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Difference between revisions of "Metro Atlanta"

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[[Atlanta]] is of course the center of Metro Atlanta. Highways '''I-75''', '''I-85''', and '''I-20''' radiate out in a 6-sided star pattern. Atlantans tend to think of '''I-285''' (the beltloop highway 10 miles outside the city, often called the Perimeter) as the practical border of Atlanta, and often speak of destinations as being ITP (inside the Perimeter) or OTP (outside the Perimeter).
+
{{Regionlist
 
+
| regionmap=The name of the region map
* '''[[Metro Atlanta/Northwest|Northwest]] (I-75 North)''' - A suburban area mostly synonymous with Cobb County. [[Vinings]], [[Smyrna (Georgia)|Smyrna]], [[Marietta (Georgia)|Marietta]], [[Kennesaw]]
+
| regionmaptext=Text to display under the map image
* '''[[Metro Atlanta/North|North]] (GA-400)''' - Destinations here are further outside the city. Historic [[Roswell (Georgia)|Roswell]], [[Alpharetta]], [[Cumming]]
+
| region1name=[[Atlanta]]
* '''[[Metro Atlanta/Northeast|Northeast]] (I-85 North, GA-141)''' - A major commuter corridor. Historic [[Norcross]], [[Duluth (Georgia)|Duluth]], [[Lawrenceville]], [[Suwanee]], [[Buford]].
+
| region1items=
* '''[[Metro Atlanta/East|East]] (I-20 East, US-78 East)''' - [[Stone Mountain]], [[Snellville]]
+
| region1description=Georgia's capital and largest city. The city limits are convoluted due to extensive politicking, so Atlantans tend to think of '''I-285''' (the beltloop highway 10 miles outside the city, often called the Perimeter) as the practical border of Atlanta, and often speak of destinations as being ITP (inside the Perimeter) or OTP (outside the Perimeter).
* '''[[Metro Atlanta/Southeast|Southeast]] (I-75 South)''' - Less populated, home to many factory outlet stores. [[Stockbridge (Georgia)|Stockbridge]]
+
| region2name=[[Metro Atlanta/Northwest|Northwest]]
* '''[[Metro Atlanta/Southwest|Southwest]] (I-85 South)''' - [[Fayetteville (Georgia)|Fayetteville]] and exclusive [[Peachtree City]], home to many well-paid Delta pilots.
+
| region2items=I-75 North
* '''[[Metro Atlanta/West|West]] (I-20 West)''' - [[Austell]], [[Powder Springs]], [[Douglasville]], and [[Six Flags Over Georgia]]
+
| region2description=A suburban area mostly synonymous with Cobb County. [[Vinings]], [[Smyrna (Georgia)|Smyrna]], [[Marietta (Georgia)|Marietta]], [[Kennesaw]]
 +
| region3name=[[Metro Atlanta/North|North]]
 +
| region3items=GA-400
 +
| region3description=Destinations here are further outside the city. Historic [[Roswell (Georgia)|Roswell]], [[Alpharetta]], [[Cumming]]
 +
| region4name=[[Metro Atlanta/Northeast|Northeast]]
 +
| region4items=I-85 North, GA-141
 +
| region4description=A major commuter corridor. Historic [[Norcross]], [[Duluth (Georgia)|Duluth]], [[Lawrenceville]], [[Suwanee]], [[Buford]]
 +
| region5name=[[Metro Atlanta/East|East]]
 +
| region5items=I-20 East, US-78 East
 +
| region5description=[[Stone Mountain]], [[Snellville]]
 +
| region6name=[[Metro Atlanta/Southeast|Southeast]]
 +
| region6items=I-75 South
 +
| region6description=Less populated, home to many factory outlet stores. [[Stockbridge (Georgia)|Stockbridge]]
 +
| region7name=[[Metro Atlanta/Southwest|Southwest]]
 +
| region7items=I-85 South
 +
| region7description=[[Fayetteville (Georgia)|Fayetteville]] and exclusive [[Peachtree City]], home to many well-paid Delta pilots.
 +
| region8name=[[Metro Atlanta/West|West]]
 +
| region8items=I-20 West
 +
| region8description=[[Austell]], [[Powder Springs]], [[Douglasville]], and [[Six Flags Over Georgia]]
 +
}}
  
 
==Cities==
 
==Cities==
 
<!-- fix later -->
 
<!-- fix later -->
  
*[[Alpharetta]]
+
*'''[[Atlanta]]'''
*[[Atlanta]]
+
*[[Stone Mountain]]
*[[Austell]]
+
*[[Roswell (Georgia)|Roswell]]
*[[Buford]]
+
*[[Chamblee]]
+
*[[College Park (Georgia)|College Park]]
+
 
*[[Decatur (Georgia)|Decatur]]
 
*[[Decatur (Georgia)|Decatur]]
*[[Doraville]]
+
*[[Marietta (Georgia)|Marietta]]
*[[Duluth (Georgia)|Duluth]]
+
*[[Norcross]]
*[[East Point]]
+
*[[Fayetteville (Georgia)|Fayetteville]]
+
*[[Hapeville]]
+
 
*[[Kennesaw]]
 
*[[Kennesaw]]
 
*[[Lawrenceville]]
 
*[[Lawrenceville]]
*[[Marietta (Georgia)|Marietta]]
 
*[[Roswell (Georgia)|Roswell]]
 
*[[Sandy Springs]]
 
*[[Stone Mountain]]
 
  
 
==Other destinations==
 
==Other destinations==
Line 43: Line 52:
 
Also in Cobb County, is the Cobb Galleria. This holds amazing Broadway plays and shows, shopping, and much more. Also, for the family Six Flags is a great place to go (but not at night) to have family fun.  
 
Also in Cobb County, is the Cobb Galleria. This holds amazing Broadway plays and shows, shopping, and much more. Also, for the family Six Flags is a great place to go (but not at night) to have family fun.  
  
In Hall County, which is a short ride up Interstate 75, is Lake Lanier. It is a huge lake with boating and many other tourist attractions. Lake Lanier Islands is a water park and resort for a family.
+
In Hall County, which is a short ride up Interstate 85, is Lake Lanier. It is a huge lake with boating and many other tourist attractions. Lake Lanier Islands is a water park and resort for a family.
  
 
In Gwinnett, you might also want to visit Historic Lawrenceville, Historic Lilburn, or Historic Duluth. These places have fountains and old buildings that are immaculantly preserved. Make sure to visit these places in Gwinnett County.
 
In Gwinnett, you might also want to visit Historic Lawrenceville, Historic Lilburn, or Historic Duluth. These places have fountains and old buildings that are immaculantly preserved. Make sure to visit these places in Gwinnett County.
Line 54: Line 63:
  
 
===Climate===
 
===Climate===
Many people assume Atlanta is hot during the summer. They're right, but it's not as bad as it sounds; overzealous air conditioning and sweet tea make it bearable. If you do spend time outside, shorts and sandals are ''de rigeur'' from May to September. Autumn is mild, but temperatures do not really drop until October or later. Winters are unpredictable; most years see some freezing temperatures, but a couple days of sunshine can unexpectedly bring the temperature to the 60s or higher. Anything more than a dusting of snow is uncommon; when it happens, drivers will forget how to drive, stores will sell out of eggs and milk, and schools and businesses will shut down. The more usual problem is ice, which happens when daytime temperatures rise just enough to melt the snow, which then refreezes on the streets overnight. Spring is mostly marked by an unpredictable rainy season, interrupted by a torrent of pollen that turns every car in the city a dusty yellow for two weeks.
+
Many people assume Atlanta is hot during the summer. They're right, but it's not as bad as it sounds; overzealous air conditioning and sweet iced tea make it bearable. If you do spend time outside, shorts and sandals are the norm from May to September. Autumn is mild, but temperatures can stay high through October before really dropping. Winters are unpredictable; most years see some freezing temperatures, but a couple days of sunshine can unexpectedly bring the temperature to the 60s or higher. Anything more than a dusting of snow is uncommon; when it happens, drivers will forget how to drive, stores will sell out of eggs and milk, and schools and businesses will shut down. The more usual problem is ice, which happens when daytime temperatures rise just enough to melt the snow, which then refreezes on the streets overnight. Spring is mostly marked by an unpredictable rainy season, interrupted by a torrent of pollen that turns every car in the city a dusty yellow for two weeks.
  
 
==Talk==
 
==Talk==
<!-- rewrite -->
+
Most of the people you'll encounter will speak standard American English, more or less, but you ''will'' hear people with a thick southern drawl. Asking them to "talk normally" will not get you anywhere; you'll just have to figure those vowels out on your own.
With many false asumptions that Georgia is a "backwoods" state, the Metropolitan Atlanta area is a mixture of people. And yes, you will find the occasional southerner with a charming southern accent, who will greet you with southern charm and hospitality.  
+
  
Also in the metro area, people take offense to you calling Atlanta "The ATL", "Hotlanta", and "The Big Peach". If you say these to locals they will know you are a visitor, and assume you know nothing about Atlanta. Many locals call Atlanta simply "Atlanta" or "The Metro".
+
There's plenty of southern hospitality here; take the time to start conversations with "Hi, how ya' doing?" before getting to whatever it was you wanted to talk about.
 +
 
 +
Although Atlanta is often known by nicknames like "The ATL", "Hotlanta", and "The Big Peach," no one uses these names in conversation. If you say these to locals they'll know you're a visitor.
  
 
==Get in==
 
==Get in==
Line 68: Line 78:
 
Metro Atlanta is serviced by '''[[Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport]]''' ({{IATA|ATL}} {{ICAO|KATL}}), often referred to by locals as "Hartsfield-Jackson," "Atlanta," "ATL," or simply "the airport." It is located about ten miles south of downtown Atlanta, so you will need to take public transit, a cab, or a rental car in to the city.
 
Metro Atlanta is serviced by '''[[Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport]]''' ({{IATA|ATL}} {{ICAO|KATL}}), often referred to by locals as "Hartsfield-Jackson," "Atlanta," "ATL," or simply "the airport." It is located about ten miles south of downtown Atlanta, so you will need to take public transit, a cab, or a rental car in to the city.
  
Atlanta has been the world's busiest airport since 1999, and is a major hub for Delta Air Lines and AirTran Airways. Although most passengers fly through Atlanta as a connection rather than a destination, few complain about the airport, which has excellent service and a largely headache-free layout (unlike airports like Chicago-O'Hare).
+
Atlanta has been the world's busiest airport since 1999, and is a major hub for Delta Air Lines and AirTran Airways. Although most passengers fly through Atlanta as a connection rather than a destination, few complain about the airport, which has excellent service and a largely headache-free layout (unlike other large airports like Chicago-O'Hare).
  
 
Several other airports serve general aviation traffic around Atlanta, including DeKalb-Peachtree Airport ({{IATA|PDK}}) and Fulton County Airport ({{IATA|FTY}}).
 
Several other airports serve general aviation traffic around Atlanta, including DeKalb-Peachtree Airport ({{IATA|PDK}}) and Fulton County Airport ({{IATA|FTY}}).
Line 78: Line 88:
 
Atlanta has a rail/bus system, and surrounding counties have some buses as well, but the fastest and most reliable way to see Metro Atlanta is by '''car'''.
 
Atlanta has a rail/bus system, and surrounding counties have some buses as well, but the fastest and most reliable way to see Metro Atlanta is by '''car'''.
  
===By Car===
+
===By public transit===
 +
 
 +
''See [[Atlanta#By transit]].'' Outside Atlanta, the bus systems are primarily for commuters, and will be of so little use to you that you might as well ignore them.
 +
 
 +
===By car===
 
Because of its massive urban sprawl and highways running in every direction, Atlanta has always been a car city. With the exception of a few specific areas, most places are best accessed by car, even if they appear to be only a short trip away.
 
Because of its massive urban sprawl and highways running in every direction, Atlanta has always been a car city. With the exception of a few specific areas, most places are best accessed by car, even if they appear to be only a short trip away.
  
'''Driving in Atlanta can be intimidating.''' Speeding is endemic; expect most highway drivers to go 75mph in subruban 55mph zones and 60mph+ in the downtown 45mph zones, while speed demons blow past at 80mph or more. Highways are up to 7 lanes wide in each direction, and drivers weave back and forth with little regard for lane ettiquette or turn signals. As an unwritten rule, the police do not generally stop highway drivers for going 60-75 if they are keeping up with traffic; unfortunately this means if you ''do'' get stopped, you will probably have a massive ticket for going 20mph or more over the speed limit.
+
Driving in Atlanta can be '''''intimidating.''''' '''Speeding''' is endemic; expect most highway drivers to go 75mph in suburban 55mph zones and 60mph+ in the downtown 45mph zones, while speed demons blow past at 80mph or more. Highways are up to 7 lanes wide in each direction, and drivers weave back and forth with little regard for lane ettiquette or turn signals. As an unwritten rule, the police do not generally stop highway drivers for going 60-75 if they are keeping up with traffic; unfortunately this means if you ''do'' get stopped, you will probably have a massive ticket for going 20mph or more over the speed limit.
  
 
Unfortunately, the interstate highways really are the best to get around metro Atlanta. U.S. Highways are generally urban arteries with low speed limits, lots of lights and lots of traffic. Only about a half-dozen of the Georgia State Routes in metro Atlanta are limited-access.
 
Unfortunately, the interstate highways really are the best to get around metro Atlanta. U.S. Highways are generally urban arteries with low speed limits, lots of lights and lots of traffic. Only about a half-dozen of the Georgia State Routes in metro Atlanta are limited-access.
Line 90: Line 104:
 
In conversation, higways in Atlanta are referred to by number: 75, 85, 285, and 400 (but usually I-20, oddly enough).
 
In conversation, higways in Atlanta are referred to by number: 75, 85, 285, and 400 (but usually I-20, oddly enough).
  
I-285 forms a complete loop around the city with about a 10-mile radius. This is known as '''"the Perimeter"'''. Rather than using cardinal directions, people (especially traffic reporters) refer to the '''"inner loop"''' and '''"outer loop"''' (clockwise and counterclockwise, respectively). The north segment between I-75 and I-85 is often called '''"the Top End"'''. The northern intersection of I-285 and I-75 is the '''"Cobb Cloverleaf"''', and I-285 and I-85 is '''"Spaghetti Junction"'''.
+
I-285 forms a complete loop around the city with about a 10-mile radius. This is known as "the '''Perimeter'''". Rather than using cardinal directions, people (especially traffic reporters) refer to the "inner loop" and "outer loop"—clockwise and counterclockwise, respectively. The northern intersection of I-285 and I-85 is "'''Spaghetti Junction'''," and I-285 and I-75 on the north end is sometimes called "the '''Cobb Cloverleaf'''."
 +
 
 +
Downtown, I-75 and I-85 merge into a single highway for 7.5 miles; this is called "the '''(Downtown) Connector'''" or just "'''75/85'''." This is one of the busiest stretches of highway in the U.S.; it has high traffic not only during rush hour, but also on weekends when special events are taking place downtown (which is at least every few weeks).
 +
 
 +
During peak traffic times, '''traffic meters''' on many on-ramps use stop lights to space out cars in order to avoid jams. Flashing lights and signs saying "Prepare to stop" will warn you when the meters are in effect. Treat the meters like ordinary stop lights when lit, and ignore them when off.
 +
 
 +
====HOV and HOT lanes====
 +
Several of the interstates in and around Atlanta have a '''H'''igh '''O'''ccupancy '''V'''ehicle ('''HOV''') lane on the far left, separated by a double white line and marked with diamonds. These lanes are for vehicles with 2 or more people (including the driver), motorcycles, and clean fuel vehicles (which must be licensed with a alternative fuel license plate). They are in effect 24/7, and there is a hefty fine if you're caught using the HOV lanes when you're not eligible.
 +
 
 +
The HOV lanes can only be entered or exited where the double white line is dashed, not solid, although this is rarely enforced.
 +
 
 +
There are a few highway entrances and exits on the left which are only usable if you are eligible for the HOV lanes. (Your satnav may not realize this, but that excuse won't get you out of a ticket.)
 +
 
 +
Atlanta is also experimenting with '''H'''igh '''O'''ccupancy '''T'''oll ('''HOT''') lanes, which visitors will find less helpful. They are similar to the HOV lanes, but vehicles with 1 or 2 occupants can use the lanes by paying a variable-price toll. The toll is ''only'' payable by ordering and installing an RFID '''Peach Pass''', making it generally impractical for anyone staying less than a month. Vehicles with 3+ occupants can use the lane for free, '''but must still have a Peach Pass''' and must set their Peach Pass account to ''free'' mode at least 15 minutes before using the HOT lane.
 +
 
 +
===On foot===
 +
 
 +
Atlanta is '''''not a walking city'''''. Sidewalks are often narrow—when they are present at all—and reckless drivers who speed and run red lights make it unpleasant, if not dangerous, to walk. Moreover, things are so spread out that it's impractical to do much of anything if you walk there.
 +
 
 +
A few tightly-knit parts of town are walkable. Downtown is fairly pedestrian-friendly, as is Midtown to a lesser degree. Virginia-Highlands and Decatur are both great for walking, especially if you're bar-hopping. Likewise, some of the historic towns like Roswell, Norcross, and Marietta have centers that are walkable.
 +
 
 +
Generally, though: Unless walking is mentioned, assume you're better off driving.
 +
 
 +
===By bicycle===
 +
Because of Atlanta's layout, its hilly location on top of the Eastern Continental Divide, and reckless drivers, biking can be unpleasant for getting around the city. As with walking, some parts of town are better suited to it than others. Midtown and Decatur are particularly amenable to bicycles, and quite a few residents in these parts get around with one. Only consider biking if you're practiced at sharing the road in an aggressive urban environment.
 +
 
 +
The good news is that MARTA allows bicycles on all buses and trains. On buses, you must use the bike racks, which hold 2 bikes and are first-come, first-served.
  
Downtown, I-75 and I-85 converge for 7.5 miles; this is called '''"the (Downtown) Connector"''' or just '''"75/85"'''. Traffic reporters have standard points around the metro area they refer to, but one you are likely to encounter is where GA-400 and I-85 merge southbound, which is sometimes called "the 400 Meltdown".
+
There's a long multi-use path from Midtown through Decatur out to Stone Mountain.
  
 
==See==
 
==See==

Revision as of 14:52, 8 July 2013

Metro Atlanta is Georgia's principal urban area, and the eighth largest metro area in the United States, with a population of over 5.5 million. It encompasses Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, Dekalb, Douglas, Gwinnet, Henry, Fayette, & Fulton Counties.

Contents

Regions

File:The name of the region map
Text to display under the map image
Atlanta
Georgia's capital and largest city. The city limits are convoluted due to extensive politicking, so Atlantans tend to think of I-285 (the beltloop highway 10 miles outside the city, often called the Perimeter) as the practical border of Atlanta, and often speak of destinations as being ITP (inside the Perimeter) or OTP (outside the Perimeter).
Northwest (I-75 North)
A suburban area mostly synonymous with Cobb County. Vinings, Smyrna, Marietta, Kennesaw
North (GA-400)
Destinations here are further outside the city. Historic Roswell, Alpharetta, Cumming
Northeast (I-85 North, GA-141)
A major commuter corridor. Historic Norcross, Duluth, Lawrenceville, Suwanee, Buford
East (I-20 East, US-78 East)
Stone Mountain, Snellville
Southeast (I-75 South)
Less populated, home to many factory outlet stores. Stockbridge
Southwest (I-85 South)
Fayetteville and exclusive Peachtree City, home to many well-paid Delta pilots.
West (I-20 West)
Austell, Powder Springs, Douglasville, and Six Flags Over Georgia

Cities

Other destinations

Great places to go in Metro Atlanta, that are safer than Downtown are Buckhead, Gwinnett County, and Cobb County. Gwinnett and Cobb Counties boast a great enviroment for people who want to leave the city and explore nature. For example, a really good place to go is Stone Mountain Park, which is in Northern Dekalb County. It is a great tourist attraction for families and people who love the enviroment. It has a beautiful lake and a plantation on it, which is open for tours for a history buff.

Also in Cobb County, is the Cobb Galleria. This holds amazing Broadway plays and shows, shopping, and much more. Also, for the family Six Flags is a great place to go (but not at night) to have family fun.

In Hall County, which is a short ride up Interstate 85, is Lake Lanier. It is a huge lake with boating and many other tourist attractions. Lake Lanier Islands is a water park and resort for a family.

In Gwinnett, you might also want to visit Historic Lawrenceville, Historic Lilburn, or Historic Duluth. These places have fountains and old buildings that are immaculantly preserved. Make sure to visit these places in Gwinnett County.

Understand

Located in Northern Georgia, Meropolitan Atlanta is a diverse set of people who are different from county to county. Centered by Atlanta (Fulton County), and outskirted by Gwinnett, Cobb, Hall, Forsyth, Walton, Dekalb, Clayton, and Gilmer just to name a few. The Metro Atlanta area has 28 large Counties spreading from the Georgia-Alabama Border, east to Athens, south to about Macon, and north to Jasper. It is over about 8,376 square miles and holds over 5,475,213 people, making it the ninth largest metropolitan area in the United States.

With no natural features to constrain its growth, Atlanta tends to grow out rather than up, leading to massive urban sprawl. Atlanta is also at the junction of three major U.S. Interstate Highways, which contributes to its reputation as a driving city.

Climate

Many people assume Atlanta is hot during the summer. They're right, but it's not as bad as it sounds; overzealous air conditioning and sweet iced tea make it bearable. If you do spend time outside, shorts and sandals are the norm from May to September. Autumn is mild, but temperatures can stay high through October before really dropping. Winters are unpredictable; most years see some freezing temperatures, but a couple days of sunshine can unexpectedly bring the temperature to the 60s or higher. Anything more than a dusting of snow is uncommon; when it happens, drivers will forget how to drive, stores will sell out of eggs and milk, and schools and businesses will shut down. The more usual problem is ice, which happens when daytime temperatures rise just enough to melt the snow, which then refreezes on the streets overnight. Spring is mostly marked by an unpredictable rainy season, interrupted by a torrent of pollen that turns every car in the city a dusty yellow for two weeks.

Talk

Most of the people you'll encounter will speak standard American English, more or less, but you will hear people with a thick southern drawl. Asking them to "talk normally" will not get you anywhere; you'll just have to figure those vowels out on your own.

There's plenty of southern hospitality here; take the time to start conversations with "Hi, how ya' doing?" before getting to whatever it was you wanted to talk about.

Although Atlanta is often known by nicknames like "The ATL", "Hotlanta", and "The Big Peach," no one uses these names in conversation. If you say these to locals they'll know you're a visitor.

Get in

Atlanta's airport, the busiest in the world

By plane

Metro Atlanta is serviced by Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport (IATA: ATL ICAO: KATL), often referred to by locals as "Hartsfield-Jackson," "Atlanta," "ATL," or simply "the airport." It is located about ten miles south of downtown Atlanta, so you will need to take public transit, a cab, or a rental car in to the city.

Atlanta has been the world's busiest airport since 1999, and is a major hub for Delta Air Lines and AirTran Airways. Although most passengers fly through Atlanta as a connection rather than a destination, few complain about the airport, which has excellent service and a largely headache-free layout (unlike other large airports like Chicago-O'Hare).

Several other airports serve general aviation traffic around Atlanta, including DeKalb-Peachtree Airport (IATA: PDK) and Fulton County Airport (IATA: FTY).

By train

Atlanta is served by Amtrak on the Crescent Line, with direct service to New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Charlotte, Birmingham, and New Orleans.

Get around

Atlanta has a rail/bus system, and surrounding counties have some buses as well, but the fastest and most reliable way to see Metro Atlanta is by car.

By public transit

See Atlanta#By transit. Outside Atlanta, the bus systems are primarily for commuters, and will be of so little use to you that you might as well ignore them.

By car

Because of its massive urban sprawl and highways running in every direction, Atlanta has always been a car city. With the exception of a few specific areas, most places are best accessed by car, even if they appear to be only a short trip away.

Driving in Atlanta can be intimidating. Speeding is endemic; expect most highway drivers to go 75mph in suburban 55mph zones and 60mph+ in the downtown 45mph zones, while speed demons blow past at 80mph or more. Highways are up to 7 lanes wide in each direction, and drivers weave back and forth with little regard for lane ettiquette or turn signals. As an unwritten rule, the police do not generally stop highway drivers for going 60-75 if they are keeping up with traffic; unfortunately this means if you do get stopped, you will probably have a massive ticket for going 20mph or more over the speed limit.

Unfortunately, the interstate highways really are the best to get around metro Atlanta. U.S. Highways are generally urban arteries with low speed limits, lots of lights and lots of traffic. Only about a half-dozen of the Georgia State Routes in metro Atlanta are limited-access.

The best thing you can do is keep pace with traffic and be alert for drivers around you who will pull hazardous maneuvers.

Highways and nicknames

In conversation, higways in Atlanta are referred to by number: 75, 85, 285, and 400 (but usually I-20, oddly enough).

I-285 forms a complete loop around the city with about a 10-mile radius. This is known as "the Perimeter". Rather than using cardinal directions, people (especially traffic reporters) refer to the "inner loop" and "outer loop"—clockwise and counterclockwise, respectively. The northern intersection of I-285 and I-85 is "Spaghetti Junction," and I-285 and I-75 on the north end is sometimes called "the Cobb Cloverleaf."

Downtown, I-75 and I-85 merge into a single highway for 7.5 miles; this is called "the (Downtown) Connector" or just "75/85." This is one of the busiest stretches of highway in the U.S.; it has high traffic not only during rush hour, but also on weekends when special events are taking place downtown (which is at least every few weeks).

During peak traffic times, traffic meters on many on-ramps use stop lights to space out cars in order to avoid jams. Flashing lights and signs saying "Prepare to stop" will warn you when the meters are in effect. Treat the meters like ordinary stop lights when lit, and ignore them when off.

HOV and HOT lanes

Several of the interstates in and around Atlanta have a High Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lane on the far left, separated by a double white line and marked with diamonds. These lanes are for vehicles with 2 or more people (including the driver), motorcycles, and clean fuel vehicles (which must be licensed with a alternative fuel license plate). They are in effect 24/7, and there is a hefty fine if you're caught using the HOV lanes when you're not eligible.

The HOV lanes can only be entered or exited where the double white line is dashed, not solid, although this is rarely enforced.

There are a few highway entrances and exits on the left which are only usable if you are eligible for the HOV lanes. (Your satnav may not realize this, but that excuse won't get you out of a ticket.)

Atlanta is also experimenting with High Occupancy Toll (HOT) lanes, which visitors will find less helpful. They are similar to the HOV lanes, but vehicles with 1 or 2 occupants can use the lanes by paying a variable-price toll. The toll is only payable by ordering and installing an RFID Peach Pass, making it generally impractical for anyone staying less than a month. Vehicles with 3+ occupants can use the lane for free, but must still have a Peach Pass and must set their Peach Pass account to free mode at least 15 minutes before using the HOT lane.

On foot

Atlanta is not a walking city. Sidewalks are often narrow—when they are present at all—and reckless drivers who speed and run red lights make it unpleasant, if not dangerous, to walk. Moreover, things are so spread out that it's impractical to do much of anything if you walk there.

A few tightly-knit parts of town are walkable. Downtown is fairly pedestrian-friendly, as is Midtown to a lesser degree. Virginia-Highlands and Decatur are both great for walking, especially if you're bar-hopping. Likewise, some of the historic towns like Roswell, Norcross, and Marietta have centers that are walkable.

Generally, though: Unless walking is mentioned, assume you're better off driving.

By bicycle

Because of Atlanta's layout, its hilly location on top of the Eastern Continental Divide, and reckless drivers, biking can be unpleasant for getting around the city. As with walking, some parts of town are better suited to it than others. Midtown and Decatur are particularly amenable to bicycles, and quite a few residents in these parts get around with one. Only consider biking if you're practiced at sharing the road in an aggressive urban environment.

The good news is that MARTA allows bicycles on all buses and trains. On buses, you must use the bike racks, which hold 2 bikes and are first-come, first-served.

There's a long multi-use path from Midtown through Decatur out to Stone Mountain.

See

Itineraries

Do

Buy

The most notable shopping malls/districts in Metro Atlanta are:

  • Lenox Mall in Buckhead
  • Atlantic Station in Atlanta/Midtown, a newly-developed pedestrian-friendly shopping district intermixed with moderately upscale restaurants.
  • Discover Mills in Lawrenceville. The second-largest mall in Georgia
  • Mall of Georgia in Buford. The largest mall in Georgia.

Eat

Drink

Stay safe

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