In the early Middle Ages Opolskie was part of Silesia, which was a part of Poland since the 10th century. When in 1138 the Seniorat of Poland was formed, Silesia was one of the Polish duchies and several Silesian duches were Seniors of Poland until the late 13th century. In the 12th and 13th century Silesia fall apart into several duchies of which Opole and Nysa are in Opolskie. In the 14th century they came under Czech rule. At time the majority of the population was germanized. Bohemia was ruled at this time by the German Luxembourg, later the Polish Jagiellonians and finally by the Austrian Habsburgs. In 1741 Prussia annexed Opolskie from Austria. After World War I and the Silsian Uprisings Opolskie voted to remain largely a part of Germany but still had a significantly large Polish minority. After World War II it became part of Poland and most of its German population was expelled. Nowadays it is situated in the South-West of the country and home to many ethnic minorities including most of Poland's Germans and the Silesian group.
Polish is the first language, as in all of Poland. Therefore, everyone speaks it. German plays a historic role in the region and some towns and cities are bi-lingual because of the German-speaking minority. There are even German language newspapers and schools. Silesian, a slavic minority language is also spoken in most of the Opole/Upper Silesia region. English and German may be spoken by the young.
Opolskie has no international airport. The nearest international airports are Katowice's Katowice-Pyrzowice Airport (KTW), Poznań's Poznań-Ławica Airport (POZ), Wrocław's Copernicus Airport (WRO) and Łódź's Łódź-Lublinek Airport (LCJ).
Visit Nysa, Opole and the surrounding lakes.
Opolskie boarders four other Polish voivodships
as well as the Czech Republic.