"Chapultepec" means "Grasshopper Hill" (Chapul - Grasshopper / Tepec - Hill) in Nahuatl, the language of the "Aztecs". The hill and surrounding district has much significance in Mexican history. Chapultepec Park, consisting of the hill and surrounding land of 1,600 acres (6 km?), has many attractions.
Museum of Modern Art (Spanish: Museo Nacional de Arte Moderno), Paseo de la Reforma. Permanent exhibitions include the work of Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera, and David Siqueiros, amongst other important modern Mexican artists, as well as temporary exhibitions of Mexican and international art.
National Anthropological Museum. An enormous complex with permanent exhibitions highlighting the development and cultures of Mexico's many indigenous peoples. Also, the museum itself is famous for its architecture.
Chapultepec Castle was home of the Spanish Viceroys, a military college scene of historic battle during the Mexican-American War, and the palace of Emperor Maximilian and Carlota. It is now a museum.
The park also includes a zoo, an amusement park, a couple of ponds, and landscape walks through the trees.