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Difference between revisions of "Manx Gaelic phrasebook"

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'''Manx Gaelic''' (Manx Gaelic: ''Gaelg'') Is the main language of the [[Isle of Man]]. It evolved from Primitive Irish, along with the other Celtic languages. Its closest relatives are Irish Gaelic and Scots Gaelic. All children on the Isle of Man learn it in primary and secondary school, and some grow up bilingual. There is also a small number of native speakers as well.
+
'''Manx Gaelic''' (Manx Gaelic: ''Gaelg'') Is a language from the [[Isle of Man]], it is mostly only used by the minority of the Manx population who can speak it amongst themselves. Most roadsigns are bi-lingual, but most placenames are in Manx only. The language is rarely heard in public except in formal situations such as Tynwald Day and on radio shows for Manx speakers. Manx, in common with Scottish Gaelic, is closely related to Irish, and shares most of its vocabulary and grammar with these languages. Whilst it shares common grammatical features with Welsh, Cornish and Breton it shares very little common vocabulary with these languages. There is one Manx medium primary school in the Isle of Man, and most  children on the Isle of Man learn some Manx in primary school. Provision for Manx in secondary school is limited, the number of speakers being far higher in schools with strong community links and the highest academic achievement. All native speakers are bilingual (or multilingual).  
  
 
==Pronunciation guide==
 
==Pronunciation guide==
Manx Gaelic is a very phonetic language, meaning that words are spoken the way they are spelt.
+
The Manx spelling system is quite different from either Irish or Scottish Gaelic, particularly the vowels and in the way it uses auxiliary letters. English speakers will find the Manx spelling system considerably easier than that of Irish or Scottish Gaelic.  
  
 
===Vowels===
 
===Vowels===
  
; A a  â : (Short) Like "a" in "cat", (with circumflex) like "a" in "pale".
+
; a â : (Short) Like "a" in "cat", (with circumflex) like "a" in "pale".
; E e Ê ê : Like "e" in "bed", (with circumflex) like "ea" in "fear".
+
; e ê : Like "e" in "bed", (with circumflex) like "ea" in "fear".
; I i : Like "i" in "pin".
+
; i î : Like "i" in "pin".
; O o Ô ô : Like "o" in "hot", (with circumflex) like "oa" in "moat".
+
; o ô : Like "o" in "hot", (with circumflex) like "oa" in "moat".
; U u : Like "a" in "cat" or "o" in "hot".
+
; u : Like "a" in "cat" or "o" in "hot".
; W w : Like "u" in "put".
+
; w : Like "u" in "put".
; Y y : Like "u" in "hut" or "i" in "bird". The word ''y'' is pronounced like the "e" in "bed".
+
; y : Like "u" in "hut" or "i" in "bird". The word ''y'' is pronounced like the "e" in "bed".
 +
 
 +
===Consonants===
 +
 
 +
; b : Like "b" in "bat".
 +
; c : Like "c" in "cat".
 +
; ch : Like "ch" in "bach".
 +
; d : Like "d" in "door".
 +
; f : Like "f" in "feet".
 +
; g : Like "g" in "get".
 +
; h : Like "h" in "hot".
 +
; l : Like "l" in "late".
 +
; m : Like "m" in "mud".
 +
; n : Like "n" in "no".
 +
; p : Like "p" in "park".
 +
; ph : Like "ph" in "philosopher".
 +
; r : Like "r" in "run" but slightly trilled.
 +
; s : Like "s" in "sat".
 +
; t : Like "t" in "trip".
 +
 
 +
===Common digraphs===
 +
 
 +
; aa, ea, ai : Like "ea" in "fear".
 +
; ae, oi : Like "i" in "pin".
 +
; au, aw, ou, ow : Like "oo" in "food".
 +
; ay, ei : Like "e" in "bed".
 +
; ee, iy : Like "ee" in "feet".
 +
; eo : Like "ayo" in "mayonaise".
 +
; eu, iu, ew, iw : Like "you".
 +
; ia : Like "ia" in "victoria".
 +
; ie : Like "igh" in "high".
 +
; io : Like "yo" in "yoke".
 +
; oa, ua, wa : Like "wha" in "whack".
 +
; oe : Like "owe" in "mower".
 +
; oh : Like "oo" in "door".
 +
; oo : Like "oo" in "food".
 +
; ui, wi : Like "wi" in "with".
 +
; çh : Like "ch" in "cheese".
 +
; gh : Like "ch" in "bach".
 +
; lh, ll : Like "lj" in "ljubljana".
 +
; qu : Like "c" in "cat".
 +
; rr : Like "r" in "run" but slightly trilled.
 +
; sh : Like "sh" in "she".
 +
; ss : Like "ss" in "likeness".
 +
; th : Like "t" in "trip".
 +
 
 +
===Common trigraphs===
 +
 
 +
; aie, eie, eue, oie : Like "ea" in "yeah".
 +
; aue, iwe, oue : Like "we" in "wet".
 +
; eau, eoi : Like "ai" in "air".
 +
; iau : Like "oo" in "food".
 +
; ieu, iou : Like "yew".
 +
; uiy : Like "we".
 +
; woa : Like "wha" in "whack".
 +
; çh : Like "ch" in "cheese".
 +
; gh, ght : Like "ch" in "bach".
 +
 
 +
===Common tetragraphs===
 +
 
 +
; iooa : Like "You what?" without the "t".
 +
 
 +
==Phrase list==
 +
 
 +
===Basics===
 +
{{infobox|Common signs|
 +
; OPEN : Foshlit
 +
; CLOSED : Dooint
 +
; ENTRANCE : Entreilys
 +
; EXIT : Dorrys magh
 +
; PUSH : Seiy
 +
; PULL : Tayrn
 +
; TOILET : Premmee / Thie veg
 +
; MEN : Deiney
 +
; WOMEN : Mraane
 +
; FORBIDDEN : Neulhiggit}}
 +
 
 +
; Hello. : Hoi bhoy! . (''''''''')
 +
; Hello. (''informal'') : Hai. ('''')
 +
; How are you? : Kys t'ou? (''?'')
 +
; Fine, thank you. : Braew, gura mie ayd. ('''')
 +
; What is your name? : Cre'n ennym t'ort? (''?'')
 +
; My name is ______. : Ta'n ennym orrym ______ . ('' _____ .'')
 +
; Nice to meet you. : S'mie lhiam çheet dty whail. ('''')
 +
; Please. : My sailt  ('''')
 +
; Thank you. : Gura mie ayd. ('''')
 +
; You're welcome. : She dty vea. ('''')
 +
; Yes. : Ta. ('''')
 +
; No. : Cha nel. ('''')
 +
; Excuse me. (''getting attention'') : Hey bhoy ! / Ya! ('''')
 +
; Excuse me. (''begging pardon'') : Gow my leshtal. ('''')
 +
; I'm sorry. : S'olk lhiam. ('''')
 +
; Goodbye : Slane. ('''')
 +
; Goodbye (''informal'') : Bai. ('''')
 +
; I can't speak Manx [well]. : Cha nel monney Gaelg aym ('' []'')
 +
; Do you speak English? : Vel Baarle ayd? (''?'')
 +
;  Is there someone here who speaks English? : Vel peiagh erbee aynshoh toiggal Baarle (''?'')
 +
; Help! : Cooin Lhiam (''!'')
 +
; Look out! : Er dty hwoaie! (''!'')
 +
; Good morning. : Moghrey mie!. ('''')
 +
; Good evening. : Fastye mie. ('''')
 +
; Good night. : Oie vie. ('''')
 +
; Good night (''to sleep'') : Oie vie, caddill dy mie. ('''')
 +
; I don't understand. : Cha nel mee toiggal. ('''')
 +
; Where is the toilet? : C'raad ta'n premmee?  ('''')
 +
 
 +
==Numbers==
 +
 
 +
½ - lieh
 +
 
 +
0 - neunhee
 +
 
 +
1 - nane
 +
 
 +
2 - jees
 +
 
 +
3 - tree
 +
 
 +
4 - kiare
 +
 
 +
5 - queig
 +
 
 +
6 - shey
 +
 
 +
7 - shiaght
 +
 
 +
8 - hoght
 +
 
 +
9 - nuy
 +
 
 +
10 - jeih
 +
 
 +
11 - nane-jeig
 +
 
 +
12 - daa-yeig
 +
 
 +
20 - feed
 +
 
 +
21 - feed nane
 +
 
 +
22 - feed jees
 +
 
 +
50 - queigad
 +
 
 +
100 - keead
 +
 
 +
200 - daa cheead
 +
 
 +
1000 - tousane
 +
 
 +
5000 - queig tousane
 +
 
 +
 
 +
{{outlinephrasebook}}
 +
{{phrasebookguide}}

Revision as of 22:13, 13 October 2010

Manx Gaelic (Manx Gaelic: Gaelg) Is a language from the Isle of Man, it is mostly only used by the minority of the Manx population who can speak it amongst themselves. Most roadsigns are bi-lingual, but most placenames are in Manx only. The language is rarely heard in public except in formal situations such as Tynwald Day and on radio shows for Manx speakers. Manx, in common with Scottish Gaelic, is closely related to Irish, and shares most of its vocabulary and grammar with these languages. Whilst it shares common grammatical features with Welsh, Cornish and Breton it shares very little common vocabulary with these languages. There is one Manx medium primary school in the Isle of Man, and most children on the Isle of Man learn some Manx in primary school. Provision for Manx in secondary school is limited, the number of speakers being far higher in schools with strong community links and the highest academic achievement. All native speakers are bilingual (or multilingual).

Contents

Pronunciation guide

The Manx spelling system is quite different from either Irish or Scottish Gaelic, particularly the vowels and in the way it uses auxiliary letters. English speakers will find the Manx spelling system considerably easier than that of Irish or Scottish Gaelic.

Vowels

a â 
(Short) Like "a" in "cat", (with circumflex) like "a" in "pale".
e ê 
Like "e" in "bed", (with circumflex) like "ea" in "fear".
i î 
Like "i" in "pin".
o ô 
Like "o" in "hot", (with circumflex) like "oa" in "moat".
Like "a" in "cat" or "o" in "hot".
Like "u" in "put".
Like "u" in "hut" or "i" in "bird". The word y is pronounced like the "e" in "bed".

Consonants

Like "b" in "bat".
Like "c" in "cat".
ch 
Like "ch" in "bach".
Like "d" in "door".
Like "f" in "feet".
Like "g" in "get".
Like "h" in "hot".
Like "l" in "late".
Like "m" in "mud".
Like "n" in "no".
Like "p" in "park".
ph 
Like "ph" in "philosopher".
Like "r" in "run" but slightly trilled.
Like "s" in "sat".
Like "t" in "trip".

Common digraphs

aa, ea, ai 
Like "ea" in "fear".
ae, oi 
Like "i" in "pin".
au, aw, ou, ow 
Like "oo" in "food".
ay, ei 
Like "e" in "bed".
ee, iy 
Like "ee" in "feet".
eo 
Like "ayo" in "mayonaise".
eu, iu, ew, iw 
Like "you".
ia 
Like "ia" in "victoria".
ie 
Like "igh" in "high".
io 
Like "yo" in "yoke".
oa, ua, wa 
Like "wha" in "whack".
oe 
Like "owe" in "mower".
oh 
Like "oo" in "door".
oo 
Like "oo" in "food".
ui, wi 
Like "wi" in "with".
çh 
Like "ch" in "cheese".
gh 
Like "ch" in "bach".
lh, ll 
Like "lj" in "ljubljana".
qu 
Like "c" in "cat".
rr 
Like "r" in "run" but slightly trilled.
sh 
Like "sh" in "she".
ss 
Like "ss" in "likeness".
th 
Like "t" in "trip".

Common trigraphs

aie, eie, eue, oie 
Like "ea" in "yeah".
aue, iwe, oue 
Like "we" in "wet".
eau, eoi 
Like "ai" in "air".
iau 
Like "oo" in "food".
ieu, iou 
Like "yew".
uiy 
Like "we".
woa 
Like "wha" in "whack".
çh 
Like "ch" in "cheese".
gh, ght 
Like "ch" in "bach".

Common tetragraphs

iooa 
Like "You what?" without the "t".

Phrase list

Basics

Common signs

OPEN 
Foshlit
CLOSED 
Dooint
ENTRANCE 
Entreilys
EXIT 
Dorrys magh
PUSH 
Seiy
PULL 
Tayrn
TOILET 
Premmee / Thie veg
MEN 
Deiney
WOMEN 
Mraane
FORBIDDEN 
Neulhiggit


Hello. 
Hoi bhoy! . ('''')
Hello. (informal
Hai. (')
How are you? 
Kys t'ou? (?)
Fine, thank you. 
Braew, gura mie ayd. (')
What is your name? 
Cre'n ennym t'ort? (?)
My name is ______. 
Ta'n ennym orrym ______ . ( _____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
S'mie lhiam çheet dty whail. (')
Please. 
My sailt (')
Thank you. 
Gura mie ayd. (')
You're welcome. 
She dty vea. (')
Yes. 
Ta. (')
No. 
Cha nel. (')
Excuse me. (getting attention
Hey bhoy ! / Ya! (')
Excuse me. (begging pardon
Gow my leshtal. (')
I'm sorry. 
S'olk lhiam. (')
Goodbye 
Slane. (')
Goodbye (informal
Bai. (')
I can't speak Manx [well]. 
Cha nel monney Gaelg aym ( [])
Do you speak English? 
Vel Baarle ayd? (?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Vel peiagh erbee aynshoh toiggal Baarle (?)
Help! 
Cooin Lhiam (!)
Look out! 
Er dty hwoaie! (!)
Good morning. 
Moghrey mie!. (')
Good evening. 
Fastye mie. (')
Good night. 
Oie vie. (')
Good night (to sleep
Oie vie, caddill dy mie. (')
I don't understand. 
Cha nel mee toiggal. (')
Where is the toilet? 
C'raad ta'n premmee? (')

Numbers

½ - lieh

0 - neunhee

1 - nane

2 - jees

3 - tree

4 - kiare

5 - queig

6 - shey

7 - shiaght

8 - hoght

9 - nuy

10 - jeih

11 - nane-jeig

12 - daa-yeig

20 - feed

21 - feed nane

22 - feed jees

50 - queigad

100 - keead

200 - daa cheead

1000 - tousane

5000 - queig tousane


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