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Olynthos

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Revision as of 16:16, 24 August 2007 by 85.73.166.193 (Talk)

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The modern village Olynthos, sits on a small plateau on the western side of the river Olynthios (in ancient times known as Sandanos), across from the ruins of the ancient city.

By the entrance of the excavation site there is a small museum featuring artifacts recovered from old Olynthos, and at least part of the ruins are open to public tours during daylight hours. Of particular note are some of the earliest known mosaic decorated floors in the ancient Greek world. Olynthos, an ancient city of Halkidike, situated in a fertile plain at the head of the Gulf of Torone, near the neck of the peninsula of Pallene, at some little distance from the sea, and about 60 stadia (7 or 8 miles) from Potidea. The mosaic floors discovered in private houses of Olynthos, capital of the Chalkidian League from 432 BC, are among the oldest Macedonian mosaics (5th c. BC). These works date to the period 432-348 BC and represent an early stage in the evolution of mosaics. They are composed of river pebbles, spaced out on the underlayer so that the mortar is largely visible. The mosaic floors of Olynthos have representative mythological subjects. The figures stand out in pale colors on a dark background. This feature recalls the impression rendered by red-figure vase painting (red figures on black background), of weaving, and even of relief. The compositions are characterized by their severely geometric symmetry and the harmonious combination of their subjects. 85.73.166.193 12:12, 24 August 2007 (EDT)

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