Ladino (Djudezmo or Judeo-Espanyol) is a Jewish language spoken by the Sephardic Jews.
It is also spoken by the minor Jewish communities in Turkey, Israel, Netherland, Greece and the United States. For the most of its speakers, today, Ladino is the second language.
A Western Romance language, Ladino is closely related to and mutually intelligible with the Spanish. However, there are many loan words from Hebrew, Portuguese, Arabic and Turkish.
Ladino spelling ,as Spanish does, has the pleasant characteristic of being very phonetic, with only a few clearly-defined exceptions. This means that if you know how to pronounce the letters of a word, it's relatively easy to sound out the word itself.
- like 'a' in "father".
- like 'e' in "met", although often taught as 'a' in "spain".
- like 'ee' in "see".
- like 'o' in "score", especially when stressed.
- like 'oo' in "hoop".
- like 'ee' in "see". Very rarely used at the middle or ending of words.
- like 'b' in "bed"
- follows the same pronunciation pattern as in English. In most cases it is pronounced like 'k' in "kid": calle, doctor. When followed by 'e' or 'i', it is like 's' in "supper" (Latin America) or 'th' in "thin" (Spain): cine.
- like 'ch' in "touch": muncho
- like 'd' in "dog"
- like 'j' in John. Djudezmo
- like 'f' in "fine": faro
- like 'g' in "good": ganyar
- like 'h' in "hit": haham
- like 'j' in the French name Jean
- like 'k' in "kid": kilo
- like 'l' in "love": lápiz
- like 'm' in "mother": mano
- like 'n' in "nice": noche, ancla
- like 'p' in "pig": Pesah
- is pronunced as 'r' in Turkish, most often rolled very lightly
- like 'ss' in "hiss": sopa
- like 'sh' in "shining": yanashear
- like 't' in "top": Tora
- like 'v' in "valad" (but no aspiration).
- like 'y' in "yes": yuvyar.
- like 'z' in "zoo"
Accents and stress
- Shalom (Shah-lom)
- Have a good day
- Buen dya (keh PAH-seh un BWEHN DEE-ah)
- How are you? (informal)
- Ke haber? (KEH HA-bear)
- How are you? (formal)
- Komo esta? (KOH-mo ehss-TAH?)
- Fine, thank you
- Muy bien, grasyas. (MOOEY BYEHN, GRAH-syahss)
- What is your name? (informal)
- Komo te yamas? (KOH-moh TEH YAH-mahss?)
- What is your name? (formal)
- Komo se yama? (KOH-moh SEH YAH-mah)
- Who are you? (informal)
- Ken eres? (KEN EH-rehss?)