Difference between revisions of "Mississippi"
Revision as of 02:29, 29 August 2011
Mississippi  is a state in the South of the United States of America. Most of its western border (with Arkansas and Louisiana) is the mighty Mississippi River. Tennessee lies to the north and Alabama to the east, and it has a small coastline on the Gulf of Mexico to the south.
Mississipi is often overlooked by travelers, yet those who seek out the many things the state has to offer will not regret it. Mississippi is the home to the blues, an unrivaled literary tradition, and incredible food. Visit Mississippi to experience rich history and warm hospitality.
Much of the state was affected to some extent by Hurricane Katrina in August 2005, particularly the Gulf Coast. While most areas have returned to normal or near-normal tourism, there are parts of the coast where tourism is still limited.
Interstate 20 (east-west route along the lower middle half of the state), I-10 (again, an east-west route along the Gulf Coast), I-55 (north-south route passing through the middle of the state), and I-59 (southeastern corner of the state). Highway 61 in known as the river highway. It goes through cities like Port Gibson, Vicksburg, and Natchez.
Jackson has the largest airport in the state, Jackson-Evers International Airport (JAN). The Gulfport-Biloxi International Airport is also of an adequate size. Smaller airports are found in Columbus (Golden Triangle Regional Airport), Greenville, Hattiesburg (Pine Belt Regional), Natchez, and Tupelo.
See Amtrak for the most current and active routes (several routes have permanently closed due to Hurricane Katrina or waning customer interest).
Greyhound Bus Lines (or the Delta Bus Lines for most routes within Mississippi) offers service to several cities in Mississippi; however, check Greyhound Bus Lines' webpage  to see the cities currently that are serviced in the state. Be aware that there are several cities in Mississippi that has very limited service, so there is typically not a ticketing agent, service center, or even a enclosed bus stop. You may be just at the side of a highway of such a city. The following cities that have limited bus service in Mississippi are: Batesville, Belzoni, Itta Bena, Lorman, Mount Olive, Pascagoula, Tunica, and Winona.
The easiest method of getting around Mississippi is by automobile (and, in most cases, it’s the only method of getting around the state). You can travel around Mississippi by using the Greyhound Bus lines , but it is a very inconvenient method of traveling around the state. If you do decide to travel by bus, be prepared for long waits, uncomfortable rides to remote locations (typically the bus stops are at a gas station on the outskirts of the city) and unannounced bus route cancellations. The hassle of visiting the state by bus is not worth the you money save compared to renting a car; sometimes, you may have to rent a car anyway due to the limited bus routes.
Visitors to Mississippi should seriously consider renting a car (usually, most auto rental locations are at airports: just be sure to make reservations far in advance), as there is not a well-established public transportation system in this state. Be prepared to seek alternate transportation if you do not have the following: a valid driver's license accepted by the United States, be at least 25 years in age (some rental companies may allow 21 year old adults to rent their vehicles), and a major credit card issued by such companies as: Visa, Diner's Club, American Express, Discover Card, or MasterCard. The lack of such items or being 25 or less will make renting a car very difficult, if not impossible.
Note - It may be very difficult, but it is not impossible to rent a car with a debit card (with the Visa or MasterCard logo) if you lack a credit card. Rental companies such as Enterprise, Alamo (Enterprise amd Alamo's rental restrictions to non-credit card payers typically makes it much more of a hassle to rent from than from other rental agencies), Thrifty, Rent-a-wreck (typically RAW is the easiest company to rent from without a credit card), and Budget car rental will usually rent to customers without a major credit card; however, expect far more restrictions (and hassles) with their rental terms. Do your research first before exploring this option, and expect to have to speak with a manager rather than the front-line customer service representative you encounter to make any progress.
Mississippi has four major interstate highways. I-55 runs North-South from New Orleans, McComb, to Memphis and runs through the state capitol of Jackson. I-20 runs East-West from Vicksburg to Meridian and crosses I-55 in Jackson. I-59 cuts across the southeast corner of the state connecting New Orleans to I-20 just west of Meridian. I-59 and I-20 merge into one interstate at that point and head east until they split in Birmingham, AL. I-10 runs the length of the Mississippi Gulf Coast. There are several interstate spurs and loops in Mississippi, the two of note are I-220 connecting I-20 to I-55 around the northwest perimeter of Jackson and I-110 connecting I-10 to US-90 (aka Beach Blvd) in Biloxi.
Interstate speed limits are mostly 70 miles per hour in rural areas, and 60 mph in urban areas. State highways with 4 or more lanes are usually 65 miles per hour and slow down by 10 mph increments when they enter developed areas (usually no lower than 45 mph). Typically, two-lane highways have a speed limit of 55 mph in rural areas.
Get of the road and enjoy slower pace. Highway 51 runs parallel to I-55 through the state. Except in urban areas, US 51 is a fairly scenic route. The Natchez Trace Parkway is also a scenic option and is operated by the National Park Service. Just obey the speed limits. US 80 parallels I-20 across the state, but makes for a more interesting drive by taking you through towns that were bypassed. US 90, also known as Beach Blvd, is about as far south you can get in MS. US 90 along the coast line between St Louis Bay and the Back Bay of Biloxi.
Be aware that when refueling your car that if you intend to use your credit card (particularly credit card accounts issued from banks outside of the US), you may experience problems using the self-serve stations. Most self-serve gas stations may require the purchaser to input their home ZIP code (a five-digit mail routing address used in the US) as a means of identifying the purchaser, as smart credit cards are not widely used in the US. Also be aware that there are very few full-service gas stations in America (where a gas station attendant fuels the car for you), but you may find a few in the much smaller areas in Mississippi.
You can travel by Amtrak on along the following routes: the center of the state (north / south route), the southeastern corner of the state, and along the Gulf coast. If you have plenty of time and you are not in a hurry to get to your final destination, this might be an interesting way to visit the state. The main disadvantages of rail travel in Mississippi are that there are only a few stations that are still in use, sometimes travel times may be long, and the routes are limited so you cannot explore the state very well.
Here are the stations that are still in service:
Outdoor activities are a favorite of Mississippians, given the state's low population density and natural resources. Hunting, fishing, water sports, camping, and hiking all have their devotees. Take tours through antebellum mansions. There are horse-drawn carriage tours in Natchez.
The larger cities and towns in Mississippi provide your typical big box and retail stores. Some major malls in Mississippi include Barnes Crossing Mall in Tupelo, Northpark Mall in Ridgeland (Jackson Metro area), Dogwood Festival Market in Flowood (Jackson Metro area), Turtle Creek Mall in Hattiesburg, and Edgewater Mall in Biloxi. Other great shopping malls that you would find very interesting and good clothes is the Edgewood Mall in McComb, and the Bonita Lakes Mall in Meridian.
Most smaller towns still offer your typical nationwide and regional stores, but local antique and furniture stores abound. If you go looking for antiques, you will likely find one near the old town centers. Natchez has Franklin st., which is known as "antiques row". Canton, located north of Jackson on I-55, is well known for its biannual flea market, and antique stores surrounding its historic town square. Canton is also the county seat of Madison County. The flea market is held each May and October.
The state is largely rural. Outside of large towns and away from major interstates and state highways, dining options are fairly limited, but even the smallest of towns will have a local diner. However, if you enjoy country cooking, there is no shortage of good to excellent places to eat. Fried chicken, country-fried steak, fresh vegetables, and cornbread are favorites, although barbecue is also fairly widely available. Mississippi barbecue tends to pork ribs and pulled pork or chopped beef sandwiches with tomato-based sauces, usually slightly sweet.
Fried catfish is one meal that Mississippians pride themselves on. If you want to visit the world catfish festival  go to Belzoni (pronounced by the locals as: bell-zone-uh). There's not much to see there, but it's interesting if you're in that area. One treat often served with catfish is fried dill pickles, a strange sounding but delicious side dish.
Generally, one can't go wrong with Mississippi staples of biscuits, corn bread, fried chicken or steak, collards and other greens, and fresh vegetables.
In Indianola, you can visit the Indianola Pecan House  where you won't find a shortage of ways to consume pecans, which are found in abundance in the local area.
Laws regarding alcohol are a frequent source of confusion to outsiders. Mississippi continues to practice "local option" with regard to sale of alcohol. Under this system, local jurisdictions may choose whether or not to allow the sale or consumption of alcohol. Beer, where sold, may be purchased from convenience stores or supermarkets, while wine and spirits may only be purchased from licensed liquor stores. Alcohol-by-the-drink is yet another area of local option; some permit purchase of alcoholic beverages at restaurants but do not permit liquor stores. Where they are allowed, liquor stores are limited to the hours of 10am-10pm; hours during which beer sales are permitted are at the discretion of the county or municipality. The only reliable way to determine the regulations is to ask a local. Do note that there are still numerous counties where alcohol is forbidden; enforcement is typically lax regarding alcohol purchased elsewhere for personal consumption, but may not be if an officer of the law decides to make it an issue.
Try Lazy Magnolia beer,  brewed in Kiln, MS. Its most popular brew is Southern Pecan Ale. Lazy Magnlia beers can be found on tap in many bars and restaurants throughout the state.
Driving at Night
When driving at night, keep in mind that most highway roads and even a majority of the Interstate routes in Mississippi do not have lights posted on the sides of the roads, making the roads very dark at night. This can sometimes make driving a little more challenging, as you have to always anticipate wild animals (and sometimes wild drivers) darting out in front of you at a moments notice.
Beware of the hunting seasons if you intend to trek in some of the wooded areas of the state. It is common to learn of a hunting accident where a victim was accidentally shot and killed by a hunter. If you do intend to trek the wooded areas during hunting season, use caution and always wear a bright "hunters" orange vest, so other hunters will not mistake you for wild game. Considering the risk of personal injury, it would be wise to avoid the wooded areas (especially during deer season) if you do not know what land is authorized for hunting.
Occasionally you might encounter a panhandler (a beggar) in a casino parking lot asking for a handout (asking to "borrow" (begging for) $5-10), or claiming to want to sell you something for a huge bargain. Do not engage this person, and immediately walk away without saying anything. It might be wise to alert the casino's security personnel of the event as most casinos in Mississippi are active in removing panhandlers and nuisances from their property quickly (as they do not want to acquire a reputation of having their customers being harassed by panhandlers).
One should be sensitive to the fact that most of the people within the state are both very socially and religiously conservative, and have little tolerance for public drunkenness or public displays of homosexual affection between partners. Public drunkenness can land you up to 90 days in the city/county jail and a $1000 penalty in most cities in Mississippi. Gay/lesbian couples should use their best judgment and err on the side of discretion to avoid any conflict or unwanted attention.
In terms of race relations, much has changed for the better since the 1950's and 60s; however, that is not to say that there aren't still remnants of racism within the state. People of non-white origin particularly those who are of Latino are advised to take caution when travelling through certain areas (especially rural) late at night as open racist and bigotry attitudes still exist. Unfortunately interracial relationships are still a big taboo in the state and are therefore very scarce, so don’t be surprised if you attract any unwanted attention from locals if travelling with someone from another ethnic group. Despite the end of segregation in 1965, some business such as small motels, Cafés and Gas station services may be denied to those of “colored” backgrounds – Other institutions such as churches remain almost entirely voluntarily segregated throughout the state. Black and Latinos travelling in the state may find themselves targets of the state police who are noted for often “jokingly” using the phrase “DWB” (Driving Whilst Black). The Southern Poverty Law Centre publishes a yearly “Hate Map” which is available to all visitors to the state – which highlights all of the 24 Ku Klux Klan chapters which exist in the state and the areas which they exist. On this matter when driving through Mississippi it is imperative to watch out for the Klan, which are to many people surprising still alive and well in many rural towns such as Petal, Philadelphia and Brookhaven. Many white folks in Mississippi use the N-word quite frequently and without much discretion. However having said this the days where travelling to Mississippi unless escorted by somebody wielding a shotgun are far gone.
Being a part of the gulf coast, the state is prone to experiencing hurricanes. Some of the worst hurricanes (such as Hurricanes Camille and Katrina) have caused wide spread devastation, which have taken years to overcome. Whenever you hear in the news of a hurricane watch (conditions are favorable for a hurricane to strike land within 36 hours and you should plan to evacuate) or a warning (a hurricane strike is enviable within 24 hours and you should seek shelter immediately), do take them seriously and take appropriate precautions.
Mississippi is located within a region that is known for experiencing tornadoes during the early spring and summer months. It is a good idea to maintain an awareness of current weather conditions during your travel to or through the state during these seasons to remain vigilant of any potentially dangerous weather situations. These conditions change very quickly, and if the forecast calls for severe storms, be sure to update yourself regularly throughout the day.
Refer to the Tornado safety page if you are planning to visiting Mississippi during the spring/summer months.
Cell phone coverage in Mississippi is generally better (especially with Sprint's & T-Mobile's networks) along the major Interstate routes. Coverage in the southern Mississippi region is sometimes spotty (particularly west of Hattiesburg). 3G coverage though growing sporadically throughout the state near the college cities, generally is located in the Jackson metropolitan area; however, outside of the Jackson area, EDGE service is typically available. Check with your cell phone provider for coverage maps. The regional cell phone provider Cellular South has a large network established throughout Mississippi, and you might be able to roam on their towers if you are not a customer.
Consider purchasing a disposable cell phone from any major electronic department store in Mississippi during your visit. There are not as many pay telephones as there used to be, and disposable phone are becoming more common. The cost is about $25 a month is the average price for approximately 100 minutes of talk time without or with or limited SMS capabilities (in other words, its expensive for what you purchase). You don't need a phone with all of the latest features, just one that you can use during emergencies and for short conversations.
Any phone that's pre-3G technology (TDMA) will work fine in nearly all parts of the state. Be aware that pretty much any cell phone from either South Korea or Japan will typically not work anywhere in Mississippi (or the USA for that matter), but some of the older European model cell phones (operating in the 3G UTMS frequencies of 850/1900/2100MHz) should work fine in the larger cities within the state.