Difference between revisions of "New Jersey"
Revision as of 08:38, 6 May 2014
New Jersey  is on the east coast of the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States of America. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and by the states of Delaware to the south west, Pennsylvania to the west, and New York to the north and north east. Parts of the state are suburbs of New York City, just across the Hudson River to the the north east, and Philadelphia, just across the Delaware River on the south west.
Although the most densely populated state in the nation, New Jersey is well known for its beautiful beaches and other natural attractions, including the migratory birds of Cape May, the Pine Barrens, blueberry farms and cranberry bogs, the Delaware Water Gap, a 72-mile leg of the Appalachian Trail and its interurban analogue, the East Coast Greenway , and the Palisades.
Here are a few areas worth exploring:
New Jersey is densely populated state with a diverse population, rich culture, and many assets, including abundant natural resources and Fortune 500 companies.
New Jersey's big cities are centers of government and business. Though parts of the larger cities may be run down, they still have a lot to offer. Atlantic City, Princeton and New Brunswick are great cities and inhabited by the middle to upper class. Most New Jerseyans prefer to live in their suburbs and in nearby small towns. Rich folks cluster in certain old established towns and rural enclaves like Alpine, Harding Township, and Rumson. More than a third of the state, including the Pine Barrens, is rural and sparsely populated, with little or no public transportation.
There is a strong New York City influence in the north, and Philadelphia influence in the south. All major radio stations and local TV stations that serve New Jersey are located in those cities. New Jersey also serves as a bedroom community for many people who work in New York City and Philadelphia.
If driving in New Jersey, keep in mind that state law does not allow self-service at gas stations. New Jersey has some of the cheapest gasoline in the country due to its low gas tax, but a gas station attendant must pump the gas. Just pull up to the pump and tell the attendant "(Dollar amount, or "Fill it with"), (grade), (cash/credit), please".
You are legally allowed to pump your own diesel fuel. However, not all gas stations allow this. Many truckstops will let you pump diesel.
People flock to New Jersey from all over, especially from New York City and Philadelphia, making it difficult to isolate the New Jersey accent. The true New Jersey accent is evident in native speakers like politician-turned-broadcaster Steve Adubato, United States Supreme Court Justice Samuel Alito, and Louis Freeh, the former director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation.
Philadelphia influence on South Jersey accent
New York influence on North Jersey accent
(Note: Most people do not speak this dramatically, but many do to one degree or another)
"Ah" sounds become "Aw" Ex: Coffe=Cawfee, Dog=Dawg
"g"s in "ing"s are dropped Ex: Talking=Tawkin, Eating=Eatin
"Or" becomes "Ahr" Ex: Orange=Ah-runge, Forest(For-ust)=Fahrest(Far-ust)
Newark Liberty International Airport probably provides the most convenient international access to New Jersey. Philadelphia is another option. Atlantic City Airport provides some minor domestic service, mostly carrier service, but travellers should be aware that it is a good distance away from most destinations.
Newark Airport, JFK and LaGuardia had a throughput of over 107 million passengers in 2008, making those 3 airports the busiest airport system in the United States in terms of passenger numbers and second in the world behind London in the United Kingdom.
Amtrak  operates a line (the Northeast Corridor) through NJ. It goes through NJ from Philadelphia to NY Penn Station to points beyond (Boston in the north, and Washington, DC and Newport News, VA in the south).
SEPTA has service into 'Trenton' & 'West Trenton' from Philadelphia and can be used as a starting point to access this part of southwest central New Jersey.
New Jersey Transit has rail service from New York City. NJ Transit rail service can be used for central Jersey and Northwest Jersey. One can also take the PATH train from NYC into New Jersey or PATCO from Philadelphia into New Jersey.
The New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95)  runs through the state, connecting the north of the state with the south. Interstates 80 and 78 provide good access from the west. The Garden State Parkway is in many ways the backbone of the state, connecting many major cities. Interstate 287 is a roughly L-shaped interstate that loops all the way from Staten Island west into Bridgewater, north through Morristown and Parsippany, and up to Mahwah, and offers very convenient junctions at I-80 and I-78. Interstate 280 is a short but heavily-traveled interstate that extends out of I-80 and runs through Montclair, the Oranges, and Newark before finally dropping off at the Turnpike.
When it is time to fill your gas tank be ready for full service and no tip, or extra fees required. In the state of New Jersey it is illegal to pump your own gas. This makes it one of the only two states (Oregon being the other with looser restrictions) in America where self serve is non-existent, and don't worry, the prices are often significantly cheaper then gas in all surrounding states.
Be aware that most crossings of the Delaware river, and all crossings into New York are tolled. Prices range from one dollar to five dollars for Delaware river bridges, and twelve dollars for New York crossings.
Travelers should also be aware that Interstate 295 connects Trenton to Delaware and Philadelphia, and runs alongside the New Jersey Turnpike for most of its length. Providing a toll free route for local traffic.
When driving in New Jersey, please be aware that if a road is 65MPH that means all fines are doubled for traffic violations. While you will find that many NJ drivers travel well beyond the speed limit, it is never a recommended activity to follow them unless you are an experienced driver in the area. New Jersey State Police will pull you over for failure to keep right as well. Also New Jersey has a "lights on wipers on" law that requires headlights to be on when you have your windshield wipers on, as well as a hands free law (no handheld device usage unless used hands-free). New Jersey State Police are notoriously zealous and have a statewide reputation for being a bit showy (it is not uncommon to see patrol cars zoom through left lanes in traffic-less highways going 90-100mph). When it doubt, play it safe, because if you are pulled over you will be almost certainly be handed a citation even if your offense was very minor.
When traveling on the interstate, the left lane should be reserved for passing ONLY. If you are driving in the left lane under 70 MPH and not in the process of passing anyone, you can expect to be aggressively tailgated.
Toll Road Tips: For the Garden State Parkway, carry quarters and dollar coins for exact change only lanes, it will help you get through it fast and safe. Tolls range from fifty cents to one dollar depending on location. For the New Jersey Turnpike, if you are heading north use Interstate 295 and connect to the New Jersey Turnpike via Interstate 195 at Trenton (NJ Turnpike Exit 7A) if you desire to save a few dollars. Also the New Jersey Turnpike is the only road in the state to use non distance numbering. Do not rely upon a exit number to gauge the distance between exits.
Greyhound  provides service as well as several intra-state services. These include Academy, Martz Trailways and New Jersey Transit, connecting New Jersey to New York City and Philadelphia. BoltBus  serves Newark from Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, D.C. Megabus  serves Atlantic City, New Brunswick, & Princeton from New York City and Secaucus from Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Washington, D.C.
Believe it or not, it is possible to hitchhike out of the New York Metro area. If you are trying to go long distances, your best bet is to take NJ Transit or Metro North far enough to put you well into the suburbs, preferably to a stop that puts you near (i.e. within walking distance of) a major highway such as an Interstate. From there, get to an on-ramp and put out your thumb. Be advised, however, that New Jersey state laws on hitchhiking are notoriously ambiguous, and you may be hassled by local police, so use common sense and discretion.
If you're trying to go west into Pennsylvania, a good tip is to take NJ transit to Mt. Olive, which is only a 5 minute walk from I-80, which generally carries a good amount of long-distance traffic going west.
Most of the major cities in New Jersey is served by Interstates. Interstate 95 is part of the New Jersey Turnpike which is a Toll Road (except that there's a gap on Trenton that is toll-free but it will change by 2016). The Garden State Parkway serves the Jersey Shore and parts of Northern New Jersey and the Atlantic City Expressway is a toll road that goes to Atlantic City except that it's under a regular road for a few miles once the highway ends to Philadelphia. There is Service Areas, most of the have a Sunoco in the Turnpike and others, many have a Burger King, Starbucks, or whatever. Be advisded that Gas is very cheap thanks to low taxes, but you can't fill it up by yourself. The Toll Roads changes gas prices every Friday at 7 AM.
Some traffic oddities peculiar to New Jersey... Left turns are not permitted from many of the major divided highways in urban areas. Instead, exit ramps for left turns and U-Turns may follow intersections, providing opportunities to return to the desired intersection and make a (permitted) right turn. Also, many signals have a 'delayed' green light following a red, so keeping an eye on the traffic signal instead of observing oncoming traffic is essential. Traffic circles ('roundabouts') are quite common as well along major highways, and exits are not always clearly marked. Some toll bridges along the shore charge vehicles heading in one particular direction only, like toward New York State to the east and toward Delaware and Pennsylvania to the west.
The PATH train system  runs from Manhattan to Hoboken, Jersey City and Newark.
NJ Transit  is a commuter network of trains, light rail and buses connecting communities throughout the entire state. It can be used for travel to Newark Liberty International Airport as well as Pennsylvania Station in New York City. Its website provides a user friendly method of planning your itinerary.
SEPTA  Regional Rail Lines connect Trenton and West Trenton with Philadelphia.
PATCO  Operates a high speed train that connects several key points in downtown Philadelphia to many immediate southern New Jersey suburban towns.
There are also numerous taxi and limousine services that one can call for a pick-up, and a variety of county bus services that can take people to lesser-known spots in the state (usually suburbs, parking lots, train stations, strip malls, apartment buildings, and/or small towns, depending on the county and the route).
Private bus companies, such as Suburban Transit, Martz Trailways and DeCamp, also work New Jersey and have routes in the state.
New Jersey has many scenic sites, including the majestic Palisades (where Aaron Burr killed Alexander Hamilton), opposite New York City on the western banks of the Hudson River. The cliffs rise about 300 to 500 feet in areas and give a breathtaking view of New York City across the river. There are also many mountains located in the western portion of the states that are full of many trails.
You can also visit the majestic Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area off Interstate 80. You can coast down the Delaware River on a inner tube, go canoeing and more there.
On Christmas Day you can view a reenactment of Washington's crossing of the Delaware River just north of Trenton off NJ29.
No matter what you are interested in, you will probably find it in New Jersey. Fine beaches where you can surf, swim, sunbathe, or play volleyball in the summer, and run, stroll, walk your dog, or fly kites off season. Some skiiing in the Skylands region, hot air balooning in Clinton, and canoeing in the Pine Barrens. Hiking trails and campsites, especially in Southern and Northwestern New Jersey. Plenty of nature preserves for birdwatchers and photographers. Many bed and breakfasts. Spectator sports, including two professional football teams, horseracing Monmouth Park and at Meadowlands Racetrack in the Meadowlands Sports Complex, and (at last count) 8 baseball teams, along with Sky Blue Soccer, a new women's professional soccer team. Many museums, concert halls, and historic sites, including George Washington's winter headquarters in Morristown. Several tourist railroads and preservation groups offer (in season) Santa Train Rides and Easter Bunny Train Rides. Several college towns, including New Brunswick (Rutgers) and Princeton. Places of worship for every religon, may offering services in various languages. Virtually any kind of food you can imagine. Nightlife ranging from casinos and headliner shows in Atlantic City, to Albert Hall in Waretown, to clubs in Belmar, to jazz in Madison. For the music fan, you can find indie rock shows happening in Montclair, New Brunswick, Hoboken, and Stanhope. Also some amusement parks, and countless places to shop, including main street stores and boutiques, craft shows, antique shops, estate sales, yard sales, flea markets, farm stands, and farmers' markets, as well as several very large shopping malls.
New Jersey is famous for its Jersey tomatoes, sweet corn, blueberries, and cranberries, and other fresh produce which every visitor will want to experience in season. That is easy to do, because the state has approximately 25,000 eateries, more per square mile than any other state in the US. Furthermore, the climate and soils offered there provide for ideal berry growing environments.
They serve everything from fast food to haute cuisine, including Italian, French, and Asian. Many restaurants, including those of notable high quality, offer a BYOB policy in which it is completely acceptable (and even expected) for customers to bring their own wine and beer. Call ahead and ask a specific restaurant for more details.
The New Jersey diner, frequently cited outside the state, lives up to its hype. Reservations are never taken, they seat patrons promptly, and offer large menus of inexpensive meals, which they serve quickly. Most are open 24 hours and breakfast is served all day. Eggs and bacon at 2am are commonplace. Many diners have a significant Greek influence and will serve up a phenomenal gyro. Grape leaves are often available as a side or appetizer. Most large towns in New Jersey have their very own diner, and if you happen to be in a town where there isn't one, there are certainly at least two within a 15 minute drive away.
If you don't feel like going to a diner for your New Jersey breakfast, bagel stores are extremely common and nearly all of them bake their own on premises. For the quintessential Jersey experience, try pork roll, egg, and cheese on a bagel.
Snack foods are also extremely popular, especially pizza, fries, and chicken wings. Other favorites include submarine sandwiches (known as a "hoagie" in southern portions of the state, but don't refer to it as that in the north!), sausage sandwiches, and Italian ice or "water ice." There many also enjoy soft pretzels and Philadelphia-style cheesesteaks and breakfast sandwiches of Scrapple, a loaf formed from cornmeal, pork scraps and spices, cut into 1/4 thick slices and fried crisp in butter or oil.
WaWa and Quik Check are convenience store chains located in the south and north of the state, respectively. Most are open 24 hours and include an on-site deli that serves up made-to-order custom subs/hoagies. This is another popular Jersey option for eating on the go.
Newark is home to a very large Portuguese population. Try the local rodizio, a method of Brazilian barbecue, an all-you-can-eat feast of skewered meats that sometimes include more adventurous offerings (like chicken hearts!).
Paterson and Clifton have a very strong Lebanese influence. Restaurants serve up authentic Middle Eastern fare, including shwarma and lamb kebobs. There are dozens of hole-in-the-wall markets and cafes that serve exceptionally good Lebanese food, but be prepared to be surrounded by people who only speak Arabic; as such, ordering food can sometimes be an experience! For a post-meal indulgence, head to a local hookah bar to smoke the traditional water pipe of Lebanese origin. La Ziza in Clifton is an excellent hookah bar that doubles as a full-service restaurant.
Beer and liquor can be purchased in freestanding liquor stores. A small proportion of supermarkets are licensed to sell beer and liquor, however they are the exception, not the rule. Some stores are only licensed to sell warm (non-refrigerated) beer and malts (i.e. Mike's Hard Lemonade), while others may sell liquor, cold beer and wines. Underage drinking is illegal and many disapprove of it, but it is common. Anyone who provides alcohol to a person under age 21 may be prosecuted. Drunken driving is illegal and there is no sympathy for those who do it. Anyone caught driving while intoxicated will be prosecuted, may wind up in jail. Drunk driving checkpoints are extremely common on the shore. Be advised that smoking is illegal in all bars and restaurants (save designated "cigar bars").
There are a variety of microbrews to try. Flying Fish, Cricket Hill, and River Horse are notably good. Some liquor stores allow you to purchase indvidual bottles of beer.
New Jersey is a fairly safe place to visit. Suburban and countryside areas are very safe along with most Jersey Shore towns. Cities are mostly safe but do exercise common travel sense. Some neighborhoods of Camden, Newark, Atlantic City, Jersey City, and Trenton are crime prone but it is unlikely that you will visit these areas. As in most US cities, when out at night, stay in well lit and well trafficked areas and you will be fine.
Newark, thanks in part to the actions of a very dedicated mayor, has become much safer than in years past and harbors a blossoming arts scene that includes fine arts at the New Jersey Performing Arts Center (entertainment ranging from Itzhak Perlman to Louis C.K.) and events at the Prudential Center. While mentioning that you are spending an evening in Newark may be met with some curious glances from New Jersey residents wondering why you would ever go there, one can attend an arts event, park close by, and return completely unharmed.
Paterson, while being a bright spot for multiculturalism and adventurous foods, has been especially prone to muggings and carjackings in recent years. While it is generally safe to cruise around during daylight hours, lock your doors at all times, and be especially vigilant at night.
New Jersey has the highest density of car ownership in the United States so expect crowded highways and the occasional irate driver. Many major highways are under construction for expansion purposes, resulting in delays. Traffic tends to move well above the speed limit on the New Jersey Turnpike, The Garden State Parkway, or other highways and you can expect to be tail-gated when driving in the left lane. Best to stick in the middle or right lane if you don't like that sort of thing.
Under no circumstances are you to import firearms into the state without consulting both the New Jersey State Police and proper legal council prior to your trip. There are a few legal exceptions that must be followed strictly. New Jersey does not recognize any out-of-state gun licenses and there are no gun offenses that are graded below a felony. Police are known to enforce these laws vigorously, and if caught with an illegal firearm you will be prosecuted, even if you are just a hunter traveling through. Although the Federal "Assault Weapons" Ban has expired, New Jersey still has a state ban on numerous firearms, ammunition, magazines and other weapons that are legal in other states. Federal Firearms Owner Protection Act (U.S.C. 926A) allows you to pass through NJ with firearms BUT you must not make an "unreasonable" stop. Police are allowed considerable discretion on what "reasonable" is. Stops for fuel, food, or restrooms are "reasonable". The visit to Aunt Mae NOT.
Also, it is illegal to import fireworks into the state unless they are mandated by a municipality for special occasions to be attended by the public at a park or on the shore (i.e. Independence Day). However, you'll find that this is worked around quite easily - it is impossible to cross the border into Pennsylvania and not see signs for on-the-border fireworks shops.
Although the media and other sources portray residents as "rude" and "loud," most natives are proud of their state and are more than willing to help a tourist with directions and other tips. Don't hesitate to ask for assistance. Some areas - especially the famed Jersey Shore - are very used to tourists.
Culture, accent, and local dialect vary depending on what part of the state you visit. Although NJ is small, the north and south are very different. For example, a large sandwich in the northern region is called a "sub" and in the south the same sandwich is referred to as a "hoagie," and mixing up these two terms can be met with bizarre hostility and defensive pride about where in NJ one is from. Also keep in mind that the north identifies with New York culture while the south has a strong connection to Philadelphia. This loyalty extends to professional sports teams too. Please be aware of these small differences or else you may come off as very rude.
New Jersey natives are very aware of stereotypes fueled by popular television shows such as Jersey Shore and The Sopranos, and can be rather sensitive about how outsiders perceive them. References to characters on the aforementioned TV shows, their way of lives, and/or making blanket statements about New Jersey are almost always met with hostility and shunning. Don't assume everyone from New Jersey is rude, loud, uneducated, etc. On the contrary, most people are remarkably polite and friendly.
Life in New Jersey moves at a fast pace! A lot of the bustling and quickness stems from the fact that NJ is a densely populated state, squished between two massive metropolitan areas. "Taking it slowly," which is common in other areas of the country, may be met with impatience or even anger.