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{{traveltopic}}
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An '''Old Town''', or a ''historical district'', is a preserved urban neighborhood of significant age, built before the emergence of rail travel, large-scale urban planning and high-rise construction in the mid-19th century. The oldest towns have existed since before the beginning of the common era. Several Old Towns are recognized on the [[UNESCO World Heritage List]].
  
An '''Old Town''', or a ''historical district'', is a preserved urban neighborhood of significant age, at least older than rail travel and high-rise construction (which appeared in the mid-19th century), in some cases predating the birth of Christ.
+
==Understand==
 +
An Old Town is inhabited, in contrast to an [[archaeological site]].
  
Old Towns usually have narrow streets, fitted for pedestrians rather than automobiles. As buildings were constructed by hand, [[architecture]] is much different from modern town centers. Old Towns are usually dominated by city walls or other fortifications, together with palaces and religious buildings ([[church]]es and [[mosque]]s).
+
The Old Towns that exist today, are not necessarily the first settlements built at the location; many of them have been destroyed and rebuilt several times. Some Old Towns, such as [[Düsseldorf]], have been restored to its former appearance in recent times.
  
Several Old Towns are recognized on the [[UNESCO World Heritage List]]. An Old Town is inhabited, in contrast to an [[archaeological site]].
+
Foreign-language terms for Old Towns:
 +
* Arabic: '''Medina''' (not to be confused with the [[Medina|Saudi Arabian city of the same name]]).
 +
* Czech: '''Staré město'''
 +
* German: '''Altstadt'''
 +
* Italian: '''Centro Storico'''
 +
* Portuguese: '''Cidade Velha'''
 +
* Serbo-Croatian: '''Stari Grad'''
 +
* Norwegian: '''Gamleby'''
  
Old Towns are not necessarily the first settlements at the location; they might have been destroyed and rebuilt several times. This article includes inhabited districts open to common travellers, that have remained largely intact since around 1850.
+
==Get around==
 +
Since the very purpose of Old Towns was to collect buildings with walking distance, Old Towns usually have narrow streets and even narrower alleys, where pedestrians move easier than automobiles.
 +
 
 +
Pre-modern cities typically had less than 100,000 inhabitants (with a few exceptions, such as [[Rome]], [[Istanbul]] and [[Beijing]]) and were densely populated, so they are usually less than a kilometer across. Due to grade separation, staircases and cobblestone, travellers with disabilities might have difficulties to get through some points. Wheeled suitcases, strollers and bicycles can also be hard to get through.
 +
 
 +
Entering an Old Town by automobile can be physically impossible, illegal, or at least very difficult.
 +
 
 +
==See==
 +
[[Architecture]] in Old Towns can be totally unique. Old Towns are usually dominated by city walls or other fortifications, together with palaces and religious buildings ([[Christian sites and events|churches]], [[Muslim sites and events|mosques]] etc). Non-government profane buildings can be prominent in merchant cities, such as [[Venice]].
 +
 
 +
==Do==
 +
Several Old Towns are served by '''horse-carriage rides''', in old-style carriages. These are often costly, far from genuine, and should primarily be considered if a guided tour is included.
 +
 
 +
Several Old Towns have traditional festivals, connecting to their past heritage. Whether carried on since old times (such as ''Sechseläuten'' in [[Zürich]]), or made up by posterity (such as the Medieval Week in [[Visby]]), they can provide an experience beyond the usual, as well as overcrowded venues.
 +
 
 +
==Buy==
 +
Old Towns usually contain different kinds of shopping: traditional arts and crafts, as well as mass-produced souvenirs and mundane shopping.
 +
 
 +
==Eat==
 +
As Old Towns are frequented by travellers, meals can be overpriced, and hygiene might be deficient.
 +
 
 +
==Sleep==
 +
The accommodation inside the Old Towns is usually limited in size and comfort, compared to the [[Grand Old Hotel]]s of the late-19th century. As rooms are rarely standardized, you should have a look at the room, or at least have a description, before you make the deal.
 +
 
 +
==Stay safe==
 +
As Old Towns are often packed with travellers, be aware of [[common scams]]. Street lighting might be deficient in Old Towns.
  
 
==Famous Old Towns==
 
==Famous Old Towns==
 +
This list includes inhabited urban districts of decent size and population, open to the public, that have remained largely intact since around 1850, or have been faithfully restored to that state.
  
 
===Europe===
 
===Europe===
* Denmark: [[Copenhagen]], [[Odense]]
+
A few South European cities date back to the Roman Empire, while most were founded during the Middle Ages (AD 500-1500). Some of them bear scars from warfare. Several Old Towns (not least in Germany and Italy) were once independent city-states. Today, just a few of them fly their own flag ([[Monaco]], [[San Marino]] etc).
 +
 
 +
* Albania: [[Berat]], [[Gjirokastër]]
 +
* Andorra: [[Andorra la Vella]]
 +
* Austria: [[Salzburg]], [[Vienna/Innere Stadt]]
 +
* Azerbaijan: [[Baku]]
 +
* Belgium: [[Antwerp]], [[Bruges]], [[Ghent]], [[Courtray]], [[Leuven]], [[Mechelen]]
 +
* Bosnia and Herzegovina: [[Mostar]]
 +
* Bulgaria: [[Sofia]]
 +
* Croatia: [[Dubrovnik]], [[Split]]
 +
* Czech Republic: [[Prague]], [[Cesky Krumlov]], [[Telc]]
 +
* Denmark: [[Copenhagen/Indre By]], [[Copenhagen/Christianshavn]], [[Odense]], [[Aarhus]]
 
* Estonia: [[Tallinn]]
 
* Estonia: [[Tallinn]]
* Germany: [[Lübeck]]
+
* Finland: [[Rauma]]
* Greece: [[Athens/Plaka]]
+
* France: [[Avignon]], [[Bordeaux]], [[Carcassonne]], [[Mulhouse]], [[Nice]], [[Strasbourg]]
* Poland: [[Krakow]], [[Warsaw]]
+
* Georgia: [[Tbilisi]]
* United Kingdom: [[Hastings]], [[Oxford]]
+
* Germany: [[Bamberg]], [[Cologne]], [[Düsseldorf]], [[Erfurt]], [[Göttingen]], [[Goslar]], [[Heidelberg]], [[Lübeck]], [[Munich/City Center]], [[Quedlinburg]], [[Stralsund]], [[Trier]], [[Wismar]]
* Austria: [[Salzburg]], [[Vienna]]
+
* Greece: [[Athens/Plaka]], [[Corfu]]
* Italy: [[Florence]], [[Venice]], [[Rome/Old Rome]], [[Rome/Vatican]]
+
* Hungary: [[Budapest/Castle Hill]]
* Sweden: [[Stockholm/Gamla Stan]], [[Visby]], [[Uppsala]]
+
* Italy: [[Bari]], [[Bologna]], [[Florence]], [[Genoa]], [[Lucca]], [[Naples]] [[Perugia]], [[Pisa]], [[Rome/Old Rome]], [[Rome/Trastevere]], [[San Gimignano]], [[Siena]], [[Syracuse (Italy)|Syracuse]], [[Urbino]], [[Venice]]
 +
* [[Monaco]]: Monaco-Ville
 +
* Latvia: [[Riga]]
 +
* Liechtenstein: [[Vaduz]]
 +
* Lithuania: [[Vilnius]]
 +
* Luxemburg: [[Luxembourg]]
 +
* Netherlands: [[Amsterdam/Old Centre]], [[Amsterdam/Canal Ring]], [[The Hague]], [[Nijmegen]]
 +
* Norway: [[Bergen]]
 +
* Poland: [[Gdansk]], [[Krakow]], [[Warsaw]], [[Poznan]], [[Torun]]
 +
* Portugal: [[Évora]], [[Guimarães]], [[Porto]]
 +
* Romania: [[Sighisoara]]
 +
* Russia: [[Novgorod]], [[Saint Petersburg]], [[Yaroslavl]]
 +
* Serbia: [[Belgrade]], [[Novi Sad]]
 +
* [[San Marino]]
 +
* Spain: [[Toledo (Spain)|Toledo]], [[Salamanca]], [[Santiago de Compostela]], [[Barcelona/Ciutat Vella]], [[Segovia]]
 +
* Sweden: [[Stockholm/Gamla Stan]], [[Lund]], [[Visby]], [[Uppsala]], [[Sigtuna]], [[Karlskrona]], [[Söderköping]], [[Ystad]]
 +
* Switzerland: [[Berne]], [[Geneva]], [[Zürich]]
 +
* Ukraine: [[Lviv]]
 +
* United Kingdom: [[Bath]], [[Hastings]], [[Southampton]], [[Edinburgh]], [[York]]
  
 
===Middle East===
 
===Middle East===
* Syria: [[Aleppo]], [[Damascus]]
+
The Middle East contains many of the world's oldest cities, some of them inhabited for several thousand years.
* Israel: [[Jerusalem/Old City]]
+
 
* Turkey: [[Istanbul]]
+
* Cyprus: [[Nicosia]], [[Famagusta]]
* Egypt: [[Cairo]], [[Alexandria]]
+
* Lebanon: [[Tyre]]
 +
* Syria: [[Aleppo]], [[Bosra]], [[Damascus]]
 +
* Iran: [[Shiraz]]
 +
* Iraq: [[Baghdad]]
 +
* Israel/Palestine: [[Akko]], [[Jerusalem/Old City]], [[Jaffa]], [[Jericho]], [[Tiberias]]
 +
* Jordan: [[Amman]]
 +
* Turkey: [[Edirne]], [[Istanbul/Sultanahmet-Old City]], [[Konya]]
 +
* Yemen: [[Sana'a]]
  
 
===Asia===
 
===Asia===
 +
* Bangladesh: [[Dhaka]]
 +
* China: [[Macao]], [[Pingyao]], [[Lijiang]]
 +
* India: [[Delhi]], [[Tanjore]], [[Varanasi]], [[Chennai]], [[Srirangam]], [[Konark]], [[Vellore]]
 
* Japan: [[Kyoto]], [[Kamakura]]
 
* Japan: [[Kyoto]], [[Kamakura]]
 +
* Malaysia: [[Georgetown (Malaysia)]], [[Malacca]], [[Ipoh]], [[Kuching]]
 +
* Pakistan: [[Karachi]]
 +
* South Korea: [[Jongno]] and [[Jung]]
 +
* Uzbekistan: [[Bukhara]], [[Samarkand]], [[Shakhrizabz]]
 +
* Vietnam: [[Hoi An]]
  
 
===Africa===
 
===Africa===
* Kenya: [[Mombasa]]
+
Most Old Towns in North Africa have an Arabic (or at least Islamic) heritage, but some have an even earlier history.
 +
 
 +
* Cape Verde: [[Cidade Velha]]
 +
* Egypt: [[Cairo]], [[Alexandria]]
 +
* Ethiopia: [[Aksum]], [[Harar]]
 +
* Kenya: [[Lamu]], [[Mombasa]]
 +
* Libya: [[Tripoli]]
 +
* Mali: [[Djenné]], [[Timbuktu]]
 +
* Morocco: [[Fez]], [[Marrakech]]
 +
* Tunisia: [[Tunis]]
  
 
===Americas===
 
===Americas===
* Uruguay: [[Montevideo]]
+
The Americas have some colonial Old Towns from the time between the European arrival in 1492, and the independence movement of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Most of these are in the Caribbean, or in the coastal areas of Latin America.
  
==Get around==
+
* Argentina: [[La Boca]]
The very purpose of Old Towns was to collect buildings with walking distance. Because of this, Old Towns are usually less than a kilometer across. Due to slopes, staircases and cobblestone, travellers with disabilities might have difficulties moving around. Wheelchairs, wheeled suitcases, infant strollers and bicycles might be difficult to push through certain alleys.
+
* Barbados: [[Bridgetown]]
 
+
* Bolivia: [[Potosí]], [[Sucre]]
Entering an Old Town by automobile can be physically impossible, illegal, or at least very difficult.
+
* Brazil: [[Ouro Preto]], [[Olinda]], [[Salvador|Salvador da Bahia]]
 
+
* Canada: [[Montreal/Old Montreal]], [[Quebec City]]
==Do==
+
* Chile: [[Valparaíso]]
Several Old Towns offer '''horse-carriage rides''', in old-style carriages. These are often costly, far from genuine, and should primarily be considered if a guided tour is included.
+
* Colombia: [[Bogotá]], [[Santa Cruz de Mompox]], [[Cartagena_(Colombia)|Cartagena]], [[Villa de Leyva]]
 
+
* Cuba: [[Havana]]
==Eat==
+
* Curaçao: [[Willemstad]]
As Old Towns are frequented by tourists, meals might be overpriced.
+
* Dominican Republic: [[Santo Domingo]]
 
+
* Ecuador: [[Quito]], [[Cuenca_(Ecuador)|Cuenca]]
==Sleep==
+
* Guatemala: [[Antigua Guatemala]]
The accommodation inside the Old Towns is usually limited in size and comfort, compared to the [[Grand Old Hotel]]s of the late-19th century. As rooms are rarely standardized, you should see the room, or at least have a description, before you make the deal.
+
* Mexico: [[Mexico City/Centro]], [[Xochimilco]], [[Morelia]], [[Oaxaca]], [[Monte Albán]], [[Puebla]], [[Zacatecas]], [[Campeche]], [[Guanajuato]], [[San Miguel de Allende]], [[Taxco]]
 
+
* Nicaragua:  [[Granada_(Nicaragua)|Granada]], [[Leon_(Nicaragua)|Leon]]
==Stay safe==
+
* Peru: [[Arequipa]], [[Cuzco]], [[Lima]]
As Old Towns are packed with travellers, be aware of [[common scams]]. Street lighting might be deficient in Old Towns.
+
* Puerto Rico: [[San Juan/Old San Juan]]
 +
* United States: [[Boston/Downtown]], [[New Orleans/French Quarter]], [[Philadelphia/Old City]], [[San Diego/Old Town-Mission Valley]], [[Washington, D.C./Georgetown]], [[St._Augustine|St Augustine]]
 +
* Uruguay: [[Montevideo]]
 +
* Venezuela: [[Coro]]
  
 
[[Category:Travel topics]]
 
[[Category:Travel topics]]

Revision as of 07:05, 22 September 2013

    This article is a travel topic
An Old Town, or a historical district, is a preserved urban neighborhood of significant age, built before the emergence of rail travel, large-scale urban planning and high-rise construction in the mid-19th century. The oldest towns have existed since before the beginning of the common era. Several Old Towns are recognized on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Contents

Understand

An Old Town is inhabited, in contrast to an archaeological site.

The Old Towns that exist today, are not necessarily the first settlements built at the location; many of them have been destroyed and rebuilt several times. Some Old Towns, such as Düsseldorf, have been restored to its former appearance in recent times.

Foreign-language terms for Old Towns:

  • Arabic: Medina (not to be confused with the Saudi Arabian city of the same name).
  • Czech: Staré město
  • German: Altstadt
  • Italian: Centro Storico
  • Portuguese: Cidade Velha
  • Serbo-Croatian: Stari Grad
  • Norwegian: Gamleby

Get around

Since the very purpose of Old Towns was to collect buildings with walking distance, Old Towns usually have narrow streets and even narrower alleys, where pedestrians move easier than automobiles.

Pre-modern cities typically had less than 100,000 inhabitants (with a few exceptions, such as Rome, Istanbul and Beijing) and were densely populated, so they are usually less than a kilometer across. Due to grade separation, staircases and cobblestone, travellers with disabilities might have difficulties to get through some points. Wheeled suitcases, strollers and bicycles can also be hard to get through.

Entering an Old Town by automobile can be physically impossible, illegal, or at least very difficult.

See

Architecture in Old Towns can be totally unique. Old Towns are usually dominated by city walls or other fortifications, together with palaces and religious buildings (churches, mosques etc). Non-government profane buildings can be prominent in merchant cities, such as Venice.

Do

Several Old Towns are served by horse-carriage rides, in old-style carriages. These are often costly, far from genuine, and should primarily be considered if a guided tour is included.

Several Old Towns have traditional festivals, connecting to their past heritage. Whether carried on since old times (such as Sechseläuten in Zürich), or made up by posterity (such as the Medieval Week in Visby), they can provide an experience beyond the usual, as well as overcrowded venues.

Buy

Old Towns usually contain different kinds of shopping: traditional arts and crafts, as well as mass-produced souvenirs and mundane shopping.

Eat

As Old Towns are frequented by travellers, meals can be overpriced, and hygiene might be deficient.

Sleep

The accommodation inside the Old Towns is usually limited in size and comfort, compared to the Grand Old Hotels of the late-19th century. As rooms are rarely standardized, you should have a look at the room, or at least have a description, before you make the deal.

Stay safe

As Old Towns are often packed with travellers, be aware of common scams. Street lighting might be deficient in Old Towns.

Famous Old Towns

This list includes inhabited urban districts of decent size and population, open to the public, that have remained largely intact since around 1850, or have been faithfully restored to that state.

Europe

A few South European cities date back to the Roman Empire, while most were founded during the Middle Ages (AD 500-1500). Some of them bear scars from warfare. Several Old Towns (not least in Germany and Italy) were once independent city-states. Today, just a few of them fly their own flag (Monaco, San Marino etc).

Middle East

The Middle East contains many of the world's oldest cities, some of them inhabited for several thousand years.

Asia

Africa

Most Old Towns in North Africa have an Arabic (or at least Islamic) heritage, but some have an even earlier history.

Americas

The Americas have some colonial Old Towns from the time between the European arrival in 1492, and the independence movement of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Most of these are in the Caribbean, or in the coastal areas of Latin America.

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages