Mangalia is a port city and tourist resort in south-eastern Romania.
The area has been inhabited since the neolithic. In the VIII - VI centuries B.C. it was colonised by the Greeks. The name of the city that they built was Callatis. in the year 71 B.C. the Romans conquer Callatis.
The city Callatis was abandoned by the 7th century A.D. Instead, starting with the XIIIth century A.D. documents speak of a new city, first called Pangalia, later Mankalia. It is believed that the Turks gaved it its final name - Mangalia, since it was hard for them to pronounce Mankalia.
The beach is 600 meters long and 50-150 meters wide and has a very fine sand; the sea water is not very deep - 1 meter by the shore to 200 meters in the open sea and for this reason it is preferred by the children who cannot swim.
There are several trains daily between Constanta and Mangalia, going through the resorts on the Black Sea coast. In summer there are direct trains to Mangalia from Bucharest and other major cities in Romania.
There are frequent minibuses and buses on the Constanta - Mangalia route, especially in summer.
Callatis Archeology Museum, jud. Constanţa near the stadium, Tel: 0241/753.580. Daily 8AM-8PM. It features a collection of Hellenistic coins, sculptures, ceramics, jewelry and tools dating back from the Greek, Roman and Dacian eras. Most items were recovered from the ancient city of Callatis. The facility also includes a library housing over one thousand volumes of archeology related books.
Turkish Mangalia Mosque (16th century)
Limanu Cave - it is located not far away from the ancient Callatis.Throughout time it was used by smugglers, traders, seamen and as such has acquired a legend like status. The network of galleries of this cave resembles that of a city itself. The overall length of the galleries stands at 4 km. In the local folklore there are tales of this cave being endless and reaching out to fountains all the way to Turkey!