Los Alamos is a small town in northernNew Mexico, about an hour northwest of Santa Fe. Its claim to fame is the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), where Oppenheimer and other physicists created the world's first atomic bomb during World War II. Many of Los Alamos's 11,000 residents work at the laboratory. White Rock, an outlying town of about 7,000, is formally a part of Los Alamos, but is separated from the main town by LANL, which is closed to the public apart from the Bradbury Science Museum (see below) and, under limited conditions, the lab's library and cafeteria.
2009 is the 60th anniversary of the founding of Los Alamos County. Find out more about the year long activities .
From US 285 north of Santa Fe, take NM 502 west, which leads directly to the town. This is a highly scenic drive, with photo opportunities from the Clinton P. Anderson Scenic Overlook outside of town. From NM 502 a side road, NM 4, leads to White Rock and Bandelier National Monument.
You can rent a car or passenger van from Hertz elsewhere and return it in Los Alamos, or rent it in Los Alamos and return it elsewhere, without paying a drop-off fee. Residents and visitors alike find this convenient and inexpensive for getting to and from airports. The Los Alamos office (505 662-8907) is inside the tiny main building at the the Los Alamos County airport on NM 502 just east of town. (Prior to June 2008, this car rental office was operated by Budget.)
Los Alamos is served by public commuter bus and commercial shuttle from several other cities in northern New Mexico.
New Mexico Park & Ride has direct bus service to Los Alamos from both Espanola and Santa Fe. This is popular with commuters and occasional travelers alike. The Los Alamos terminus is a bus shelter on Central Avenue between 19th St and 20th St. It is in front of Mesa Public Library and a skate park and tot lot, in sight of the Reel Deal movie theater, and one block from the Aquatic Center. The nearest public toilets are in the library lobby. The Santa Fe bus can be used to make connections via Santa Fe to the Albuquerque airport (ABQ) using the Road Runner train or the Sandia Shuttle Express. Connections can also be made in Pojoaque with shuttle services that run between Albuquerque and Taos.
By appointment, Roadrunner Shuttle and Charter (505 424-3367) will take you from Santa Fe (airport SAF or downtown), Lamy (Amtrak train station) or Albuquerque airport to Los Alamos. Los Alamos tour company Buffalo Tours and some Los Alamos bed-and-breakfasts may also be available to pick you up.
If you don't want to make the 2000 foot climb from the Rio Grande up the "big hill", you can hitch a ride on the commuter coach buses that serve Los Alamos. They have front racks and luggage compartments.
Horse friendly trails abound in and around Los Alamos. Travel through Santa Clara Pueblo requires a permit; the permit is easy to obtain but must be obtained in advance. Travel through Valles Caldera also requires advance permission, and may be iffy to obtain. Travel around Valles Caldera, via its rim, is largely feasible although a consolidated rim trail is in the proposal stage.
Los Alamos has a municipal airport, but no commercial service at this time. The single runway is adequate for a large commercial jet, and its approach is extremely scenic: cross the Rio Grande Valley to perch on top of a narrow mesa with canyons on either side. Hertz rental car agency operates out of the airport terminal. The Santa Fe airport (SAF, 40 minutes away by car) has commercial service only to Denver, but usually it is expensive. Albuquerque (ABQ, 2 hours away by car) is the airport of choice for most travelers to and from Los Alamos. However, ABQ is a small airport with relatively few direct flights, so driving to Denver for a direct flight may be less expensive and faster.
The downtown area is compact, and the museums and most restaurants are within easy walking distance of the main hotels and many of the B&Bs. Public transportation by Atomic City Transit is free and includes both fixed routes and an on-demand service.
Many Los Alamos residents bicycle to work and around town. Cycling is feasible for visitors as well, but be aware that the town is at an elevation of about 7320 feet (2231 meters) and quite hilly. Puffing up the hills before you've acclimated to the altitude can be a surprisingly exhausting experience.
Road cycling is popular here, and some competitive road bicycle racers come here to train. Popular routes include NM 502 between Los Alamos and Pojoaque, and Camp May Road up to Pajarito Mountain Ski Area. White Rock is nearly a thousand feet lower and about 10 miles (16 km) away by road; riding to it on a bike can be a thrill, but oh, that hill coming back! From White Rock you can take a bus back to townsite: Atomic City Transit buses are equipped with bike racks.
Los Alamos County has an extensive trails network that is open to mountain bikes. The network is especially well developed around townsite, and connects to trails in Santa Fe National Forest and Pajarito Mountain Ski Area. In summer and fall the ski area offers lift-served mountain biking: ride the lift up and bike down easy sideslope trails or bomb down very challenging trails designed specifically for mountain biking. The ski area also has a mountain biking terrain park.
The downtown area contains a number of artifacts of the early days of the "Manhattan Project" to build the bomb, and the even earlier days "when Los Alamos was a ranch school" (the title, incidentally, of an interesting little booklet on the history of the town that is available in local bookstores). Start at pretty Fuller Lodge, one of the old ranch-school buildings and a local landmark, and work your way out.
Bradbury Science Museum, 15th St. and Central Ave, Los Alamos, 87545, (505) 667-4444 . Sa-M 1PM-5PM, Tu-F 9AM-5PM. Explains the principles behind atomic energy and its uses in peace and war. Also presents the historical and social issues surrounding atomic energy. Adjacent bookstore (Otowi Station, good selection of regional and technical books) and gift shop. Free admission.
The Los Alamos Historical Society maintains a small museum on the history of the area, with associated bookstore containing a number of books written by Historical Society members on local culture, history, recreational opportunities, etc., including the one listed below under "References." 1921 Juniper (next to Fuller Lodge), (505) 662-6272 (24-hour information line).
The Art Center at Fuller Lodge maintains an Art Gallery with exhibits that change monthly. The Art Center promotes the development of local and regional artists. The center provides art classes and hosts two Arts & Crafts Fairs, one in August and another in October. Special interest groups meet at the Art Center for photography, Life Drawing, Painting and Collagists gatherings. The Art Center operates a Gallery Shop that specializes in hand made art works including jewelry, picture postcards, paintings, ceramics and more. Regular Hours are 10 AM to 4 PM Monday-Saturday. The Art Center's website has class and exhibit schedules. (505)662-9331.
Ashley Pond, or is it Ashley Pond Pond?
One of the downtown landmarks dating to ranch-school days is a little puddle, fed by runoff from the mountains, called Ashley Pond. The visitor might surmise that this lakelet was named for someone significant in the ranch school named Ashley, but would be only half right: the founder of Los Alamos Ranch School was named Ashley Pond. Punning students attached Pond's name in toto to the body of water, which should perhaps be called "Ashley Pond Pond" or "Pond Pond," but history and wit trump accuracy. Whatever you call it, Ashley Pond has undergone a transformation from its muddy stock-tank origins to a pleasant and well-kept little park just south of Fuller Lodge that's a nice place for picnics in the warmer part of the year. Tend small children carefully, as the pond has no constructed barriers to keep them from getting into the water.
Overlook Park in White Rock contains athletic fields and a wheelchair-accessible scenic overlook of White Rock Canyon, the Rio Grande, and the mountainous country to the east, with a moderately rugged trail leading into the canyon. Pleasant for picnics, particularly in the fall; White Rock's lower elevation compared to Los Alamos proper means that it can be hot in the summer.
The Black Hole, a surplus/salvage/junk lot at 4015 Arkansas (and more formally known as "Los Alamos Sales Company," although absolutely nobody among the locals, even its proprietor, uses the name), is known locally as the best place to see genuine LANL artifacts and get a real feel for the contrary nature of the town. Drop by and buy some oddity, but do it soon; the long-time proprietor, one of the most notable eccentrics in a town well endowed with the breed, recently passed away, and the future of the enterprise is not certain yet.
Pajarito Environmental Education Center,  PEEC is free and open to the public Tuesday through Friday noon to 4PM and Saturdays 10AM to 1PM. The nature center offers residents as well as visitors to the plateau: Exhibits on amphibians, birds, butterflies, fossils, energy and more ; A classroom, herbarium and library; Connections to the LA County trail system; Live local critters and demonstration gardens; Friendly volunteers to assist you; books to purchase on the local flora, fauna and trails written by local experts.
Casa Mesita Thrift Shop, 747 Central Ave., +1 505 662-7235,  is another interesting "local color" business. It doubles as a second-hand store and repository for the townsfolk's odds and ends, some of them very odd indeed. Proceeds from sales support a group home for girls from difficult domestic environments.
Bandelier National Monument, (505) 672-3861, , is nearby and contains many Pueblo dwelling ruins to visit and other hiking opportunities. Don't forget to visit the separate Tsankawi unit of Bandelier, which is equally fascinating, but less visited. The latest hike to be opened at Bandelier is the Cerro Grande hike that rises up to the rim of the Valles Caldera National Preserve. The hike climbs 900 feet through beautiful forest and meadow and provides spectacular views of the surrounding area for miles around.
Valles Caldera National Preserve, a brand-new unit of the national park system in the Jemez Mountains. Recreational opportunities at the Preserve are still being developed; inquire locally. When driving up to the Jemez Mountains from Los Alamos on HWY 501/W. Jemez Rd., you will encounter what is locally known as "Bodman's Blocked Colon," a kink in the road with a "toll booth" like structure that provides security for the Los Alamos National Laboratory . Do not fear proceeding through the security entrance as it is open to the public unless security warning levels rise to most extreme levels. You will be able to continue on 501 unhindered after a momentary stop at a security checkpoint. How many places can you go and drive through a high security National Nuclear Research Laboratory site?
Trails. Los Alamos boasts 58 miles of pedestrian/bicycle/equestrian trails through town and connecting to hundreds of miles of cross-country trails in the surrounding forests. Trails west and north of townsite were damaged severely by tree falls and erosion after a catastrophic forest fire in 2000, but thanks to the hard work of many volunteers, trail damage has been repaired. In 2006, 2007, and 2008, a 50-mile ultramarathon foot race was held on these trails. A pleasant (at least until summer heat sets in) set of connecting trails lead into White Rock Canyon from several points around White Rock, they are know as the Red Dot & Blue Dot trails. Beware of rattlesnakes in White Rock Canyon. A good resource for mountain bike riding is the local mountain biking club, The Tuff Riders who know the area inside and out and are always willing to provide information. Free maps are available at the Visitors Center; other maps can be purchased at Otowi Station Bookstore beside the Bradbury Museum.
Santa Fe National Forest lies west and north of the town and offers many recreation opportunities such as hiking and exploring four-wheel drive roads. The reference book below gives more details. SFNF trails connecting to the Los Alamos trails network include:
A surprisingly good (and surprisingly challenging) downhill ski area is on Pajarito Mountain just outside town. Snow conditions can be marginal (indeed, during the drought years at the end of the 20th century, there were seasons when the area didn't open for months, or even at all; winter 2005-6 is such a time, alas), but when the snow is good, it's excellent value for dollar, with very small crowds. Rentals are available and a good lunch can be had. Cross-country ski trails are accessible from the same parking lot as services the downhill area; however, snow conditions are more likely to be marginal or not skiable than on the higher downhill runs. The area often runs its lifts during the summer to allow hikers, mountain bikers, etc., access to the top of the mountain. Camp May is a county park just beyond the ski area that is nice for picnics during the height of early summer heat, but skip it if you're prone to respiratory problems, as it's at very high altitude.
Swim at the Larry R. Walkup Aquatic Center , an international, high-altitude training facility and public pool. It is an indoor pool. In summer months, one-month family memberships can be purchased for use of one of several outdoor pool clubs.
Soak in the hot therapy pool at Larry R. Walkup Aquatic Center . The therapy pool water is cholorinated; to soak without chorine travel to one of the undeveloped hot springs on the mountain above town, to developed hot springs in Jemez Springs or Ojo Caliente, or to Ten Thousand Waves in Santa Fe.
Golf at the Los Alamos County Golf Course , an exceptional golfing experience at 7,400'. Operated by the Los Alamos County Recreation Division the Golf Course offers a full driving range, passes and daily fees, carts, a full concession, and is able to host any and all tournaments.
Ice Skate at the Los Alamos County Ice Rink , a seasonal outdoor NHL regulation size ice skating facility. Operated by the Los Alamos County Recreation Division the Rink offers youth and adult hockey, public skating, skating lessons, holiday events, and a full concession stand.
For a small town, Los Alamos attracts some very good musical groups, particularly in the classical genre. The Los Alamos Concert Association runs a subscription series of concerts by internationally-known classical performers. The professional Santa Fe Desert Chorale and non-professional but very good Sangre de Cristo Chorale  and Coro de Camara perform choral music. Popular concerts occur frequently in the main community shopping center, and there are "coffeehouses" on several Friday nights a year at Fuller Lodge; inquire locally for details.
Los Alamos Festival, Fair and Rodeo.Los Alamos County Recreation Division , On the second weekend of August (Friday-Sunday), Los Alamos holds it's annual Festival, Fair and Rodeo. Musical and Rodeo events happen each day. On Saturday, an Arts & Crafts Fair can be found on the east lawn of Fuller Lodge, sponsored by The Art Center at Fuller Lodge . A hometown parade goes down Central Avenue on Saturday.
Orienteer. From Spring to Fall (and occasionally Winter) the New Mexico Orienteers  hold monthly public orienteering meets in the scenic local canyons and forest. No experience needed; training is provided. See their website  for schedules, locations and other details.
Fly. Take lessons from a private instructor or take a ride with a charter pilot operating out of the tiny but Air Force One capable Los Alamos airport.
Los Alamos Events Calendar. Check this calendar  for current or future events.
Los Alamos High Altitude Sports. Check this calendar  for sports and recreation opportunities in the area.
Clubs and organizations
There are a surprising number of club and organizations in Los Alamos, something for everyone. Here are just a few to connect with (in no particular order).
Los Alamos Online Visitor Guide  is maintained by the Los Alamos Chamber of Commerce  and includes maps, area information, an events calendar, and a searchable business directory.
Our Los Alamos  provides information about the town, business, events & activities, and some local news.
The Los Alamos Mountaineers . Founded in 1952 the club is devoted to Mountain Climbing, Hiking, Travel and Hut Trips. The Mountaineers' monthly meetings are at Fuller Lodge generally on the third Wednesday of every month, at 7:30 PM. The meetings provide information on recent club trips and on new trips coming up on the schedule. They also feature a slide show program on an outdoor activity by club members or invited speakers. Members of the public are welcome to attend these meetings. The Mountaineers run a top notch climbing school program each spring. If you are looking for Climbs in the region, these are the folks to contact.
The Los Alamos Ski Club  is a non-profit community based recreation club which owns and operates the Pajarito Mountain Ski Area of Los Alamos.
The New Mexico Orienteers  are based in Los Alamos and hold Orienteering Meets regularly from March to October. Winter meets are occationally held.
The Los Alamos Sportsmans Club  provides instruction and a place to safely enjoy all shooting activities.
The Triatomics  is a multisport / triathlon club. Organizers of the Atomic Man Duathlon which is held the last Sunday in April.
Los Alamos County Recreation Division  is a County run recreation division that offers a world class Aquatic Center, outdoor regulation NHL size ice skating rink, and a competitive golf course. Additionally the Los Alamos County Recreation Division hosts the longest continuously running triathlon the Los Alamos Triathlon held the third Saturday in August. They also host the Los Alamos Kids Triathlon held the third Sunday in August.
The Tuff Riders  encourage and participate in responsible mountain biking while working to preserve access to recreational trails. Don't let the name fool you, they welcome all new members, including beginners. If your trying to get a handle on the regions plethra of mountain biking trails, these are the folks to talk to.
The Valles Caldera Rim Trails Project  is a grassroots effort to create a system of interconnected trails around the rim of the Valles Caldera National Preserve.
Los Amigos de Valles Caldera  or "Friends of the Valles Caldera" is devoted to supporting the Valles Caldera National Preserve through fundraising and volunteer programs. The group is currently preparing for an environmental restoration project on the Preserve as well as other projects. Activities and outings into the Valles Caldera are scheduled periodically.
Caldera Action!  The organization fosters active citizen participation in the restoration, protection, and appreciation of the Valles Caldera National Preserve, for the long-term benefit of the place itself, the American public, and visitors from around the world. The group keeps it's membership appraised of any proposed activities and action of the Valles Caldera Trust Board and provides opportunites for input into the public decision making processes of the Trust, including those based on National Environmental Policy Act (or NEPA) process activities.
The High Altitude Athletics Club  is devoted to long distance running. The following events are planned: Jemez Mountain Trail Runs 50 mi, 50k, Half-marathon in May 17, 2008, the Pajarito Trail Runs Festival Oct. 11, 2008, Run the Caldera! (in the Valles Caldera National Preserve) date TBA.
The Southwest Nordic Ski Club  The purpose of the club is to encourage involvement in cross country skiing, both recreational and racing. They accomplish this by holding clinics and races, maintaining a trail system, and providing information on the XC ski scene in Northern New Mexico.
The Los Alamos Concert Association  A non-profit organization that presents five concerts per season in the Duane Smith Auditorium on the Los Alamos High School campus.
The Los Alamos Community Winds  is a wind ensemble made up of members of the Los Alamos, NM community. They are comprised of both amateur and professional musicians of all ages and backgrounds from middle and high school students to retirees in our area.
The Pajarito Group of the Sierra Club  Frequent hiking opportunites can be found on their calendar.
LA Walks  a citizens' group supporting pedestrian safety, accessibility, convenience, and comfort throughout the community.
PEEC  P.E.E.C - "Pajarito Environmental Education Center" offers classes for all ages, books, local & regional hiking maps, activities, lectures, events and more. If caring for the environment is your thing, this is the place for you.
Zia Spacemodelers launch rockets 3rd Sunday each month except December.
Pajarito Astronomers  hold public observing sessions (Dark Nights), where you can observe selected solar-system objects, colorful double stars, galaxies, gaseous nebulae, open star clusters, and globular star clusters.
Los Alamos High Altitude Sports  gives you the run down on recreation and sports related activities in the area.
Northern New Mexico Radio Control Car Club  holds car races year round in White Rock.
Los Alamos used to have a well-deserved reputation as a culinary wasteland, but things have improved considerably in recent years. As with many communities in New Mexico, it makes sense to categorize restaurants as "New Mexican" (specializing in enchiladas, stuffed sopaipillas, etc., with the usual "red or green?" choice of chile -- red is usually hotter, green more flavorful, but inquire) or otherwise. Area code for all restaurants is 505. One thing to note: most of the restaurants cater to the community more than to the tourist, and consequently, many are closed on Sunday and some even on Saturday(!). Check on open days and hours before deciding where to eat.
Chile Works, 1743 Trinity Drive, 662-7591. A take-out joint that looks like (indeed, used to be) an old used-car lot. Open for breakfast and lunch only, closed on Sunday and Monday. Lunches respectable, and the breakfast burritos are excellent; you'll have to wait in line with commuters and students heading for high school who flock here to start their days. Although it's mainly take-out, a few outside tables are available.
Viola's, across Trinity from Chili Works (the local phone book's Yellow Pages entry for its address is incorrect), 662-5617. Standard New Mexican fare in a busy diner-like setting, run by a long-standing Los Alamos restauranteur family. Very good service with very fast turnaround. Excellent breakfast, good enchiladas and sopapillas. Open for breakfast and lunch, Monday through Saturday.
De Colores, 2470 East Road (on highway 502 east of town), 662-6285: Standard New Mexican fare done quite well, if a bit heavy, with pleasant service and a nice setting. The stuffed sopaipillas with green chile are particularly good. Its location on the road into town makes it somewhat remote from the hotels/B&Bs, but there is a striking view to the east as compensation. Open for lunch and dinner, Monday through Friday only; expect to wait a while on Fridays.
Ruby-K's Bagel Cafe 1789 Central Avenue, Suite 2, Los Alamos, NM 87544, 505-662-9866: Bagels, Bagel Sandwiches, Soups, Salads, Breakfast Bagels, Coffee, Smoothies and other goodies. Indoor/Outdoor seating. Very tasty! Open early serving breakfast and lunch till mid afternoon.
El Parasol Restaurant 1903 Central Ave (next door to Ruby-K's and Starbuck's): Tasty Tamales and Tacos, Regular & Breakfast Burritos, Chips & Salsa, Green Chile Stew and other Mexican fast food dishes. A Lab lunchtime favorite.
Bob's Bodacious BBQ, 3801 Arkansas Avenue, Suite G, +1 505 662-4227: Located a bit off the beaten path, particularly for out-of-towners, this take-out or eat-in Texas-style barbeque joint is in a small strip mall hidden behind a gas station in Los Alamos's "North Community" neighborhood. From the Trinity/Diamond intersection at the west end of town, go north on Diamond Drive about 1.5 miles and take a left at the light near the Conoco station and onto Arkansas. Order at the counter from a choice of tasty, slow-cooked offerings such as beef brisket, pulled pork, and smoked chicken, together with a variety of down-home sides like potato salad or cole slaw. The place clearly aims primarily at the take-out market (paper plates and plastic forks), but several tables are available, as is a reasonable selection of bottled beers, including several good microbrews.
Bandelier Grill, 11 Sherwood Blvd, White Rock, NM 87544, Phone: 505-672-4083  White Rock's Family Restaurant. Burgers, Enchiladas, Chicken, Steaks, Salmon, etc. Beer and Wine now available. Open from 11:00-8:30 M-F, 5:00-8:30 Sat.
Cafe Sushi, 3801 Arkansas Avenue, +1 505 662-7131: This tiny hole-in-the-wall sushi bar offers some of the best sushi in the state, the fish always remarkably fresh (considering the location is 1000 miles inland) and expertly prepared. Located in the same out-of-the-way strip mall as Bob's BBQ, above. Open M-F for lunch and dinner. Be warned that seating is scarce and that the hours for this mom-and-pop operation can be rather arbitrary, particularly for dinner: they close as soon as the day's ration of fish and rice is exhausted, which often can be as early as 6:45, so go early.
Central Avenue Grill, 1789 Central Avenue, +1 505 662-2005: A recent menu change to offering "1980s comfort food" headed by new Chef Phil Kephart has seen considerable improvement in what was once a distinctly average menu. Now has separate lunch and evening menus. Server recommendations included a the "Loco Hot Brown", an interesting open-faced sandwich (lunch) and the "Epic Chicken Fried Steak" (dinner), a truly enormous and fairly well prepared take on this meal. One of the few places in town with satisfactory banquet facilities. A cozy wood trimmed bar has recently been added in a back area. Lunch and dinner Monday-Saturday.
China Moon, 121 Central Park Square (shopping center in the middle of town), +1 505 662-2883: One of several surprisingly good Chinese restaurants in town. This one is subpar for dinner, but the lunch buffet (open M-F) is very good value for dollar. Come here for lunch, but for dinner, instead try
China Palace, 759 Central Avenue, +1 505 662-4433: The best Chinese dinners in town, with pleasant service. The various clay-pot dishes are excellent. Take-out is available. So-so for lunch (M-F), but strongly recommended for dinner (7 days).
Chin Shan, 124 Longview Drive (White Rock), +1 505 672-1433: Weaker than the other recommended Chinese restaurants, but its location in White Rock, en route to Bandelier, is convenient for the traveler who's just passing through, and the fare is passable. Take-out is available. Open for lunch M-F, dinner M-S; the owners often take a long vacation in summer and close up shop.
Hill Diner, 1315 Trinity Drive, 662-9745: Standard American fare, well-prepared if a bit long on fried foods. The only place in town serving Tex-Mex-style "chili" (note spelling) that's edible. Open daily for lunch and dinner; may be open for breakfast, but not always, so inquire.
Hot Rocks Java Cafe, 4200 W. Jemez Road, +1 505 663-5282: The only eating place on the "Laboratory," as opposed to "town," side of the bridge separating LANL from the community (other than the lab's own cafeteria, where the public is only grudgingly accepted), and hence convenient if you're driving into the mountains, although parking is a headache. A reasonable mixed bag of lunches, again with edible quiche, but usually very busy as it serves the LANL workforce. Breakfast and lunch M-F only.
Pyramid Cafe, 751 Central Ave., +1 505 661-1717, . M-F 11AM - 8PM. Spinoff of a Santa Fe restaurant with the same name; slightly more formal atmosphere but similar menu of Greek and Mediterranean choices. Brand new as of September 2006 and still working some bugs out, but the Santa Fe version has tasty food at a good price, and eventually this one should reach the same standard.
Daylight Donuts, Central Park Square near China Moon, has a nice Greek/Mediterranean buffet on weekdays. This is also the place for Donuts in the morning.
Blue Window Bistro, 813 Central Avenue, +1 505 662-6305: American-meets-Continental fare with some creativity. Lunch M-F, dinner M-Saturday. Experienced a severe fire in November 2005, but reopened in July of 2006. Decor is unique, homey and eclectic, with great pieces of Santa Fe inspired artwork adorning every wall. The Pork Adobo and Fillet Mignon are outstanding. Plan to relax (you'll have to for dinner whether you intend it or not, as service then can be glacially slow) and stay for the dessert, which is out of this world.
Los Alamos contains more churches than bars, which is a probably sufficient commentary on the night life. Some of the restaurants occasionally offer live entertainment on Friday and Saturday evenings.
Aspen Lounge at the Best Western Hill Top House Hotel (see below). Monday— Sunday 4:00 to Close. Serves Burgers and such from 5-9 PM. 
Quark Bar at the Central Avenue Grill (see above) has recently opened. It's a comfortable wood finished room nice for meeting friends after work or pleasure.
Probably the most peculiar place for nightlife in this little town is the Canyon Bar and Grill located at the Central Square. This cowboy bar hosts weekly karaoke (Thursdays), poker and pool tournaments (Mondays and Wednesdays), as well as live music (Fridays). Monk's Ale is the beer of choice if you are into ale.
Improbably enough, Los Alamos contains a winery that's operated by a retiree from the nuclear weapons program at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Il Santo Vineyard (also called Balagna Winery on signs leading into town) is a low-volume operation and doesn't advertise or distribute widely, but their irreverently named "Bomba Grande" sometimes appears in local outlets. It's a reasonably potable table wine, and the whimsical label makes the bottles an amusing memento of the town.
A caution: accommodations can be hard to find during the second week of October, when Albuquerque, 90 miles away, hosts the Albuquerque Balloon Fiesta. If you're visiting at that time and planning to stay in a hotel or B&B, reserve well in advance.
There are curiously few hotels/motels in town, given the number of travelers (mainly professional) who pass through the area. The following list is complete as of December 2005, and is presented without recommendations; all are adequate, none outstanding. There are also several bed and breakfasts in Los Alamos and one or two in White Rock. All phone numbers are area code 505.
Best Western Hilltop House, 400 Trinity Drive, 662-2441
Hampton Inn, 124 State Road 4 (White Rock), 672-3838
Holiday Inn Express, 2455 Trinity Drive, 661-1110
Ashley Hotel and Suites (formerly Quality Inn and Suites), 2201 Trinity Drive, 662-7211
North Road Inn (B&B), 2127 North Road, 1-866-696-6922, northroadinn.com
Los Alamos Lodge, 2201 Trinity Drive, 662-3200
Primitive camping in the nearby Santa Fe National Forest is convenient. The forest is big, the people are few, and the campsites are great. Explore back on the dirt roads until you find a fire ring. Seasonal closures due to fire hazard are common (see under "Stay safe"). Call (505) 667-5120 for information on current closures/restrictions. Horses are welcome.
An undeveloped campground at Camp May, above the Pajarito Ski Area, is open for overnight camping except during winter (when the access road is blocked by deep snow). Horses are welcome here and at the transient pens at the County Rodeo Ground on North Mesa. At both locations, permits are required for any overnight use.
Developed campgrounds are available at Bandelier National Monument. Juniper Campground caters to families/small parties while Ponderosa Campground is reserved for large groups (by reservation). See the Bandelier WikiTravel page for more information.
A tiny RV park is located at East Gate on NM 502 just east of town and the municipal airport; perched on the tip of a mesa, this RV park has stunning views. A large RV park is located 20 minutes away, on US 84/285 in Pojoaque; opened in 2007, this RV park has hookups and is within easy walking distance of several restaurants.
Violent crime is almost unknown in Los Alamos; it is one of the safest communities you'll ever visit. The biggest lawbreaking threat to life and limb is drunk drivers. Northern New Mexico has an unfortunate and well-deserved reputation for DUI problems. Until recently Los Alamos was an exception to this, but not any more. Be alert when driving on the arterial roads after 10 p.m. or so, particularly on Friday and Saturday nights. Another driving hazard is wildlife, particularly deer and elk. Mule deer can be seen around town all year long, day and night. Herds of elk come down from the Jemez Mountains during the winter and often congregate around the roads. If your car hits an elk at highway speed, the elk may lose, but you will most assuredly not win. Again, be careful driving after sundown during the winter months.
Believe it or not, one of the most important types of fatal accident sustained by townspeople is falling off a cliff -- sometimes a cliff literally in the victim's back yard. The sheer canyon walls that give the area much of its natural beauty also pose traps for the unwary recreational hiker. If you're out enjoying the many hiking trails around town, stay on the trail when around a cliff unless you're doing roped climbing.
In most other regards Los Alamos itself is an almost absurdly safe place. When in the forest camping, hiking, etc., take the usual precautions, with maybe a little extra attention to fire safety; several of the disastrous forest fires the area experienced over the last 30 years resulted from poorly constructed campfires that were not well put out and thus smoldered, eventually starting up again and igniting tinder. If the national forest is closed to camping owing to fire hazard (as often happens in early summer) or forbids open fires (which can happen almost any time from May until August), please comply and seek your accommodations somewhere else. One final note: bubonic plague is endemic to northern New Mexico, and plague-bearing fleas and rodents have been trapped from within the city limits. As cautioned in the article on Bandelier National Monument, if you see a distressed or dead rodent or other small animal, leave it alone; buzzards are immune to plague, you are not.
Los Alamos Medical Center is a small municipal primary care hospital. Serious injuries are sent on to larger hospitals in Santa Fe, Albuquerque, and more distant points by ambulance. Fixed and rotary wing air ambulances are available, the hospital has a helipad, and the municipal airport is barely two miles away.
Los Alamos Urgent Care is a popular choice for residents and visitors alike who need urgent but not emergency medical care.
Los Alamos is served by two mobile large animal veterinarians, High Desert Equine (505 455-1001, based 15 minutes east of town) and Oso Mobile Veterinary Services (505 695-0052, based in town). The nearest large animal clinic is Valley Veterinary Clinic (505 455-2228) on 85/284 just north of Pojoaque. The nearest colic surgery is Thal Equine south of Santa Fe.
For small animals there is Animal Clinic of Los Alamos and Ridgeview Veterinary Hospital, both on East Road (NM 502).
Santa Fe is one of the world's great travel destinations and is only about 35 miles (55 km) away by road. It would be silly to make a vacation stop to see Los Alamos and not see Santa Fe.
Taos, another fine travel destination, is a little over an hour away. Retrace your path down NM 502, but before reaching Pojoaque, turn off on NM 30 to Española by way of Santa Clara Pueblo. NM 30 leads you to NM 68 and eventually Taos via a beautiful drive along the Rio Grande. Or, take the "high road" to Taos through a series of tiny Colonial Spanish mountain villages.
If traveling to Albuquerque on the way home from Los Alamos, consider forsaking the highway route (NM 502 to US 84/285 to I-25) in favor of the "back road" through the Jemez Mountains. Take NM 501 west out of Los Alamos and proceed past the Camp May road to a T intersection with NM 4. Left leads back to Bandelier; instead turn right, climbing steeply and spectacularly into the mountains and through Valle Grande, the largest grass meadow of the Valles Caldera. On emerging on the west side of the mountains, NM 4 connects with NM 44 (US highway 550) which leads back to the interstate close to Albuquerque. This takes up to half an hour longer than the highway route but is worth it for the mountain scenery. Be wary of radar traps, and skip it in winter after a snowstorm, as the road through the mountains may be temporarily impassable.