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[[Image:Nevyansk-tower.jpg|thumb|200px|Leaning Tower of Nevyansk]]
 
[[Image:Nevyansk-tower.jpg|thumb|200px|Leaning Tower of Nevyansk]]
'''Nevyа́nsk''' (ru: Невья́нск) is a historic town in the central part of [[Sverdlovsk Oblast]]. Unofficial capital of 18th-century Ural industry, Nevyansk retains little of its former heritage, but the single important edifice that remains from those glory days—the '''Leaning Tower'''—is well worth seeing. The unique and bizarre Leaning Tower is testament to the greatness of the Demidov family, who stood at the roots of the region's industry. Further attractions include artifacts from the Old Believers who once lived here, local crafts, and the scenic landscapes of the Central Urals.
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'''Nevyа́nsk''' (ru: Невья́нск) is a historic town in the central part of [[Sverdlovsk Oblast]]. The unofficial capital of industry in the Ural region in the 18th Century, Nevyansk retains little of its former heritage, but the single important edifice that remains from those glory days—the '''Leaning Tower'''—is well worth seeing. The unique and bizarre Leaning Tower is testament to the greatness of the Demidov family, who stood at the roots of the region's industry. Further attractions include artifacts from the Old Believers, some of whom still live in the area, local crafts, and the scenic landscapes of the Central Urals.
  
 
==Understand==
 
==Understand==
  
[[Image:Nevyansk-coat-of-arms.png|thumb|200px|Nevyansk's coat of arms features symbols of the city: the Leaning Tower, cannonballs, and Y-shaped tools used for prospecting.]]
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[[Image:Nevyansk-coat-of-arms.png|thumb|200px|Nevyansk's coat of arms features symbols of the city: the Leaning Tower, cannonballs, and Y-shaped tools used for prospecting.]]  
  
Nevyansk (formerly Nevyansky Zavod) is sited on the Neyva river, 75km north of [[Ekaterinburg]] and 50km south of [[Nizhny Tagil]], and a short distance east of the Ural mountains. Though the town is surrounded by flat fields, gentle wooded hills are visible from any vantage point. Its population is 25,000, as of 2010.
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Nevyansk (formerly Nevyansky Zavod) is situated on the Neyva river, 75km north of [[Ekaterinburg]] and 50km south of [[Nizhny Tagil]], and a short distance east of the Ural mountains. Though the town is surrounded by flat fields, gentle wooded hills are visible from any vantage point. Its population is 25,000, as of 2010.
  
 
Despite the discovery of iron ore in the middle 17th century, the official foundation date of Nevyansk is 1699, when Peter the Great commissioned the construction of state-owned ironworks that were completed in 1701. One year later, the factory was granted to Nikita Demidov, the future tycoon who was already renowned for his ironworks in [[Tula]]. Thanks to Demidov's efficient management, Nevyansk thrived throughout the 18th century, and remained the leader of the rapidly developing region in which the Demidov family was the undisputed master. They settled in Nevyansk, thus making it an unofficial capital (the official one had been Ekaterinburg since its foundation around 1725). This period is commemorated by the Leaning Tower, as well as the first professional college in the Ural region (''tsifirnaya shkola'', later transferred to Nizhny Tagil). The principal manufactured goods of the town were elaborate chests and, naturally, cast iron traded under the brand name "Old Sable". By the end of the 18th century, the supplies of iron ore had diminished, local forests had been mostly cut down, and the empire of the Demidovs had disintegrated. More efficient iron production was performed in Nizhny Tagil, while industries in Nevyansk cast and forged the iron as well as producing the gold and platinum that were discovered in early 19th century. The town's factory was renamed the '''Nevyansk Mechanical Plant''' (presently named '''Nevyansk Machine Factory''') and began to produce a variety of simple cast-iron items, such as girders, shovels, and wheels. In the Soviet era, the plant was repurposed to produce ammunition and large-scale machinery for heavy industry. This reorganization halted the smelting works and distinguished Nevyansk, with its gorgeous skyline that boasted a tower and cathedral, from a raft of neighboring industrial towns dominated by lofty and rusty blast furnaces. In 1914, a cement factory was launched in a new district located a few kilometers southwest of Nevyansk.
 
Despite the discovery of iron ore in the middle 17th century, the official foundation date of Nevyansk is 1699, when Peter the Great commissioned the construction of state-owned ironworks that were completed in 1701. One year later, the factory was granted to Nikita Demidov, the future tycoon who was already renowned for his ironworks in [[Tula]]. Thanks to Demidov's efficient management, Nevyansk thrived throughout the 18th century, and remained the leader of the rapidly developing region in which the Demidov family was the undisputed master. They settled in Nevyansk, thus making it an unofficial capital (the official one had been Ekaterinburg since its foundation around 1725). This period is commemorated by the Leaning Tower, as well as the first professional college in the Ural region (''tsifirnaya shkola'', later transferred to Nizhny Tagil). The principal manufactured goods of the town were elaborate chests and, naturally, cast iron traded under the brand name "Old Sable". By the end of the 18th century, the supplies of iron ore had diminished, local forests had been mostly cut down, and the empire of the Demidovs had disintegrated. More efficient iron production was performed in Nizhny Tagil, while industries in Nevyansk cast and forged the iron as well as producing the gold and platinum that were discovered in early 19th century. The town's factory was renamed the '''Nevyansk Mechanical Plant''' (presently named '''Nevyansk Machine Factory''') and began to produce a variety of simple cast-iron items, such as girders, shovels, and wheels. In the Soviet era, the plant was repurposed to produce ammunition and large-scale machinery for heavy industry. This reorganization halted the smelting works and distinguished Nevyansk, with its gorgeous skyline that boasted a tower and cathedral, from a raft of neighboring industrial towns dominated by lofty and rusty blast furnaces. In 1914, a cement factory was launched in a new district located a few kilometers southwest of Nevyansk.
  
While the lack of an unsightly rusty blast furnace can be seen as an advantage, by the same token Nevyansk is missing most of its historical buildings. Until the 1990s, few people recognized the historical significance of the town. The unique Leaning Tower belonged to the factory and might have been demolished if not for the continuous efforts of architecture buffs. Recently, the situation reversed itself: the factory has diminished in importance, whereas the Tower was proclaimed a major regional landmark. Ample funding facilitated its rapid renovation, making the Tower fully accessible to the public. Active promotion of the tower as a local landmark drew many visitors and rendered Nevyansk a popular day trip, to the extent where it should perhaps be avoided on weekends. The tourist business is largely focused on the Leaning Tower, but there are more things to see: for example, the artifacts from the Old Believers, who were allowed to reside in neighboring villages because of the pragmatically tolerant attitude of the Demidovs toward religion. The so-called Old Believers, who did not support the reform of the Russian Orthodox Church in the mid-17th century, are supposed to be the originators founders of '''Nevyansk icons''', a distinct painting tradition that features soft hues, lavish gold decorations, and strictly canonical imagery. Nowadays, these icons are mostly showcased in the museums at Ekaterinburg, but you can also see them in Nevyansk or, preferably, in the village of [[Nevyansk#Get out|Byngi]] which boasts authentic houses and an old church designed by Old Believers. Tourists with less interest in history and arts enjoy numerous local crafts, especially the production of pottery.
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While the lack of an unsightly rusty blast furnace can be seen as an advantage, by the same token Nevyansk is missing most of its historical buildings. Until the 1990s, few people recognized the historical significance of the town. The unique Leaning Tower belonged to the factory and might have been demolished if not for the continuous efforts of architecture buffs. Recently, the situation reversed itself: the factory has decayed, whereas the Tower was proclaimed a major regional landmark. Ample funding facilitated its rapid renovation, making the Tower fully accessible to the public. Active promotion of the tower as a local landmark drew many visitors and rendered Nevyansk a popular day trip, to the extent where it should perhaps be avoided on weekends. The tourist business is largely focused on the Leaning Tower, but there are more things to see: for example, the artifacts from the Old Believers, who were allowed to reside in neighboring villages because of the pragmatically tolerant attitude of the Demidovs toward religion. The so-called Old Believers, who did not support the reform of the Russian Orthodox Church in the mid-17th century, are supposed to be the originators of '''Nevyansk icons''', a distinct painting tradition that features soft hues, lavish gold decorations, and strictly canonical imagery. Nowadays, these icons are mostly showcased in the museums at Ekaterinburg, but you can also see them in Nevyansk or, preferably, in the village of [[Nevyansk#Get out|Byngi]] which boasts authentic houses and an old church designed by Old Believers. Tourists with less interest in history and arts enjoy numerous local crafts, especially the production of pottery.
  
 
Tourist information is available from the local museum [http://museum-nev.ru/]. They also offer a great variety of guided tours, though they are generally given in Russian and largely exaggerate the real significance of the town.
 
Tourist information is available from the local museum [http://museum-nev.ru/]. They also offer a great variety of guided tours, though they are generally given in Russian and largely exaggerate the real significance of the town.
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Nevyansk features a simple rectangular layout, with the dam and dilapidated factory complex in the very center. The dammed Neyva river and the adjacent reservoir (literally translated from Russian as Nevyansk Pond) cut the town into western and eastern parts. Major streets in the western part are Lenina Street and Dzerzhinskogo Street (leading from Ekaterinburg), Stepana Razina Street (leading from Nizhny Tagil), Kirova Street (from Byngi and [[Nevyansk#Get Out|Tavolgi]]), and Krasnoarmeyskaya Street linking the train station to the historical center. In the eastern part, Oktyabr'skiy Avenue and Shevchenko Street lead to Rezh.  
 
Nevyansk features a simple rectangular layout, with the dam and dilapidated factory complex in the very center. The dammed Neyva river and the adjacent reservoir (literally translated from Russian as Nevyansk Pond) cut the town into western and eastern parts. Major streets in the western part are Lenina Street and Dzerzhinskogo Street (leading from Ekaterinburg), Stepana Razina Street (leading from Nizhny Tagil), Kirova Street (from Byngi and [[Nevyansk#Get Out|Tavolgi]]), and Krasnoarmeyskaya Street linking the train station to the historical center. In the eastern part, Oktyabr'skiy Avenue and Shevchenko Street lead to Rezh.  
  
The town is relatively small and easily explored by foot. If you need a lift, flag down one of the minibuses running from the train station to the historical center, which is at the bus stop "universam Yuzhny" (универсам «Южный»), at 23 Lenina St.
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The town is relatively small and easily explored by foot. If you need a lift, flag down one of the minibuses running from the train station to the historical center, which is at the bus stop ''universam Yuzhny'' (универсам «Южный»), at 23 Lenina St.
  
 
===Taxi===
 
===Taxi===
* '''Gorod''' (Город) +7 (34356) 2-22-22, 2-33-99
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* '''Gorod''' (Город): +7 (34356) 2-22-22, 2-33-99
* '''Iva''' (Ива) +7 (34356) 2-21-22
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* '''Iva''' (Ива): +7 (34356) 2-21-22
* '''Motor''' (Мотор) +7 (34356) 2-30-95
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* '''Motor''' (Мотор): +7 (34356) 2-30-95
* '''Shturman''' (Штурман) +7 (34356) 2-10-55
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* '''Shturman''' (Штурман): +7 (34356) 2-10-55
  
 
==See==
 
==See==
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[[Image:Nevyansk-cultural-center.jpg|thumb|300px|Cultural center of the Machine Factory.]]
 
[[Image:Nevyansk-cultural-center.jpg|thumb|300px|Cultural center of the Machine Factory.]]
  
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* '''Nevyansk (Leaning) Tower'''. This gorgeous structure was built between 1721 and 1742. Its history, purpose, and style are a matter of numerous local myths. One piece of information that is beyond dispute is the Tower's original shape, which consists of a lofty rectangular base surmounted by three octagonal tiers and a spire. The degree of tilt is less than its homologue in [[Pisa]], but it's still clearly visible. Scientists believe that the Tower's lean originated during the construction process, but that it nonetheless remained stable because of a change in the design. Legend has it differently: the cellars of the Tower, so it is said, were flooded to conceal a counterfeiting operation, therefore the ground sank and the tower began to lean. Others claim that the Demidov family admired Italian architecture and that they deliberately commissioned a leaning tower for their own residence. There is, indeed, some Italian flavor in the style, although Nevyansk Tower is far from being an exact copy of any specific building. Neither does it resemble Russian fortresses or other domestic architecture. The whole structure is threaded with bars made of locally-produced cast iron. These bars do not merely serve a framework (although they do form a rebar, the whole tower being an early example of a reinforced-concrete structure), but also parts of the lightning rod, which is supposedly the first one ever constructed. Both the exterior and the interior of the tower are far more splendid than most Russian structures of the 18th Century. The Tower not only set Nevyansk apart from a raft of dreary industrial settlements in the surrounding area, but also served as an unmistakable testament to the greatness of the Demidov family.
  
* '''Nevyansk (Leaning) Tower'''. This gorgeous structure was built between 1721 and 1742. Its history, purpose, and style are a matter of numerous local myths. One piece of information that is beyond dispute is the Tower's original shape, which consisted of a lofty rectangular base surmounted by three octagonal tiers and a spire. The degree of tilt is less than its homologue in [[Pisa]], but it's still clearly visible. Scientists believe that the Tower's lean originated during the construction process, but that it nonetheless remained stable because of a change in the design. Legend has it differently: the cellars of the Tower, so it is said, were flooded to conceal a counterfeiting operation, therefore the ground sank and the tower began to lean. Others claim that the Demidov family admired Italian architecture and that they deliberately commissioned a leaning tower for their own residence. There is, indeed, some Italian flavor in the style, although Nevyansk Tower is far from being an exact copy of any specific building. Neither does it resemble Russian fortresses or other domestic architecture. The whole structure is threaded with bars made of locally-produced cast iron. These bars do not merely serve a framework (although they do form a rebar, the whole tower being an early example of a reinforced-concrete structure), but also parts of the lightning rod, which is supposedly the first one ever constructed. Both the exterior and the interior architecture of the tower are far more splendid than most Russian structures of the 18th Century. The Tower not only set Nevyansk apart from a raft of dreary industrial settlements in the surrounding area, but also served as an unmistakable testament to the greatness of the Demidovs family.
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:The inside of the Tower is equally magnificent. First of all, tons of ponderous cast iron can be seen, shaped into doors, stairs, and, of course, bars forming the framework (those are best viewed from the porch). One of the levels is occupied by the chemical lab (legend states that the aforementioned counterfeiting operation took place in this room); also featured is a so-called "acoustic room" where two people can whisper and hear each other from opposite corners. Upstairs can be found a sumptuous clock manufactured in England in 1730, as well as an observation deck. Unfortunately, the original decor featured in the tower's interior is not preserved, and most rooms are filled with dull exhibits. The unusual structure and peculiar clock are, nevertheless, a good reason to go inside.
 
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:The inside of the Tower is equally magnificent. First of all, tons of ponderous cast iron can be seen, shaped into doors, stairs, and, of course, bars forming the framework (those are best viewed from the porch). One of the levels is occupied by the chemical lab (legend states that the aforementioned counterfeiting operation took place in this room); also features is a so-called "acoustic room" where two people can whisper and hear each other from opposite corners. Upstairs can be found a sumptuous clock manufactured in England in 1730, as well as an observation deck. The decor featured in the tower's interior today is unfortunately not original to the building, and most rooms are filled with dull exhibits. The unusual structure and peculiar clock are, nevertheless, a good reason to go inside.
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:Entering the Tower is only possible via guided tours organized by the local museum. These cost 200 rubles per person or 1250 rubles for a group of up to 5 people (2012). The tours, which can be tedious, relate local myths concerning the tower and are typically given in Russian; however, advance booking is not required. English translation can be had for an extra price; book at least one week in advance for this. On weekends, tours are conducted every half an hour, rendering the narrow passages of the Tower very congested.
 
:Entering the Tower is only possible via guided tours organized by the local museum. These cost 200 rubles per person or 1250 rubles for a group of up to 5 people (2012). The tours, which can be tedious, relate local myths concerning the tower and are typically given in Russian; however, advance booking is not required. English translation can be had for an extra price; book at least one week in advance for this. On weekends, tours are conducted every half an hour, rendering the narrow passages of the Tower very congested.
  
:The vicinity of the Tower is a mishmash of gleaming modern buildings and somewhat decrepit older structures. The '''Transfiguration Cathedral''', a bright-yellow Classical-style edifice built in 1824-1830 and rebuilt in the 2000s, boasts a fine faience iconostasis. The bizarre monument to Peter the Great and Nikita Demidov abuts a copper-colored brick building that dates to the early 20th century. Formerly a power plant, this edifice presently houses a museum. This building is heavily influenced by Byzantine architecture and matches the Leaning Tower in its ostentatiousness. Local designers tried to exaggerate the effect and replaced one side of the building with a glass wall, which unfortunately looks anything but congruent.
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:The vicinity of the Tower is a mishmash of gleaming renovated buildings and somewhat decrepit older structures. The '''Transfiguration Cathedral''', a bright-yellow Classical-style edifice built in 1824-1830 and rebuilt in the 2000s, boasts a fine faience iconostasis. The bizarre monument to Peter the Great and Nikita Demidov abuts a copper-colored brick building that dates to the early 20th century. Formerly a power plant, this edifice presently houses a museum. This building is heavily influenced by Moorish architecture and matches the Leaning Tower in its ostentatiousness. Local designers tried to exaggerate the effect and replaced one side of the building with a glass wall, which unfortunately looks anything but congruent.
  
 
:While one side of the square is fenced in by a handsome cast iron railing, the northern side faces a concrete wall of the old factory. Peek behind the wall by climbing the tower and a good view of the factory from above can be had. However, those who prefer less dilapidated scenes would be better served by crossing the dam, passing by a collection of traditional-style houses, and climbing Lebyazhka Mountain, where a panoramic view of Nevyansk can be had that includes the tower, cathedral and reservoir in front.
 
:While one side of the square is fenced in by a handsome cast iron railing, the northern side faces a concrete wall of the old factory. Peek behind the wall by climbing the tower and a good view of the factory from above can be had. However, those who prefer less dilapidated scenes would be better served by crossing the dam, passing by a collection of traditional-style houses, and climbing Lebyazhka Mountain, where a panoramic view of Nevyansk can be had that includes the tower, cathedral and reservoir in front.
  
* <see name="Nevyansk History and Architecture Museum" alt="Невьянский историко-архитектурный музей" address="2 Revolyutsii Sq." directions="пл. Революции, 2" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-43-99, 2-20-56 (guided tours)" email="priem@museum-nev.ru" fax="" url="http://museum-nev.ru/" hours="Tu&ndash;F 8&ndash;17, Sa&ndash;Su 9—17, May&ndash;Sept 9&ndash;19" price="Entrance fee: 60+40 rubles for the two museums (2012)">The collection of this museum is split between two buildings: the former power plant behind the Leaning Tower, and a small house on Revolyutsii Square. The latter also has a small, though free, outdoor exhibition of local products. The cornerstone of this collection consists of dried herbs native to the area as well as stuffed animals, but also includes some more interesting regional specialties such as Nevyansk icons, artifacts from the peat bog of Shigir, and iron castings from [[Casli]]. Since similar (and more interesting) items are on display in Ekaterinburg, the museum merits a visit mainly as a way to pass the time before a visit to the tower.</see>
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* <see name="Nevyansk History and Architecture Museum" alt="Невьянский историко-архитектурный музей" address="2 Revolyutsii Sq." directions="пл. Революции, 2" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-43-99, 2-20-56 (guided tours)" email="priem@museum-nev.ru" fax="" url="http://museum-nev.ru/" hours="Tu-F 8-17, Sa&ndash;Su 9-17, May-Sept 9-19" price="Entrance fee: 60+40 rubles for the two museums (2012)">The collection of this museum is split between two buildings: the former power plant behind the Leaning Tower, and a small house on Revolyutsii Square. The latter also has a small, though free, outdoor exhibition of local products. The cornerstone of this collection consists of dried herbs native to the area as well as stuffed animals, but also includes some more interesting regional specialties such as Nevyansk icons, artifacts from the peat bog of Shigir, and iron castings from Casli. Since similar (and more interesting) items are on display in Ekaterinburg, the museum merits a visit mainly as a way to pass the time before a visit to the tower.</see>
  
 
* <see name="Nevyansk Icon Museum" alt="Дом Невьянской иконы" address="2 Krasnoarmeyskaya St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-40-05" email="" fax="" url="http://new-ikona.ru/muzey" hours="" price="">A part of the icon-painting workshop, this small collection occupies only two rooms. One contains older examples of this locally-minted style of art, while the other one consists of an exhibition of brand-new icons produced by the workshop. Even though the most valuable masterpieces were taken to Ekaterinburg long ago (never to be returned), the museum is well worth seeing for its spiritual ambience and enthusiastic staff.</see>
 
* <see name="Nevyansk Icon Museum" alt="Дом Невьянской иконы" address="2 Krasnoarmeyskaya St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-40-05" email="" fax="" url="http://new-ikona.ru/muzey" hours="" price="">A part of the icon-painting workshop, this small collection occupies only two rooms. One contains older examples of this locally-minted style of art, while the other one consists of an exhibition of brand-new icons produced by the workshop. Even though the most valuable masterpieces were taken to Ekaterinburg long ago (never to be returned), the museum is well worth seeing for its spiritual ambience and enthusiastic staff.</see>
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* '''Churches''' are few in number. One of the more important ones is '''Trinity Church''' (Троицкая церковь), located at the marketplace (20 Kirova St.) Trinity was built in 1853, but lost its dome in the 1930s. It was re-consecrated in the 1990s after the fall of the Soviet regime, though it remains rather bland-looking. The smaller '''Church of the Ascension''' (Вознесенская церковь) was built in 1871 and is located next to the cemetery on Kos'kovich Street. This lovely church is embellished with a wooden bell tower.
 
* '''Churches''' are few in number. One of the more important ones is '''Trinity Church''' (Троицкая церковь), located at the marketplace (20 Kirova St.) Trinity was built in 1853, but lost its dome in the 1930s. It was re-consecrated in the 1990s after the fall of the Soviet regime, though it remains rather bland-looking. The smaller '''Church of the Ascension''' (Вознесенская церковь) was built in 1871 and is located next to the cemetery on Kos'kovich Street. This lovely church is embellished with a wooden bell tower.
  
* A tiny '''park''' at Revolyutsii Square features an unusual '''war memorial''' and a huge piece of iron commemorating pre-revolutionary industrial strikes. This piece, colloquially known as "kozyol" (translated as "goat") was cast by striking workers with the explicit intent of blocking and damaging the blast furnace. The square is flanked by pale-green Stalinist residential buildings, which surround a pretty one-story house topped by statues of young pioneers.  
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* A tiny '''park''' at Revolyutsii Square features a freaky '''war memorial''' and a huge piece of iron commemorating pre-revolutionary industrial strikes. This piece, colloquially known as "kozyol" (translated as "goat") was cast by striking workers with the explicit intent of blocking and damaging the blast furnace. The square is flanked by pale-green Stalinist residential buildings, which surround a pretty one-story house topped by statues of young pioneers.  
  
* Vernacular archtecture is mostly bland or even ugly. However, of note are the nice '''Art Nouveau house''' (a former girls' school) at 6 Karla Marksa St., as well as a '''block of 19th-century merchants' houses''' on Komsomol'skaya Street, Krylova Street, and Kirova Street. While wooden carvings typically adorn the window frames of such houses, the '''House of Afanasiy Abramov''' (54 Kommuny St.) expands upon this decorative concept, sporting elaborate carving all over the façade. The few examples of Soviet architecture worthy of note are the gloomy pale-green buildings on Revolyutsii Square, as well as the Neoclassical-style '''cultural center of the Machine Factory''' (1 Malysheva St.) Five-story residential buildings from the 1960s are "decorated" with light-brown paste (presumably for the sake of heating) and look even more artless than they otherwise would.
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* Vernacular archtecture is mostly bland or even ugly. However, of note are the nice '''Art Nouveau house''' (a former girls' school) at 6 Karla Marksa St., as well as a '''block of 19th-century merchants' houses''' on Komsomol'skaya Street, Krylova Street, and Kirova Street. While wooden carvings typically adorn the window frames of such houses, the '''House of Afanasiy Abramov''' (54 Kommuny St.) expands upon this decorative concept, sporting elaborate carving all over the façade. The few examples of Soviet architecture worthy of note are the gloomy pale-green buildings on Revolyutsii Square, as well as the Neoclassical-style '''cultural center of the Machine Factory''' (1 Malysheva St.) Five-story residential buildings from the 1960s are "decorated" with light-brown paste (presumably for the sake of heating) and look even more repulsive than they otherwise would.
  
 
* '''Lebyazhka Mountain''' is a pretty hillock in a suburb northeast of Nevyansk. It is likely the best place for those who seek a panoramic view of the town and distant mountains. To reach the top, follow Shevchenko Street towards Rezh and bear left at the point where the main road veers right (Gorodskaya Street). With sufficient driving skill, the top is also accessible by car.
 
* '''Lebyazhka Mountain''' is a pretty hillock in a suburb northeast of Nevyansk. It is likely the best place for those who seek a panoramic view of the town and distant mountains. To reach the top, follow Shevchenko Street towards Rezh and bear left at the point where the main road veers right (Gorodskaya Street). With sufficient driving skill, the top is also accessible by car.
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==Do==
 
==Do==
  
* <do name="Pottery craft" alt="" address="39 Kuybysheva St., Nizhnie Tavolgi" directions="14 km north-east from Nevyansk; second house on the left-hand side as you drive in" phone="+7&nbsp;(912)&nbsp;614–88–37" email="" fax="" url="http://gonchar-iz-tavolog.ru" hours="" price="">Sergey Maslennikov, the self-employed potter, gives guided tours and master classes in his workshop. While Sergey makes a variety of earthenware, his wife molds and paints clay toys. Their crafts are on sale, but you can also get something for free, once you manage to produce it (using the potter's wheel is not that simple). Arrange the visit in advance and bring work clothes.</do>
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* <do name="Maslikov Pottery Workshop" alt="" address="39 Kuybysheva St., Nizhniye Tavolgi" directions="14km northeast of Nevyansk; second house on the left-hand side as you drive in" phone="+7&nbsp;(912)&nbsp;614-88-37" email="" fax="" url="http://gonchar-iz-tavolog.ru" hours="" price="">Sergey Maslikov gives guided tours and master classes in his family-owned pottery workshop. While Sergey makes a variety of earthenware, his wife molds and paints clay toys. Their crafts are for sale, but you can also produce your own pottery free of charge (though using the potter's wheel is harder than it looks!). Arrange the visit in advance and bring work clothes.</do>
  
* <do name="Tavolga earthenware" alt="Таволжская керамика" address="Nizhnie Tavolgi and Verkhnie Tavolgi" directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;3-92-26 (shop, tours), (912)&nbsp;253-44-49 (tours), (34356)&nbsp;3-92-10 (shop, tours)" email="" fax="" url="http://tavolgatur.ru/" hours="Tu—Su, 10—17" price="">A large-scale version of the potter's workshop, this enterprise has only one strong point: facilities to feed, accommodate, and entertain large tour groups. Otherwise, you may deem it a bit disappointing to discover primitive tableware and toys that are abundant in gift shops (''podarki'') throughout the country. Facilities and exhibitions are located in twin villages Verkhnie Tavolgi and Nizhnie Tavolgi. Souvenir shops are placed in both villages to make sure that nobody leaves without a purchase.</do>
+
* <do name="Tavolga Earthenware" alt="Таволжская керамика" address="Nizhniye Tavolgi and Verkhniye Tavolgi" directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;3-92-26 (shop, tours), (912)&nbsp;253-44-49 (tours), (34356)&nbsp;3-92-10 (shop, tours)" email="" fax="" url="http://tavolgatur.ru/" hours="Tu-Su, 10-17" price="">A large-scale version of the potter's workshop, this enterprise nonetheless has one major strong point: facilities to feed, accommodate, and entertain large tour groups. Otherwise, you may deem it a bit disappointing to discover the same kind of primitive tableware and toys that are ubiquitous in gift shops (''podarki'') throughout the country. Facilities and exhibitions are located in the twin villages of Verkhniye Tavolgi and Nizhniye Tavolgi. Souvenir shops can be found in both villages, ensuring that nobody leaves without a purchase.</do>
  
* '''Diverse crafts''' are advertised by the History and Architecture Museum:
+
* Under the aegis of the History and Architecture Museum, visitors can witness or try their hand at a variety of traditional handicrafts:
** ''Forge'' (phone: +7&nbsp;(912)&nbsp;2-14-14)
+
** ''Redwood workshop'' (30 Svobody St.; phone: +7&nbsp;(922)&nbsp;612-37-83)
+
:* '''Forge''' (phone: +7&nbsp;(912)&nbsp;2-14-14)
** ''Clay bird'' (clay toys) (phone: +7&nbsp;(912)&nbsp;292-68-20)
+
:* '''Redwood workshop''' (30 Svobody St.; phone: +7&nbsp;(922)&nbsp;612-37-83)
** ''Felt-boot workshop'': 71 Volodarskogo St.; phone +7&nbsp;(912)&nbsp;608-54-51
+
:* '''Clay toys''': (phone: +7&nbsp;(912)&nbsp;292-68-20)
 +
:* '''Felt boot workshop''': 71 Volodarskogo St.; phone +7&nbsp;(912)&nbsp;608-54-51
  
:The information on these workshops is vague: inquire at the museum.  
+
:More information on these workshops is available at the museum.  
  
* '''Ski resorts''' and all kinds of mountain-related activities are sited west from Nevyansk, around [[Kirovgrad]] and [[Verkhny Tagil]].
+
* '''Skiing''' and other kinds of alpine sports and activities are the stock in trade of the region west of Nevyansk, around Kirovgrad and Verkhny Tagil.
  
 
==Buy==
 
==Buy==
  
Stock up with ''food and houseware'' in small shops that are available throughout the town center. Chain supermarkets have not reached Nevyansk yet.
+
There is a variety of small shops in the town center where food and housewares can be had. Chain supermarkets have not reached Nevyansk yet.
  
 
* '''Bookstore:''' 12 Malysheva St.
 
* '''Bookstore:''' 12 Malysheva St.
Line 120: Line 120:
 
* '''Drinks and beverages:''' 1 Volodarskogo St.
 
* '''Drinks and beverages:''' 1 Volodarskogo St.
  
Simple ''souvenirs and local food specialties'' (gingerbread, jams) are on sale at the Leaning Tower. Lots of regional products — both usable, decorative, and totally useless — can be purchased from local [[Nevyansk#Do|crafts]]. If you fancy to buy local icons, contact the workshop.
+
Simple souvenirs and local food specialties (gingerbread, jams) are on sale at the Leaning Tower. Lots of regional products—both useful, decorative, and totally useless—can be purchased from local [[Nevyansk#Do|artisans]]. If you're interested in purchasing Nevyansk icons, contact the workshop.
  
 
===Banks===
 
===Banks===
  
 
* '''Sberbank:'''
 
* '''Sberbank:'''
** 16 Krasnoarmeyskaya St. (phone: +7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;4-06-01) M—F 8:20—18, Sa 9:20—16; 24/7 ATM
+
** 16 Krasnoarmeyskaya St. (phone: +7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;4-06-01) M-F 8:20-18, Sa 9:20-16; 24/7 ATM
** 12 Malysheva St. (phone: +7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-29-52) M—F 8:30—18, Sa 8:30—17; lunch break 13—14; 24/7 ATM
+
** 12 Malysheva St. (phone: +7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-29-52) M-F 8:30-18, Sa 8:30-17 (except lunch break 13-14); 24/7 ATM
  
* '''ATM's:'''
+
* '''ATMs:'''
** 1 Kirova St. (Sberbank, 8—23)
+
** 1 Kirova St. (Sberbank, 8-23)
** 13 Lenina St. (Gazprombank, 9—20)
+
** 13 Lenina St. (Gazprombank, 9-20)
 
** 15 Lenina St. (Sberbank, 24/7)
 
** 15 Lenina St. (Sberbank, 24/7)
 
** 21 Lenina St. (VTB24, 24/7)
 
** 21 Lenina St. (VTB24, 24/7)
Line 137: Line 137:
 
==Eat==
 
==Eat==
  
* <eat name="Akinfiy" alt="кафе «Акинфий»" address="5a Lenina St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-22-28, (904)&nbsp;388-12-94" email="" fax="" url="http://www.akinfiy.ru/" hours="12—23, F & Sa till 24" price="Main dishes: 100—150 rubles (2010)">A hodge-podge of culinary styles, including Russian, Italian, and Japanese cuisine, is mingled with an austere interior and a strict alcohol policy (beer only).</eat>
+
* <eat name="Akinfiy" alt="кафе «Акинфий»" address="5A Lenina St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-22-28, (904)&nbsp;388-12-94" email="" fax="" url="http://www.akinfiy.ru/" hours="12-23, F & Sa till 24" price="Main dishes: 100-150 rubles (2010)">A hodgepodge of cuisines, including Russian, Italian, and Japanese, are served at this restaurant which boasts an austere interior and a strict policy on alcohol: beer only.</eat>
  
* <eat name="Demidov" alt="кафе «Демидов»" address="23a Lenina St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;4-24-41, 2-42-94" email="" fax="" url="" hours="11—24" price="">Positive reviews.</eat>
+
* <eat name="Demidov" alt="кафе «Демидов»" address="23A Lenina St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;4-24-41, 2-42-94" email="" fax="" url="" hours="11-24" price="">Positive reviews.</eat>
  
 
* <eat name="Multiteks" alt="кафе «Мультитекс»" address="15 Profsoyuzov St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-23-49" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></eat>
 
* <eat name="Multiteks" alt="кафе «Мультитекс»" address="15 Profsoyuzov St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-23-49" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price=""></eat>
Line 145: Line 145:
 
* <eat name="Old Sable" alt="кафе «Старый соболь»" address="23 Dzerzhinskogo St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-43-20" email="" fax="" url="" hours="24/7" price="">Positive reviews.</eat>
 
* <eat name="Old Sable" alt="кафе «Старый соболь»" address="23 Dzerzhinskogo St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-43-20" email="" fax="" url="" hours="24/7" price="">Positive reviews.</eat>
  
* <eat name="Simba" alt="кафе «Симба»" address="30 Lenina St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-23-48" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="Main dishes: around 100 rubles (2010)">A decent self-service cafe with freshly cooked and savory meals. All served in normal dishes (no plastic stuff). A good choice of ice-cream and desserts.</eat>
+
* <eat name="Simba" alt="кафе «Симба»" address="30 Lenina St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-23-48" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="Main dishes: around 100 rubles (2010)">A decent self-service cafe with hearty, freshly cooked meals—all served in normal dishes (no plastic stuff!) A good selection of ice cream and desserts, as well.</eat>
  
* <eat name="Sirius" alt="кафе в развлекательном центре «Сириус»" address="2 Oktyabr'skiy Av" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Lunch menu.</eat>
+
* <eat name="Sirius" alt="кафе в развлекательном центре «Сириус»" address="2 Oktyabr'skiy Ave" directions="" phone="" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Lunch menu.</eat>
  
* <eat name="Ural pelmeni" alt="" address="6 Dzerzhinskogo St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;4-24-95" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">An ugly fast-food restaurant serving delicious pelmeni.</eat>
+
* <eat name="Ural Pelmeni" alt="" address="6 Dzerzhinskogo St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;4-24-95" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Though not much to look at from the exterior, this fast-food establishment serves delicious pelmeni.</eat>
  
 
==Drink==
 
==Drink==
Local ''beers'' are the dark and strong ''Vepr''' (Вепрь) with a snarling wild boar on the label, and the light ''Snezhinskoe'' (Снежинское). Both sorts are tagged as "live" and "unfiltered".
 
  
* <drink name="Billiard" alt="бильярд «7 луза»" address="15a Sovetskaya St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(904)&nbsp;544-26-56" email="" fax="" url="" hours="12pm—3am" price=""></drink>
+
Local '''beers''' are the dark and strong ''Vepr'' (Вепрь) with a snarling wild boar on the label, and the light '''Snezhinskoe''' (Снежинское). Both brands are sold as "live" and "unfiltered".
  
* <drink name="Sirius" alt="развлекательный центр «Сириус»" address="2 Oktyabrskiy Av." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-11-44" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Billiard, disco.</drink>
+
* <drink name="Billiard" alt="бильярд «7 луза»" address="15a Sovetskaya St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(904)&nbsp;544-26-56" email="" fax="" url="" hours="12pm-3am" price=""></drink>
 +
 
 +
* <drink name="Sirius" alt="развлекательный центр «Сириус»" address="2 Oktyabrskiy Ave." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-11-44" email="" fax="" url="" hours="" price="">Pool tables, disco.</drink>
  
 
==Sleep==
 
==Sleep==
  
* '''Old Sable''' (гостиница «Старый Соболь»). Two parts of this hotel are found at:
+
* '''Old Sable''' (гостиница «Старый Соболь»). This hotel consists of two building, located respectively at:
**<sleep name="" alt="" address="23 Dzerzhinskogo St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-43-20" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="Double room: 1500 rubles (2009)">En-suite rooms, poor location.</sleep>
+
**<sleep name="" alt="" address="23 Dzerzhinskogo St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-43-20" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="Double room: 1500 rubles (2009)">Has suites, but in a poor location.</sleep>
** <sleep name="" alt="" address="21 Profsoyuzov St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-43-42" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="Double room: 1200 rubles (2010)">En-suite rooms. Located on the first floor of an ugly residential building, this hotel is close to the town center.</sleep>
+
** <sleep name="" alt="" address="21 Profsoyuzov St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-43-42" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="Double room: 1200 rubles (2010)">Suites. Located on the first floor of an ugly residential building, this hotel is close to the town center.</sleep>
  
* <sleep name="Uraltransgaz" alt="гостиница ЛПУ ООО Уралтрансгаз" address="64 Kosmonavtov St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-18-82" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="">Guest house of some local enterprise. On the outskirts.</sleep>
+
* <sleep name="Uraltransgaz" alt="гостиница ЛПУ ООО Уралтрансгаз" address="64 Kosmonavtov St." directions="" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-18-82" email="" fax="" url="" checkin="" checkout="" price="">This guest house is owned by a locally-based company. Located well away from the town center.</sleep>
  
* <sleep name="Hotel at Tavolga earthenware" alt="гостиница предприятия «Таволжская керамика»" address="Nizhnie Tavolgi" directions="14 km north-west trom Nevyansk" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;3-92-26, +7&nbsp;(912)&nbsp;253-44-49" email="" fax="" url="http://tavolgatur.ru/scat/410/" checkin="" checkout="" price="">A cottage featuring two-bed and four-bed rooms, billiard, and sauna.</sleep>
+
* <sleep name="Hotel at Tavolga Earthenware" alt="гостиница предприятия «Таволжская керамика»" address="Nizhniye Tavolgi" directions="14km northwest of Nevyansk" phone="+7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;3-92-26, +7&nbsp;(912)&nbsp;253-44-49" email="" fax="" url="http://tavolgatur.ru/scat/410/" checkin="" checkout="" price="">A cottage featuring two-bed and four-bed rooms, pool tables, and a sauna.</sleep>
  
 
==Contact==
 
==Contact==
Line 179: Line 180:
 
* '''624192''' — 4 Kirova St., phone: +7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-35-85
 
* '''624192''' — 4 Kirova St., phone: +7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-35-85
 
* '''624194''' — 21 Lenina St., phone: +7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-20-40
 
* '''624194''' — 21 Lenina St., phone: +7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;2-20-40
''Internet access'' is announced, but its availability and quality have not been checked.
+
 
 +
'''Internet access''' may be provided at the post offices. Public Wi-Fi spots do not exist.
  
 
===Mobile network===
 
===Mobile network===
  
* '''Beeline''' — 19 Lenina St. and 13 Lenina St. (Kirovskiy shopping center)
+
* '''Beeline''' — 19 Lenina St. and 13 Lenina St. (At the Kirovskiy Shopping Center)
 
* '''MTS''' — 3 Lenina St.
 
* '''MTS''' — 3 Lenina St.
* '''Utel''' — 21 Lenina St. (M—F, 9—19); phone: +7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;4-22-22
+
* '''Utel''' — 21 Lenina St. (M-F, 9-19); phone: +7&nbsp;(34356)&nbsp;4-22-22
  
 
==Get out==
 
==Get out==
  
* '''Byn'gi''' (Быньги́, accent the second syllable) is a former village of Old Believers 7 km north-east from Nevyansk. Nowadays, the distinction between Old Believers and "conventional" Orthodox Christians is largely gone, but the churches remind of the time when schismatic groups were severely oppressed by the government. The ''Church of St. Nicholas'' (1789—1797, presently belongs to Moscow Patriarchate) was built during a short period of religious tolerance, and looks like incorporating all styles local people could know of. It is a strange but pretty amalgam of baroque and classicism flavored by Byzantine style and supplemented with an old-fashioned clock on the bell tower. The church was in service during the Soviet times, thereby preserving lots of Nevyansk icons and exhibiting them in the most natural ambience. Dim lights illuminate the anticipated stocks of cast iron that cover the floor and enclose the iconostasis. The abundance of dark metal amplifies the mystic atmosphere. The ''Kazan Church'' (late 19th century, a kind of neo-Russian style) is way more bland and still belongs to Old Believers (edinovertsy). On regular houses, elaborate wooden carvings abound.
+
* '''Byn'gi''' (Быньги́, accent the second syllable) a former village of Old Believers that is located 7km northeast of Nevyansk. Nowadays, the distinction between Old Believers and "conventional" Russian Orthodox Christians is largely gone, but the churches are reminiscent of an era when minority schismatic groups were severely oppressed by the government. The '''Church of St. Nicholas''' (1789-1797, presently belongs to Moscow Patriarchate) was built during a short period of religious tolerance; architecturally speaking, it seems almost to incorporate all the styles what were known to the locals. It is a strange but pretty amalgamation of the Baroque and Classical styles, accented with Byzantine flavors and topped off by an old-fashioned clock on the bell tower. The church was in service during the Soviet era, thereby preserving lots of Nevyansk icons and exhibiting them in their most natural ambience. Dim lights illuminate the usual stocks of cast iron that cover the floor and enclose the iconostasis. The abundance of dark metal amplifies the almost mystical atmosphere. The '''Kazan Church''' (late 19th century) is a much more bland style that could be described as "neo-Russian". This church still belongs to Old Believers (''edinovertsy''). On regular houses, elaborate wooden carvings abound.
: ''Get in:'' minibuses depart from ''universam Yuzhny'' in the center of Nevyansk.
+
 
 +
: '''Get in:''' minibuses depart from the bus station ''universam Yuzhny'' in the center of Nevyansk.
 +
 
 +
* '''Kunara''' — this village 18km south-east of Nevyansk, is known for the unusual '''House of Sergey Kirillov''', a local artisan of old. He extrapolated on his chosen craft of woodcarving in his own home, peppering the house liberally with folk-art decorations, ultimately making it look like a gingerbread house or a birthday cake. There is no official museum, but Kirillov's widow is friendly to travellers.
 +
 
 +
: '''Get in:''' minibus #102 departs 8 times a day for Ayatka (Аятка) via Shayduriha (Шайдуриха).
 +
 
 +
* '''Lake Ayatskoe''' — a scenic lake with swampy shores and tiny islands. Perfect for fishing. Boats and other amenities are for rent from rangers who can be found on the northeastern shore near the village of Shayduriha (Шайдуриха)
  
* '''Kunara''', a village 18 km south-east from Nevyansk, is known for a funky and somewhat psychedelic ''house of Sergey Kirillov'', a late smith. His hobby of wooden carving developed into an art of studding the house with naive decorations, eventually making it look like a gingerbread or a birthday cake. There is no official museum, but the widow of the smith is friendly to travellers.
+
: '''Get in:''' by car only. Drive local roads via Shayduriha or take P352 and turn right toward the lake.
: ''Get in:'' minibuses to Ayatka (Аятка), #102 via Shayduriha (Шайдуриха), 8 times a day.
+
  
* '''Lake Ayatskoe''' — a scenic lake with swampy shores and tiny islands. Perfect for fishing. Boats and other tools are for rent from rangers who can be found on the north-eastern shore near Shayduriha (Шайдуриха) village.
+
* '''Shurala''' — a village 6km south of Nevyansk. Formerly an industrial town, it now boasts the bulky Classical-style '''Alexander Nevsky Cathedral''' (early 20th century) and a number of gold mines in the surrounding area.
: ''Get in:'' by car only. Drive local roads via Shayduriha or take P352 and turn right towards the lake.
+
  
* '''Shurala''' is a village 6 km south from Nevyansk. Formerly an industrial settlement, it now boasts the bulky ''Alexander Nevsky cathedral'' (early 20th century, classicism) and gold mines in the neighborhood.
+
: '''Get in:''' via local trains to Ekaterinburg, take off at the "419 km" station. Alternatively, take a bus bound for Kirovgrad.
: ''Get in:'' local trains to [[Ekaterinburg]], take off at the ''419 km'' station. Alternatively, take a bus bound for Kirovgrad.
+
  
* '''Verkhnie Tavolgi''' (Верхние Таволги) and '''Nizhnie Tavolgi''' (Нижние Таволги) are twin villages 12-14 km north-east from Nevyansk. Diverse [[Nevyansk#Do|pottery craft]] supplied with a hotel and place for lunch.
+
* '''Verkhniye Tavolgi''' (Верхние Таволги) and '''Nizhniye Tavolgi''' (Нижние Таволги) twin villages 12-14km northeast of Nevyansk. These villages are famous for their artisans, especially [[Nevyansk#Do|potters]], and boast a hotel and a restaurant.  
: ''Get in:'' minibuses depart from ''universam Yuzhny'' in the center of Nevyansk.
+
  
===Cities===
+
: '''Get in:''' minibuses depart from ''universam Yuzhny'' bus station in the center of Nevyansk.
  
* '''[[Ekaterinburg]]''' — capital of [[Ural]]
+
* '''[[Ekaterinburg]]''' — the capital of the Ural Federal District.
  
* '''[[Kirovgrad]]''' — industrial town with copper production and mountain skiing in the neighborhood
+
* '''Kirovgrad''' — an industrial town in the midst of copper smelters and ski resorts.
  
* '''[[Nizhny Tagil]]''' — industrial and historical city recognized for its museums, beguiling architecture, and impressive large-scale industry
+
* '''[[Nizhny Tagil]]''' — a historic industrial city renowned for its museums, enchanting architecture, and impressive heavy industrial facilities.
  
* '''[[Verkh-Neyvinskiy]]''' — old industrial settlement in the picturesque mountains of Central Ural
+
* '''Verkh-Neyvinskiy''' — an old industrial settlement in the picturesque mountains of the Central Urals.
  
 
{{IsPartOf|Sverdlovsk Oblast}}
 
{{IsPartOf|Sverdlovsk Oblast}}

Latest revision as of 23:00, 24 August 2012

Leaning Tower of Nevyansk

Nevyа́nsk (ru: Невья́нск) is a historic town in the central part of Sverdlovsk Oblast. The unofficial capital of industry in the Ural region in the 18th Century, Nevyansk retains little of its former heritage, but the single important edifice that remains from those glory days—the Leaning Tower—is well worth seeing. The unique and bizarre Leaning Tower is testament to the greatness of the Demidov family, who stood at the roots of the region's industry. Further attractions include artifacts from the Old Believers, some of whom still live in the area, local crafts, and the scenic landscapes of the Central Urals.

Contents

Understand[edit]

Nevyansk's coat of arms features symbols of the city: the Leaning Tower, cannonballs, and Y-shaped tools used for prospecting.

Nevyansk (formerly Nevyansky Zavod) is situated on the Neyva river, 75km north of Ekaterinburg and 50km south of Nizhny Tagil, and a short distance east of the Ural mountains. Though the town is surrounded by flat fields, gentle wooded hills are visible from any vantage point. Its population is 25,000, as of 2010.

Despite the discovery of iron ore in the middle 17th century, the official foundation date of Nevyansk is 1699, when Peter the Great commissioned the construction of state-owned ironworks that were completed in 1701. One year later, the factory was granted to Nikita Demidov, the future tycoon who was already renowned for his ironworks in Tula. Thanks to Demidov's efficient management, Nevyansk thrived throughout the 18th century, and remained the leader of the rapidly developing region in which the Demidov family was the undisputed master. They settled in Nevyansk, thus making it an unofficial capital (the official one had been Ekaterinburg since its foundation around 1725). This period is commemorated by the Leaning Tower, as well as the first professional college in the Ural region (tsifirnaya shkola, later transferred to Nizhny Tagil). The principal manufactured goods of the town were elaborate chests and, naturally, cast iron traded under the brand name "Old Sable". By the end of the 18th century, the supplies of iron ore had diminished, local forests had been mostly cut down, and the empire of the Demidovs had disintegrated. More efficient iron production was performed in Nizhny Tagil, while industries in Nevyansk cast and forged the iron as well as producing the gold and platinum that were discovered in early 19th century. The town's factory was renamed the Nevyansk Mechanical Plant (presently named Nevyansk Machine Factory) and began to produce a variety of simple cast-iron items, such as girders, shovels, and wheels. In the Soviet era, the plant was repurposed to produce ammunition and large-scale machinery for heavy industry. This reorganization halted the smelting works and distinguished Nevyansk, with its gorgeous skyline that boasted a tower and cathedral, from a raft of neighboring industrial towns dominated by lofty and rusty blast furnaces. In 1914, a cement factory was launched in a new district located a few kilometers southwest of Nevyansk.

While the lack of an unsightly rusty blast furnace can be seen as an advantage, by the same token Nevyansk is missing most of its historical buildings. Until the 1990s, few people recognized the historical significance of the town. The unique Leaning Tower belonged to the factory and might have been demolished if not for the continuous efforts of architecture buffs. Recently, the situation reversed itself: the factory has decayed, whereas the Tower was proclaimed a major regional landmark. Ample funding facilitated its rapid renovation, making the Tower fully accessible to the public. Active promotion of the tower as a local landmark drew many visitors and rendered Nevyansk a popular day trip, to the extent where it should perhaps be avoided on weekends. The tourist business is largely focused on the Leaning Tower, but there are more things to see: for example, the artifacts from the Old Believers, who were allowed to reside in neighboring villages because of the pragmatically tolerant attitude of the Demidovs toward religion. The so-called Old Believers, who did not support the reform of the Russian Orthodox Church in the mid-17th century, are supposed to be the originators of Nevyansk icons, a distinct painting tradition that features soft hues, lavish gold decorations, and strictly canonical imagery. Nowadays, these icons are mostly showcased in the museums at Ekaterinburg, but you can also see them in Nevyansk or, preferably, in the village of Byngi which boasts authentic houses and an old church designed by Old Believers. Tourists with less interest in history and arts enjoy numerous local crafts, especially the production of pottery.

Tourist information is available from the local museum [1]. They also offer a great variety of guided tours, though they are generally given in Russian and largely exaggerate the real significance of the town.

Get in[edit]

Nevyansk is best accessible from Ekaterinburg and Nizhny Tagil.

By plane[edit]

The nearest international airport is Koltsovo International Airport in Ekaterinburg. Nevyansk is accessible via Ekaterinburg, or direct buses are available to Nizhny Tagil (#1036) and Krasnoturyinsk (#825). The buses depart early in the morning and return to the airport around midnight. Travel time is 2.5 hours.

By train[edit]

The train station is in the western part of Nevyansk: 8 Popova St., phone: +7 (34356) 2-30-40 (information), 2-14-46 (booking office). Follow Krasnoarmeyskaya Street to the town center (about 1.5km).

  • Long-distance trains head to the northern part of Sverdlovsk Oblast (#337Е, #607Е: Verkhoturye, Serov) and Perm Krai (#969Е: Solikamsk, Berezniki). The trains departing from Nizhny Tagil go in the opposite direction, to the seaside resorts, and pass the Volga Region as well as Southern Russia.
  • Local trains provide hourly service from Ekaterinburg (destination Nizhny Tagil, 1.5-2 hours) and Nizhny Tagil (destination Ekaterinburg, Shartash (Шарташ), and Shurala (Шурала); 1 hour).

By bus[edit]

The bus station is contiguous with the train station. Similar to the railway, passengers can choose between buses heading for Ekaterinburg and Nizhny Tagil. However, travelers should take care as some of the buses do not stop in Nevyansk.

  • Ekaterinburg-bound buses depart from the northern bus station (автовокзал «Северный») bound for Nevyansk (#686), Nizhny Tagil (#640, ask explicitly if it stops in Nevyansk), Nizhnyaya Salda (#630), Verkhnyaya Salda (#602), and Serov (#810). Buses depart approximately hourly, travel time: 2 hours.
  • The Nizhny Tagil-bound buses are somewhat complicated. Minibuses directly to Nevyansk exist, in addition to regular buses to Ekaterinburg (#602, 630, 640, 810; check if they stop in Nevyansk), Rezh (#526), Tyumen (#957), and Chelyabinsk (#593). Buses depart every hour, travel time: 1 hour.

By car[edit]

Follow the P352 highway from Ekaterinburg (92km) or Nizhny Tagil (54km); take any of the exits labeled "Nevyansk". They are all close to the town center. Another local road comes from Rezh (92km).

Get around[edit]

Map of Nevyansk

Nevyansk features a simple rectangular layout, with the dam and dilapidated factory complex in the very center. The dammed Neyva river and the adjacent reservoir (literally translated from Russian as Nevyansk Pond) cut the town into western and eastern parts. Major streets in the western part are Lenina Street and Dzerzhinskogo Street (leading from Ekaterinburg), Stepana Razina Street (leading from Nizhny Tagil), Kirova Street (from Byngi and Tavolgi), and Krasnoarmeyskaya Street linking the train station to the historical center. In the eastern part, Oktyabr'skiy Avenue and Shevchenko Street lead to Rezh.

The town is relatively small and easily explored by foot. If you need a lift, flag down one of the minibuses running from the train station to the historical center, which is at the bus stop universam Yuzhny (универсам «Южный»), at 23 Lenina St.

Taxi[edit]

  • Gorod (Город): +7 (34356) 2-22-22, 2-33-99
  • Iva (Ива): +7 (34356) 2-21-22
  • Motor (Мотор): +7 (34356) 2-30-95
  • Shturman (Штурман): +7 (34356) 2-10-55

See[edit][add listing]

Town center[edit]

Most of the sights are clustered around the pedestrian area, adjacent to the dam and Revolyutsii Square (пл. Революции).

The Leaning Tower depicted on a souvenir coin.
The "acoustic room" inside the Leaning Tower features a rounded ceiling and cast-iron bars.
Transfiguration Cathedral seen from the Leaning Tower.
The monument to Peter the Great and Nikita Demidov.
The Nevyansk Museum (housed in a former power plant) and the Leaning Tower.
The war memorial at Revolyutsii Square.
Cultural center of the Machine Factory.
  • Nevyansk (Leaning) Tower. This gorgeous structure was built between 1721 and 1742. Its history, purpose, and style are a matter of numerous local myths. One piece of information that is beyond dispute is the Tower's original shape, which consists of a lofty rectangular base surmounted by three octagonal tiers and a spire. The degree of tilt is less than its homologue in Pisa, but it's still clearly visible. Scientists believe that the Tower's lean originated during the construction process, but that it nonetheless remained stable because of a change in the design. Legend has it differently: the cellars of the Tower, so it is said, were flooded to conceal a counterfeiting operation, therefore the ground sank and the tower began to lean. Others claim that the Demidov family admired Italian architecture and that they deliberately commissioned a leaning tower for their own residence. There is, indeed, some Italian flavor in the style, although Nevyansk Tower is far from being an exact copy of any specific building. Neither does it resemble Russian fortresses or other domestic architecture. The whole structure is threaded with bars made of locally-produced cast iron. These bars do not merely serve a framework (although they do form a rebar, the whole tower being an early example of a reinforced-concrete structure), but also parts of the lightning rod, which is supposedly the first one ever constructed. Both the exterior and the interior of the tower are far more splendid than most Russian structures of the 18th Century. The Tower not only set Nevyansk apart from a raft of dreary industrial settlements in the surrounding area, but also served as an unmistakable testament to the greatness of the Demidov family.
The inside of the Tower is equally magnificent. First of all, tons of ponderous cast iron can be seen, shaped into doors, stairs, and, of course, bars forming the framework (those are best viewed from the porch). One of the levels is occupied by the chemical lab (legend states that the aforementioned counterfeiting operation took place in this room); also featured is a so-called "acoustic room" where two people can whisper and hear each other from opposite corners. Upstairs can be found a sumptuous clock manufactured in England in 1730, as well as an observation deck. Unfortunately, the original decor featured in the tower's interior is not preserved, and most rooms are filled with dull exhibits. The unusual structure and peculiar clock are, nevertheless, a good reason to go inside.
Entering the Tower is only possible via guided tours organized by the local museum. These cost 200 rubles per person or 1250 rubles for a group of up to 5 people (2012). The tours, which can be tedious, relate local myths concerning the tower and are typically given in Russian; however, advance booking is not required. English translation can be had for an extra price; book at least one week in advance for this. On weekends, tours are conducted every half an hour, rendering the narrow passages of the Tower very congested.
The vicinity of the Tower is a mishmash of gleaming renovated buildings and somewhat decrepit older structures. The Transfiguration Cathedral, a bright-yellow Classical-style edifice built in 1824-1830 and rebuilt in the 2000s, boasts a fine faience iconostasis. The bizarre monument to Peter the Great and Nikita Demidov abuts a copper-colored brick building that dates to the early 20th century. Formerly a power plant, this edifice presently houses a museum. This building is heavily influenced by Moorish architecture and matches the Leaning Tower in its ostentatiousness. Local designers tried to exaggerate the effect and replaced one side of the building with a glass wall, which unfortunately looks anything but congruent.
While one side of the square is fenced in by a handsome cast iron railing, the northern side faces a concrete wall of the old factory. Peek behind the wall by climbing the tower and a good view of the factory from above can be had. However, those who prefer less dilapidated scenes would be better served by crossing the dam, passing by a collection of traditional-style houses, and climbing Lebyazhka Mountain, where a panoramic view of Nevyansk can be had that includes the tower, cathedral and reservoir in front.
  • Nevyansk History and Architecture Museum (Невьянский историко-архитектурный музей), 2 Revolyutsii Sq. (пл. Революции, 2), +7 (34356) 2-43-99, 2-20-56 (guided tours) (), [2]. Tu-F 8-17, Sa–Su 9-17, May-Sept 9-19. The collection of this museum is split between two buildings: the former power plant behind the Leaning Tower, and a small house on Revolyutsii Square. The latter also has a small, though free, outdoor exhibition of local products. The cornerstone of this collection consists of dried herbs native to the area as well as stuffed animals, but also includes some more interesting regional specialties such as Nevyansk icons, artifacts from the peat bog of Shigir, and iron castings from Casli. Since similar (and more interesting) items are on display in Ekaterinburg, the museum merits a visit mainly as a way to pass the time before a visit to the tower. Entrance fee: 60+40 rubles for the two museums (2012).  edit
  • Nevyansk Icon Museum (Дом Невьянской иконы), 2 Krasnoarmeyskaya St., +7 (34356) 2-40-05, [3]. A part of the icon-painting workshop, this small collection occupies only two rooms. One contains older examples of this locally-minted style of art, while the other one consists of an exhibition of brand-new icons produced by the workshop. Even though the most valuable masterpieces were taken to Ekaterinburg long ago (never to be returned), the museum is well worth seeing for its spiritual ambience and enthusiastic staff.  edit
  • Nevyansk Factory Museum (Музей Невьянского завода), +7 (34356) 2-27-13. This museum showcases a range of local products, varying from construction elements of the Leaning Tower and fancy cast-iron tools to large-scale machines and ammunition. The factory itself is a jumble of abandoned buildings, including some 19th-century workshops. It also harbors another bizarre monument to Peter the Great and Nikita Demidov, who is now portrayed as a noble. The museum [4] does exist, but neither the schedule nor access information are available. If you feel interested, inquire at the History and Architecture Museum.  edit

Outside the center[edit]

  • Churches are few in number. One of the more important ones is Trinity Church (Троицкая церковь), located at the marketplace (20 Kirova St.) Trinity was built in 1853, but lost its dome in the 1930s. It was re-consecrated in the 1990s after the fall of the Soviet regime, though it remains rather bland-looking. The smaller Church of the Ascension (Вознесенская церковь) was built in 1871 and is located next to the cemetery on Kos'kovich Street. This lovely church is embellished with a wooden bell tower.
  • A tiny park at Revolyutsii Square features a freaky war memorial and a huge piece of iron commemorating pre-revolutionary industrial strikes. This piece, colloquially known as "kozyol" (translated as "goat") was cast by striking workers with the explicit intent of blocking and damaging the blast furnace. The square is flanked by pale-green Stalinist residential buildings, which surround a pretty one-story house topped by statues of young pioneers.
  • Vernacular archtecture is mostly bland or even ugly. However, of note are the nice Art Nouveau house (a former girls' school) at 6 Karla Marksa St., as well as a block of 19th-century merchants' houses on Komsomol'skaya Street, Krylova Street, and Kirova Street. While wooden carvings typically adorn the window frames of such houses, the House of Afanasiy Abramov (54 Kommuny St.) expands upon this decorative concept, sporting elaborate carving all over the façade. The few examples of Soviet architecture worthy of note are the gloomy pale-green buildings on Revolyutsii Square, as well as the Neoclassical-style cultural center of the Machine Factory (1 Malysheva St.) Five-story residential buildings from the 1960s are "decorated" with light-brown paste (presumably for the sake of heating) and look even more repulsive than they otherwise would.
  • Lebyazhka Mountain is a pretty hillock in a suburb northeast of Nevyansk. It is likely the best place for those who seek a panoramic view of the town and distant mountains. To reach the top, follow Shevchenko Street towards Rezh and bear left at the point where the main road veers right (Gorodskaya Street). With sufficient driving skill, the top is also accessible by car.

Do[edit][add listing]

  • Maslikov Pottery Workshop, 39 Kuybysheva St., Nizhniye Tavolgi (14km northeast of Nevyansk; second house on the left-hand side as you drive in), +7 (912) 614-88-37, [5]. Sergey Maslikov gives guided tours and master classes in his family-owned pottery workshop. While Sergey makes a variety of earthenware, his wife molds and paints clay toys. Their crafts are for sale, but you can also produce your own pottery free of charge (though using the potter's wheel is harder than it looks!). Arrange the visit in advance and bring work clothes.  edit
  • Tavolga Earthenware (Таволжская керамика), Nizhniye Tavolgi and Verkhniye Tavolgi, +7 (34356) 3-92-26 (shop, tours), (912) 253-44-49 (tours), (34356) 3-92-10 (shop, tours), [6]. Tu-Su, 10-17. A large-scale version of the potter's workshop, this enterprise nonetheless has one major strong point: facilities to feed, accommodate, and entertain large tour groups. Otherwise, you may deem it a bit disappointing to discover the same kind of primitive tableware and toys that are ubiquitous in gift shops (podarki) throughout the country. Facilities and exhibitions are located in the twin villages of Verkhniye Tavolgi and Nizhniye Tavolgi. Souvenir shops can be found in both villages, ensuring that nobody leaves without a purchase.  edit
  • Under the aegis of the History and Architecture Museum, visitors can witness or try their hand at a variety of traditional handicrafts:
  • Forge (phone: +7 (912) 2-14-14)
  • Redwood workshop (30 Svobody St.; phone: +7 (922) 612-37-83)
  • Clay toys: (phone: +7 (912) 292-68-20)
  • Felt boot workshop: 71 Volodarskogo St.; phone +7 (912) 608-54-51
More information on these workshops is available at the museum.
  • Skiing and other kinds of alpine sports and activities are the stock in trade of the region west of Nevyansk, around Kirovgrad and Verkhny Tagil.

Buy[edit][add listing]

There is a variety of small shops in the town center where food and housewares can be had. Chain supermarkets have not reached Nevyansk yet.

  • Bookstore: 12 Malysheva St.
  • Bakeries: 2 Karla Marksa St., 11a M. Gor'kogo St.
  • Drinks and beverages: 1 Volodarskogo St.

Simple souvenirs and local food specialties (gingerbread, jams) are on sale at the Leaning Tower. Lots of regional products—both useful, decorative, and totally useless—can be purchased from local artisans. If you're interested in purchasing Nevyansk icons, contact the workshop.

Banks[edit]

  • Sberbank:
    • 16 Krasnoarmeyskaya St. (phone: +7 (34356) 4-06-01) M-F 8:20-18, Sa 9:20-16; 24/7 ATM
    • 12 Malysheva St. (phone: +7 (34356) 2-29-52) M-F 8:30-18, Sa 8:30-17 (except lunch break 13-14); 24/7 ATM
  • ATMs:
    • 1 Kirova St. (Sberbank, 8-23)
    • 13 Lenina St. (Gazprombank, 9-20)
    • 15 Lenina St. (Sberbank, 24/7)
    • 21 Lenina St. (VTB24, 24/7)
    • 10 Matveeva St. (Sberbank, 24/7)

Eat[edit][add listing]

  • Akinfiy (кафе «Акинфий»), 5A Lenina St., +7 (34356) 2-22-28, (904) 388-12-94, [7]. 12-23, F & Sa till 24. A hodgepodge of cuisines, including Russian, Italian, and Japanese, are served at this restaurant which boasts an austere interior and a strict policy on alcohol: beer only. Main dishes: 100-150 rubles (2010).  edit
  • Demidov (кафе «Демидов»), 23A Lenina St., +7 (34356) 4-24-41, 2-42-94. 11-24. Positive reviews.  edit
  • Multiteks (кафе «Мультитекс»), 15 Profsoyuzov St., +7 (34356) 2-23-49.  edit
  • Old Sable (кафе «Старый соболь»), 23 Dzerzhinskogo St., +7 (34356) 2-43-20. 24/7. Positive reviews.  edit
  • Simba (кафе «Симба»), 30 Lenina St., +7 (34356) 2-23-48. A decent self-service cafe with hearty, freshly cooked meals—all served in normal dishes (no plastic stuff!) A good selection of ice cream and desserts, as well. Main dishes: around 100 rubles (2010).  edit
  • Sirius (кафе в развлекательном центре «Сириус»), 2 Oktyabr'skiy Ave. Lunch menu.  edit
  • Ural Pelmeni, 6 Dzerzhinskogo St., +7 (34356) 4-24-95. Though not much to look at from the exterior, this fast-food establishment serves delicious pelmeni.  edit

Drink[edit][add listing]

Local beers are the dark and strong Vepr (Вепрь) with a snarling wild boar on the label, and the light Snezhinskoe (Снежинское). Both brands are sold as "live" and "unfiltered".

  • Billiard (бильярд «7 луза»), 15a Sovetskaya St., +7 (904) 544-26-56. 12pm-3am.  edit
  • Sirius (развлекательный центр «Сириус»), 2 Oktyabrskiy Ave., +7 (34356) 2-11-44. Pool tables, disco.  edit

Sleep[edit][add listing]

  • Old Sable (гостиница «Старый Соболь»). This hotel consists of two building, located respectively at:
    • 23 Dzerzhinskogo St., +7 (34356) 2-43-20. Has suites, but in a poor location. Double room: 1500 rubles (2009).
    • 21 Profsoyuzov St., +7 (34356) 2-43-42. Suites. Located on the first floor of an ugly residential building, this hotel is close to the town center. Double room: 1200 rubles (2010).
  • Uraltransgaz (гостиница ЛПУ ООО Уралтрансгаз), 64 Kosmonavtov St., +7 (34356) 2-18-82. This guest house is owned by a locally-based company. Located well away from the town center.  edit
  • Hotel at Tavolga Earthenware (гостиница предприятия «Таволжская керамика»), Nizhniye Tavolgi (14km northwest of Nevyansk), +7 (34356) 3-92-26, +7 (912) 253-44-49, [8]. A cottage featuring two-bed and four-bed rooms, pool tables, and a sauna.  edit

Contact[edit]

Post codes: 62419*

Area code: 34356

Post offices[edit]

  • 624191 — 10 Serova St., phone: +7 (34356) 2-26-60
  • 624192 — 4 Kirova St., phone: +7 (34356) 2-35-85
  • 624194 — 21 Lenina St., phone: +7 (34356) 2-20-40

Internet access may be provided at the post offices. Public Wi-Fi spots do not exist.

Mobile network[edit]

  • Beeline — 19 Lenina St. and 13 Lenina St. (At the Kirovskiy Shopping Center)
  • MTS — 3 Lenina St.
  • Utel — 21 Lenina St. (M-F, 9-19); phone: +7 (34356) 4-22-22

Get out[edit]

  • Byn'gi (Быньги́, accent the second syllable) — a former village of Old Believers that is located 7km northeast of Nevyansk. Nowadays, the distinction between Old Believers and "conventional" Russian Orthodox Christians is largely gone, but the churches are reminiscent of an era when minority schismatic groups were severely oppressed by the government. The Church of St. Nicholas (1789-1797, presently belongs to Moscow Patriarchate) was built during a short period of religious tolerance; architecturally speaking, it seems almost to incorporate all the styles what were known to the locals. It is a strange but pretty amalgamation of the Baroque and Classical styles, accented with Byzantine flavors and topped off by an old-fashioned clock on the bell tower. The church was in service during the Soviet era, thereby preserving lots of Nevyansk icons and exhibiting them in their most natural ambience. Dim lights illuminate the usual stocks of cast iron that cover the floor and enclose the iconostasis. The abundance of dark metal amplifies the almost mystical atmosphere. The Kazan Church (late 19th century) is a much more bland style that could be described as "neo-Russian". This church still belongs to Old Believers (edinovertsy). On regular houses, elaborate wooden carvings abound.
Get in: minibuses depart from the bus station universam Yuzhny in the center of Nevyansk.
  • Kunara — this village 18km south-east of Nevyansk, is known for the unusual House of Sergey Kirillov, a local artisan of old. He extrapolated on his chosen craft of woodcarving in his own home, peppering the house liberally with folk-art decorations, ultimately making it look like a gingerbread house or a birthday cake. There is no official museum, but Kirillov's widow is friendly to travellers.
Get in: minibus #102 departs 8 times a day for Ayatka (Аятка) via Shayduriha (Шайдуриха).
  • Lake Ayatskoe — a scenic lake with swampy shores and tiny islands. Perfect for fishing. Boats and other amenities are for rent from rangers who can be found on the northeastern shore near the village of Shayduriha (Шайдуриха)
Get in: by car only. Drive local roads via Shayduriha or take P352 and turn right toward the lake.
  • Shurala — a village 6km south of Nevyansk. Formerly an industrial town, it now boasts the bulky Classical-style Alexander Nevsky Cathedral (early 20th century) and a number of gold mines in the surrounding area.
Get in: via local trains to Ekaterinburg, take off at the "419 km" station. Alternatively, take a bus bound for Kirovgrad.
  • Verkhniye Tavolgi (Верхние Таволги) and Nizhniye Tavolgi (Нижние Таволги) — twin villages 12-14km northeast of Nevyansk. These villages are famous for their artisans, especially potters, and boast a hotel and a restaurant.
Get in: minibuses depart from universam Yuzhny bus station in the center of Nevyansk.
  • Ekaterinburg — the capital of the Ural Federal District.
  • Kirovgrad — an industrial town in the midst of copper smelters and ski resorts.
  • Nizhny Tagil — a historic industrial city renowned for its museums, enchanting architecture, and impressive heavy industrial facilities.
  • Verkh-Neyvinskiy — an old industrial settlement in the picturesque mountains of the Central Urals.



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