Nordic Europe is the most northerly region in Europe. It comprises the three countries of Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden and Denmark), plus Iceland, Finland the Faroe Islands. Together these countries form the Nordic Council.
The name Scandinavia come from the Skandage body of water sandwiched between Norway, Sweden, and Jutland. The culture of Scandinavian countries are very close and the languages mutually intelligible. The difference between Danish and Norwegian language are not bigger than the difference between English and American English, even though Swedish is slightly different. The Scandinavian languages are North Germanic, strongly influated by Low Saxon (German).
The Finno-Ugric language of Finland is entirely unrelated with Scandinavian language, although most people in Finland also speak Swedish, as Finland formerly was a Swedish colony. The language of Iceland is actually Old Norse (spoken in Scandinavia 1000 years ago and also closely related to Old English). Iceland was a Norwegian and then Danish colony until 1944.
Sometimes Greenland is considered a part of Nordic Europe, as it is an associate member of the Nordic Council.