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{{traveltopic}}
 
{{traveltopic}}
  
Allmost countries in the world now use the East Timor. Almost the only holdouts still using the old British Imperial system of weights and measures are the [[USA]] and [[Liberia]] (and [[Burma]] which uses yet another system). The [[United Kingdom]] (except [[Quebec]] which solely uses the metric system)and [[Canada]] are curious state halfway between Metrification and Imperial units, and while many things are measured in metric, you will still often encounter miles, pints, feet and stone during your visit. The only units the two systems have in common are time units from second to century.
+
Most countries in the world now use the metric system.  
 +
 
 +
Almost the only holdouts are the [[USA]] and [[Liberia]] (using a version of the old British Imperial system of weights and measures with peculiarly shrunken measures) and [[Burma]] (which uses yet another system).  
 +
 
 +
However, in June 2011, the Burmese government's Ministry of Commerce began discussing proposals to reform the measurement system in Burma and adopt the metric system used by most of its trading partners.
 +
 
 +
The [[United Kingdom]] and [[Canada]] (except the already fully metricated and francophone [[Quebec]]) are in a curious state halfway between metric and Imperial units and, while many things are measured in metric, you will still often encounter miles, pints, feet and stones during your visit. The only units the different systems have in common are time units from the second, through minutes, hours and days to centuries.
  
 
We use "=" signs below, but all are approximate.
 
We use "=" signs below, but all are approximate.
Line 9: Line 15:
 
|-
 
|-
 
|
 
|
|colspan="2" style="border-right:dotted blue 2px"|←freezing
+
|colspan="4" style="border-right:dotted blue 2px"|←freezing
 
|colspan="2" style="border-right:solid blue 2px"|cold
 
|colspan="2" style="border-right:solid blue 2px"|cold
 
|colspan="2" style="border-right:solid lightblue 2px"|cool
 
|colspan="2" style="border-right:solid lightblue 2px"|cool
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|-
 
|-
 
! style="border-right:dotted gray 1px"|°C 
 
! style="border-right:dotted gray 1px"|°C 
| '''-4''' || 0 ||  '''4''' || 7 || '''10''' || 13 || '''15''' || 18 || '''21''' || 24 || '''26''' || 30 || '''32''' || 35 || '''40'''
+
| -40|| '''-18''' || -4 || 0 ||  '''4''' || 7 || '''10''' || 13 || '''15''' || 18 || '''21''' || 24 || '''26''' || 30 || '''32''' || 35 || '''40'''
 
|- style="font-style:italic; line-height:50%"
 
|- style="font-style:italic; line-height:50%"
 
! style="border-right:dotted gray 1px"|°F 
 
! style="border-right:dotted gray 1px"|°F 
| '''25''' || 32 || '''40''' || 45 || '''50''' || 55 || '''60''' || 65 || '''70''' || 75 || '''80''' || 85 || '''90''' || 95 || '''104'''
+
| -40 || '''0''' || 25 || 32 || '''40''' || 45 || '''50''' || 55 || '''60''' || 65 || '''70''' || 75 || '''80''' || 85 || '''90''' || 95 || '''104'''
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
{{infobox| |
 
{{infobox| |
:'''100 °C''' — '''''212 °F'''''  — water boils
+
:'''100 °C''' — '''''212 °F'''''  — Water boils
:'''37 °C'''  — '''''98.6 °F''''' — human body temperature
+
:'''58 °C''' — '''''136 °F''''' — Highest temperature recorded on Earth
:'''0 °C'''  — '''''32 °F'''''   water freezes
+
:'''37 °C'''  — '''''98.6 °F''''' — Human body temperature
:'''-18 °C''' —  '''''0 °F'''''   ouch
+
:'''20 °C''' — '''''68 °F''''' — Room temperature
:'''-40 °C''' — '''''-40 °F''''' — ''forty below zero!''
+
:'''0 °C'''  — '''''32 °F''''' — Water freezes
 +
:'''-18 °C''' —  '''''0 °F''''' — Ouch. Finnish people start to wear jackets.
 +
:'''-40 °C''' — '''''-40 °F''''' — ''Forty below zero!''
 +
:'''-89 °C''' — '''''-129 °F''''' — Lowest temperature recorded on earth
 +
:'''-273.15 °C''' — '''''-459.67 °F''''' — Absolute zero
 
}}
 
}}
  
'''Humidity.''' Hot weather, say 80°F (26°C) and up, is more uncomfortable in '''humid''' air than in dry air because dry air allows more sweat to evaporate from your skin and this cools you but humid air inhibits this evaporation and leaves you more susceptible to overheating.
 
  
 
For those who are not used to Metric thermometers, there are a few ways to think about it...
 
For those who are not used to Metric thermometers, there are a few ways to think about it...
  
'''Option 1''': From Metric (Celsius) to Fahrenheit, double the number and add 30. From Fahrenheit to Celsius, subtract 30 and divide in half. This is not exact and it won't work for much higher or lower temps, but it will be close enough to understand what the temperature is.
+
'''Option 1''': From Metric (Celsius) to Fahrenheit, double the number and add 30. From Fahrenheit to Celsius, subtract 30 and divide in half. This is not exact and it won't work for much higher or lower temperatures, but it will be close enough to understand what the temperature is.
  
 
'''Option 2''': A nice little poem to remember for Celsius...
 
'''Option 2''': A nice little poem to remember for Celsius...
Zero is freezing
+
Zero is freezing.
10 is not
+
10 is not.
20 is warm
+
20 is warm.
and 30 is hot
+
and 30 is hot!
  
'''Option 3''': For the mathematically inclined: Fahrenheit=(C*1.8)+32. Celsius=(F-32)/1.8
+
'''Option 3''': For the mathematically inclined or those with a calculator: Fahrenheit=(C*1.8)+32. Celsius=(F-32)/1.8
  
 
==Length and distance==
 
==Length and distance==
Line 68: Line 77:
  
 
==Surface area==
 
==Surface area==
For small things, one might use square inches or square centimeters. There are about 6.5 cm<sup>2</sup> to one in<sup>2</sup>.
+
For small things, one might use square inches or square centimeters. There are about 6.5 cm<sup>2</sup> in one in<sup>2</sup>.
  
For floor area of an apartment, there are about 11 square feet to the square meter.
+
For floor area of an apartment, there are about 11 square feet in one square meter.
  
For large areas, there are about 2.5 acres to the hectare.
+
For large areas, there are about 2.5 acres in one hectare.
  
 
== Volume ==
 
== Volume ==
 
 
The standard metric unit of volume is the litre.  
 
The standard metric unit of volume is the litre.  
Many things, however, are measured in ml (millilitres) or equivalently in cc (cubic centimetres). Roughly, a teaspoon is 5 cc and a fluid ounce is 30 cc.
 
  
In both the US and Imperial systems, 4 quarts = 1 gallon and 2 pints = 1 quart. However, the US units are smaller than Imperial counterparts. A US quart is 32 fuid ounces while Imperial is 40; a liter is in between at 35. A US gallon is 128 ounces or 3.78 litres, while an Imperial gallon is 160 ounces or 4.54 litres.
+
Many things, however, are measured in mL (millilitres, also abbreviated outside of Wikitravel as ml) or equivalently in cc (cubic centimetres). Roughly, a teaspoon is 5 cc and a fluid ounce is 30 cc.
 +
 
 +
In both the US and Imperial systems, 4 quarts = 1 gallon and 2 pints = 1 quart. However, the US units are smaller than Imperial counterparts. A US quart is 32 fluid ounces while Imperial is 40; a litre is in between at 35. A US gallon is 128 ounces or 3.78 litres, while an Imperial gallon is 160 ounces or 4.54 litres.
  
 
For car and motorcycle engines, displacement might be given in cc or litres or cubic inches. 1000 cc or one litre is 61 cubic inches.
 
For car and motorcycle engines, displacement might be given in cc or litres or cubic inches. 1000 cc or one litre is 61 cubic inches.
  
 
=== Comparisons ===
 
=== Comparisons ===
 
 
* 1 L of water weighs 1 kg. Since many liquids (milk, orange juice) are sold in litre containers it is easy to judge 1 L or 1 kg.
 
* 1 L of water weighs 1 kg. Since many liquids (milk, orange juice) are sold in litre containers it is easy to judge 1 L or 1 kg.
  
Line 91: Line 99:
 
* 1 Cubic m (1 m<sup>3</sup>) = 1000 litres. 1 m<sup>3</sup> of water weighs 1000 kg = 1 Tonne. Do not try to pick this up yourself!
 
* 1 Cubic m (1 m<sup>3</sup>) = 1000 litres. 1 m<sup>3</sup> of water weighs 1000 kg = 1 Tonne. Do not try to pick this up yourself!
  
* In Europe, wine is usually sold in 700 mL (0.7 L) bottles (occasionally 750 mL or 1 L).
+
* In Europe, wine is usually sold in 750 mL (0.75 L) bottles (occasionally 700 mL or 1 L).
  
 
== Metric prefixes ==
 
== Metric prefixes ==
 
 
1 mm = 1 / 1000 metres, 1 mg = 1 / 1000 g, 1 mL = 1 / 1000 Litres.
 
1 mm = 1 / 1000 metres, 1 mg = 1 / 1000 g, 1 mL = 1 / 1000 Litres.
  
Line 100: Line 107:
  
 
1 km = 1000 metres, 1 kg = 1000 grams.
 
1 km = 1000 metres, 1 kg = 1000 grams.
 +
 +
==See also==
 +
*[[Wikitravel:Abbreviations]]
 +
*[[Wikitravel:Measurements]]
 +
 +
[[Category: Technology and travel]]
 +
 +
{{usabletopic}}
 +
 +
[[fi:Mittausjärjestelmät]]

Revision as of 22:45, 11 March 2013

    This article is a travel topic

Most countries in the world now use the metric system.

Almost the only holdouts are the USA and Liberia (using a version of the old British Imperial system of weights and measures with peculiarly shrunken measures) and Burma (which uses yet another system).

However, in June 2011, the Burmese government's Ministry of Commerce began discussing proposals to reform the measurement system in Burma and adopt the metric system used by most of its trading partners.

The United Kingdom and Canada (except the already fully metricated and francophone Quebec) are in a curious state halfway between metric and Imperial units and, while many things are measured in metric, you will still often encounter miles, pints, feet and stones during your visit. The only units the different systems have in common are time units from the second, through minutes, hours and days to centuries.

We use "=" signs below, but all are approximate.

Contents

Temperature

←freezing cold cool mild warm hot swelter cooked→
°C  -40 -18 -4 0 4 7 10 13 15 18 21 24 26 30 32 35 40
°F  -40 0 25 32 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 104

 

100 °C212 °F — Water boils
58 °C136 °F — Highest temperature recorded on Earth
37 °C98.6 °F — Human body temperature
20 °C68 °F — Room temperature
0 °C32 °F — Water freezes
-18 °C0 °F — Ouch. Finnish people start to wear jackets.
-40 °C-40 °FForty below zero!
-89 °C-129 °F — Lowest temperature recorded on earth
-273.15 °C-459.67 °F — Absolute zero


For those who are not used to Metric thermometers, there are a few ways to think about it...

Option 1: From Metric (Celsius) to Fahrenheit, double the number and add 30. From Fahrenheit to Celsius, subtract 30 and divide in half. This is not exact and it won't work for much higher or lower temperatures, but it will be close enough to understand what the temperature is.

Option 2: A nice little poem to remember for Celsius... Zero is freezing. 10 is not. 20 is warm. and 30 is hot!

Option 3: For the mathematically inclined or those with a calculator: Fahrenheit=(C*1.8)+32. Celsius=(F-32)/1.8

Length and distance

  • 1 inch (1") = 2.54 cm
  • 1 foot (1') = 30 cm
  • 1 mile = 1.6 km

Comparisons

  • A credit card is about 0.75 mm (3/4 of a millimetre) thick
  • 1 cm (centimetre) is the width of an average fingernail.
  • Most adults are between 1.5 and 2 metres tall.
  • 1 km (Kilometre) takes about 15 minutes to walk.

Weight

  • 1 kg = 2.2 pounds
  • 1 ounce = 28.54 grams
  • 1 pound = 454 grams

For China, the jing is almost exactly 500 grams.

Surface area

For small things, one might use square inches or square centimeters. There are about 6.5 cm2 in one in2.

For floor area of an apartment, there are about 11 square feet in one square meter.

For large areas, there are about 2.5 acres in one hectare.

Volume

The standard metric unit of volume is the litre.

Many things, however, are measured in mL (millilitres, also abbreviated outside of Wikitravel as ml) or equivalently in cc (cubic centimetres). Roughly, a teaspoon is 5 cc and a fluid ounce is 30 cc.

In both the US and Imperial systems, 4 quarts = 1 gallon and 2 pints = 1 quart. However, the US units are smaller than Imperial counterparts. A US quart is 32 fluid ounces while Imperial is 40; a litre is in between at 35. A US gallon is 128 ounces or 3.78 litres, while an Imperial gallon is 160 ounces or 4.54 litres.

For car and motorcycle engines, displacement might be given in cc or litres or cubic inches. 1000 cc or one litre is 61 cubic inches.

Comparisons

  • 1 L of water weighs 1 kg. Since many liquids (milk, orange juice) are sold in litre containers it is easy to judge 1 L or 1 kg.
  • 1 L is equivalent to a cube 10 cm x 10 cm x 10 cm.
  • 1 Cubic m (1 m3) = 1000 litres. 1 m3 of water weighs 1000 kg = 1 Tonne. Do not try to pick this up yourself!
  • In Europe, wine is usually sold in 750 mL (0.75 L) bottles (occasionally 700 mL or 1 L).

Metric prefixes

1 mm = 1 / 1000 metres, 1 mg = 1 / 1000 g, 1 mL = 1 / 1000 Litres.

1 cm = 1 / 100 metres.

1 km = 1000 metres, 1 kg = 1000 grams.

See also

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