Newark (New Jersey)
Newark  is New Jersey's largest city, located on the west side of the Hudson River close to New York City.
Although one of the great historic cities of the Northeast and the most culturally affluent city in the state of New Jersey, Newark is often overlooked in favor of Goliath-like Manhattan 5 mi (8 km) east as well as commuter havens Jersey City and Hoboken due to their being closer to Manhattan. The downtown area has retained much of its turn of the century architecture as seen in buildings like the recently renovated art deco Eleven80 apartments (at 1180 Raymond Blvd.). Another architectural gem is the gothic Cathedral Basilica of the Sacred Heart. The city is also a major transportation hub so there are plenty of ways to get around. While things are safer now than they were a few years ago, thanks in large part to a very committed mayor and populace, Newark has been economically disadvantaged for some time. Car thefts and muggings are a possible risk especially in the middle of the night.
English is the main language, but the Ironbound area is home to a significant Brazilian and Portuguese population.
There exists a Newark (New York) but it is a small rural town in central New York state so don't make the mistake of addressing someone in Newark, NY if what you are looking for is in the Newark closer to New York City/Manhattan.
Newark, NJ is pronounced Noo-wirk, as opposed to Newark, Delaware which is pronounced Noo-ark. Locals will often pronounce it "nork".
Newark is a transportation Mecca and is very easy to get into and out of.
Train service is provided by via AirTrain Newark monorail between terminals and the Newark-Liberty train station served by NJ Transit and Amtrak. Local buses include the #62 bus to Newark Penn Station and the limites stop #28 through downtown to Newark Broad Street Station (NJ Transit).
Taxis charge a flat fee determined by destination. Super Shuttle, +1 973 961-2255, . In the airport, shuttle or car will take you to your hotel or residence. Sample fare: airport to Manhattan Holiday Inn for $18. You do have to make reservations ahead of time.
Newark Penn Station (not to be confused with New York Penn Station) is located just a few blocks from the heart of downtown Newark. It's a beautiful old McKim Mead & White building and worth visiting just on its own. It is served by Amtrak  and New Jersey Transit's Northeast Corridor, North Jersey Coast Line, and Raritan Valley Line, , with easy connections to New York, Philadelphia, Trenton, and points south and west. A PATH  train (the Red Line) connects Penn Station with Jersey City and the World Trade Center in NYC. Connections to other PATH lines can be made to Hoboken and 33rd St. in Manhattan. The Newark City Light Rail runs two lines in Newark, both terminating at Penn Station. The Newark City Subway Line (formerly called the #7 City Subway and shown on maps as the blue line) has service to Branch Brook Park and Grove Street, Bloomfield, NJ. The Newark Light Rail Line (the orange line on maps) operates between Penn Station and Broad Street Station. New Jersey Transit's Montclair-Boonton line, Morristown line and Gladstone Branch serve Broad St. station.
When taking the New Jersey train, realize that New York and Newark both have "Penn Stations". It is sometimes easy to mistake the conductor saying "New York" for "Newark" (and vice versa), so be aware so you don't accidentally get off at the wrong station.
Route 21 (McCarter Hwy) runs North-South along the railroad tracks a few blocks east of downtown. I-78 skirts the south edge of town and I-280 cuts across the north. Route 1/9 comes across the Pulaski Skyway from Jersey City and Manhattan (via the Holland Tunnel). Take the Raymond Blvd. exit and drive along the Passaic River into downtown.
The Newark Penn Station is also the city's bus terminal and is served by NJ Transit buses, as well as Greyhound  and others. BoltBus  stops outside the station, offering service from Washington, D.C., Baltimore, Philadelphia, and Boston.
There is a network of municipal buses. Taxis are also available.
The bus fares are relatively cheap, under $1.50 for adults and under $0.70 for children. There are a few different bus lines that come through Newark and most stop a Newark Penn Station.
As a giant freight hub including its port and rail facilities, Newark has numerous labor-oriented service firms in the transporation field.
As a major courthouse venue including federal, state, and county facilities, Newark is home to more than 1,000 law firms.
Light manufacturing survives in Newark too.
Newark is known for its Portuguese, Brazilian and Spanish food. There are quite a number of such restaurants, most of which are inexpensive to moderate in price.
There is a liquor store in Penn Station. You can buy individual bottles of beer (including microbrews).
While hotels serving Newark Airport can be inexpensive ($50+ booked online; $69 walk in). some require multiple transfers with hotel shuttle to airport & NJT#62 to Penn Station. Service is sporadic, so one can sometimes expect 1 to 2 hrs each way. Those hotels located on Frontage Road have NJT#40 bus service which travel between the airport and Downtown/Newark Penn on an hourly basis.
Newark can be unsafe if you are not careful. Car theft and car jackings are the biggest crime in Newark. Home invasions come in second. Downtown Newark is crowded and safe during the day. However, It empties out at night and may seem creepy but as long as you stay in well lit open areas you should be fine. The Ironbound district is pretty bumpin' on nights and weekends and is probably the safest part of the city, behind Downtown and Forest Hill. If you were to go to a concert at the NJ Symphony Hall or see an event at the Prudential Center you should be fine. They are well lit areas with a police presence and are the safest part of the city. The Ironbound district which has most of the great restaurants is also generally safe and very well lit.
The North, South and Central Wards have heavier crime rates and it pays to be more guarded in those areas.
Although bustling during peak travel hours and almost completely safe in daylight, Newark Broad Street station (NJ Transit) can be very dangerous after hours and through the night when fewer people wait for trains (usually from 10pm-5am). Armed robberies are common and can occur even when you are not the only one waiting for a late train. If you do find yourself at the station after hours, wait in the lobby beneath the platform, or failing that, one of the lit waiting booths on the platform. Look confident, dignified, and do NOT display cell phones or iPods.
Remember, the best advice to be given about doing business in 'stickier' neighborhoods is just keep your wits about you. If caught in a confrontation, act confident, no matter how scared you might actually be. Afterwards, make yourself scarce, fast. Remember that money and material things can be replaced, while lives cannot. Newark's community has been known to have weapons.
The obvious place to get out to is New York City. The cheapest way ($2.00 as of Dec 2011 rising .50 cents every December until 2015 one-way) to get there is via the Port Authority Trans Hudson (PATH) line , which will transport you from Newark Penn Station to World Trade Center station or another line which goes along Manhattan's West Side (mostly 6th Ave.), starting at Christopher St. and ending at 33 St. You can also take the NJ Transit line which leaves from Broad Street Station and Newark Penn Station for $5 one way. This will take you directly to the New York Penn Station and takes about 17 min. The last train from NYC to Broad Street Station is at approximately 1:19 a.m. Once you get out at Broad Street, the buses have shut down at that time of night so it is necessary to take a cab to your destination. Cabs can be bargained with. PATH will take you longer with more stops but runs very frequently, at night, every 30 min.
Believe it or not, it is possible to hitchhike out of the New York Metro area. If you are trying to go long distances, your best bet is to take NJ Transit or Metro North far enough to put you well into the suburbs, preferably to a stop that puts you near (within walking distance of) a major highway such as an Interstate. From there, get to an on-ramp and put out your thumb. Be advised, however, that New Jersey state laws on hitchhiking are notoriously ambiguous, and you will be hassled by local police, so use common sense and discretion.
If you're trying to go west into Pennsylvania, your best bet is to take NJ transit to Mt. Olive, which is only a 5-min walk from I-80, which generally carries a good amount of long-distance traffic going west.