Oświęcim, a town of 43,000, lies in Southern Poland, roughly 60 km from Kraków. The town is best known as being home to Auschwitz I, a WWII concentration camp, and its close proximity to the Auschwitz expansion camp - Auschwitz-Birkenau, an extermination/forced labor camp.
The first record of the town dates to the 10th century. Originally, Germans and Poles inhabited the town. In the 15th and 16th centuries, the Jewish population of Oświęcim began to grow and in a relatively short time Jews were in the majority.
Buses are frequent and cheap, if not totally reliable around the town. Particularly to the Auschwitz museum not far away.
Oswiecim is easily navigated on foot, as everything is closeby.
Visit Old Town Market, and Chewra Lomdei Misznajot Temple, and the castle. There is also new modern library, and ice hockey stadium.
Life Festival Oświęcim , music, theatre, art festival which main concept is building peaceful relations between cultures. May.
Anything, as Poland is notoriously cheap.
An hour's journey from Oswiecim, take the bus or the train from the train station. See Kraków for more information.