"Chapultepec" means "Grasshopper Hill" (Chapul - Grasshopper / Tepec - Hill) in Nahuatl, the language of the "Aztecs". The hill and surrounding district has much significance in Mexican history. Chapultepec Park, consisting of the hill and surrounding land of 1,600 acres (6 km?), has many attractions.
Inside Chapultepec Castle is a series of stained glass windows depicting Roman goddesses.
Walk. You can get relatively near via Metro subway station (the Auditorio station may be more convenient than Chapultepec).
Museum of Modern Art (Spanish: Museo Nacional de Arte Moderno), Paseo de la Reforma. Permanent exhibitions include the work of Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera, and David Siqueiros, amongst other important modern Mexican artists, as well as temporary exhibitions of Mexican and international art.
National Anthropological Museum. An enormous complex with permanent exhibitions highlighting the development and cultures of Mexico's many indigenous peoples. Also, the museum itself is famous for its architecture. Delegate two hours at least and be sure not to miss the Aztec "calendar stone." Hours: Tues - Sat 9 AM - 7 PM. Closed Mondays. Admission of 01/08 is 48 MXP; on Sundays, admission is free for Mexican citizens and foreigners with Mexican residence. Admission is also free for children under 13, students and teachers with ID card, and seniors over 60.
Chapultepec Castle was home of the Spanish Viceroys, a military college scene of historic battle during the Mexican-American War, and the palace of Emperor Maximilian and Empress Carlota. It is now a museum. You can walk up the winding hill road, or take the tram that departs every twenty minutes for a fee of 13 MXP. Admission to the Castle is 48 MXP as of 01/08. A fee is charged to use a video camera and flash photography is not permitted. There are two parts to the museum: the historical building itself, and the Museum of National History. Don't miss the Roman-style gardens and observatoria (observatory) on the roof of the building. The castle also boasts a fine view of Mexico City and its surroundings.
Lago de Chapultepec There are actually two lakes that are connected, a bridge spanning them at mid-point. Lounge around the shore, or rent a canoe or paddleboat to explore.
Monument to the Heroic Cadets This impressive white marble monument stands at the entrance to Chapultepec Park in front of the Castillo. It honors six youths who gave their lives defending the stronghold from US troops in 1847.
The park also includes a zoo, an amusement park, a botanical garden) and landscape walks through the trees. Vendors line the paths of many areas where you an buy souveniers, juices, tacos, ice cream, toys, and even lucha libra masks.
Walk the trails through the park.
Explore the historical and cultural museums.
Rent a boat and paddle across the lake.
Ride the roller coasters.
Stop at the zoo to see the pandas.
Catch an outdoor concert.
Try the tacos from a sidewalk vendor or park restaurant.