Lanzhou is an industrial city of about three million people. It is located on the shores of the Yellow River and was a major stop on the Silk Road, where it was known as the Golden City. From the 5th to the 11th century the city was a major seat of Buddhist learning, and it acquired its present name during Qing Dynasty in 1656. Until 19th century, Lanzhou was the primary point in crossing the Yellow River via a bridge made by chaining a flotilla of boats together with a road on top to cross on.
Lanzhou is one of the most polluted cities in China, having had most if not all touristy areas knocked down and rebuilt. There is a lot of industry here, and reasonably remote but well paid teaching opportunities.
Lanzhou Huoche Zhan - southern end of Pingliang Lu at Tianshui Lu
Beijing via Hohhot and Datong
Beijing via Xi'an and Zhengzhou - takes about 25 hours
Chengdu - takes about 19 hours
Golmud via Xining - takes about 14 hours
Guangzhou - takes about 29 hours
Lhasa - takes about 30 hours
Shanghai via Xi'an and Zhengzhou - takes about 23 hours
Urumqi via Jiayuguan and Turpan - takes about 24 hours
Xian - takes about 9 hours
Xining - takes about 3-4 hours
East Long-Distance Bus Station
Location: Pingliang Lu
Dunhuang - takes about 24 hours
Guyuan - takes about 8 hours
Jiayuguan - takes about 17 hours
Pingliang - takes about 5 hours
Tianshui - takes about 4 hours
Urumqi* Dunhuang - takes about 38 hours
Xi'an - takes about 14-16 hours
Yinchuan - takes about 12 hours
Zhangye - takes about 12 hours
West Long-Distance Bus Station
Location: Xijin Xilu
Linxia - takes about 3 hours
Liujiaxia - takes about 2 hours
Xining - takes about 5 hours
Hezuo - takes about 5 hours
Xiahe - takes about 6 hours- from the SOUTH Bus Station, not the West [as of July 22 2008 this bus was not running, at the request of Police. Likely due to Tibetan protests. Check Thorn Tree forum for more details]
The #1 Bus is really useful getting around Lanzhou. It travels from Lanzhou Station to the Lanzhou Hotel, Qingyang Lu, Xihu Gongyuian Park, Qiliheqiao and ending at Lanzhou West Station.
Gansu Provincial Museum. (甘肃省博物馆)Silk Road history in one place
Green Corridor along Binhe Road. (滨河路绿色长廊)
Five-Spring Mountain (Wuquanshan Gongyuan). (五泉山) A jumble of a poor amusement park and some renovated temples.
White Pagoda Mountain (Baitashan). (白塔山) Yuan dynasty White Pagoda Temple overlooks the Yellow River.
Sun Yat-Sen Bridge (Zhongshan Qiao). (中山桥)
Waterwheel Garden. (水车博览园)
Sculptures of the Mother River. (黄河母亲像)
Gaolan Mountain. (皋兰山) Cool place to be when the summer heat kicks in.
Qiaomen Mosque. (桥门清真寺)
Tianfusha Palace. (天斧沙宫)
Bingling Si. (炳灵寺石窟) Cave grottoes and a boat ride, all in one trip.
Walk across the Zhongshan Bridge for the night lights, people and the immense Yellow river.
Hezheng Lu Night Market, (Between Tiansuhi Lu and Pingliang Lu). A very authentic market from mid-afternoon onwards.free.
Sanfo, 1 Youshengnan Road, Jinshui District. The leading outdoor gear stores in China.
Xidan, (Off Zhangye Road). The main shopping district.
Street food at the Hezheng Lu Night Market
Lanzhou is famous for its beef noodle soup (Lanzhou niurou lamian). The noodles are always hand made, and the broth served hot and spicy with as much beef as you care to pay for.
Mazilu. Chain of restaurants specialising in Lanzhou niurou lamian
UBC Coffee House (Shangdao Kafei Ting), Zhongshan Road (Opposite Shengli Binguan). For when you need a Western food break thats consistent wherever you are.
Amazon (Yamaxun Yidali Xicanba), 61 Jiuquan Road (South of Nanguan Shizi), ☎ 0931-8455899 English speaking. 11:00-23:00. Best pizza in Lanzhou also offers delivery.
Many of the cheap hotels on near the train station on Tianshui road (天水南路) do not accept foreigners, but some do, look around. Here's a couple to get you started.
Lanshan Hotel, (Opposite the train station). Pleasant enough rooms at decent prices. The fire escapes are locked. There is a public internet cafe in an adjoining building (ask at reception).Listed rates for doubles with en-suite ¥138 (can be bargained), double without bathroom ¥56 (summer 2006).
Jinjiang Sun Hotel, 589 Donggang West Road, Chengguan District, . A 4-star hotel catering to the traveling executive. The hotel is replete with deluxe amenities for business and leisure. It has 236 guestrooms, meeting venues, business center, restaurants, sauna and health club. Online reservation is accepted.
Linxia - center for the Hui (Muslim Chinese) and Dongxiang (Muslim Mongol) minorities, nicknamed "The Mecca of China". Numerous mosques and Islamic mausolea (gongbei), colorful markets and relaxing teahouses
Almost all hotel rooms have free internet in the form of an Ethernet cable. Sometimes the cable is sticking out of the wall. Sometimes you will find it in the drawer or the cupboard - plug in.
Although wireless networks are not common (ethernet based connections are much more common) there are a great many unsecured wireless networks in the city. For the most part downloads are unlimited for subscribers - so don't feel too bad if you help yourself.
You can also buy 3G internet USB modems from the major telcos. Expect Chinese language software simple enough for the English speaking to use.
Internet cafes exist thanks to online gaming. They are not particularly cheap, staff have extremely poor English and all applications will be in Chinese. Recommend plugging in your USB stick with Portable English applications on it: http://portableapps.com/