _____? 
Kura' regah tai ( )
Take me there, please. 
Mihin ku ketai ( )

Lodging[edit]

Do you have any rooms available? 
Pu'un tilong kosong keto? ( )
How much is a room for one person/two people? 
Kura regah tilong ngan jah/duah usah kelunan? ( )
Does the room come with... 
Tilong nah pu'un ( )
...bedsheets? 
Sala' tilem ( )
...a bathroom? 
Jalan mero ( )
...a telephone? 
Telifon ( )
...a TV? 
TV ( )
May I see the room first? 
Omok ku na'at tilong tenah? ( )
Do you have anything quieter? 
( )
...bigger? 
Ja'au ( )
...cleaner? 
Bersih ( )
...cheaper? 
Murah ( )
OK, I'll take it. 
O, akeu ala' eh ( )
I will stay for _____ night(s). 
Akeu moko' ---- merem ( )
Can you suggest another hotel? 
Omok ke bara' retek(hotel) eh jah? ( )
Do you have a safe? 
( )
...lockers? 
( )
Is breakfast/supper included? 
Pekulup kuman ngivun? ( )
What time is breakfast/supper? 
Pukun kura' kuman ngivun? ( )
Please clean my room. 
Omok ngejian tilong ke' ( )
Can you wake me at _____? 
Omok ke' peto'ot akeu pukun---? ( )
I want to check out. 
Akeu juk musit ( )

Money[edit]

Do you accept American/Australian/Canadian dollars? 
TERIMA KO RIGIT AMERICAN/AUSTRALIAN/CANADIAN? ( )
Do you accept British pounds? 
TERIMA KO RIGIT IRAH PUTIH ( )
Do you accept Euros? 
( )
Do you accept credit cards? 
( )
Can you change money for me? 
OMOK KE NGELIWAH RIGIT KE? ( )
Where can I get money changed? 
SEMAH KU OMOK NGELIWAH RIGIT? ( )
Can you change a traveler's check for me? 
(omok kaau ngeliwah cek pengembara iteu ngan akeu kh? )
Where can I get a traveler's check changed? 
(tong semah akeu omok ala cek pengembara eh lepah pekeliwah? )
What is the exchange rate? 
( )
Where is an automatic teller machine (ATM)? 
SEMAH JALAN ALA RIGIT (ATM)? ( )

Eating[edit]

A table for one person/two people, please. 
Mija ngan jah usah/du'ah usah ( )
Can I look at the menu, please? 
Omok akeu na'at ineu ka'an? ( )
Can I look in the kitchen? 
Omok akeu na'at aveu? ( )
Is there a house specialty? 
( )
Is there a local specialty? 
( )
I'm a vegetarian. 
Akeu be' kuman sayur ( )
I don't eat pork. 
Be' akeu kuman babui ( )
I don't eat beef. 
(bek akeu kuman sin sapi )
I only eat kosher food. 
(akeu kuman penguman eh halal awah )
Can you make it "lite", please? (less oil/butter/lard
( )
fixed-price meal 
( )
a la carte 
( )
breakfast 
Kuman ngivun ( )
lunch 
Kuman dau pejek ( )
tea (meal
( )
supper 
(kuman dau merem )
I want _____. 
Akeu kelo' ( )
I want a dish containing _____. 
( )
chicken 
Yap ( )
beef 
(sapi )
fish 
Seluang ( )
ham 
( )
sausage 
(hotdog )
cheese 
( )
eggs 
Ilo yap ( )
salad 
(salad )
(fresh) vegetables 
(dapi eh segar )
(fresh) fruit 
(bua eh segar )
bread 
( bred)
toast 
( )
noodles 
Mi ( )
rice 
Lubi( )
beans 
Kacang ( )
May I have a glass of _____? 
omok akeu ala jah awan kebit .... ( )
May I have a cup of _____? 
(omok akeu ala jah sawan ....)
May I have a bottle of _____? 
(omok akeu ala jah gutun... )
coffee 
Kupi ( )
tea (drink
Teh ( )
juice 
(jus )
(bubbly) water 
( )
(still) water 
Ba' matai ( )
beer 
( )
red/white wine 
( )
May I have some _____? Omok akeu ala jeluak ( )
salt 
Usen ( )
black pepper 
( )
butter 
( )
Excuse me, waiter? (getting attention of server)
( )
I'm finished. 
Maolah akeu ( )
It was delicious. 
Jian mu'un kuman eh ( )
Please clear the plates. 
tolong mohee pigan nah ( )
The check, please. 
(tolong nak akeu cek )

Bars[edit]

Do you serve alcohol? 
( )
Is there table service? 
( )
A beer/two beers, please. 
( )
A glass of red/white wine, please. 
( )
A pint, please. 
( )
A bottle, please. 
( nak akeu jaah gutun)
_____ (hard liquor) and _____ (mixer), please. 
( )
whiskey 
( )
vodka 
( )
rum 
( )
water 
(ba )
club soda 
( )
tonic water 
( )
orange juice 
(jus oren )
Coke (soda
( )
Do you have any bar snacks? 
( )
One more, please. 
(nak jah kepeh )
Another round, please. 
( )
When is closing time? 
hun mah masa tutup neh tuk dak( )
Cheers! 
( )

Shopping[edit]

Do you have this in my size? 
Pu'un iteu sais ke? ( )
How much is this? 
Kura regah iteu? ( )
That's too expensive. 
Inah ma'an mu'un ( )
Would you take _____? 
Omok ke ala ( )
expensive 
Ma'an ( )
cheap 
Murah ( )
I can't afford it. 
Be' ku omok ( )
I don't want it. 
Be' akeu kelo eh ( )
You're cheating me. 
Ka'au kenyo akeu ( )
I'm not interested. 
bek akeu minat tong inah(berminat) (..)
OK, I'll take it. 
O, akeu ala eh ( )
Can I have a bag? 
Omok akeu pu'un beg?( )
Do you ship (overseas)? 
( )
I need... 
Akeu perlu ( )
...toothpaste. 
Kolget ( )
...a toothbrush.Berus jipen 
( )
...tampons. 
Modes. ( )
...soap. 
Sabun ( )
...shampoo.shampoo 
( )
...pain reliever. (e.g., aspirin or ibuprofen
( )
...cold medicine. 
tawan eh genin( )
...stomach medicine. 
Tawan sakit bore ... ( )
...a razor. 
( )
...an umbrella. 
Payung ( )
...sunblock lotion. 
(losyen jaga jin maten dau )
...a postcard. 
( poskad)
...postage stamps. 
( )
...batteries. 
Bateri ( )
...writing paper. 
kertas jalan reh tulis ( )
...a pen.
pen ( )
pencil
pisin
...English-language books. 
Buku ha' putih ( )
...English-language magazines. 
buku majalah hak putih ( )
...an English-language newspaper.Surat rengah ha putih 
( )
...an English-English dictionary. 
kamus ha putih tai hak putih( )

Driving[edit]

I want to rent a car. 
( )
Can I get insurance? 
( )
stop (on a street sign
( )
one way 
( )
yield 
( )
no parking 
( )
speed limit 
( )
gas (petrol) station 
( )
petrol 
( )
diesel 
( )

Authority[edit]

I haven't done anything wrong. 
BE' AKEU PU'UN MANEU SALA' ( )
It was a misunderstanding. 
INAH SALA' NGERETI AWAH ( )
Where are you taking me? 
TAI KEMAH KE' MIHIN KU? ( )
Am I under arrest? 
KENAMIT POLIS KU TUK? ( )
I am an American/Australian/British/Canadian citizen. 
AKEU IRAH AMERICAN/AUSTRALIAN/BRITISH/CANADIAN ( )
I want to talk to the American/Australian/British/Canadian embassy/consulate. 
AKEU JUK PANE' NGAN AMERICAN/AUSTRALIAN/BRITISH/CANADIAN/ EMBASSY/ CONSULATE ( )
I want to talk to a lawyer. 
AKEU JUK PANE'NGAN LAWYER ( )
Can I just pay a fine now? 
OMOK KU BAYAN UKUM KE HUN ITEU? ( )

Learning more[edit]

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