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Difference between revisions of "Maltese phrasebook"

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; _____ minute(s) : _____ minuta(minuti) (''mih-NOO-tah (mih-NOO-tee)'')
 
; _____ minute(s) : _____ minuta(minuti) (''mih-NOO-tah (mih-NOO-tee)'')
; _____ hour(s) : _____ siegħa(t) (''see-AA (see-AAT)'')
+
; _____ hour(s) : _____ siegħa(t) (''see-aa (see-aat)'')
 
; _____ day(s) : _____ jum(jiem) (''yoom (yiem)'')
 
; _____ day(s) : _____ jum(jiem) (''yoom (yiem)'')
; _____ week(s) : _____ ġimgħa(t) (''jim-AA (jim-AAT)'')
+
; _____ week(s) : _____ ġimgħa(t) (''jim-aa (jim-aat)'')
 
; _____ month(s) : _____ xahar(xhur) (''xaar (xoor)'')
 
; _____ month(s) : _____ xahar(xhur) (''xaar (xoor)'')
 
; _____ year(s) : _____ sena(snin) (''se-na (snin)'')
 
; _____ year(s) : _____ sena(snin) (''se-na (snin)'')

Revision as of 07:02, 5 June 2010

Maltese is the main language of Malta.

Contents

Pronunciation guide

The Maltese alphabet consists of 30 letters.

Vowels

like 'a' in "after"
like 'e' in "enter"
like 'e' in "evil"
like 'o' in "often"
like 'u' in "emu"
ie 
like 'ea' in "mean"

Consonants

like 'b' in "ball"
ċ 
like 'ch' in "church"
like 'd' in "door"
like 'f' in "fork"
like 'g' in "gone"
ġ 
like 'j' in "jump"
għ 
mostly silent, except at the end of a word or immediately before 'h', in which case, it sounds like 'ħ'
mostly silent, except at the end of a word, in which case, it sounds like 'ħ'
ħ 
like 'h' in "hold"
like 'y' in "yellow"
like 'c' in "cake"
like 'l' in "love"
like 'm' in "make"
like 'n' in "nice"
like 'p' in "pig"
glottal stop, no direct equivalent. Similar to the Cockney English pronunciation of 'tt' in "bottle"
like 'r' in "rail"
like 's' in "saw"
like 't' in "tail"
like 'v' in "victory"
like 'w' in "weight"
like 'sh' in "shore"
like 'zz' in "pizza"
ż 
like 'z' in "zero"

Common diphthongs

Phrase list

Basics

Common signs

All of the common signs in Malta (such as Open and Close) are written either in English, or using international symbols, so travellers should not have a problem.


Hello. 
Hello. (HEH-low)
Hello. (Goodmorning
Bonġu. (BON-ju)
How are you? 
Kif inti? (kiyf int-EE?)
Fine, thank you. 
Tajjeb. Grazzi. (TAI-yeb GRUTS-ee)
What is your name? 
X'jismek? (SHYI-smeck?)
My name is ______ . 
Jisimni ______ . (yi-SIM-nee_____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
Għandi pjaċir. (AAn-dee pya-CHEER)
Please. 
Jekk jogħġbok. (yek YOH-jbok)
Thank you. 
Grazzi. (GRUTS-ee)
You're welcome. 
Mhux problema. (moosh pro-bleh-MA)
Yes. 
Iva. (Eve-a)
No. 
Le. (Le)
Excuse me. (getting attention
Skużi. (SCOO-zee)
Excuse me. (begging pardon
Skużani. (SCOO-za-nee)
I'm sorry. 
Jiddispjaċini. (yid-dis-pya-CHEE-NEE)
Goodbye 
Saħħa. (SAH-ha)
Goodbye (informal
Ċaw. (CHA-W)
I can't speak Maltese [well]. 
Ma nitkellimx bil-Malti [tajjeb]. (maa nit-kel-limsh bill mal-ti [thai-yeb])
Do you speak English? 
Titkellem bl-Ingliz? (Tit-kel-lem blin-gleez?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Hawn xi ħadd jitkellem bl-Ingliz? (awn shi hut jit-kel-lem blin-gleez?)
Help! 
Ajjut! (I-yut!)
Look out! 
Attent! (AAT-tent!)
Good morning. 
Bonġu. (BON-ju)
Good day. 
Il-ġurnata t-tajba. (ill JUR-na-ta it THAI-ba)
Good evening. 
Bonswa. (BON-swaa)
Good night. 
Il-lejl it-tajjeb. (ill leyl it THAI-yeb)
I don't understand. 
Ma nifhimx. (maa ni-fimx)
Where is the toilet[, please?] 
Fejn hu t-toilet[, jekk jogħġbok?] (feyn ooh it TOY-litt, yek YOH-jbok?)

Problems

Leave me alone. 
Ħallini. (hahl-LEE-nee)
Don't touch me! 
Tmissnix! (tmiss-NEESH)
I'll call the police. 
Se ngħajjat il-pulizija. (se NIGH-yat ill poo-lits-EE-ya)
Police! 
Pulizija! (poo-lits-EE-ya!)
Stop! Thief! 
Waqqfuh! Ħalliel! (wa-eh-FOOH! hahl-LIEL!)
I need your help. 
Tista' tgħini? (tis-TA tey-nee?)
It's an emergency. 
Emergenza. (eh-mer-GEN-sa)
I'm lost. 
Intlift. (in-tlift)
I lost my bag. 
Tlift il-basket. (tlift ill BUS-ket)
I lost my wallet. 
Tlift il-wallet. (tlift ill WOH-let)
I'm sick. 
Imradt. (im-rudt)
I've been injured. 
Weġġajt. (WEDGE-iyt)
I need a doctor. 
Għandi bżonn tabib. (AAndi bzon TAA-bib)
Can I use your phone? 
Nista' nużalek it-telefon? (nis-TAA noo-ZAA-lek it te-le-fon?)

Numbers

wieħed (WEE-hed)
tnejn (tneyn)
tlieta (TLEE-ta)
erbgħa (EHR-ba)
ħamsa (HAAM-sa)
sitta (SIT-ta)
sebgħa (SEH-ba)
tmienja (tmeehn-ya)
disgħa (DIH-sa)
10 
għaxra (AA-shra)
11 
ħdax (hdash)
12 
tnax (tnash)
13 
tlettax (tleht-TAASH)
14 
erbatax (ehr-ba-TAASH)
15 
ħmistax (hmiss-TAASH)
16 
sittax (sit-TAASH)
17 
sbatax (zba-TAASH)
18 
tmintax (tmin-TAASH)
19 
dsatax (tsa-TAASH)
20 
għoxrin (osh-REEN)
21 
wieħed u għoxrin (WEE-hed oo osh-REEN)
22 
tnejn u għoxrin (tneyn oo osh-REEN)
23 
tlieta u għoxrin (TLEE-ta oo osh-REEN)
30 
tletin (tleh-TEEN)
40 
erbgħin (ehr-BAYN)
50 
ħamsin (hum-SEEN)
60 
sittin (sit-TEEN)
70 
sebgħin (seh-BAYN)
80 
tmenin (tmeh-NEEN)
90 
disgħin (dih-SAYN)
100 
mija (MEE-ya)
101 
mija u wieħed (MEE-ya oo WEE-hed)
200 
mitejn (mee-TEYN)
300 
tliet mija (tlet MEE-ya)
1000 
elf (elf)
2000 
elfejn (el-FAYN)
1,000,000 
miljun (mill-YOON)
number _____ (train, bus, etc.
numru _____ (noo-mroo)
half 
nofs (nofs)
less 
inqas (IN-aas)
more 
iktar (ICK-tar)

Note: Some phrasing involving numbers may be difficult to catch for anyone not familiar with the Maltese language.

Time

now 
issa (is-SAH)
later 
iktar tard (ick-TAR tard)
before 
qabel (AA-bel)
morning 
filgħodu (fill-O-doo)
afternoon 
wara n-nofsinhar (WAA-rah in nofs-in-aar)
evening 
filgħaxija (fill-AA-shee-ya)
night 
bil-lejl (bill leyl)

Clock time

Note that 'one o'clock' and 'two o'clock' are exceptions to the rule of reading clock time. Times between 'three o'clock' to 'eleven o'clock' are told normally and told normally by using the numbers.

one o'clock AM 
is-siegħa ta' filgħodu (is SEE-yah tah fill-O-doo)
two o'clock AM 
is-sagħtejn ta' filgħodu (is SAH-teyn tah fill-O-doo)
three o'clock AM 
it-tlieta ta' filgħodu (it TLIH-ta tah fill-O-doo)
noon 
nofsinhar (nofs-in-aar)
one o'clock PM 
is-siegħa ta' wara n-nofsinhar (is SEE-yah tah WAA-rah in nofs-in-aar)
two o'clock PM 
is-sagħtejn ta' wara n-nofsinhar (is SAH-teyn tah WAA-rah in nofs-in-aar)
three o'clock AM 
it-tlieta ta' wara n-nofsinhar (it TLIH-ta tah WAA-rah in nofs-in-aar)
midnight 
nofsilejl (nofs-ill-leyl)

Duration

_____ minute(s) 
_____ minuta(minuti) (mih-NOO-tah (mih-NOO-tee))
_____ hour(s) 
_____ siegħa(t) (see-aa (see-aat))
_____ day(s) 
_____ jum(jiem) (yoom (yiem))
_____ week(s) 
_____ ġimgħa(t) (jim-aa (jim-aat))
_____ month(s) 
_____ xahar(xhur) (xaar (xoor))
_____ year(s) 
_____ sena(snin) (se-na (snin))

Days

today 
illum (il-LOOM)
yesterday 
ilbieraħ (il-BIH-rah)
tomorrow 
għada (AA-da)
this week 
dil-ġimgħa (dill jim-aa)
last week 
il-ġimgħa l-oħra (ill jim-aa loh-ra)
next week 
il-ġimgħa ddieħla (ill jim-aa id-dih-la)
Sunday 
Il-Ħadd (ill hut)
Monday 
It-Tnejn (it tneyn)
Tuesday 
It-Tlieta (it TLEE-ta)
Wednesday 
L-Erbgħa (LEHR-ba)
Thursday 
Il-Ħamis (ill ham-EES)
Friday 
Il-Ġimgħa (ill jim-aa)
Saturday 
Is-Sibt (iss sibt)

Months

January - Jannar

February - Frar

March - Marzu

April - April

May - Mejju

June - Ġunju

July - Lulju

August - Awissu

September - Settembru

October - Ottubru

November - Novermbru

December - Diċembru


Writing time and date

Colours

Red - Aħmar

Purple - Vjola

Orange - Oranġjo

Black - Iswed

Green - Aħdar

White - Abjad

Yellow - Isfar

Indigo - Ikħal

Blue - Blu

Grey - Griż

Transportation

Car: Karozza
Public Bus: Karozza tal-linja
Van: Vann
Ship: Vapur
Boat: Daghjsa
Aeroplane: Ajruplan

Bus and train

Directions

Left - xellug

Right - lemin

Centre - fin-nofs

Straight - dritt

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