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Difference between revisions of "Miskolc"

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Hungary : Miskolc
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(Downtown)
({{stub}} -> {{outline}})
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==Proximity to other cities==
 
==Proximity to other cities==
 +
 
* [[Eger]] 55 km
 
* [[Eger]] 55 km
 
* [[Nyíregyháza]] 80 km
 
* [[Nyíregyháza]] 80 km
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==Get in==
 
==Get in==
 +
 
Miskolc doesn't have an international airport, the nearest ones are in Budapest and Debrecen.
 
Miskolc doesn't have an international airport, the nearest ones are in Budapest and Debrecen.
  
 
===By train===
 
===By train===
 +
 
The main railway station is Tiszai Station ''(Tiszai pályaudvar'' in Hungarian.) The trains going through Northern Hungary all stop in Miskolc, the city can be reached by train from all the major cities (although if you come from the Transdanubian region, you might have to change trains in Budapest which means you have to find your way through the city to the Keleti station.)  
 
The main railway station is Tiszai Station ''(Tiszai pályaudvar'' in Hungarian.) The trains going through Northern Hungary all stop in Miskolc, the city can be reached by train from all the major cities (although if you come from the Transdanubian region, you might have to change trains in Budapest which means you have to find your way through the city to the Keleti station.)  
  
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===By car===
 
===By car===
 +
 
Miskolc can be reached from the West on Highway M3, which recently reached the city. From the Eastern parts the situation is somewhat worse, since the highway is still under construction, and it takes a long time to get to Miskolc from, for example, Debrecen. You have to pay toll if you want to drive on a highway.
 
Miskolc can be reached from the West on Highway M3, which recently reached the city. From the Eastern parts the situation is somewhat worse, since the highway is still under construction, and it takes a long time to get to Miskolc from, for example, Debrecen. You have to pay toll if you want to drive on a highway.
  
 
===By bus===
 
===By bus===
 +
 
Since Miskolc is well connected to the rest of the country by railway lines, there are fewer bus lines connecting Miskolc to other cities. See [http://www.menetrendek.hu/cgi-bin/menetrend/html.cgi this page] on information on buses. Unfortunately it's available in Hungarian only. Here are the words you need to know to use it: ''"honnan"'': from (enter the city where you are), ''"hova"'': to (enter destination), ''"keresztül"'': through, ''"mikor"'': when (year-month-day), ''"keresés"'': search (click on it after entering parameters.) Now you get a page detailing time of departure, time of arrival and length of journey.
 
Since Miskolc is well connected to the rest of the country by railway lines, there are fewer bus lines connecting Miskolc to other cities. See [http://www.menetrendek.hu/cgi-bin/menetrend/html.cgi this page] on information on buses. Unfortunately it's available in Hungarian only. Here are the words you need to know to use it: ''"honnan"'': from (enter the city where you are), ''"hova"'': to (enter destination), ''"keresztül"'': through, ''"mikor"'': when (year-month-day), ''"keresés"'': search (click on it after entering parameters.) Now you get a page detailing time of departure, time of arrival and length of journey.
  
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==Get around==
 
==Get around==
 +
 
===By bus===
 
===By bus===
 +
 
If you need info on bus lines, go to the [http://www.mvkrt.hu/ mass transport company's site] and click on "Menetrend". At "Viszonylat" choose the number of the bus to see the time tables. (1V and 2V are the tram lines.)
 
If you need info on bus lines, go to the [http://www.mvkrt.hu/ mass transport company's site] and click on "Menetrend". At "Viszonylat" choose the number of the bus to see the time tables. (1V and 2V are the tram lines.)
  
Line 64: Line 71:
  
 
===By tram===
 
===By tram===
 +
 
There are only two tram lines, 1 & 2. The end station to both of them is at Tiszai station. Tram line 1 goes to Diósgyőr, its end station is near the castle. Tram line 2 goes to the metal factory. Be sure to leave Tram 2 at latest at ''Újgyőri főtér''' and change trams if you want to go to Diósgyőr. The castle is much prettier than the factory. ;-)
 
There are only two tram lines, 1 & 2. The end station to both of them is at Tiszai station. Tram line 1 goes to Diósgyőr, its end station is near the castle. Tram line 2 goes to the metal factory. Be sure to leave Tram 2 at latest at ''Újgyőri főtér''' and change trams if you want to go to Diósgyőr. The castle is much prettier than the factory. ;-)
  
 
===By car===
 
===By car===
 +
 
Foreigners sometimes find it hard to find their way in the city. City maps are sold in every bookstore and at some newsstands. There are some road signs, but not too many.
 
Foreigners sometimes find it hard to find their way in the city. City maps are sold in every bookstore and at some newsstands. There are some road signs, but not too many.
  
 
===On foot===
 
===On foot===
Thi is recommended for the downtown only. Many of the tourist attractions are quite far from the city centre.
+
 
 +
This is recommended for the downtown only. Many of the tourist attractions are quite far from the city centre.
  
 
Széchenyi Street is mostly a pedestrian precinct, the tram lines go along it, but cars use it only occasionally.
 
Széchenyi Street is mostly a pedestrian precinct, the tram lines go along it, but cars use it only occasionally.
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==See==
 
==See==
 +
 
===Downtown===
 
===Downtown===
 +
 
* Main Street (Széchenyi st.) and City Hall Square (Városház tér) with 19th century houses and lots of shops
 
* Main Street (Széchenyi st.) and City Hall Square (Városház tér) with 19th century houses and lots of shops
 
* '''Ottó Herman Museum''' [http://www.hermuz.hu]
 
* '''Ottó Herman Museum''' [http://www.hermuz.hu]
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===Diósgyőr===
 
===Diósgyőr===
 +
 
* The partly restored ruins of medieval '''Diosgyor castle''' [http://http://www.diosgyorivar.com], surrounded by the modern blocks of flats. There are several exhibitions in the castle: archaeological findings in the area of a castle and the old Pauline monastery, mediaeval weapons and two waxworks, one shows the everyday life in Diósgyőr in the Middle Ages, another shows King Louis the Great and the envoy from Venice. Mediaeval castle plays are held in every May and August.
 
* The partly restored ruins of medieval '''Diosgyor castle''' [http://http://www.diosgyorivar.com], surrounded by the modern blocks of flats. There are several exhibitions in the castle: archaeological findings in the area of a castle and the old Pauline monastery, mediaeval weapons and two waxworks, one shows the everyday life in Diósgyőr in the Middle Ages, another shows King Louis the Great and the envoy from Venice. Mediaeval castle plays are held in every May and August.
  
 
===[[Miskolc-Tapolca]]===
 
===[[Miskolc-Tapolca]]===
 +
 
* '''Cave bath''' [http://www.barlangfurdo.hu] (thermal bath in a natural cave)
 
* '''Cave bath''' [http://www.barlangfurdo.hu] (thermal bath in a natural cave)
 
* Before the cave bath there is a large, nice '''park with a boat lake'''
 
* Before the cave bath there is a large, nice '''park with a boat lake'''
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===Lillafüred===
 
===Lillafüred===
 +
 
* '''Palace Hotel''' (Palota szálló) a beautiful hotel with Renaissance restaurant
 
* '''Palace Hotel''' (Palota szálló) a beautiful hotel with Renaissance restaurant
 
* '''Lake Hámori''' (an artificial lake; boats)
 
* '''Lake Hámori''' (an artificial lake; boats)
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==Do==
 
==Do==
 +
 
* '''Miskolc Plaza''' [http://www.miskolcplaza.hu] is a large shopping mall located close to downtown.
 
* '''Miskolc Plaza''' [http://www.miskolcplaza.hu] is a large shopping mall located close to downtown.
 
* '''Miskolc Zoo''' [http://www.miskolczoo.hu]
 
* '''Miskolc Zoo''' [http://www.miskolczoo.hu]
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==Buy==
 
==Buy==
 +
 
During the late 1990s–early 2000s several bigger and smaller shopping malls were opened in Miskolc (and because of them, many small shops disappeared because couldn't keep up with them.) The two largest shopping malls are ''Miskolc Pláza'' (behind the ''Centrum'' supermarket and department store, close to ''Búza tér'') and ''Szinvapark'' (Széchenyi street, not far from Centrum; the tram stops near it.) There is a large supermarket, a cinema and lots of different shops in both. Two smaller malls are ''Batóház'' and ''Metropol'', opposite to Centrum.
 
During the late 1990s–early 2000s several bigger and smaller shopping malls were opened in Miskolc (and because of them, many small shops disappeared because couldn't keep up with them.) The two largest shopping malls are ''Miskolc Pláza'' (behind the ''Centrum'' supermarket and department store, close to ''Búza tér'') and ''Szinvapark'' (Széchenyi street, not far from Centrum; the tram stops near it.) There is a large supermarket, a cinema and lots of different shops in both. Two smaller malls are ''Batóház'' and ''Metropol'', opposite to Centrum.
  
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==Sleep==
 
==Sleep==
 +
 
===Downtown===
 
===Downtown===
 +
 
* City Hotel Miskolc *** [http://www.szallasjegyzek.hu/cityhotelmiskolc/ website] in downtown, distance from main shopping areas is a few minute by bus (though the hotel itself is also have walk a few minutes away from the closest bus stop)
 
* City Hotel Miskolc *** [http://www.szallasjegyzek.hu/cityhotelmiskolc/ website] in downtown, distance from main shopping areas is a few minute by bus (though the hotel itself is also have walk a few minutes away from the closest bus stop)
 +
 
* '''Hotel Old Miskolcz''' [http://www.booking.hu/hungary/miskolc/hotels/hotel_old_miskolcz/hotel-information.en.html website] is situated in one of the small old streets in the heart of the historic downtown, Hotel Öreg Miskolcz (Old Miskolc) with its art deco style fits in the surrounding buildings radiating the atmosphere of the early 20th century.
 
* '''Hotel Old Miskolcz''' [http://www.booking.hu/hungary/miskolc/hotels/hotel_old_miskolcz/hotel-information.en.html website] is situated in one of the small old streets in the heart of the historic downtown, Hotel Öreg Miskolcz (Old Miskolc) with its art deco style fits in the surrounding buildings radiating the atmosphere of the early 20th century.
 +
 
* '''Levay Villa Pension''' [http://www.booking.hu/hungary/miskolc/hotels/levay_villa_pension/hotel-information.en.html website] The three-stars Lévay-Villa-Pension in the vicinity of downtown of Miskolc, close to the Népkert-Public Garden is located in a friendly environment. The building was built in the most beautiful part of the city, in a green belt garden suburb in 1916, according to the architectual plans of Josef Seiler, the master-builder from Vienna.
 
* '''Levay Villa Pension''' [http://www.booking.hu/hungary/miskolc/hotels/levay_villa_pension/hotel-information.en.html website] The three-stars Lévay-Villa-Pension in the vicinity of downtown of Miskolc, close to the Népkert-Public Garden is located in a friendly environment. The building was built in the most beautiful part of the city, in a green belt garden suburb in 1916, according to the architectual plans of Josef Seiler, the master-builder from Vienna.
  
 
===Diósgyőr===
 
===Diósgyőr===
 +
 
* Várkert Panzió [http://www.booking.hu/hungary/miskolc/hotels/varkert_pension/hotel-information.en.html website] in Diósgyőr, close to the Castle of Diósgyőr (castle can be seen from some windows); distance from downtown is about 20 minutes by bus or tram.
 
* Várkert Panzió [http://www.booking.hu/hungary/miskolc/hotels/varkert_pension/hotel-information.en.html website] in Diósgyőr, close to the Castle of Diósgyőr (castle can be seen from some windows); distance from downtown is about 20 minutes by bus or tram.
  
 
===Miskolctapolca===
 
===Miskolctapolca===
 +
 
* Zenit Pension [http://booking.budapest-hotel-guide.hu/hungary/miskolc-tapolca/hotels/zenit_pension/hotel-information.en.html website] The familiar Zenit Pension is found in the centre of Miskolctapolca next to the main street and from about 100 meters to the watering place
 
* Zenit Pension [http://booking.budapest-hotel-guide.hu/hungary/miskolc-tapolca/hotels/zenit_pension/hotel-information.en.html website] The familiar Zenit Pension is found in the centre of Miskolctapolca next to the main street and from about 100 meters to the watering place
  
 
===Lillafüred===
 
===Lillafüred===
 +
 
* Hotel Palota *** [http://www.hunguesthotels.hu/information.php?from=&hotel_id=24&session_language=eng website] The neo-Renaissance hotel is one of the best known buildings of Miskolc-Lillafüred, in a picturesque valley about 10 kilometres from the city proper. Choose this hotel only if you have a car, because city buses don't visit Lillafüred very often. [http://www.mvkrt.hu/menetrend/5.htm time table of bus 5]
 
* Hotel Palota *** [http://www.hunguesthotels.hu/information.php?from=&hotel_id=24&session_language=eng website] The neo-Renaissance hotel is one of the best known buildings of Miskolc-Lillafüred, in a picturesque valley about 10 kilometres from the city proper. Choose this hotel only if you have a car, because city buses don't visit Lillafüred very often. [http://www.mvkrt.hu/menetrend/5.htm time table of bus 5]
  
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[[hu:Miskolc]]
 
[[hu:Miskolc]]
 
[[WikiPedia:Miskolc]]
 
[[WikiPedia:Miskolc]]
 +
 
{{IsIn|Hungary}}
 
{{IsIn|Hungary}}
{{stub}}
+
{{outline}}

Revision as of 11:39, 4 April 2007

Miskolc, with population of about 180,000 is the third largest city in Hungary, located in the north-east of the country, east of Bükk mountains.

Contents

Understand

Miskolc gained importance after Hungary lost Kosice to Slovakia. It used to be one of the centres of heavy industry in 20th century. Today Miskolc is the regional centre of Northern Hungary. The city is surrounded by the beautiful Bükk Mountains. The most famous tourist attractions are outside the city, but one can find things worth visiting in downtown, too.

A quiet suburb of Tapolca provides unique cave thermal spa. Bánkút is a popular ski resort.

Proximity to other cities

Get in

Miskolc doesn't have an international airport, the nearest ones are in Budapest and Debrecen.

By train

The main railway station is Tiszai Station (Tiszai pályaudvar in Hungarian.) The trains going through Northern Hungary all stop in Miskolc, the city can be reached by train from all the major cities (although if you come from the Transdanubian region, you might have to change trains in Budapest which means you have to find your way through the city to the Keleti station.)

See the website of Hungary State Railways for information on trains, travel time and prices. The site is available in Hungarian, English and German (this link leads to the English version.)

I recommend to take the Intercity trains, they're much cleaner than regular and international trains, they don't stop at every small town and a seat is reserved for you. Intercity trains are a bit more expensive and it's better to reserve your seat days before the travel, because they are usually full.

The Tiszai station is well connected to the other parts of the city, both tram lines and many bus lines have their end station there.

By car

Miskolc can be reached from the West on Highway M3, which recently reached the city. From the Eastern parts the situation is somewhat worse, since the highway is still under construction, and it takes a long time to get to Miskolc from, for example, Debrecen. You have to pay toll if you want to drive on a highway.

By bus

Since Miskolc is well connected to the rest of the country by railway lines, there are fewer bus lines connecting Miskolc to other cities. See this page on information on buses. Unfortunately it's available in Hungarian only. Here are the words you need to know to use it: "honnan": from (enter the city where you are), "hova": to (enter destination), "keresztül": through, "mikor": when (year-month-day), "keresés": search (click on it after entering parameters.) Now you get a page detailing time of departure, time of arrival and length of journey.

"naponta": every day, "munkanapokon": on workdays (Monday–Friday), "Munkaszüneti napok kivételével naponta": every day except weekends (don't have a clue how is this different from "on workdays" but it's possible it means that on Saturdays too.)

Get around

By bus

If you need info on bus lines, go to the mass transport company's site and click on "Menetrend". At "Viszonylat" choose the number of the bus to see the time tables. (1V and 2V are the tram lines.)

Bus lines important for tourists include:

  • Bus 1 connects the Tiszai railway station with the downtown and Diósgyőr district
  • Bus 2 starts at Búza tér and goes to Tapolca
  • Bus 5 starts in Diósgyőr and goes to Lillafüred
  • Bus 15 also starts in Diósgyőr and goes to Ómassa.

Prices:

  • Ticket (for one travel only): 125 Ft
    • Same ticket bought on bus: 170 Ft
  • Ten tickets ("gyűjtőjegy"): 1120 Ft
  • General ticket (valid for all buses & trams for one day): 600 Ft
    • Same for 5 days (tourist ticket): 1680 Ft
    • same for 14 days (tourist ticket): 2400 Ft

Tickets are the same for bus and tram. General & tourist tickets are not valid on Bus 7 after it leaves Miskolc (Bus 7 is the only city bus that leaves Miskolc; it goes to the nearby town Felsőzsolca.)

You can buy bus tickets at several places, at the Tiszai, on Búza tér (where the intercity buses arrive) and at newsstands.

(You can buy bus tickets from the driver too, but it's a bit more expensive and the driver won't have change, you have to pay the exact amount. Generally it's not recommended to buy tickets on the bus.)

Penalty if you don't have valid ticket: 1500 if you pay immediately, 3000 if you don't have money with you and have to pay later. There's a chance they'll let you go when they see you're a foreigner, but don't count on it, many of the ticket inspectors are already learning languages.

Buses usually open the first door only because it is part of the driver's job to check if everyone has tickets. They open the other doors only if someone wants to leave the bus at that door, and if you get on the bus through those doors, the driver might ask you through the loudspeaker to show your ticket.

By tram

There are only two tram lines, 1 & 2. The end station to both of them is at Tiszai station. Tram line 1 goes to Diósgyőr, its end station is near the castle. Tram line 2 goes to the metal factory. Be sure to leave Tram 2 at latest at Újgyőri főtér' and change trams if you want to go to Diósgyőr. The castle is much prettier than the factory. ;-)

By car

Foreigners sometimes find it hard to find their way in the city. City maps are sold in every bookstore and at some newsstands. There are some road signs, but not too many.

On foot

This is recommended for the downtown only. Many of the tourist attractions are quite far from the city centre.

Széchenyi Street is mostly a pedestrian precinct, the tram lines go along it, but cars use it only occasionally.

Drivers in Miskolc are usually not as polite as in smaller and more civilized towns like Eger (i.e. they don't give way to pedestrians), but they are not as close to kamikaze pilots as drivers in Southern countries. :)

Diosgyor castle

See

Downtown

  • Main Street (Széchenyi st.) and City Hall Square (Városház tér) with 19th century houses and lots of shops
  • Ottó Herman Museum [1]
  • National Theatre of Miskolc
  • Protestant Church of Avas: a beautiful Gothic church on the Avas hill, one of the oldest buildings of the city (13th century)
  • Greek Orthodox church (18th century) with the largest iconostasion in Central Europe
  • Protestant "Wooden Church": a beautiful church made of wood (built in 1998 as the exact copy of the original church that was burnt down in 1997)
  • Avas Observation Tower with panorama on the city

Diósgyőr

  • The partly restored ruins of medieval Diosgyor castle [2], surrounded by the modern blocks of flats. There are several exhibitions in the castle: archaeological findings in the area of a castle and the old Pauline monastery, mediaeval weapons and two waxworks, one shows the everyday life in Diósgyőr in the Middle Ages, another shows King Louis the Great and the envoy from Venice. Mediaeval castle plays are held in every May and August.

Miskolc-Tapolca

  • Cave bath [3] (thermal bath in a natural cave)
  • Before the cave bath there is a large, nice park with a boat lake
  • Rock chapel (a chapel in a small natural cave)

Lillafüred

  • Palace Hotel (Palota szálló) a beautiful hotel with Renaissance restaurant
  • Lake Hámori (an artificial lake; boats)
  • Narrow-gauge railway between Miskolc-Diósgyőr and Lillafüred with open carriages
  • Anna Cave (Anna-barlang, also known as Mésztufa-barlang and Petőfi-barlang). It has evolved in travertino (freshwater limestone), that is a rare phenomenon. Near the cave entrance is the Szinva waterfall, with a height of 20 metres the highest in Hungary. Guided tours.
  • István Cave, a dripstone cave with guided tours.
  • Szeleta Cave. A half-an-hour walk from Lillafüred railway station, following the red square hiking sign. Prehistoric human remains were found here.
  • Museum of Metallurgy
  • Ancient foundry. One stop beyond Lillafüred by Bus 15 or the narrow-gauge railway. This 18th century foundry is supplemented with a little museum.

Do

  • Miskolc Plaza [4] is a large shopping mall located close to downtown.
  • Miskolc Zoo [5]

Learn

Work

Buy

During the late 1990s–early 2000s several bigger and smaller shopping malls were opened in Miskolc (and because of them, many small shops disappeared because couldn't keep up with them.) The two largest shopping malls are Miskolc Pláza (behind the Centrum supermarket and department store, close to Búza tér) and Szinvapark (Széchenyi street, not far from Centrum; the tram stops near it.) There is a large supermarket, a cinema and lots of different shops in both. Two smaller malls are Batóház and Metropol, opposite to Centrum.

Eat

Budget

Mid-range

Splurge

Drink

Enjoy wine in some of the restaurants in Avas hill.

Sleep

Downtown

  • City Hotel Miskolc *** website in downtown, distance from main shopping areas is a few minute by bus (though the hotel itself is also have walk a few minutes away from the closest bus stop)
  • Hotel Old Miskolcz website is situated in one of the small old streets in the heart of the historic downtown, Hotel Öreg Miskolcz (Old Miskolc) with its art deco style fits in the surrounding buildings radiating the atmosphere of the early 20th century.
  • Levay Villa Pension website The three-stars Lévay-Villa-Pension in the vicinity of downtown of Miskolc, close to the Népkert-Public Garden is located in a friendly environment. The building was built in the most beautiful part of the city, in a green belt garden suburb in 1916, according to the architectual plans of Josef Seiler, the master-builder from Vienna.

Diósgyőr

  • Várkert Panzió website in Diósgyőr, close to the Castle of Diósgyőr (castle can be seen from some windows); distance from downtown is about 20 minutes by bus or tram.

Miskolctapolca

  • Zenit Pension website The familiar Zenit Pension is found in the centre of Miskolctapolca next to the main street and from about 100 meters to the watering place

Lillafüred

  • Hotel Palota *** website The neo-Renaissance hotel is one of the best known buildings of Miskolc-Lillafüred, in a picturesque valley about 10 kilometres from the city proper. Choose this hotel only if you have a car, because city buses don't visit Lillafüred very often. time table of bus 5

Contact

Stay safe

Cope

Palota szallo in Lillafured

Get out

There's a narrowgauge train to Lillafured - a nice village in Bukk mountains sitting in a valley by Hamori lake, where you can visit several caves.



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