Ogliastra is a beautiful natural theatre that opens from the mountains of "Supramonte", on the border with Barbargia, towards the central-eastern Sardinian coast. The name comes for "Olivastro", the local wild olive three. Ogliastra is know and admired for its magnificent coastal area, all surrounded by mountains and cliffs, and for some of the most untouched coast of Italy. Its natural Mountain-Sea park includes famous spots and landmarks like the "Cale" (beach-harbours); among the most famous ones Cala Gonone, Cala Sisine, Cala Goloritze, Cala Luna... Another impressive natural landmark is the massive "Pedra Longa", a natual cliff literarly planted into the sea. Ogliastra is becoming a popular area for lovers of nature, wild landscapes and fabulous local food, it is the area of the island most loved by conscious tourists that like to escape from the crowded areas of the north and the south of the island.
The two major towns of the area are Lanusei and Tortoli. Together, they are the administrative capitals of the recently born "Province of Ogliastra". Lanusei is a very ancient mountain town overlooking the valley of Ogliastra, Tortoli is a coastal settlement that reached the status of economical centre of Ogliastra thanks to the proximity of Arbatax port, the main gate to the area from the sea. Population is Ogliastra is very little, around 45000 people only, with some of the lowest densities in Italy. Dozens of minuscule villages spot the region of Ogliastra, each one with its tradition and its proud heritage.
"Culurgionis", stricly hand made bit filled pastas, with local variations in every village, are delicious big kind of ravioli, filled with mash potatoes, aromas and several kind of local cheese. Pecorino cheese is very good, as in many parts of the island, and its quality benefits from the proximity of the mountains. Roasted meat is a "must", as everywhere in Sardinia, especially suckling pig, lamb, goat and sheep. The valley of Ogliastra produced also a wide range of delicious fruits, thanks to the volcanic soil and the cool influence of the Supramonte (watermelons, oranges...). Fish arrives from the harbour of Arbatax, where local fishermen cooperatives grow also the famous "Bottarega" (fish eggs smoked and aged).
The red wine "Cannonau" is the flagship of the area, as the best Italian expression of this variety (aka Grenache in France and Garnatcha in Spain) grows in Ogliastra. It is consumed as normal red wine, or, recalling some Spanish heritage, served byt the local chilled with cutted slices of peach in it; a sort of Sangria. Pubs and bars are mostly located in the coastal villages and near resorts, especially in the area around Tortoli and Arbatax.