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North Pole

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Earth : Arctic : North Pole
Revision as of 05:06, 12 May 2005 by Jpatokal (Talk | contribs)

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The North Pole is the northernmost point of the world.


Unlike the South Pole, which is located on the continent of Antarctica, the North Pole is covered by nothing by a sheet of shifting ice. There is thus no permanent habitation nor even a marker to mark the position, as the ice moves from year to year.

To further complicate matter, there are in fact no less than four North Poles:

  • Geographic North Pole, the point where the earth's axis of rotation meets the surface
  • Magnetic North Pole, latitude 90°N, the point where the geomagnetic field dips vertically
  • Geomagnetic North Pole, the pole of the Earth's geomagnetic field closest to true north — currently off Thule, Greenland
  • Northern Pole of Inaccessibility, the furthest point from any coastline — at 84°03′ N 174°51′ W

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