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Southern Finland : Nuuksio National Park
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[[Image:Nuuksio_Boulders.JPG|thumb|240px|Mossy boulders in Nuuksio National Park]]
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[[Image:NUUKSIO_yangtsefly.jpg|thumb|400px|print=lead|Lakes and forest in Nuuksio National Park]]
  
'''Nuuksio National Park''' [http://www.outdoors.fi/nuuksionp] (''Nuuksion kansallispuisto'' in Finnish, ''Noux nationalpark'' in Swedish) is in [[Southern Finland]] close to [[Helsinki]] at the outskirts of Espoo.
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'''Nuuksio National Park''' [http://www.outdoors.fi/nuuksionp] (''Nuuksion kansallispuisto'' in Finnish, ''Noux nationalpark'' in Swedish) is in [[Southern Finland]], 35 km from [[Helsinki]] on the outskirts of Espoo and the neighboring counties of [[Kirkkonummi]] and [[Vihti]].
 +
 
 +
==Understand==
 +
Covering an area of only 45 square kilometers, Nuuksio is a pint-sized marvel.
 +
 
 +
===History===
 +
Established only in 1994, Nuuksio is one of Finland's newest national parks, set up to ensure that a piece of pristine wilderness is kept within striking distance of the capital.  Its location so close to a major city is unusual, and due mostly to the fact that the rocky and wet terrain was unsuitable for farming or other development.
 +
 
 +
===Landscape===
 +
Nuuksio's landscape is archetypically Finnish: conifer and birch forests, forty-three lakes, small swamps between them and gentle rolling hills, sometimes covered in moss, sometimes with the granite bedrock exposed where the vast ice sheets of the last ice age scraped them clean.  There are plenty of quiet spots of beauty, but don't expect jaw-dropping gorges or soaring mountains (good advice for traveling anywhere in Finland, that).
 +
 
 +
===Flora and fauna===
 +
The '''Siberian Flying Squirrel''' (''Liito-orava'') is official park emblem, but being nocturnal and living high up in the treetops, it's very difficult to spot.  The Haukkalampi info center has an exhibit about the critter and even gives handy tips on how to spot its poo.
 +
 
 +
===Climate===
 +
Nuuksio's climate is the same as Helsinki's: lovely summers, wet spring and fall, brutal winters.  The high season is obviously summer, although mushroom pickers continue to tramp the trails well into the fall and hardcore cross-country skiers venture within in the winter.
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
The easiest way to get is by car.  By public transport there are no direct connections to Nuuksio from Helsinki and getting there will require a transfer. Take the train to Espoo station (commuter trains S, U, E and L) and then take the bus 85 or take train to Leppävaara (commuter trains A, E, U, S, L, Y) and take the bus 28 to Siikaniemi.  
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There are two public bus services to Nuuksio, and both of them require a transfer if coming from Helsinki. Check schedules before setting off, as services are quite limited, particularly for bus 28.
  
Bus services are somewhat infrequent so check the [http://aikataulut.ytv.fi/reittiopas/en/?keyb=Nuuksio+National+Park schedules] before leaving.
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Use the route planner [http://www.reittiopas.fi/en/] to find routes from any address in Helsinki region to Nuuksio National Park.
 +
 
 +
To get to the '''eastern side of the park''', take the commuter train S, U, E or L from the Central Railway Station to Espoo station, then transfer to bus 85/85A.  Get off at '''Nuuksionpää''' (85/85A) if going to the main visitor centre at Haukkalampi, it's a two-kilometer stroll along the paved road to the park entrance.  If going to the northern side of the park, take 85A to the terminus at '''Kattila''' (May-October only).
 +
 
 +
To get to the '''southern side of the park''', take the trains A, E, U, S, L or Y to Leppävaara and transfer to bus 28.  Buses 28K, 28T go to Hotel Siikaranta on the western shore of Lake Siikajärvi, while bus 28A goes to '''Siikaniemi''' on the eastern side.
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To get the '''southwestern side of the park''', take a bus 280 or 290 [http://www.matkahuolto.fi/en/] from Helsinki City Bus Terminal (Kamppi Center) to '''Veikkola koulu''' and take a taxi to last few kilometers north to the park. You can also walk or cycle those quiet village roads.
 +
 
 +
To get to the rarely visited '''western side of the park''', take a bus 280 or 290 [http://www.matkahuolto.fi/en/] from Helsinki City Bus Terminal (Kamppi Center) to '''Tervalammen kartano''' and walk several km.
 +
 
 +
To get to the quiet '''northeastern side of the park''', take a bus 346 [http://www.matkahuolto.fi/en/] from Helsinki City Bus Terminal (Kamppi Center) to '''Pyyslampi'''. The nature park with its lakes begins right from the southern side of the road.
 +
 
 +
Most nature excursions by Feel The Nature (see [[#Do|Do]]) include return transportation from Helsinki City Centre and Espoo.
 +
 
 +
==Fees/Permits==
 +
Entry to the park is free and no special permits are necessary.
  
 
==Get around==
 
==Get around==
The only way to get around is by hiking.
+
Motorized vehicles are prohibited in the park, so most visitors get around is by hiking.  The Haukkalampi information cabin (''Haukkalammen luontotupa'') near the main entrance has simple free maps, or invest €10 in a detailed topographic map of the area.  You can also pick up the map at Helsinki tourist info offices.
 +
 
 +
Bicycling is allowed on 30 km of designated routes, including National Cycle Route 2, 14 km of which passes through the park. 
 +
Nuuksion Ratsastuskeskus [http://www.ratsastuskeskus.com/] can arrange horse rides on 22 km of routes as well.
  
 
==See==
 
==See==
A number of well-signposted trails are available, while hardcore hikers can head out into the bush and stay at one of the many campsites.   An information cabin near the main entrance (as well as the Helsinki tourist info) has simple free maps, or invest 10€ in a detailed topographic map of the area.  
+
[[Image:Nuuksio_Boulders.JPG|thumb|240px|Mossy boulders on Haukankierros]]
 +
 
 +
A number of well-signposted trails are available, while hardcore hikers can head out into the bush and stay at one of the many campsites. For the first time visitor, doing the Haukankierros loop and half of Korpinkierros will provide a good representative look.
 +
 
 +
* <see name="Haukankierros" alt="blue route" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">The "Hawk's Tour" is a four-kilometer loop starting and ending at the Haukanpesä information center, looping around Lake Haukkalampi.  Lake views, cliffs, mossy boulders.  This is also the most popular route, and it can get almost crowded on weekends if the weather is good.</see>
 +
 
 +
* <see name="Korpinkierros" alt="yellow route" address="" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">The "Raven's Tour" is an eight-kilometer loop starting at the Haukanpesä information center, passing through Mustalampi (with campground), Siikaranta and Siikaniemi before returning back.  It's also possible to walk only half the route by taking bus 28 in and 85 out.</see>
  
 
==Do==
 
==Do==
Rent the sauna '''Oravankolo''' for a night.
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'''Picking berries''' in late summer and '''mushrooms''' in the fall are popular activities.  '''Fishing''' is allowed, although there isn't all that much to catch.  In winter, the trails are open to '''cross-country skiing''', although they are not lit or maintained.
  
==Eat & Drink==
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'''Rock climbing''' is allowed only at Pitkäjärvi and the eastern Kolmoislammet.  '''Ice climbing''' is permitted throughout the park.
No food or water is available in the park, so bring everything you need.
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Bring your sausages and grill them at one of the official fire places.
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Several tour operators specializes in Nuuksio:
 +
 
 +
* <do name="Green Window" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="+358-40-407506001" email="" fax="" url="http://en.greenwindow.fi/" hours="" price="">Arranges guided hikes, group tours, corporate retreats etc in Nuuksio.  Has access to several cottages and even a Lappish hut for group accommodation, with saunas for charter as well.</do>
 +
*<do name="Feel The Nature Treks" alt="Feel The Nature Treks" address="" directions="" phone="+358 9 4241 4750" url="http://feelthenature.fi/en" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Feel The Nature Treks arranges guided canoeing, hiking and mountain biking tours in Nuuksio National Park as well as visits to Finnish Nature Centre Haltia.  Wintertime company organizes also snow shoe and ski tour programs. Scheduled tours include minibus transportation from Helsinki City Centre and Espoo. Private excursions to Finnish Sauna by the lake are organized year-round.</do>
 +
*<do name="BioGeo-Traveller" alt="" address="" directions="" phone="+358 44 928 0343" url="https://sites.google.com/a/taxonomicum.com/biogeo-traveller/helsinki-nature/nuuksio-national-park" email="biogeo-traveller@taxonomicum.com" hours="" price="" lat="" long="">Arranges regular guided tours in Nuuksio National Park of various duration and difficulty. </do>
 +
 
 +
==Eat, Drink or Buy==
 +
No food is available in the park, so bring everything you need. Water is available ''only'' at the Haukkalampi information center.  Making an open fire is allowed at the designated fireplaces near the campgrounds, so bring some sausages and have a picnic.  Some of the fireplaces are covered and thus usable even when it rains.
 +
 
 +
Hotel Siikaranta (see below) restaurant offers Finnish-style buffets for hungry hikers, but opening hours are limited.
  
 
==Sleep==
 
==Sleep==
 +
 +
 +
*<sleep name="Hotel Elohovi" alt="" address="Kurjolammentie 38, Tervalampi" directions="" phone="+358-0-2242840" url="http://www.elohovi.com/en/" checkin="" checkout="" price="Double room €53/person/night and, single room €91" lat="" long="">Very popular nature hotel for business and other groups in the Nuuksio National Park. Services: 8 meeting rooms in a peaceful environment, restaurant, 26 rooms (accommodation capacity for 60 persons, lakseside sauna, different excursions to the Park customized according to your wishes.</sleep>
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* <sleep name="Hotel Siikaranta" alt="" address="Naruportintie 68" directions="Bus 28K, 28T from Espoo stn" phone="+358-9-867971" email="" fax="" url="http://hotelli.siikaranta.fi" checkin="" checkout="" price="€79/94 single/double, including breakfast">Conference hotel mostly popular with companies arranging corporate retreats. Restaurant (buffet only, limited hours), bar, pool, sauna.</sleep>
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 +
*'''Hawkhill nature''' [http://www.hawkhill.fi]  and '''Nuuksion Taika''' [http://www.nuuksiontaika.fi] rent high standard cottages in Nuuksio.
 +
 +
 +
===Lodging===
 
Several wilderness lodges can be rented cheaply, but they're popular so advance bookings are essential.  You will also need to bring your own sleeping bags.
 
Several wilderness lodges can be rented cheaply, but they're popular so advance bookings are essential.  You will also need to bring your own sleeping bags.
 +
 +
* <sleep name="Oravankolo" address="" phone="+358 203 44122" email="" fax="" hours="" price="€60/day" url="http://www.villipohjola.com/item.asp?Section=990&Item=4823">A modest cabin for 5 persons. Includes a sauna in a separate building.</sleep>
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* <sleep name="Tikankolo" address="" phone="+358 203 44122" price="€60/day" url="http://www.villipohjola.com/item.asp?Section=990&Item=4824">Another wilderness cabin with a sauna. Room for 6 persons.</sleep>
 +
 +
 +
For groups, Green Window (see [[#Do|Do]]) can also arrange private lodgings elsewhere in the park.
 +
 +
===Camping===
 +
Camping is permitted only in four designated campgrounds in the park.  None have any facilities, but open fires are allowed.
  
 
==Stay safe==
 
==Stay safe==
Apart from vipers and the very remote chance of meeting a bear, there is little dangerous fauna in the park. If you don't have a compass and orienteering experience stay on the main trails.
+
Apart from vipers and the very remote chance of meeting a bear, there is little dangerous fauna in the park. Thanks to the swampy terrain, mosquitoes can be a nuisance, so stock up on the bug spray.  Stay on the main trails if you don't have a compass and orienteering experience. Remember to check yourself after hike for possible ticks. 
  
==Get out==
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{{guidepark}}
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{{parkguide}}
  
{{outline}}
 
 
{{isIn|Southern_Finland}}
 
{{isIn|Southern_Finland}}
  
 
[[fi:Nuuksion kansallispuisto]]
 
[[fi:Nuuksion kansallispuisto]]
 +
[[wtp:Helsinki]]

Latest revision as of 13:19, 6 January 2014

Lakes and forest in Nuuksio National Park

Nuuksio National Park [1] (Nuuksion kansallispuisto in Finnish, Noux nationalpark in Swedish) is in Southern Finland, 35 km from Helsinki on the outskirts of Espoo and the neighboring counties of Kirkkonummi and Vihti.

Understand[edit]

Covering an area of only 45 square kilometers, Nuuksio is a pint-sized marvel.

History[edit]

Established only in 1994, Nuuksio is one of Finland's newest national parks, set up to ensure that a piece of pristine wilderness is kept within striking distance of the capital. Its location so close to a major city is unusual, and due mostly to the fact that the rocky and wet terrain was unsuitable for farming or other development.

Landscape[edit]

Nuuksio's landscape is archetypically Finnish: conifer and birch forests, forty-three lakes, small swamps between them and gentle rolling hills, sometimes covered in moss, sometimes with the granite bedrock exposed where the vast ice sheets of the last ice age scraped them clean. There are plenty of quiet spots of beauty, but don't expect jaw-dropping gorges or soaring mountains (good advice for traveling anywhere in Finland, that).

Flora and fauna[edit]

The Siberian Flying Squirrel (Liito-orava) is official park emblem, but being nocturnal and living high up in the treetops, it's very difficult to spot. The Haukkalampi info center has an exhibit about the critter and even gives handy tips on how to spot its poo.

Climate[edit]

Nuuksio's climate is the same as Helsinki's: lovely summers, wet spring and fall, brutal winters. The high season is obviously summer, although mushroom pickers continue to tramp the trails well into the fall and hardcore cross-country skiers venture within in the winter.

Get in[edit]

There are two public bus services to Nuuksio, and both of them require a transfer if coming from Helsinki. Check schedules before setting off, as services are quite limited, particularly for bus 28.

Use the route planner [2] to find routes from any address in Helsinki region to Nuuksio National Park.

To get to the eastern side of the park, take the commuter train S, U, E or L from the Central Railway Station to Espoo station, then transfer to bus 85/85A. Get off at Nuuksionpää (85/85A) if going to the main visitor centre at Haukkalampi, it's a two-kilometer stroll along the paved road to the park entrance. If going to the northern side of the park, take 85A to the terminus at Kattila (May-October only).

To get to the southern side of the park, take the trains A, E, U, S, L or Y to Leppävaara and transfer to bus 28. Buses 28K, 28T go to Hotel Siikaranta on the western shore of Lake Siikajärvi, while bus 28A goes to Siikaniemi on the eastern side.

To get the southwestern side of the park, take a bus 280 or 290 [3] from Helsinki City Bus Terminal (Kamppi Center) to Veikkola koulu and take a taxi to last few kilometers north to the park. You can also walk or cycle those quiet village roads.

To get to the rarely visited western side of the park, take a bus 280 or 290 [4] from Helsinki City Bus Terminal (Kamppi Center) to Tervalammen kartano and walk several km.

To get to the quiet northeastern side of the park, take a bus 346 [5] from Helsinki City Bus Terminal (Kamppi Center) to Pyyslampi. The nature park with its lakes begins right from the southern side of the road.

Most nature excursions by Feel The Nature (see Do) include return transportation from Helsinki City Centre and Espoo.

Fees/Permits[edit]

Entry to the park is free and no special permits are necessary.

Get around[edit]

Motorized vehicles are prohibited in the park, so most visitors get around is by hiking. The Haukkalampi information cabin (Haukkalammen luontotupa) near the main entrance has simple free maps, or invest €10 in a detailed topographic map of the area. You can also pick up the map at Helsinki tourist info offices.

Bicycling is allowed on 30 km of designated routes, including National Cycle Route 2, 14 km of which passes through the park. Nuuksion Ratsastuskeskus [6] can arrange horse rides on 22 km of routes as well.

See[edit][add listing]

Mossy boulders on Haukankierros

A number of well-signposted trails are available, while hardcore hikers can head out into the bush and stay at one of the many campsites. For the first time visitor, doing the Haukankierros loop and half of Korpinkierros will provide a good representative look.

  • Haukankierros (blue route). The "Hawk's Tour" is a four-kilometer loop starting and ending at the Haukanpesä information center, looping around Lake Haukkalampi. Lake views, cliffs, mossy boulders. This is also the most popular route, and it can get almost crowded on weekends if the weather is good.  edit
  • Korpinkierros (yellow route). The "Raven's Tour" is an eight-kilometer loop starting at the Haukanpesä information center, passing through Mustalampi (with campground), Siikaranta and Siikaniemi before returning back. It's also possible to walk only half the route by taking bus 28 in and 85 out.  edit

Do[edit][add listing]

Picking berries in late summer and mushrooms in the fall are popular activities. Fishing is allowed, although there isn't all that much to catch. In winter, the trails are open to cross-country skiing, although they are not lit or maintained.

Rock climbing is allowed only at Pitkäjärvi and the eastern Kolmoislammet. Ice climbing is permitted throughout the park.

Several tour operators specializes in Nuuksio:

  • Green Window, +358-40-407506001, [7]. Arranges guided hikes, group tours, corporate retreats etc in Nuuksio. Has access to several cottages and even a Lappish hut for group accommodation, with saunas for charter as well.  edit
  • Feel The Nature Treks (Feel The Nature Treks), +358 9 4241 4750, [8]. Feel The Nature Treks arranges guided canoeing, hiking and mountain biking tours in Nuuksio National Park as well as visits to Finnish Nature Centre Haltia. Wintertime company organizes also snow shoe and ski tour programs. Scheduled tours include minibus transportation from Helsinki City Centre and Espoo. Private excursions to Finnish Sauna by the lake are organized year-round.  edit
  • BioGeo-Traveller, +358 44 928 0343 (), [9]. Arranges regular guided tours in Nuuksio National Park of various duration and difficulty.  edit

Eat, Drink or Buy[edit]

No food is available in the park, so bring everything you need. Water is available only at the Haukkalampi information center. Making an open fire is allowed at the designated fireplaces near the campgrounds, so bring some sausages and have a picnic. Some of the fireplaces are covered and thus usable even when it rains.

Hotel Siikaranta (see below) restaurant offers Finnish-style buffets for hungry hikers, but opening hours are limited.

Sleep[edit][add listing]

  • Hotel Elohovi, Kurjolammentie 38, Tervalampi, +358-0-2242840, [10]. Very popular nature hotel for business and other groups in the Nuuksio National Park. Services: 8 meeting rooms in a peaceful environment, restaurant, 26 rooms (accommodation capacity for 60 persons, lakseside sauna, different excursions to the Park customized according to your wishes. Double room €53/person/night and, single room €91.  edit
  • Hotel Siikaranta, Naruportintie 68 (Bus 28K, 28T from Espoo stn), +358-9-867971, [11]. Conference hotel mostly popular with companies arranging corporate retreats. Restaurant (buffet only, limited hours), bar, pool, sauna. €79/94 single/double, including breakfast.  edit
  • Hawkhill nature [12] and Nuuksion Taika [13] rent high standard cottages in Nuuksio.


Lodging[edit]

Several wilderness lodges can be rented cheaply, but they're popular so advance bookings are essential. You will also need to bring your own sleeping bags.

  • Oravankolo, +358 203 44122, [14]. A modest cabin for 5 persons. Includes a sauna in a separate building. €60/day.  edit
  • Tikankolo, +358 203 44122, [15]. Another wilderness cabin with a sauna. Room for 6 persons. €60/day.  edit


For groups, Green Window (see Do) can also arrange private lodgings elsewhere in the park.

Camping[edit]

Camping is permitted only in four designated campgrounds in the park. None have any facilities, but open fires are allowed.

Stay safe[edit]

Apart from vipers and the very remote chance of meeting a bear, there is little dangerous fauna in the park. Thanks to the swampy terrain, mosquitoes can be a nuisance, so stock up on the bug spray. Stay on the main trails if you don't have a compass and orienteering experience. Remember to check yourself after hike for possible ticks.

This is a guide article. It has a variety of good, quality information about the park including attractions, activities, lodging, campgrounds, restaurants, and arrival/departure info. Plunge forward and help us make it a star!





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