Las Vegas is about 60 miles east of better-known Santa Fe, along Interstate highway 25. The nearest major commercial airport is in Albuquerque, about 125 miles away. There are public airports in both Santa Fe and Las Vegas that handle non-commercial aircraft. There is Amtrak rail service via the Southwest Chief, the main Amtrak line across the southwestern United States. This stop has no ticket office and no passenger assistance provided by station personnel, though on-board employees will assist passengers between trainside on the platform and the train itself. There is a waiting room open at train time, within which is a Quik-Trak self-serve ticketing kiosk (credit card required to activate kiosk), so tickets may be obtained at the station before boarding the train. The New Mexico Department of Transportation also offers limited public bus service between Las Vegas and Santa Fe on a commuter schedule.
Drive, walk, bike, do what comes easily. The town is small enough to have no need for public transportation.
Las Vegas was an important waypoint on the Santa Fe Trail, and later on the railroad across the Southwest. There are over 900 structures listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In the central area of town, it seems almost every single building you see is significant in some way. Walking tour guides are available. Here are some of the highlights:
The Plaza, where Las Vegas was founded in 1835. Today it is a shady park with a gazebo, surrounded by historic structures. On the north side of the plaza is the Plaza Hotel, a railroad-era hotel which remains a fine place to spend the night in Las Vegas. Across the street from the southeast corner of the plaza is the old First National Bank.
Railroad District, where the Las Vegas train station is and so much of the city's growth centered around it. The Mission Revival La Castaneda Hotel, an old Harvey House hotel, is definitely worth a look.
Lincoln Park, a local park surrounded by lots of beautiful old homes.
Douglas/6th Street District, once the central business area of Las Vegas, today there's plenty of interesting buildings here like the Bank of Las Vegas, the Old City Hall, and the Masonic Temple.
Carnegie Park, an area of town centered around Carnegie Park, which has a Carnegie Library that was modeled after Thomas Jefferson's home, the Monticello. The surrounding blocks are filled with old Victorian homes.
City of Las Vegas Museum & Rough Rider Memorial, 727 Grand Avenue, +1 505 454-1401, . Tu-Sa 10AM-4PM (10AM-4PM Sundays May-September). Exhibits on local history, the Santa Fe Trail, and Theodore Roosevelt's Rough Riders, who held reunions in Las Vegas. Free.
North of Las Vegas on SR-65 (Hot Springs Blvd) is the town of Montezuma and the Armand Hammer United World College of the American West. On the campus is the gorgeous Montezuma Castle, which was built as a railroad hotel and served a number of purposes before becoming part of the United World College campus. It is open for free tours, which start at 1PM on certain Saturdays and are led by students of the college. But even if you don't get inside the building, it's worth the drive up to at least see it.
Las Vegas National Wildlife Refuge is just south of town and adjoins a larger state wildlife preserve. There are viewing platforms and a few short trails. Best visited in late fall and early spring, when migratory birds are passing through; winter can be bleak and summer hot, and the resident population of wildlife isn't as great as the number of seasonal transients.
Lake McAllister, . is a state preserve nestled in the middle of the Las Vegas Wildlife Refuge. Seasonal fishing is available.
Experience the quant and charming shops within the Plaza, Douglas/6th Street, and Railroad Historic Districts. These areas provides many small home-town shops, antiques, book stores, and coffee shops.
Blackjack's, 1133 Grand Avenue, +1 505 425-6791. Acceptable steaks, etc., for dinner 7 nights a week.
Hillcrest Restaurant, 1106 Grand Avenue, +1 505 425-7211, . A 50's diner with great food.
Byron T's Saloon, 230 Plaza Street, +1 505 425-1455, . Located inside the historic Plaza Hotel is this bar named after the resident ghost.
Plaza Hotel, 230 Plaza Street, +1 505 425-3591 (fax: +1 505 425-9659), . As has been said, Las Vegas is not southwestern chic, it's 100% authentic. Las Vegas has more than 900 buildings on the National Register of Historic Places, and the Plaza Hotel is the crown jewel of them all. It was lovingly restored in 1982, and has become Las Vegas' premiere place to stay for both travelers and business people, and is a very popular locale for meetings, parties, conventions and other events.Enjoy the Victorian atmosphere with elegant antiques and exquisite architecture. The amenities offered include the Landmark Grill, an in-house restaurant, the old west Byron T's Saloon, spa massage treatment, guest computer and wireless high-speed internet access, pet friendly rooms, room service, and free parking.
Star Hill Inn, between Sapello and Las Vegas is an "astronomy resort" where guests' lodging (rustic, comfortable suites) comes with use of several on-site telescopes, most of them in the 8- to 15-inch class but including one 29" scope of observatory quality. The proprietor gives helpful lectures not merely on using the scopes, but also on some of the objects visible with them, and there is an interesting astronomical library. There is some hiking on site, and trails into the mountains are nearby. No restaurant, so either bring food to cook in the reasonably well-equipped kitchens of the suites, or go into Las Vegas for meals. Reservations essential.
Fort Union National Monument, about 30 miles east of Las Vegas via I-25, preserves the ruins of a major military installation along the Santa Fe Trail. There are interpretive exhibits and a 1.6-mile trail among the ruins. Day use, 7 days a week (closed Thanksgiving, Christmas, New Years); $3 fee, Park Pass applies. There are no services near the monument.
Santa Fe National Forest popular destinations near Las Vegas include Gallinas Canyon and Pecos Wilderness. The Pecos/Las Vegas Ranger District  has full details.
Historic Route 66 (the "original" version) passed just southwest of town. Check its itinerary page for ideas on things to do as you move on from Las Vegas to your next destination east or south.
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