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Difference between revisions of "Old Towns"

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An '''Old Town''', or a ''historical district'', is a preserved urban neighborhood of significant age, built before the emergence of rail travel, large-scale urban planning and high-rise construction in the mid-19th century. The oldest towns already existed at the birth of Christ.
 
An '''Old Town''', or a ''historical district'', is a preserved urban neighborhood of significant age, built before the emergence of rail travel, large-scale urban planning and high-rise construction in the mid-19th century. The oldest towns already existed at the birth of Christ.
  
Old Towns usually have narrow streets and even narrower alleys, where pedestrians move easier than automobiles. As buildings were constructed by hand, [[architecture]] is much different from modern town centers. Old Towns are usually dominated by city walls or other fortifications, together with palaces and religious buildings ([[church]]es, [[mosque]]s etc).
+
Old Towns usually have narrow streets and even narrower alleys, where pedestrians move easier than automobiles.  
  
 
Several Old Towns are recognized on the [[UNESCO World Heritage List]]. An Old Town is inhabited, in contrast to an [[archaeological site]].
 
Several Old Towns are recognized on the [[UNESCO World Heritage List]]. An Old Town is inhabited, in contrast to an [[archaeological site]].
  
Old Towns are not necessarily the first settlements at the location; the neighborhoods might have been destroyed and rebuilt several times. This article includes inhabited districts open to common travellers, that have remained largely intact since around 1850.
+
Old Towns are not necessarily the first settlements at the location; the neighborhoods might have been destroyed and rebuilt several times. Some Old Towns, such as [[Düsseldorf]], have been restored in recent times, according to old plans.
  
 
Foreign-language terms for Old Towns:
 
Foreign-language terms for Old Towns:
 
* Arabic: '''Medina''' (not to be confused by the [[Medina|Saudi Arabian city of the same name]]).
 
* Arabic: '''Medina''' (not to be confused by the [[Medina|Saudi Arabian city of the same name]]).
 
* German: '''Altstadt'''
 
* German: '''Altstadt'''
 +
 +
==Get around==
 +
The very purpose of Old Towns was to collect buildings with walking distance. Because of this, Old Towns are usually less than a kilometer across. Due to slopes, staircases and cobblestone, travellers with disabilities, as well as wheeled suitcases, infant strollers and bicycles might be difficult to push through certain alleys.
 +
 +
Entering an Old Town by automobile can be physically impossible, illegal, or at least very difficult.
 +
 +
==See==
 +
As buildings were constructed by hand, [[architecture]] is much different from modern town centers. Old Towns are usually dominated by city walls or other fortifications, together with palaces and religious buildings ([[church]]es, [[mosque]]s etc).
 +
 +
==Do==
 +
Several Old Towns offer '''horse-carriage rides''', in old-style carriages. These are often costly, far from genuine, and should primarily be considered if a guided tour is included.
 +
 +
==Buy==
 +
Old Towns usually contain different kinds of shopping: arts and crafts, as well as mass-produced souvenirs.
 +
 +
==Eat==
 +
As Old Towns are frequented by tourists, meals can be overpriced, and hygiene might be deficient.
 +
 +
==Sleep==
 +
The accommodation inside the Old Towns is usually limited in size and comfort, compared to the [[Grand Old Hotel]]s of the late-19th century. As rooms are rarely standardized, you should have a look at the room, or at least have a description, before you make the deal.
 +
 +
==Stay safe==
 +
As Old Towns are often packed with travellers, be aware of [[common scams]]. Street lighting might be deficient in Old Towns.
  
 
==Famous Old Towns==
 
==Famous Old Towns==
 +
This list includes inhabited urban districts of decent size and population, that have remained largely intact since around 1850, or have been faithfully restored to that state.
  
 
===Europe===
 
===Europe===
 +
A few South European cities date back to the Roman Empire, while most were founded during the Middle Ages (AD 500-1500). Some of them bear scars from warfare.
 +
 
* Albania: [[Berat]], [[Gjirokastër]]
 
* Albania: [[Berat]], [[Gjirokastër]]
 
* Austria: [[Salzburg]], [[Vienna/Innere Stadt]]
 
* Austria: [[Salzburg]], [[Vienna/Innere Stadt]]
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* France: [[Avignon]], [[Bordeaux]], [[Carcassonne]], [[Mulhouse]], [[Strasbourg]]
 
* France: [[Avignon]], [[Bordeaux]], [[Carcassonne]], [[Mulhouse]], [[Strasbourg]]
 
* Georgia: [[Tbilisi]]
 
* Georgia: [[Tbilisi]]
* Germany: [[Bamberg]], [[Lübeck]], [[Stralsund]], [[Wismar]]
+
* Germany: [[Bamberg]], [[Cologne]], [[Düsseldorf]] [[Heidelberg]], [[Lübeck]], [[Munich/City Center]], [[Quedlinburg]], [[Stralsund]], [[Thüringen]], [[Wismar]]
 
* Greece: [[Athens/Plaka]], [[Corfu]]
 
* Greece: [[Athens/Plaka]], [[Corfu]]
* Italy: [[Florence]], [[Genoa]], [[Venice]], [[Rome/Old Rome]], [[San Gimignano]], [[Siena]], [[Urbino]]
+
* Italy: [[Bari]], [[Florence]], [[Genoa]], [[Venice]], [[Rome/Old Rome]], [[San Gimignano]], [[Siena]], [[Urbino]]
 
* [[Monaco]]: Monaco-Ville
 
* [[Monaco]]: Monaco-Ville
 
* Latvia: [[Riga]]
 
* Latvia: [[Riga]]
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* Russia: [[Novgorod]], [[Saint Petersburg]], [[Yaroslavl]]
 
* Russia: [[Novgorod]], [[Saint Petersburg]], [[Yaroslavl]]
 
* Spain: [[Toledo (Spain)|Toledo]], [[Salamanca]], [[Santiago de Compostela]]
 
* Spain: [[Toledo (Spain)|Toledo]], [[Salamanca]], [[Santiago de Compostela]]
* Sweden: [[Stockholm/Gamla Stan]], [[Lund]], [[Visby]], [[Uppsala]], [[Sigtuna]], [[Karlskrona]]
+
* Sweden: [[Stockholm/Gamla Stan]], [[Lund]], [[Visby]], [[Uppsala]], [[Sigtuna]], [[Karlskrona]], [[Ystad]]
 
* Switzerland: [[Berne]], [[Geneva]], [[Zürich]]
 
* Switzerland: [[Berne]], [[Geneva]], [[Zürich]]
 
* Ukraine: [[Lviv]]
 
* Ukraine: [[Lviv]]
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===Middle East===
 
===Middle East===
The Middle East contains many of the world's oldest cities, many of them inhabited several millennia BC.
+
The Middle East contains many of the world's oldest cities, some of them inhabited several millennia BC.
  
 
* Cyprus: [[Nicosia]], [[Famagusta]]
 
* Cyprus: [[Nicosia]], [[Famagusta]]
 
* Lebanon: [[Tyre]]
 
* Lebanon: [[Tyre]]
 
* Syria: [[Aleppo]], [[Bosra]], [[Damascus]]
 
* Syria: [[Aleppo]], [[Bosra]], [[Damascus]]
* Israel/Palestine: [[Akko]], [[Jerusalem/Old City]], [[Jaffa]], [[Jericho]]
+
* Israel/Palestine: [[Akko]], [[Jerusalem/Old City]], [[Jaffa]], [[Jericho]], [[Tiberias]]
 
* Turkey: [[Istanbul]]
 
* Turkey: [[Istanbul]]
 
* Yemen: [[Sana'a]]
 
* Yemen: [[Sana'a]]
  
 
===Asia===
 
===Asia===
 +
* Bangladesh: [[Dhaka]]
 
* China: [[Macao]], [[Pingyao]], [[Lijiang]]
 
* China: [[Macao]], [[Pingyao]], [[Lijiang]]
 
* Japan: [[Kyoto]], [[Kamakura]]
 
* Japan: [[Kyoto]], [[Kamakura]]
 +
* Malaysia: [[Ipoh]], [[Petaling Jaya]]
 
* Pakistan: [[Karachi]]
 
* Pakistan: [[Karachi]]
 
* Uzbekistan: [[Bukhara]], [[Samarkand]], [[Shakhrizabz]]
 
* Uzbekistan: [[Bukhara]], [[Samarkand]], [[Shakhrizabz]]
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In the Americas, there are just a few colonial Old Towns from the time between the European arrival in 1492, and the independence movement of the late 18th century.
 
In the Americas, there are just a few colonial Old Towns from the time between the European arrival in 1492, and the independence movement of the late 18th century.
  
 +
* Argentina: [[La Boca]]
 
* Barbados: [[Bridgetown]]
 
* Barbados: [[Bridgetown]]
 
* Bolivia: [[Potosí]], [[Sucre]]
 
* Bolivia: [[Potosí]], [[Sucre]]
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* Uruguay: [[Montevideo]]
 
* Uruguay: [[Montevideo]]
 
* Venezuela: [[Coro]]
 
* Venezuela: [[Coro]]
 
==Get around==
 
The very purpose of Old Towns was to collect buildings with walking distance. Because of this, Old Towns are usually less than a kilometer across. Due to slopes, staircases and cobblestone, travellers with disabilities, as well as wheeled suitcases, infant strollers and bicycles might be difficult to push through certain alleys.
 
 
Entering an Old Town by automobile can be physically impossible, illegal, or at least very difficult.
 
 
==Do==
 
Several Old Towns offer '''horse-carriage rides''', in old-style carriages. These are often costly, far from genuine, and should primarily be considered if a guided tour is included.
 
 
==Buy==
 
Old Towns usually contain different kinds of shopping: arts and crafts, as well as mass-produced souvenirs.
 
 
==Eat==
 
As Old Towns are frequented by tourists, meals might be overpriced.
 
 
==Sleep==
 
The accommodation inside the Old Towns is usually limited in size and comfort, compared to the [[Grand Old Hotel]]s of the late-19th century. As rooms are rarely standardized, you should have a look at the room, or at least have a description, before you make the deal.
 
 
==Stay safe==
 
As Old Towns are often packed with travellers, be aware of [[common scams]]. Street lighting might be deficient in Old Towns.
 
  
 
[[Category:Travel topics]]
 
[[Category:Travel topics]]

Revision as of 13:26, 11 September 2012

    This article is a travel topic

An Old Town, or a historical district, is a preserved urban neighborhood of significant age, built before the emergence of rail travel, large-scale urban planning and high-rise construction in the mid-19th century. The oldest towns already existed at the birth of Christ.

Old Towns usually have narrow streets and even narrower alleys, where pedestrians move easier than automobiles.

Several Old Towns are recognized on the UNESCO World Heritage List. An Old Town is inhabited, in contrast to an archaeological site.

Old Towns are not necessarily the first settlements at the location; the neighborhoods might have been destroyed and rebuilt several times. Some Old Towns, such as Düsseldorf, have been restored in recent times, according to old plans.

Foreign-language terms for Old Towns:

Contents

Get around

The very purpose of Old Towns was to collect buildings with walking distance. Because of this, Old Towns are usually less than a kilometer across. Due to slopes, staircases and cobblestone, travellers with disabilities, as well as wheeled suitcases, infant strollers and bicycles might be difficult to push through certain alleys.

Entering an Old Town by automobile can be physically impossible, illegal, or at least very difficult.

See

As buildings were constructed by hand, architecture is much different from modern town centers. Old Towns are usually dominated by city walls or other fortifications, together with palaces and religious buildings (churches, mosques etc).

Do

Several Old Towns offer horse-carriage rides, in old-style carriages. These are often costly, far from genuine, and should primarily be considered if a guided tour is included.

Buy

Old Towns usually contain different kinds of shopping: arts and crafts, as well as mass-produced souvenirs.

Eat

As Old Towns are frequented by tourists, meals can be overpriced, and hygiene might be deficient.

Sleep

The accommodation inside the Old Towns is usually limited in size and comfort, compared to the Grand Old Hotels of the late-19th century. As rooms are rarely standardized, you should have a look at the room, or at least have a description, before you make the deal.

Stay safe

As Old Towns are often packed with travellers, be aware of common scams. Street lighting might be deficient in Old Towns.

Famous Old Towns

This list includes inhabited urban districts of decent size and population, that have remained largely intact since around 1850, or have been faithfully restored to that state.

Europe

A few South European cities date back to the Roman Empire, while most were founded during the Middle Ages (AD 500-1500). Some of them bear scars from warfare.

Middle East

The Middle East contains many of the world's oldest cities, some of them inhabited several millennia BC.

Asia

Africa

Americas

In the Americas, there are just a few colonial Old Towns from the time between the European arrival in 1492, and the independence movement of the late 18th century.

Variants

Actions

Destination Docents

In other languages