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|−|Nunavut means '' our land'' in Inuktitut, the language of the Inuit. This newest and largest of Canada' s provinces and territories was split off from the Northwest Territories in 1999 after a long land-claims process. The official languages are English, French, Inuktitut, and Innuinaqtun. |+|
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|−|It is one of the most sparsely populated regions of the world - fewer than 30, 000 people in an area the size of Western Europe. The immense territory includes most of Canada's Arctic Islands, from Baffin Island in the territory's southeast, where the capital [[Iqaluit]] is located, to Ellesmere Island a few hundred kilometers from the North Pole. The territory also includes all of the islands in Hudson Bay. |+|
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|−|Its tourist trade, based on Inuit crafts and culture and the austere beauty of the wilderness, is rudimentary but growing. |+|
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Revision as of 16:34, 30 November 2008
Nunavut is an extensive territory in the far North of Canada, located east of the Northwest Territories (of which it used to be part), north of the Canadian provinces of Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec, and west of the Danish territory of Greenland. Nunavut comprises a large portion of the northern tip of the North American continent and a large number of islands on Hudson Bay and the Arctic Ocean.
- Baffin Island - Canada's largest island (and the world's 5th largest) located in the eastern portion of the territory of Nunavut
- Ellesmere Island
- Resolute Bay - the 2nd most northern community in the world and a cultural tourist attraction. Flights available to Resolute Bay on Cornwallis Island can be taken from Iqaluit and Rankin Inlet.
- Ellef Ringnes Island - the land currently nearest the geomagnetic north pole, which previously passed through the island.
Until the end of World War II The candain far north was seen as a barren and desolate place, inhabited by primitive peoples and containning vast mineral resources that have yet to be exploited. At the end the Canadian government began to realize its stratgic importance. In 1982 after much debate and arguement it was decided to devide the Northwest territories into Nunavut and the former. On april 1, 1999 Nunavut came into existence.
Nunavut means our land in Inuktitut, the language of the Inuit. The official languages are English, French, Inuktitut, and Innuinaqtun.
It is one of the most sparsely populated regions of the world - fewer than 30,000 people in an area the size of Western Europe. The immense territory includes most of Canada's Arctic Islands, from Baffin Island in the territory's southeast, where the capital Iqaluit is located, to Ellesmere Island a few hundred kilometers from the North Pole. The territory also includes all of the islands in Hudson Bay.
Though most Inuit probably speak English it would be a good idea to learn a few key phrases or bring a Inuktitut phrase book along. French may also be useful though not necessary. In the more remote places Inuktitut may be necessary.
Access is only by air - there is no road or rail from the south, and consequently prices are rather expensive owing to the difficulty of shipping goods in.
In the smaller communities (less than 3000), ATVs and trucks are used during the short summer (when there is no snow).
In the Winter, Snowmobiles are the main way of getting around. Dog sleds are also used but owning and maintaining a dog team can be a very costly endeavor. Getting to and from the different communities can only be done by air as there are very few roads the further North you get.
There is a KFC express in Iqaluit..