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Difference between revisions of "Maltese phrasebook"

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(Pronunciation guide)
(Pronunciation guide)
Line 33: Line 33:
  
 
===Vowels===
 
===Vowels===
A = ''U''p
 
 
E = ''E''nter
 
  
I = ''E''vil
+
; a : like 'a' in "after"
 
+
; e : like 'e' in "enter"
O = ''O''f
+
; i : like 'e' in "evil"
 
+
; o : like 'o' in "often"
U = Em''u''
+
; u : like 'u' in "emu"
 
+
; ie : like 'ea' in "mean"
IE = M''ea''n
+
  
 
===Consonants===
 
===Consonants===
The consonants that are different from those in English are:
 
  
ċ Ċ, ġ Ġ (But there is still G), ħ Ħ (There is still h), għ GĦ, ż Ż (There is still z)
+
; b : like 'b' in "ball"
 +
; ċ : like 'ch' in "church"
 +
; d : like 'd' in "door"
 +
; f : like 'f' in "fork"
 +
; g : like 'g' in "gone"
 +
; ġ : like 'j' in "jump"
 +
; għ : mostly silent, except at the end of a word or immediately before 'h', in which case, it sounds like 'ħ'
 +
; h : mostly silent, except at the end of a word, in which case, it sounds like 'ħ'
 +
; ħ : like 'h' in "hold"
 +
; j : like 'y' in "yellow"
 +
; k : like 'c' in "cake"
 +
; l : like 'l' in "love"
 +
; m : like 'm' in "make"
 +
; n : like 'n' in "nice"
 +
; p : like 'p' in "pig"
 +
; q : glottal stop, no direct equivalent. Similar to the Cockney English pronunciation of 'tt' in "bottle"
 +
; r : like 'r' in "rail"
 +
; s : like 's' in "saw"
 +
; t : like 't' in "tail"
 +
; v : like 'v' in "victory"
 +
; w : like 'w' in "weight"
 +
; x : like 'sh' in "shore"
 +
; z : like 'zz' in "pizza"
 +
; ż : like 'z' in "zero"
  
 
===Common diphthongs===
 
===Common diphthongs===

Revision as of 20:30, 4 June 2010

Maltese is the main language of Malta.

Contents

Pronunciation guide

The Maltese alphabet consist of 30 letters. It is usually Semitic in sound. It has short vowels and also long vowels.

Some pronunciation hints: the common letter combination is a direct descendant of the Arabic ayin and is silent most of the time, except: when it is the last letter at the end of a word, or the letter immediately before a silent h, in which case the għ takes on a hard h sound. H (h) is silent, and ħ (Ħ) is hard. Ġ(ġ) is soft, and g (G) is hard. Likewise ż and z, whilst ċ and j are always soft. X is pronounced "sh", and the ie group has a prolonged ee sound.

In brief:

Ħ = Hat

Ġ = Lodge

G = Goat

Ż = Zero

Z = Its

Ċ = Cherry

J = Yellow

X = Shogun

GĦH (Tagħha) = Hers

-GĦ (Qlu) = Hound

IE (Jiena) = Mean


Vowels

like 'a' in "after"
like 'e' in "enter"
like 'e' in "evil"
like 'o' in "often"
like 'u' in "emu"
ie 
like 'ea' in "mean"

Consonants

like 'b' in "ball"
ċ 
like 'ch' in "church"
like 'd' in "door"
like 'f' in "fork"
like 'g' in "gone"
ġ 
like 'j' in "jump"
għ 
mostly silent, except at the end of a word or immediately before 'h', in which case, it sounds like 'ħ'
mostly silent, except at the end of a word, in which case, it sounds like 'ħ'
ħ 
like 'h' in "hold"
like 'y' in "yellow"
like 'c' in "cake"
like 'l' in "love"
like 'm' in "make"
like 'n' in "nice"
like 'p' in "pig"
glottal stop, no direct equivalent. Similar to the Cockney English pronunciation of 'tt' in "bottle"
like 'r' in "rail"
like 's' in "saw"
like 't' in "tail"
like 'v' in "victory"
like 'w' in "weight"
like 'sh' in "shore"
like 'zz' in "pizza"
ż 
like 'z' in "zero"

Common diphthongs

Phrase list

Basics

Hello. 
Hello. (Hello)
Hello. (Goodmorning
Bonġu. (BON-ju)
How are you? 
Kif inti? (kiyf int-ee?)
Fine, thank you. 
Tajjeb. Grazzi. (TAI-yeb GRUTS-ee)
What is your name? 
X'jismek? (SHYI-smack?)
My name is ______ . 
Jisimni ______ . (Yi-SIM-nee_____ .)
Nice to meet you. 
Għandi pjaċir. (Aandee pia-CHEER)
Please. 
Jekk jogħġbok. (Yek YOH-jbok)
Thank you. 
Grazzi. (GRUTS-ee)
You're welcome. 
Mhux problema. (Moosh pro-bleh-MA)
Yes. 
Iva. (Eve-a)
No. 
Le. (Le)
Excuse me. (getting attention
Skużi. (SCOO-zee)
Excuse me. (begging pardon
Skużani. (SCOO-za-nee)
I'm sorry. 
Jiddispjaċini. (Yid-dis-pya-CHI-NEE)
Goodbye 
Saħħa. (Sah-ha)
Goodbye (informal
Ċaw. (Ciao)
I can't speak Maltese [well]. 
Ma nitkellimx bil-Malti [tajjeb]. (Ma nit-kel-limsh bill multi [thai-yeb])
Do you speak English? 
Titkellem bl-Ingliz? (Tit-kel-lem blin-gleez?)
Is there someone here who speaks English? 
Hawn xi ħadd jitkellem bl-Ingliz? (Awn shi hut jit-kel-lem blin-gleez?)
Help! 
Ajjut! (I-yut!)
Look out! 
Attent! (Ut-tent!)
Good morning. 
Bonġu. (BON-ju)
Good day. 
Il-ġurnata t-tajba. (Ill JUR-na-ta it THAI-ba)
Good evening. 
Bonswa. (BON-swaa)
Good night. 
Il-lejl it-tajjeb. (Ill leyl it THAI-yeb)
I don't understand. 
Ma nifhimx. (Ma ni-fimx)
Where is the toilet[, please?] 
Fejn hu t-toilet[, jekk jogħġbok?] (Feyn ooh it TOY-litt, yek YOH-jbok?)
Money 
Flus

Problems

You're welcome in Maltese is "Merhba Bik" (mair-h-ba beek).

Numbers

One - wieħed

Two - tnejn

Three - tlieta

Four - erbgħa

Five - ħames

Six - sitta

Seven - sebgħa

Eight - tmienja

Nine - disgħa

Ten - għaxra

Eleven - ħdax

Twelve - tnax

Thirteen - tlettax

Fourteen - erbatax

Fifteen - ħmistax

Sixteen - sittax

Seventeen - sbatax

Eighteen - tmintax

Nineteen - dsatax

Twenty - għoxrin

Twenty-one - wieħed u għoxrin (ie. one and twenty)

Thirty - tletin

Forty - erbgħin

Fifty - ħamsin

Sixty - sittin

Seventy - sebgħin

Eighty - tmenin

Ninety - disgħin

Hundred - mija

Thousand - elf

Hundred Thousand - mitt elf

Million - milljun

Billion - billjun

Time

Clock time

1am: Is-siegħa ta' filgħodu

2am: Is-sagħtejn ta' filgħodu

3am: It-tlieta ta' filgħodu

4am: L-erbgħa ta' filgħodu

5am: Il-ħamsa ta' filgħodu

6am: Is-sitta ta' filgħodu

7am: Is-sebgħa ta' filgħodu

8am: It-tmienja ta' filghodu

9am: Id-disgħa ta' filgħodu

10am: L-għaxra ta' filgħodu

11am: Il-ħdax ta' filgħodu

Noon: Nofsinhar

1pm: Is-siegħa ta' wara nofsinhar

2pm: Is-saghtejn ta' wara nofsinar

etc.. (Till 5pm)

6pm: Is-sitta ta' filgħaxija

7pm: Is-sebgħa ta' filgħaxija

etc.. (Till 1pm)

Midnight: Nofs il-lejl

Duration

Second - sekonda (pl. sekondi)

Minute - minuta (pl. minuti)

Hour - siegħa (pl. siegħat)

Day - ġurnata (pl. ġranet)

Week - ġimgħa (pl. ġimgħat)

Month - xahar (pl. xhur)

Year - sena (pl. snin)

Century - seklu (pl. sekli)

Millennium - millennju (pl. millennji)

Days

Monday - it-Tnejn (it-tneyn)

Tuesday - it-Tlieta (it-tleeta)

Wednesday - l-Erbgħa (l-erba)

Thursday - il-Ħamis (il-hamees)

Friday - il-Ġimgħa (il-jimah)

Saturday - is-Sibt (is-sipt)

Sunday - il-Ħadd (il-hatt)


Months

January - Jannar

February - Frar

March - Marzu

April - April

May - Mejju

June - Ġunju

July - Lulju

August - Awissu

September - Settembru

October - Ottubru

November - Novermbru

December - Diċembru


Writing time and date

Colours

Red - Aħmar

Purple - Vjola

Orange - Oranġjo

Black - Iswed

Green - Aħdar

White - Abjad

Yellow - Isfar

Indigo - Ikħal

Blue - Blu

Grey - Griż

Transportation

Car: Karozza
Public Bus: Karozza tal-linja
Van: Vann
Ship: Vapur
Boat: Daghjsa
Aeroplane: Ajruplan

Bus and train

Directions

Left - xellug

Right - lemin

Centre - fin-nofs

Straight - dritt

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