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Difference between revisions of "Maltese phrasebook"

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(Pronunciation guide)
(I've removed the 'pronounciation hints' since I've pretty much detailed every letter in the Maltese alphabet)
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==Pronunciation guide==
==Pronunciation guide==
The Maltese alphabet consist of 30 letters. It is usually Semitic in sound. It has short vowels and also long vowels.
The Maltese alphabet consists of 30 letters.
Some pronunciation hints: the common letter combination ''għ'' is a direct descendant of the Arabic ''ayin'' and is silent most of the time, except: when it is the last letter at the end of a word, or the letter immediately before a silent ''h'', in which case the għ takes on a hard h sound.  ''H'' (h) is silent, and ''ħ'' (Ħ) is hard.  ''Ġ''(ġ) is soft, and ''g'' (G) is hard.  Likewise ''ż'' and ''z'', whilst ''ċ'' and ''j'' are always soft.  ''X'' is pronounced "sh", and the ''ie'' group has a prolonged ''ee'' sound.
In brief:
Ħ = ''H''at
Ġ = Lo''dg''e
G = ''G''oat
Ż = ''Z''ero
Z = I''ts''
Ċ = ''Ch''erry
J = ''Y''ellow
X = ''Sh''ogun
GĦH (Ta''għh''a) = ''H''ers
-GĦ (Qlu''għ'') = ''H''ound
IE (J''ie''na) = M''ea''n

Revision as of 20:32, 4 June 2010

Maltese is the main language of Malta.


Pronunciation guide

The Maltese alphabet consists of 30 letters.


like 'a' in "after"
like 'e' in "enter"
like 'e' in "evil"
like 'o' in "often"
like 'u' in "emu"
like 'ea' in "mean"


like 'b' in "ball"
like 'ch' in "church"
like 'd' in "door"
like 'f' in "fork"
like 'g' in "gone"
like 'j' in "jump"
mostly silent, except at the end of a word or immediately before 'h', in which case, it sounds like 'ħ'
mostly silent, except at the end of a word, in which case, it sounds like 'ħ'
like 'h' in "hold"
like 'y' in "yellow"
like 'c' in "cake"
like 'l' in "love"
like 'm' in "make"
like 'n' in "nice"
like 'p' in "pig"
glottal stop, no direct equivalent. Similar to the Cockney English pronunciation of 'tt' in "bottle"
like 'r' in "rail"
like 's' in "saw"
like 't' in "tail"
like 'v' in "victory"
like 'w' in "weight"
like 'sh' in "shore"
like 'zz' in "pizza"
like 'z' in "zero"

Common diphthongs

Phrase list


Hello. (Hello)
Hello. (Goodmorning
Bonġu. (BON-ju)
How are you? 
Kif inti? (kiyf int-ee?)
Fine, thank you. 
Tajjeb. Grazzi. (TAI-yeb GRUTS-ee)
What is your name? 
X'jismek? (SHYI-smack?)
My name is ______ . 
Jisimni ______ . (Yi-SIM-nee_____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
Għandi pjaċir. (Aandee pia-CHEER)
Jekk jogħġbok. (Yek YOH-jbok)
Thank you. 
Grazzi. (GRUTS-ee)
You're welcome. 
Mhux problema. (Moosh pro-bleh-MA)
Iva. (Eve-a)
Le. (Le)
Excuse me. (getting attention
Skużi. (SCOO-zee)
Excuse me. (begging pardon
Skużani. (SCOO-za-nee)
I'm sorry. 
Jiddispjaċini. (Yid-dis-pya-CHI-NEE)
Saħħa. (Sah-ha)
Goodbye (informal
Ċaw. (Ciao)
I can't speak Maltese [well]. 
Ma nitkellimx bil-Malti [tajjeb]. (Ma nit-kel-limsh bill multi [thai-yeb])
Do you speak English? 
Titkellem bl-Ingliz? (Tit-kel-lem blin-gleez?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Hawn xi ħadd jitkellem bl-Ingliz? (Awn shi hut jit-kel-lem blin-gleez?)
Ajjut! (I-yut!)
Look out! 
Attent! (Ut-tent!)
Good morning. 
Bonġu. (BON-ju)
Good day. 
Il-ġurnata t-tajba. (Ill JUR-na-ta it THAI-ba)
Good evening. 
Bonswa. (BON-swaa)
Good night. 
Il-lejl it-tajjeb. (Ill leyl it THAI-yeb)
I don't understand. 
Ma nifhimx. (Ma ni-fimx)
Where is the toilet[, please?] 
Fejn hu t-toilet[, jekk jogħġbok?] (Feyn ooh it TOY-litt, yek YOH-jbok?)


You're welcome in Maltese is "Merhba Bik" (mair-h-ba beek).


One - wieħed

Two - tnejn

Three - tlieta

Four - erbgħa

Five - ħames

Six - sitta

Seven - sebgħa

Eight - tmienja

Nine - disgħa

Ten - għaxra

Eleven - ħdax

Twelve - tnax

Thirteen - tlettax

Fourteen - erbatax

Fifteen - ħmistax

Sixteen - sittax

Seventeen - sbatax

Eighteen - tmintax

Nineteen - dsatax

Twenty - għoxrin

Twenty-one - wieħed u għoxrin (ie. one and twenty)

Thirty - tletin

Forty - erbgħin

Fifty - ħamsin

Sixty - sittin

Seventy - sebgħin

Eighty - tmenin

Ninety - disgħin

Hundred - mija

Thousand - elf

Hundred Thousand - mitt elf

Million - milljun

Billion - billjun


Clock time

1am: Is-siegħa ta' filgħodu

2am: Is-sagħtejn ta' filgħodu

3am: It-tlieta ta' filgħodu

4am: L-erbgħa ta' filgħodu

5am: Il-ħamsa ta' filgħodu

6am: Is-sitta ta' filgħodu

7am: Is-sebgħa ta' filgħodu

8am: It-tmienja ta' filghodu

9am: Id-disgħa ta' filgħodu

10am: L-għaxra ta' filgħodu

11am: Il-ħdax ta' filgħodu

Noon: Nofsinhar

1pm: Is-siegħa ta' wara nofsinhar

2pm: Is-saghtejn ta' wara nofsinar

etc.. (Till 5pm)

6pm: Is-sitta ta' filgħaxija

7pm: Is-sebgħa ta' filgħaxija

etc.. (Till 1pm)

Midnight: Nofs il-lejl


Second - sekonda (pl. sekondi)

Minute - minuta (pl. minuti)

Hour - siegħa (pl. siegħat)

Day - ġurnata (pl. ġranet)

Week - ġimgħa (pl. ġimgħat)

Month - xahar (pl. xhur)

Year - sena (pl. snin)

Century - seklu (pl. sekli)

Millennium - millennju (pl. millennji)


Monday - it-Tnejn (it-tneyn)

Tuesday - it-Tlieta (it-tleeta)

Wednesday - l-Erbgħa (l-erba)

Thursday - il-Ħamis (il-hamees)

Friday - il-Ġimgħa (il-jimah)

Saturday - is-Sibt (is-sipt)

Sunday - il-Ħadd (il-hatt)


January - Jannar

February - Frar

March - Marzu

April - April

May - Mejju

June - Ġunju

July - Lulju

August - Awissu

September - Settembru

October - Ottubru

November - Novermbru

December - Diċembru

Writing time and date


Red - Aħmar

Purple - Vjola

Orange - Oranġjo

Black - Iswed

Green - Aħdar

White - Abjad

Yellow - Isfar

Indigo - Ikħal

Blue - Blu

Grey - Griż


Car: Karozza
Public Bus: Karozza tal-linja
Van: Vann
Ship: Vapur
Boat: Daghjsa
Aeroplane: Ajruplan

Bus and train


Left - xellug

Right - lemin

Centre - fin-nofs

Straight - dritt

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