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London/City of London

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Europe : Britain and Ireland : United Kingdom : England : London : City of London
Revision as of 21:29, 15 January 2004 by Jmabel (Talk | contribs)

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The City of London also known as "The City" or "The Square Mile" due to that being its approximate size, is the area of London that originally lay inside the medieval walls. The walls around the city, originally built by the Romans, are now gone (one remaining vestige can be seen outside the Museum of the City of London) but various place names and paths roads take hint at their prior existence. Place names such as Aldgate, Ludgate and Moorgate were originally locations of gates through the city's walls.

The City took a lot of damage from German bombing during World War II, so there are fewer old buildings than one might expect from so ancient a settlement. Nonetheless, many interesting older buildings remain, including the domed St. Paul's Cathedral (heroically saved by firefighters when it was bombed during the wall), nineteenth-century buildings at Leadenhall, Smithfield, and Spitalfields, many monuments (including one built after the Fire of London), and the Inns of Court.

In British parlance, "The City" often refers to the financial sector, just like Americans refer to "Wall Street." This area is now home to the major banks and other financial sector companies such as Lloyds of London whose strange "cyberpunk" style building can be seen here http://www.danheller.com/london-lloyds.html.

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