In the early middle ages Lubelskie was on the boarderland between the Kingdom of Poland and Ruthenia. Later, it became part of Małopolskie which was the major part of Poland since the Polish capital was moved from Gniezno to Kraków in 1040. Lublin played an important part in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, as it was here, that the Union of 1569 was signed, the constitution of the Commonwealth. The highest court of the Commonweath was also situated in Lublin since th 1580s. During the Renaissance a unique and beautiful kind of architecture developed in this region, the socalled Lublin Renaissance. Beautiful castles and palaces and whole cities ware built in the 16th and 17th century in Lubelskie. Also the greatest Polish Renaissance poets and writers came from this region. After the Thirs Partition of Poland in 1795 most of its territory was annexed by Austria, but became independent as part of the Duchy of Warsaw between 1807-1815. After the Congress of Vienna it became part of the Kingdom of Poland, ruled by the Russian Tsar. After World War I Lubelskie became part of the Second Polish Republic, but was occupied by Nazi-Germany between 1939 and 1944, when it was part of the German Generalgovernement. After World War II it again became part of Poland. Nowerdays it is situated quite in the east of Poland, although it was a central Polish region in the time of the Commonwealth.
In December 2012, Lubelskie's first airport; Port Lotniczy Lublin (EPLB) opened just outside the city of Lublin. Operating routes to Oslo, London and Dublin, the airport already has plans to expand the number of routes it operates, with a link to Liverpool becoming operational in April 2013. Flying to Lublin airport is highly recommended, as there is a train station inside the terminal itself which runs regular services to the center of Lublin.
Lubelskie boarders three other Polish voivodships