Madhya Pradesh  (commonly abbreviated as MP) is a state in the plains of India. The name "Madhya Pradesh" means "central region", and derives from its geographical position. It is one of the few states of India that is completely surrounded by other states, having neither a border with another country nor a coastline. To its north is Uttar Pradesh. To its west lie Rajasthan and Gujarat, to its south is Maharashtra and to its east is Chhattisgarh, a state that used to be a part of MP till 2000.
MP has been rather neglected as a travel destination, but in reality, it has a rich feast for those who seek prehistoric paintings, historic forts, religious erotica, or tribal culture. On the flip side, the tourist infrastructure is not very well-developed.
Madhya Pradesh is the central part of India. It was divided in two parts in 2000, one remained Madhya Pradesh and the other became Chhattisgarh. The undivided Madhya Pradesh was formed on November, 1,1965. The capital of MP is Bhopal. It has five major cities, Indore, Bhopal the capital, Gwalior, Jabalpur and Ujjain and is divided into many divisions, fourty five district, two hundred Block. Each Block has fifty village and each division has twelve districts. Madhya Pradesh is the richest state in India. Before the Madhya Pradesh was divided the population was 60,385,118(India census 2001) with about fifty percent being men. The geographical area is 4434459 Km.( 1 Mile = 1.6 KM)
One of the oldest district is Dhar, which is the ancient city of Madhya Pradesh and king Bhoj was the ruler there, so the name of the district had been Bhoj. In ancient times Vairisimha II was the king and the capital was Ujjain. When King Bhoj again became king the he moved the capital the Dhar, during the independence war fort Dhar became important part in the freedom fight and has produced many freedom fighters. Many tribes played an important role like the Bhils, Rajpurohit, and Rajptut. The authority of the state was in opposition to the British who took revenge on the local people. They dragged civilians from their houses, fields and killed them. They looted their properties. The ladies were dishonored after the revolt. The Dhar district was the main target of British during the freedom fight.
Madhya Pradesh has many large tribes and casts like the Bhill, Gonda, Chamar, Kalal, Rajpurohit, Khols ,and many more tribes are in Madhya Pradesh. The rest population of Hindu, including, Rajput (land lord) and many more mixture in Hindu. The cast system is prejudice in this state. With fixed places for tribes and schedule cast are there. Every cast has its own festivals, custom and food. There is one important festival of Bhils, they cut the animal in front of their God. They believe that if they sacrifice animal to God will be happy and their wishes will come true.
Madhya Pradesh is the heart of India. Since many kinds of crops and vegetables grow here. Therefore the second name for Madhya Pradesh is Green Malaw. Eighty percent of population depends on agriculture. Wheat, corn, peas, grain, Cotton and soybeans are the most important crops. Many dense forests are important resource of timber providing, Bambo, Teak, Sal. Million hectors of land is under the forest Department which is the active here. The state government implements many policies for the forest. The district is full of natural resources. Coal and iron are two important resources. There are many cement factories and one region name is “Panna” is world famous for diamonds. The handicraft items of Madhya Pradesh are famous. Many government organization and individual organization are working for the handicraft industry and promoting the work of craftsmen.
Madhya Pradesh has beautiful cities and historical places are here. One temple is in Indore famous which made of glass. Indore is a commercial center of the agriculture region. The main industries of cotton and Jewelry are in Bhopal. India’s largest Mosque is there. Modern Bhopal was founded in 1970. A king Mohammad in earliest eighteen century ruled there,also Bhopal was the capital of the former princely state of Bhopal. Jain cliff carving is in Gwalior Mansingh was ones the king and a Sikh temple is here.
Ujjain is a famous place in the world as it is the one of sacred city for the Hindus. In the eight century AD it was the center of Sanskrit learning and many famous temples are here. Every twenty year a big fair, Kumb, is organized. The city Raipur was founded in fourteen century by Rai Brahma Deo of the Ratnapura dynsty and many major foods processing industries are here. Sanchi is world famous place. It is known for Sputa, Monasteries, Temples and pillars.The Sachi sputa one was originally built by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka.
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