Missoula is the second largest city in Montana, and a medium size city in Western Montana with a population over 70,000, as an estimate of the 2010 census. The Missoula Metro-politan area of Missoula is 123,073(estimate). During the Fall sessions at the Univeristy of Montana population of Missoula increases to about 85,000 people. Missoula has the largest hospital(s) in a 500- mile radius, such is a very important source of employment in Missoula. Missoula nicknamed the Garden City is the highlight of western Montana for cities, because of its diverse cultures, history, and most of all its beauty. The hub of five valleys in the northwest region of the state, or Glacier Country, the town boasts the University of Montana, the Rattlesnake Wilderness Area, and a multitude of recreational opportunities, along with an active and colorful downtown. Missoula is the prinicpal city if the Missoula Metropolitan area, and is home to two semi-pro team's; the Missoula Osprey, and the Missoula Phoenix.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 23.9 square miles (61.9 km²), of which 23.8 square miles (61.6 km²) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) (0.46%) is water. Missoula is located in a deep valley in the western part of the state, near where the Clark Fork River is joined by the Bitterroot and Blackfoot Rivers.
Because it is located in a valley, Missoula suffers from smoke, soot, and occasional fog inversion during the winter months. There have been emissions restrictions placed on various industries and the burning of wood in wood stoves. In recent years, these restrictions have resulted in significant improvement in the problem.
During the last Ice Age, a lobe of the Cordilleran Ice Sheet blocked the Clark Fork river near what is now Clark Fork, Idaho. The resulting lake, Glacial Lake Missoula, extended approximately 320 kilometers (200 mi) eastward, filling the Missoula Valley. Its former shorelines can now be seen as horizontal lines on nearby mountains.
Missoula has a semi-arid climate (Koppen climate classification BSk), with cold and moderately snowy winters, hot and dry summers, and spring and autumn are short and crisp in between. Winter conditions are usually far milder than much of the rest of the state due to its western position within the state. However the mildness is also induced by the dampness, as unlike much of the rest of the state, precipitation is not at a strong minimum during winter. Winter snowfall averages 43 inches (109 cm), with most years seeing very little of it from April to October. Summers see very sunny conditions, with highs peaking at 84 °F (28.9 °C) in July. However, temperature differences between day and night are large during this time and from April to October, due to the relative aridity.
The city's success was aided by several other factors. First was the opening of the University of Montana in September 1895, serving as the center of public higher education for Western Montana. Then, in 1908, Missoula became a regional headquarters for the Forest Service, which began training smokejumpers in 1942. The Aerial Fire Depot was built in 1954. Big industry came to Missoula in 1956, with the groundbreaking for the first pulp mill.
Logging remained a mainstay industry with log yards throughout the city until the 1970s. Many ran teepee burners to dispose waste material, contributing to the smoky haze that sometimes covered the town. However, by the early 1990s, changes in the economic fortunes in the city had shut down all the Missoula log yards.
With the loss of the log yards, other industries, such as tourism, have arisen. Missoula is located within the flyfishing Golden Triangle and is a popular area for outdoor activities including hunting, skiing, and camping.
Though physically part of the Rocky Mountains region, culturally Missoula identifies closely with the Pacific Northwest. Home to the University of Montana  and often considered by residents as the most liberal city in Montana, it's an interesting mix of ranchers, cowboys, hippies, yuppies, students, artists, athletes and recreationalists. Graduates from the University of Montana frequently remain in Missoula, creating a large over-qualified work force. A local barista or cook may have, at the very least, a Bachelors degree. Tip well; they have loans to pay off!
The Downtown Missoula District has been growing rapidly in the past couple of decades, due to tourism and relocation movements. Downtown has had numerous new small businesses move into the area, and several organizations. One of these organizations which started right in Downtown itself; the Missoula Downtown Association (MDA) has been a very large organization lately in Downtown Missoula, which formed in 1975 and it has organized almost anything that has recently met together in Missoula for the past several decades. With the help of the Missoula Downtown Association, downtown's main venue recently has been Caras Park, which is right next to the heart of Downtown Missoula, and the Missoula carousel.
Missoula can be reached by car via US Interstate 90, or US Highway 93, which runs north - south from the Idaho border at Lost Trail Pass all the way to Alberta, Canada. US Highway 12, which follows the Lewis and Clark trail on the west to and from Idaho, provides access to unspoiled wilderness areas and great scenery.
Be advised that road conditions in Montana can be very hazardous in the winter, and if you are not accustomed to driving winding mountain roads or in extreme snow/ice/sleet/hail/rain conditions, you should exercise extra caution.
Visitors to Missoula often remark that the city is hard to get around in by car, a fact Missoulians famously owe to conflicting city engineers at the turn of the century. The confusing roadways make the city bus system a great way to get around -- but with a little orienting, the city can be much more easily navigated.
Higgins Avenue runs from downtown in the northern end of town through the outskirts of the tree-lined streets of the university district until it takes a sharp curve to the west in the south end of town, leading mainly to residential areas.
Broadway Street runs east to west, mostly along the Clark Fork river, from Van Buren, entrance to the Rattlesnake Recreation Area and the hippest place to live in town, through downtown before bisecting with Highway 93 and continuing on to the airport and I-90.
Orange Street runs through downtown and another treed residential area before intersecting with Brooks Street.
Brooks Street begins as Highway 93 from Lolo to the south of Missoula before turning into Brooks Street, a major shopping area populated with strip malls, fast food restaurants and the like, before dead ending into Higgins in a particularly confusing no-right-turn intersection.
Russell Street runs north - south from Broadway to 39th, through residential, industrial and business districts, but is a main roadway for motorists.
Reserve Street runs from I-90 to 39th from the north - south, crossing Broadway, 3rd Street, South Avenue and Brooks Street before dead ending. Major box stores, such as Target and Wal-Mart, as well as movie theaters, restaurants and other businesses line the thoroughfare.
Geographically, Missoula is dominated by the scenic Clark Fork river that flows through downtown and the mountains ringing the city. The Kim Williams Trail, which follows the waterfront, is an easy way to appreciate the former. Tubing, rafting, and canoe/kayaking are also good options in the summer.
Mt. Sentinel, on the east side of town, offers a scenic trail system. A trail starting at the University of Montana leads 700 feet up the mountainside to the “M,” which offers great views of the city. More adventurous hikers may continue another 1400 feet to the peak of Mount Sentinel, which offers great views of the city, the Rattlesnake Wilderness to the north, and Mount Jumbo to the north. Those with binoculars may perceive the ancient shoreline of Lake Missoula on Mount Jumbo, marking the edge of an enormous ice-age lake.
Manmade scenic attractions include the Missoula carousel in Caras Park, the historic courthouse, a fine old train station (closed to the public) and several fine art galleries. The Missoula Art Museum is also worth a visit. Knowing that it could never outbid its big-city counterparts for works by famous artists, the museum has instead hosts regularly-rotated exhibits of Western art and works closely with community arts groups. Furthermore, the price is right for visitors, as demonstrated by its slogan: Free Expression, Free Admission.
Lastly, if you enjoy history both of Missoula's historic railroad stations still stand, preserved, and in use. One, built by the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul & Pacific Railroad  is currently used by the Boone & Crockett Club and the other built by the Northern Pacific Railway  is used as office space by local businesses and home of the Missoula Farmer's Market during the summer months.
Missoulians enjoy a range of outdoor activities including hiking, rafting, "tubing", rock climbing, skiing, fishing, golfing, and just about any other activity that can be done outside. It's no wonder—in Missoula you can take a city bus to within walking distance of federally designated wilderness area. After hiking and returning to town, you can visit the historic downtown and enjoy some fantastic local food and drink.
There are a number of summer cultural events worth noting: the International Choral Festival, next scheduled for summer 2012, the River Roots Music Festival, Farmer's markets (three) every Saturday morning. Music and food festivals at Caras Park (off Higgins on the banks of the Clark Fork) Wednesday lunches and Thursday evenings and the Western Montana Fair in August.
Snowbowl, at 7,600 feet, is a great place to ski that is very affordable.
Year-round 'First Friday' finds art galleries open to strolling passersby with music and food offered for free.
The public library on Main Street has special talks and presentations, about Montanan history, for example. There is also a movie 'Cheap date' night with popcorn and a drop-in Scrabble Club Monday evenings.
There are also two "strip clubs" (nude) in Missoula. Fred's Lounge, located at "the Y" way out past the airport at jct. of interstate and 93, (no cover, nude stage, topless lap dances)and The Fox Club (formerly "Moulan Rougue") just south of southgate Mall off 93south ($5 cover, nude stage, $20 topless lap dances). both are rarely busy. Fred's caters to interstate truckers, Fox has more college kids, and a fun "amateur nite" the last sunday nite of each month. The girls are surprisingly hot for such a small market.
Acton Square Dance Center & Campground, 9955 Lolo Creek Road (Hwy 12) Lolo, MT 59847 (2.5 Miles west of Lolo on Hwy 12), ☎ 9955 Lolo Creek Road (Hwy 12) Lolo, MT 59847, . Campground and RV park. Square dancing with Nationally known callers and cuers. See webpage for schedule(46.44.802 N,114.08.150 W)
In Midtown there is the Southgate Mall that is definately on of the epicenter(s) of Missoula. The southgate mall is the largest building in Missoula by square feet, and has dozens of dirrferent types of stores, and resturants.
Thanks largely to the city's vibrant arts community, the downtown offers a wide variety of unique shops. Visit on a Saturday if possible, when there is a street market and farmers market.
The downtown Army Navy store offers good deals on an array of outdoors gear. Larger outdoor gear stores are available on Reserve Street, domain of Missoula's big box stores.
The best stores feature local goods from Montana artisans.
Worden's. Downtown Missoula, one of the best places to buy obscure, diverse, and pretty much any beer you could possibly want.
La Parilla - This fast food joint on Broadway serves delicious and enormous $6-$9 wraps. They can be a bit spicy, so be sure to ask if you'd prefer a mild meal. Longer-term residents may be interested in their monthly scavenger hunts.
The Good Food Store  - Missoula’s answer to Whole Foods. Sells natural, organic, and specialty foods in its grocery store and includes a small deli serving prepared meals.
The Old Post  - Great food, great microbrews, great live music, and terrible lighting--this place has “atmosphere” written all over it. Excellent vegan and vegetarian dishes. Try the weekend brunch. The lunch-only "Reccession Special" is a local favorite.
The Iron Horse  - Modern restaurant with good American food (expect to pay $7-10 for lunch dishes and $15-20 for dinner) that turns into a popular sports bar at night.
Taco Del Sol - Large $5 burritos. Where many of locals grab a quick bite.
The Bridge  - Unusual pizzas sold by the slice. $2.50-3.50 a slice.
Taco Sano - locally owned Burrito shop, good combination of value and quality.
Scotty's Table  - An American bistro. French bistro in the heart of Missoula. Indoor and outdoor (seasonal) seating. Located on the park level of the historic Wilma Building
#1 Gyro - Ran by a Greek family, #1 Gyros can be quite crowded around lunch time.
El Diablo - Another excellent burrito restaurant. Burritos cost around 7 bucks, but worth it.
Liquid Planet  - A very unique all-beverage store and organic coffee shop with a one-of-a-kind 10 foot high wooden globe that houses wine.
Pita Pit - located downtown on Higgins, open until 3am seven nights a week
Wordens Deli  - Full service deli, coffee, wine, and groceries. Missoula's first grocery store, Wordens opened it's doors in 1883 and has been a Missoula staple ever since.
Lolo Creek Steak House, Highway 12 West, Lolo, Mt (Hwy 12 West or US 93 South 10 miles to Lolo, Turn right on Hwy 12 west, about 200 meters on the right.), ☎ 406-273-2622. Great steaks, in Lolo on the Lewis and Clark trail. N46 45.406 W114 5.142USD15. (N46 45.406,W114 5.142)
The Silk Road (Silk Road Catering), 515 S Higgins (On the Hip Strip just south of the Higgins Street Bridge), ☎ 406-541-0752, . 5PM to 10PM. A Tapas bar (appetizer portions to share with wine and beer) featuring modern fusion of global cuisines and old-world hospitality, with a menu which is updated about once a month. Medium.
Lumberjack Saloon (Jack Restaurant & Saloon), 2000 Graves Creek Road, Lolo, MT 59847 (Follow Hwy 12 West from Lolo, MT towards Idaho., about 16 miles, Turn right on Graves Creek Rd. about 1.3 miles), ☎ 406-273-6264. Great Saloon located in Lolo National Forest$10. (46 48' 9.89N,114 24' 23.29 W)
There are three breweries in the city with public taprooms:
Big Sky Brewery, distributes to multiple states. Their most famous brew is called "Moose Drool", but all are good. Visit the taproom for specialty brews not distributed elsewhere.
Ten Spoons Vineyard,  is another local favorite.
Lake Missoula Cellars, . Another Great Montana Winery. Tasting Room and Event Center. Complementary tastings. Friday night music and special events. New Bocce Court. Open Noon to 7:30 pm Tuesdays through Saturdays.
Blue Mountain B&B, 6980 Deadman Gulch Rd., ☎ +1 406 251-4457 (toll free: +1 877 251-4457, email@example.com), . Bed and breakfast, nestled on the mountainside among Ponderosa Pines and meditative water gardens.
Doubletree Missoula Edgewater, 100 Madison, ☎ 406-728-3100, . Sits directly across the Clark Fork River from the University of Montana with a view of the mountains. Contains a restaurant, the Finn and Porter, which serves fresh steaks, seafood, and chops.
Microtel Inn & Suites Missoula, 5059 N. Reserve St., ☎ +1 406 543-0959, .
Mountain Valley Inn, 420 W. Broadway, ☎ +1 406 728-4500 (toll free: +1 800 249-9174, fax: +1 406 728-9565), .
Campus Inn Missoula, 744 East Broadway Street, ☎ 1-800-232-8013, . The Campus Inn Missoula is within close proximity to the University of Montana.
Hutchins Hostel, 508 E. Broadway, ☎ +1 406 830 3266, . Opened in Dec. 2009, a comfy little place a few blocks from downtown. The only hostel in town.20-25.
Blossom's Bed and Breakfast, 1114 Poplar St., ☎ 406-721-4690, . Bed and Breakfast is a completely restored 1910 Crafstsman home close to the Univrsity and Downtown. BnB features full breakfast made with organic food where possible, fireplace, close to hiking trails, bicycles, WIFI, and billards.
Courtyard Inn & Suites Missoula-4559 North Reserve Street, Missoula, MT
Ranked #3 buissiness in Missoula!
Red Lion Inn Missoula-700 W. Broadway, Missoula, MT-(406) 728-3300
Hilton Garden Inn & Suites Missoula-3720 North Reserve St, Missoula, MT
-So good Hilary Clinton stayed here!!!!
Missoula's immediate surroundings offer a wide array of activities for all seasons, including the outdoor recreation afforded by vast tracts of public lands, the Old West flavor of several nearby ghost towns, several ski slopes, and a range of unique Montana businesses.
An hour south of Missoula on US-93, the small town of Hamilton offers several worthwhile attractions and proximity to the spectacular Bitterroot Mountains.
Hidden Legend Winery, just to the north of Hamilton on US-93, offers tastings of several varieties of mead (honey wine). The winery also produces dandelion wine.
Bitterroot Brewery in Hamilton serves about six of its microbrews on any given date. Their taproom and restaurant also occasionally hosts live music.
The Daly Mansion preserves the summer home of mining magnate Marcus Daly, one of Montana's founding fathers.
About 40 minutes' drive southwest of Missoula, the Lolo Hot Springs offer two pools fed by geothermal springs: an outdoor swimming pool and a hotter (110-116 degree) indoor soaking pool. The springs are clothing-optional after 9 PM on Wednesday and Sunday nights.
More adventurous soakers may prefer to hike out to some natural hot springs just across the Idaho border (about an hour from Missoula). Driving from Montana, the Jerry Johnson hot springs' trailhead will be the first. The trailhead is clearly marked--watch for a suspension bridge crossing the river to your left. The springs themselves are less than a mile hike in, and are large enough to accommodate a couple of dozen people. These springs are also clothing optional. If the springs are packed, as they often are, try hiking a quarter-mile further down the trail to two smaller hot springs.
Weir Hot Spring is a smaller hot spring about five miles further down the road from Montana. It is about a mile in on a narrow and hilly trail, which can be treacherously icy in the winter and spring. Although the drive is longer and the hike harder, visitors to Weir are compensated by smaller crowds than at Jerry Johnson. In addition, the Forest Service allows camping at Weir, unlike at Jerry Johnson.
The Montana Snowbowl, just north of Missoula, sports 950 lift-served acres.
Garnet Ghost Town, about an hour's drive east on MT-200, is the closest significant ghost town to Missoula. Maintained by the BLM in a state of suspended decay, the small mining camp of Garnet is an open-air museum of gold rush life on the frontier. It is only accessible by car during the summer and early fall, but two cabins in the town are rented through the winter to adventurous skiers or snowmobilers.
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