Lower Silesian Voivodship
In the early second millennium Lower Silesia started out as a part of Poland. In the 12th and 13th century Silesia fell apart into several duchies of with Wrocław, Głogów, Wschowa and Świdnica in Lower Silesia. In the 14th century Wschowa became again a part of Poland, while the others came under Czech or Bohemian rule. During this time the region was largely settled and or became German-speaking. Bohemia was also ruled at this time by the German Luxembourg, later the Polish Jagiellonians and finally by the Austrian Habsburgs. In 1741 Lower Silesia became a part of Prussia after Austria lost a decisive war over Silesia. After World War II Lower Silesia was annexed by Poland and almost all of its population (entirely German) was expelled and the area was resettled by Poles.
Some of the geographic regions include:
Like everywhere else in Poland, all residents of Lower Silesia speak Polish. However, frequently you will find information boards also in German and English. Most young people know some English. Older people quite often understand basic German or Russian. As everywhere knowledge of a few words in Polish will be warmly welcome.
Some major airlines, Poland's national carriers LOT Polish Airlines, and a low cost airline Centralwings (owned by LOT) and some other low cost airlines fly to Wrocław's Copernicus Airport (WRO). Domestic flights operated by LOT (under Eurolot brand) connect Wrocław with Warsaw's Frederic Chopin Airport (WAW).
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
Dolnośląskie borders three other Polish voivodships